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Articles 72 Documents
ETNOBOTANI PEWARNA ALAM TENUN IKAT DI DUSUN TEKALONG DESA LANJAK DERAS KABUPATEN KAPUAS HULU Sisillia, Lolyta; Eni, Anggelia
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 9, No 2 (2019): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v9i2.37052

Abstract

The study aims to obtain information about traditional knowledge and local wisdom of the Tekalong sub-village, Lanjak Deras Village, Kapuas Hulu Regency towards natural coloring plants and identify natural color plants dyes for weaving. The method of this study was participatory observation. Respondents was determined by using purposive sampling techniques. Plant Identification based on morphological characteristic, while local knowledge of the community is described based on the result of interviews with weaving craftsman in the Tekalong sub-village. The results showed that were 13 species of natural coloring plants found and utilized, namely Melastoma polyanthum BI, Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth, Psychotria viridiflora (Reinw). Ex. Blume, Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsm. & Binn, Shorea spp, Morinda citrifolia L., Garcinia mangostana L., Areca catechu L, Mangifera indica L., Cocos nucifera L., Nephelium lappaceum L., Durio zubethinus Murr, dan Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk. Plant organs utilized are leaves, fruits, flowers, stems, roots and barks. The plant processing that are generally done by boiling and pounding. Color produced are purple, green, yellow, maroon, red and brown. The processing of natural dyes by the community of Tekalong sub-village still pays attention on their customs and prohibitions or restrictions in their culture.Keywords: Ethnobotany, identification, indigenous knowledge, natural color
UJI EFEKTIFITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK KULIT BATANG JAMBU MONYET (BELLUCIA PENTAMERA NAUDIN) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI ESCHERICHIA COLI DAN SALMONELLA TYPHI Priandi, Farid; Yusro, Fathul; Diba, Farah; Mariani, Yeni; Nurhaida, .
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 9, No 1 (2019): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v9i1.33635

Abstract

People still use plants as a medicine to overcome a disease, because it is easily to obtain and relatively does not provide significant negative effects. One of the plants utilized by the people is Bellucia pentamera Naudin (B. pentamera). Diarrhea and typhoid fever are diseases that often assault Indonesian people. The bacterias were used in this study were Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Salmonella typhi (S. typhi). This study aimed to analyze the antibacterial effectiveness of B. pentamera bark extracts against E. coli and S. typhi, by Kirby-Bauer diffusion method with PCA as the media. The highest extract concentration against E. coli is 400 mg/ml possess an inhibition of 20±1 mm, and towards S. typhi is 80 mg/ml which possess an inhibition of 24.67±0,58 mm.Keywords: Bellucia pentamera, Disc Diffussion, Efectiveness, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi.
IDENTIFIKASI SENYAWA KIMIA MINYAK SEREH WANGI KLON G3 (CYMBOPOGON NARDUS L.) DENGAN MEDIA TANAM TANAH GAMBUT DAN POTENSINYA SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS udawaty, wis; Yusro, Fathul; Sisillia, Lolyta
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 9, No 2 (2019): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v9i2.36835

Abstract

Plants as an alternative medicinal becomes an option to cope of the synthetic antibiotic resistance to disease-causing bacteria. Essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon nardus L.) contains antibacterial compounds that citronellal, geraniol and citronellol obtained through steam distillation and water. E. faecalis is among bacteria develops resistance to antibiotics. This experimental reasearch is aimed to test the antibacterial activity of citronella oil were planted in peat soils from West Kalimantan againts E. faecalis bacteria and to identify chemical compounds of citronella oil quantitatively by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry (GCMS) analysis. Testing of antibacterial activity of citronella oil using disc diffusion method in MHA with concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% and be repeated 3 times. The controls used amoxicillin and amikacin (positive control) and DMSO (negative control). The research result obtained was fourth of concentration test has a response barriers against E. faecalis with an average diameter category sequentially 10.667 ± 1.155 mm; 15.333 ± 0.577 mm; 20.667 ± 1.155 mm; 24.667 ± 0.577 mm. GCMS analysis identified that citronella oil has 26 chemical compounds. Three major compounds with the largest percentage areas are geraniol (31.65%), citronellal (19.42%) and citronellol (15.56%). It was concluded that citronella oil contains antibacterial compounds and the most effective against E. faecalis in a concentration of 20%.Keywords: antibacterial, E. faecalis, GC-MS, citronella oil, steam distillation and water
ESTIMASI KARBON TERSIMPAN DIATAS PERMUKAAN TANAH (ABOVE GROUND) DI KAWASAN MEMPAWAH MANGROVE PARK KABUPATEN MEMPAWAH LESTARI, SATRI; Dewantara, Iswan; Hardiansyah, Gusti
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 10, No 1 (2020): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v10i1.35937

Abstract

This study aims to estimate carbon stored in above ground at the Mempawah Mangrove Park (MMP) area of Mempawah District, the data used were mangrove planted in 2013. Full Enumeration was used in this study while collecting the data applied non destructive sampling method for the tree, its was a diameter of ? 5 cm. Based on the results of measurements and observations in the field directly, it had 63 of the total number of line which were done by all the areas of Mempawah Mangrove Park in Mempawah District. The result of this study reveals which has 2 (two) kinds of mangrove. They are Avicennia marina dan Rhizopora stylosa. Avicennia marina is kinds of mangrove that dominate with the total number of 35 individuals based on the tree level and 1404 individuals relating the stake level. Then, Rhizopora stylosa gets the stake level for two individuals so that the stand density is 379.21 /ha. The value of biomass in the MMP area is 7.16 tons C / ha and the carbon value in the MMP area is 3.37 tons C / ha.Keywords: Above Ground Biomass, Carbon, Mangrove ForestsPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menduga karbon tersimpan di atas permukaan tanah di kawasan Mempawah Mangrove Park (MMP) Kabupaten Mempawah, data yang digunakan yaitu data yang ditanam pada tahun 2013. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini yaitu pengamatan secara menyeluruh (full enumeration), sedangkan untuk mengumpulkan data di lapangan menggunakan metode non destructive sampling (pengukuran tanpa melakukan pemanenan) pada pohon yang berdiameter > 5 cm. Berdasarkan hasil dari pengukuran dan pengamatan secara langsung di lapangan dengan jumlah jalur sebanyak 63 yang dilakukan pada seluruh kawasan MMP. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dua jenis mangrove yaitu jenis Avicennia mariana dan Rhizopora stylosa yang mendominasi pada kawasan MMP, dimana A. Mariana merupakan jenis yang mendominasi dengan jumlah 35 individu pada tingkat pohon dan 1.404 individu pada tingkat pancang, sedangkan untuk jenis R. Stylosa hanya terdapat pada tingkat pancang dengan jumlah 2 individu sehingga didapatlah kerapatan tegakan sebesar 379,21 ind/Ha. Nilai biomassa pada kawasan MMP sebesar 7,16 ton C/Ha dan nilai karbon pada kawasan MMP sebesar 3,37 ton C/Ha.Kata kunci : mangrove, Karbon, karbon tersimpan
PENGARUH PENGASAPAN TERHADAP KEAWETAN KAYU BINTANGUR (CHALOPHYLLUM SP.) DAN KAYU MEDANG (CHINNAMOMUM SP) DARI SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH COPTOTERMES CURVIGNATHUS HOLMGREN Andika, Riki; Diba, Farah; Sisillia, Lolyta
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 9, No 1 (2019): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v9i1.33838

Abstract

Medang wood (Chinnamumum sp) and Bintangur wood (Calophyllum sp) was used for timber construction even they have low quality on the durability. The efforts need to improve their durability, especially against subterranean termites, the most destructive wood organism. One methods of preservation which can improve the durability was fumigation. Fumigation can be processed with traditional methods and modern methods.  The aim of the study was to improve the durability of Medang wood (Chinnamumum sp) and Bintangur wood (Calophyllum sp)with modern fumigation methods and evaluation the durability against subterranean termites Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren. Wood sample was measured 2 cm x 2 cm x 1 cm. The fumigation treatment was conducted with oven. The oven size was 1 m x 1 m x 50 cm. Treatments of fumigation consits of 12 hours and 24 hours. The treatment of evaluation the durability agaisnt termites was conducted for 21 days. The wood sample was put on the bottle and 50 termites consist of 45 workers and 5 soldiers were put in the wood sample. The parameter of indicator was termite?s mortality and wood weight loss. Result of the research showed that average termites mortality was reach 100% at wood sample with fumigation method for 24 hours, and 89.2% for wood sample with fumigation method for 12 hours. Meanwhile in control wood the termite?s mortality only 8.6%. The level of termites mortality with fumigation methods for 24 hours was classified very strong and for fumigation methods for 12 hours was classified as strong. The average wood weight loss was 1.21% - 1.30%. This wood weight loss was classified as very low. From the research it is concluded that fumigation method can increased the durability of wood, both on Medang wood and Bintangur wood against the subterranean termites Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren. The optimal fumigation methods was on 12 hours, both on Medang wood and Bintangur wood.Keywords: Calophyllum sp, Chinnamumum sp, Coptotermes curvignathus, fumigation, wood preservation
IDENTIFIKASI JENIS LEBAH TRIGONA SPP. PADA ZONA PEMANFAATAN HUTAN DESA MENUA SADAP KECAMATAN EMBALOH HULU KABUPATEN KAPUAS HULU kerisna, veronika; Diba, Farah; Wulandari, Reine Suci
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 9, No 2 (2019): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v9i2.36184

Abstract

Bee is a social insect and some of bee produced honey which used as food source for humankind. Based on biology characteristic, there are two kinds of bee, stingy bee and stingless bee. Stingy bee is Apis sp and Trigon sp is stingless bee. The aim of research is to identified the stingless bee from Trigon sp on forest village in Menua Sadap Village, Embaloh Hulu District, Kapuas Hulu Regency. Menua Sadap forest village area was 1.382 hectare and divided into four zone, namely production zone, conservation zone, tourism zone and utilization zone.The research was conducted on utilization zone of forest village for one month in the forest. The method of research used survey with purposive sampling. The data collected consist of find the Trigona sp bee in the tree and their nest, collected the bee and identified the bee.Result of the research found eight types of Trigona sp in utilization zone of Menua Sadap forest village. The name of Trigona bee were Heterotrigona itama Cockerell, Lepidotrigona terminate Smith, Tetragonula sirindhornae Michener & Boongird, Tetragonula fuscobaltaeta Cameron , Tetrigona binghami Schwarz, Tetragonula laeviceps Smith, Tetragonula collina Smith and Geniotrigona lacteifasciata Cameron. The vegetation on forest village as a nest of the bee consist of  Shorea spp, Koompasiana excelsa, and Ficus sp. The community in Menua Sadap village has harvested the honey from Trigona sp, but only from three types of bee, namely Heterotrigona itamaCockerel, Tetragonula collinaSmithand Geniotrigona lacteifasciataCameron. Menua Sadap forest village was a potential site for stingless bee and a potential source for harvesting honey. 
ANALISIS KEBERADAAN PAKAN ORANGUTAN DAN INDEKS SHANNON-WIENER PADA AREA REBOISASI ASRI DI KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG PALUNG Fauzi, Nurul Ihsan; Safitri, Erina; juliansyah, juliansyah; diba, farah
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 10, No 1 (2020): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v10i1.37900

Abstract

Gunung Palung National Park had lost 35% of its primary forests over the past 30 years. A forest restoration program is thus vital to restore the damaged forest ecosystems. This study aims to analyze the presence of orangutan food supply and Shannon-Wiener index at Alam Sehat Lestari (ASRI) restoration site in Gunung Palung National Park. The method applies a species data collection of orangutan food (in 91 sample plots) and calculation of Shannon-Wiener index (in six 2009's plots). The result depicted approximately 65 species from 25 families found in ASRI restoration site. Eighty percent of those species indicated orangutan food.  In addition, the restoration site is believed to prevent the orangutan conflict with a human due to food availability in restoration areas for orangutans. Analysis of the Shannon-Wiener index (H') demonstrated a value of H' = 2.789, which indicated that the reforestation forest was in stable condition. The effect of increasing biodiversity as characterized by orangutan nests at restoration sites escalates the presence of wildlife.Keywords: Forest Restoration, Gunung Palung National Park, OrangutanTaman Nasional (TN) Gunung Palung telah kehilangan 35% hutan primer selama 30 tahun terakhir. Program reboisasi diperlukan untuk mengembalikan ekosistem hutan yang telah rusak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis keberadaan pakan orangutan dan indeks Shannon-Wiener di area reboisasi yang dilakukan oleh Yayasan Alam Sehat Lestari (ASRI) di kawasan TN Gunung Palung. Metode yang digunakan adalah monitoring terhadap 91 plot untuk identifikasi pakan orangutan dan 6 plot penanaman tahun 2009 untuk perhitungan indeks Shanon-Wiener. Hasilnya terdapat 65 spesies dari 25 suku yang ditemukan di lokasi reboisasi ASRI. Sebanyak 85% dari spesies tersebut adalah pakan orangutan. Selain itu, keberadaan area reboisasi membantu mencegah konflik ini karena orangutan dapat mencari makanan di area reboisasi. Analisis indeks Shannon-Wiener (H?) didapatkan nilai H? = 2,789, yang menunjukkan hutan hasil reboisasi berada dalam kondisi menengah atau stabil. Efek peningkatan biodiversitas ditandai dengan sarang-sarang orangutan ditemukan di lokasi reboisasi dan keberadaan satwa liar telah meningkat. Kata kunci: Gunung Palung, Orangutan, Restorasi hutan
IDENTIFIKASI SPESIES BEGONIA LITOFIT DI KABUPATEN BENGKAYANG KALIMANTAN BARAT Rahyu Ningsih, Hasri Nurfadillah; Kartikawati, Siti Masitoh; Muflihati, Muflihati
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 10, No 1 (2020): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v10i1.36544

Abstract

Begonia is a plant from the flowering tribe of Begoniaceae which still has not revealed much diversity and potential. Begonia recorded in Borneo includes Brunei 21 species, Kalimantan 5 species, Sabah 82 species and Sarawak 96 species. Generally begonias are found in calcareous rocks also in sandy and granite rocks. Begonia can also be found around waterfalls or small streams. Begonia grows from lowlands to hilly forests. This study aims to identify the Begonia genus in Bengkayang Districts. This study uses an exploratory method by exploring the entire area from corner to corner by using the length of the observation path from the river bank to the height level representing ecosystems and vegetation on the location studied. Result of research there are species of Begonia serianensis C. W. Lin & C.-I Peng., Begonia promethea Ridl. Begonia calcarea Ridl., Begonia bawangensis Hughes. sp. nov. (in prep.) dan Begonia magnicarpa C.W.Lin & C. I Peng.Keywords: Bengkayang District, Identification, Litophyte Begonia.Begonia merupakan tumbuhan berbunga Begoniaceae yang masih belum banyak terungkap keanekaragaman dan potensinya. Begonia yang terdata di Borneo meliputi Brunei 21 spesies, Kalimantan 5 spesies, Sabah 82 spesies dan Sarawak 96 spesies. Umumnya begonia terdapat pada batuan berkapur juga di batuan berpasir dan granit. Begonia juga dapat ditemukan di sekitar air terjun atau aliran air kecil. Begonia tumbuh dari dataran rendah hingga hutan perbukitan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi spesies dari genus Begonia yang ada di Kabupaten Bengkayang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksplorasi dengan menjelajah seluruh kawasan dari sudut ke sudut dengan mengunakan panjang jalur pengamatan baik dari tepi sungai sampai pada tingkat ketinggian yang dapat mewakili ekosistem maupun vegetasi pada lokasi yang diteliti. Hasil penelitian terdapat lima spesies, yaitu Begonia serianensis C. W. Lin & C.-I Peng., Begonia promethea Ridl. Begonia calcarea Ridl., Begonia bawangensis Hughes. sp. nov. (in prep.) dan Begonia magnicarpa C.W.Lin & C. I Peng.Kata kunci: Begonia litofit, Identifikasi, Kabupaten Bengkayang.
ANALISIS BENTUK KELEMBAGAAN KELOMPOK TANI HUTAN RAKYAT DESA GATTARENG KECAMATAN MARIORIWAWO KABUPATEN SOPPENG Yusran, .; Alif, Muhammad; Aswan, Muh.; Sabar, Adrayanti
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 9, No 1 (2019): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v9i1.34763

Abstract

This present research aims to identify related actor, in the formation and development farmers by the format rules, format relation and important role management of people forests in the village of Gattareng. The result of this research is to give inforaton for the farmers about Institutional Form analysis of the people forests by the form, format relation and important role management of the people forests. In addition, this research is conducted in October ? November 2017. The research site is in gattareng village, Marioriwawo district, Soppeng regency. The methods of data collection used in this research are observation and interview. Based on research results it was concluded that related actor in establishment and development farmers of the people forests is the farmers, village head in the village of Gattareng, Forestry service in soppeng regency and the peopleof the farmers. In the formation Baccewe farmers the village of gattareng Mr. Bide is the had of the farmers make a formal role and activties by Baccewe farmers. The formal role of Baccewe Farmers is, the membership of farmers where in the membership must have a farmers, meeting for the membership of the farmers must twice for a week and all of the applicable regulation have a sanctions. Important role  the management of people forests in the Village of Gattareng basically for public welfare of the people around the forests. Forestry service and agriculture servise in Soppeng regency do sustainable development of forest resources. By doing policy forest management optimize premises active engagement from people around the forest whose life depends on the forest. The goal is to improve people?s welfareKeyword: Farmers, Institutional, People Forests
SIFAT ANTIBAKTERI ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS EKSTRAK KULIT KAYU MANGGA PELAM (MANGIFERA LAURINA BLUM.) Nuriana, Nuriana; Yusro, Fathul; Mariani, Yeni
TENGKAWANG : JURNAL ILMU KEHUTANAN Vol 9, No 2 (2019): JURNAL TENGKAWANG
Publisher : Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jt.v9i2.36420

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sifat antibakteri dari ekstrak metanol kulit kayu manga pelam (Mangifera laurina Blum.) terhadap Enterococcus faecalis. Metode penelitian yang dilakukan meliputi pembuatan ekstrak methanol (maserasi), skrining fitokimia dan pengujian aktivitas antibakteri (cakram difusi Kirby and Beuer). Kulit kayu M. laurina memiliki rendemen sebesar 17,99% (kadar air serbuk10,17%), dan terdeteksi mengandung golongan senyawa aktif seperti alkaloid, flavonoid, terpenoid, fenolik dan tanin. Aktivitas antibakteri tertinggi khususnya dalam penghambatan pertumbuhan E. faecalis adalah pada kosentrasi 200mg/mL dengan zona hambat 6.042±0,813 mm.