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INDONESIA
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
ISSN : 23032111     EISSN : 2354886X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
JPHPI publishes manuscripts in the field of marine post-harvest, aquatic biotechnology, aquatic biochemistry, aquatic product diversification, and characteristic of aquatic raw materials. In addition, JPHPI also publishes research about aquatic product quality, standardization, and other researches within the field of aquatic product technology.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 20 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan" : 20 Documents clear
THE EXPLORATION POTENCY OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS OF LEAVES EXTRACT NIPAH (NYPA FRUTICANS WURMB) FROM THE COAST OF WEST ACEH AS ANTIOXIDANT Gazali, Mohamad; Nufus, Hayatun; Nurjanah, Nurjanah; Zuriat, Zuriat
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1181.578 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25892

Abstract

West Aceh Region has Nypa fruticans mangrove community distributed almost ±100 Ha. N.  fruticans  leaves have been used as traditional cigarette paper. The objective of this study was to explore bioactive compound of  N. fruticans from the coast of West Aceh as antioxidant. The extraction used 3 solvents including methanol (polar), etyl acetate (semi polar), and n-hexane (non polar). The result showed the methanol extract contained  bioactive compound content such as phenolic, flavonoid, tannin, saponin, and steroid while the etyl acetate extract comprised phenolic, tannin, and steroid. Moreover, n-hexane extract only had steroid compound. The result of antioxidant activit assay showed etyl acetate extract had IC50 value 8.81 µg/mL, methanol extract had IC50 value 9.31 µg/mL and n-hexane extract was 238.47 µg/mL with ascorbic acid as positive control. It is indicated the presence of phenolic, flavonoid, tannin, and saponin in the ethyl acetate extract play the role as antioxidant.
OPTIMIZATION OF EXTRACTION TEMPERATURE ON THE QUALITY OF ALGINATE FROM SEAWEED SARGASSUM MUTICUM Herdianto, Rizqi Wahyu; Husni, Amir
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.216 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25893

Abstract

Seaweed is one of Indonesia?s marine biological resources which has potential to produce alginate which can be used for food and non-food industries. Several studies had been carried out in an effort to improve the quality of alginate extraction. This study aims to determine the effect of extraction temperature on the quality of sodium alginate from Sargassum muticum. This study used variations in extraction temperatures, namely 30; 40; 50; 60 and 70°C. The parameters observed included yield (%), moisture content (%), ash content (%), pH, whiteness degree and functional groups of alginate. The results showed that the difference in extractiontemperature of sodium alginate had a significant effect on yield and viscosity, but did not significantly affect water content, ash content, and whiteness degree. Extraction temperature of 60°C produced the best yieldand viscosity, 14.90±2.26% and 236.10±36.61 cPs, respectively.
EFFECT OF PECTIN ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF EDIBLE FILM FROM SKIN GELATIN OF RED SNAPPER (LUTJANUS ARGENTIMACULATUS) Nurdiani, Rahmi; Yufidasari, Hefti Salis; Sherani, Joys Sandralina
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.374 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25896

Abstract

The aim of this research was to determine the effect of addition of pectin on characteristics of edible film from gelatin of red snapper (Lutjanus argentimacalatus) skin. Concentration of pectin used were 0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6%, 0.8% and 1%. Water content, thickness, tensile strength, elongation, and the transmition rate of the water vapor of edible film were analysed. Results from analysis of variance showed that different concentration of pectin significantly affected (P<0.05) on the water content, thickness, tensile strength, elongation, and transmition rate of water vapor of edible film. Therefore, it was suggested that addition of 0.6% of pectin showed a good quality of edible film and in accordance with the Japan International Standard (JIS).
CHARACTERIZATION OF THE OIL FROM THE ABDOMEN PART OF SMOKED CATFISH (PANGASIUS HYPOPHTHALMUS) PROCESSING BY-PRODUCT Ayu, Dewi Fortuna; Diharmi, Andarini; Ali, Akhyar
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (304.686 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.26473

Abstract

Smoke catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) processing place produces waste in the form of fish entrails. Abdominal fat is the main component of fish entrails and is a source of fish oil. This study was aimed to determine the physicochemical characteristics and composition the catfish abdominal fat. The oil was extracted by rendering the abdominal fat at 70°C for 5 h followed up by purification through bentonite and active charcoal. Crude catfish oil was observed to be semi-solid in texture, yellow and fishy. The purification improved the characteristics of the fish oil. The purified fish oil was white and less fishy. Furthermore, the purification step reduced the free fatty acid content, the acid number and peroxide value up to 11; 4 and 3 fold, respectively. Palmitic, stearic and myristic acid dominated saturated fatty acid group, representing 26.22; 5.06 and 2.85% of the total fat, respectively. Meanwhile, oleic and linoleic represented 40.14 and 19.97 of the total fat, respectively and were the dominant fatty acid of the unsaturated fatty acid group.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PEEL OFF GEL MASK FROM SEAWEED (EUCHEUMA COTTONII) PORRIDGE Luthfiyana, Novi; Nurhikma, Nurhikma; Hidayat, Taufik
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.781 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25888

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the best concentration of E. cottonii seaweed porridge in the formulation of peel off gel masks. The main materials used in this study were E. cottonii and other basic substances of peel off gel mask. The analytical methods used were the total microbial and antioxidant test on the E. cottonii slurry preparation. Mask preparations were analyzed for physical stability, pH, duration of preparation, drying, viscosity and homogeneity. The experimental design used was a Completely Randomized with four treatments by adding E.cottonii porridge 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% respectively  with two replications.The results showed that the best peel off gel mask was formulation with the addition 20% of E.cottonii. Microbes were not found in E. cottonii porridge. The antioxidant activity of E. cottonii porridge had IC50 value of 137.35±0.35 ?g / mL. Consumer acceptance of products through sensory testing in the category of likes. The peel off gel mask has good physical stability, proven by no changes in color, odor as well as  gel texture. The pH value of the preparation of peel off gel mask is  in line with  SNI and pH balance of normal human skin. The best viscosity value of peel off gel mask is 14,003 cps. The time needed for the mask to dry for an average of 25 minutes and homogeneity is characterized by the absence of secondary particle aggregation.
HANDLING TIME DIFFERENCE OF WEIGHT, PROXIMATE COMPOSITION, AND AMINO ACID ON STEAMED CRAB Suwandi, Ruddy; Nurjanah, Nurjanah; Maharani, Santri
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (154.741 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25889

Abstract

Blue swimmer crab (Portunus sp.) is one of the aquatic products which also the member of crustacea with high value as local commodity and export commodity. Weight changes in blue swimmer crabs can occur during handling time and steam process. This research aimed to determine different handling time on weight changes, proximate composition and amino acids of blue swimmer crab (Portunus sp.). The handling times used in this research were 0 hours (J0), 2 hours (J2), 4 hours (J4), 6 hours (J6) conditioned in ambient temperature. Weight lost before and after steam process of blue swimmer crabs showed significant differences in J6. Proximate compositions did not show significant differences in J0 and J6. Amino acids analysis determined by HPLC method and and did not show significant differences in J0 and J6 except for methionine, histidine, arginine, serine, and glutamic acid.
PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CARRAGEENAN BASED ON DIFFERENT HARVESTING TIMES FROM BONTANG COASTAL, EAST KALIMANTAN Asikin, Andi Noor; Kusumaningrum, Indrati
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.391 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25890

Abstract

Proper harvesting time determines the physicochemical characteristics of carrageenan. The purpose of this study was to determine the physicochemical characteristics of carrageenan extracted from Kappaphycus alvarezii at various different harvesting times from the Bontang Coastal, East Kalimantan. This study consisted of 7 treatments at the harvesting times, which were harvested at 30; 35; 40; 45; 50; 55 and 60 days. The parameters observed included yield, moisture content, ash content, viscosity and gel strength. The results showed the highest yield at the age of 50 days of harvest (46.91%), the highest viscosity at the age of55 days harvest (50.25 cP), and the highest gel strength at 40 days of harvesting at 60.14 g/cm2.
THE UTILIZATION OF SEAWEED EUCHEUMA COTTONII IN THE PRODUCTION OF ANTISEPTIC SOAP Baehaki, Ace; Lestari, Shanti Dwita; Hildianti, Dica Fusva
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.867 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25891

Abstract

The aim of study was to formulate solid soap made from Eucheuma cottonii seaweed which has antiseptic properties. This study used a Complate Randomized Design (CRD) with one factor adding extractE. cottonii seaweed (0 ppm, 250 ppm, 500 ppm and 750 ppm). The steps included sample preparation, extraction, production of antiseptic soap, chemical physics test (moisture content, pH, free alkali, foam stability, and hardness) and antibacterial test. The results showed that the addition of E. cottonii seaweed extract had a significant effect on free alkali, foam stability, and soap hardness except the moisture contentand acidity (pH) of the soap. Moisture content of solid soap ranged 20.03-27.62%, pH 11.22-11.57, the free alkali value was 0.05-0.53%, foam stability was 42.77-74.42%, and hardness was in the range of 102.10-387.84%. Antibacterial activity test showed inhibitory diameter in E. cottonii extract soap ranged 11.08-17.15 mm, classified as a strong antibacterial activity (> 11 mm), while the antibacterial inhibitory diameter of E. cottonii extract was 0?12.26 mm. The higher the concentration of seaweed extract E. cottonii, the higher the inhibition zone (antibacterial activity) of soap produced. The best treatment of antiseptic soap produced was seaweed extract with concentration of 750 ppm which had the highest inhibition zone against S. aureus compared to other treatments.
CHARACTERISTICS OF DAGGERTOOTH PIKE CONGER FISH (MURAENESOX CINERUS) AS RAW MATERIAL FOR DIVERSIFICATION PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT Laksono, Untung Trimo; Nurhayati, Tati; Suptijah, Pipih; Nur?aenah, Nani; Nugroho, Teguh Setyo
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1230.342 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25878

Abstract

Daggertooth pike conger fish (Muraenesox cinerus) has elongated body shape similar to eels and distribute widely worldwide. The fish has edible portion of 50-60% but there has been less information regarding the chemical characteristics. The aim of this research was to determine chemical composition of daggertooth pike conger fish (proximate, amino acid, fatty acid and mineral) and textural properties from its kamaboko. Purposive sampling method applied in this research with length, freshness and distance from location as criteria. Analytical method performed including proximate, amino acids, fatty acids, and minerals (P, Na, Ca, K, Mg dan Fe). Chemical composition from daggertooth pike conger fish showed that on proximate levels of protein, fat, ash, carbohydrates and moisture content value were 12.273%, 4.96%, 1.17%, 1.12% and 80.49% respectively. Dominant macro minerals, namely potassium (K) 170.20 mg /100 g, Ca 90.75 mg /100 g, and Na 80.15 mg /100 g. Amino acid (AA), namely glutamic acid 2.68%, 1.57% lysine, leusine 1.25%, 1.54% aspartic acid and arginine 1:04%. Moreover, the essential fatty acids namely EPA (eicosa pentanoat acid) 0.6%, DHA (docosa hexanoat acid) 0.9%, 0.2% fatty acids linoleic, oleic and linolenic 1.4% 1.0%. CaCl2 (0.2-0.6%) addition to daggertooth pike conger kamaboko could improve textural quality.
BIOFILM DENSITY ON THE ELECTRODE IS POSITIVELY CORRELATED WITH THE BIOELECTRICITY OF THE MICROBIAL FUEL CELL OF FISHERIES WASTEWATER Ibrahim, Bustami; Uju, Uju; Mukti, Alvindo Chrisna
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.376 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25880

Abstract

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bioreactor utilizing bacteria as electrocatalysts to convert bioenergy from biomass into electrical energy. The aim of this research were to determine the effects of the electrode distance on the bacterial density and the electrical value generated by the MFC as well as to evaluate the ability of MFC in reducing the pollutant. Single chamber MFC system with various electrode distances including 2 cm, 4 cm, and 6 cm were assembled. The wastewater of fish pindang processing was used as the mediumfor the MFC. The results showed that the distance had no effect on the biofilm density of the electrode and the reduction of the wastewater pollutant load. However, the distance affected the electrical value of theMFC. Biofilm density on the MFC electrode after 120 hours was 0.65-6.46 CFU/ cm2. The highest voltage was obtained from the 6 cm electrode distance with the voltage 0.38±0.01 V. Positive correlation (R2 = 0.99)between microbial density and electricity produced at the cathode was observed, but weak at the anoda (R2 = 0.47). The MFC system could decrease the BOD value up to 50.78% and COD up to 33.29%, however the TAN value was increased to 6 mg/L.

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