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INDONESIA
Jurnal Humaniora
ISSN : 08520801     EISSN : 23029269     DOI : -
Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
Humaniora focuses on the publication of articles that transcend disciplines, and which, regardless of subject, appeal to a diverse readership and advance the study of humanities, particularly in Indonesia. This articles that contribute to the strengthening of critical approaches, increasing the quality of critique, or encouragement of innovative methodologies.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 862 Documents
SUMBANGAN BAHASA ARAB TERHADAP BAHASA INDONESIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENGEMBANGAN BAHASA DAN BUDAYA Nur, Tajudin
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (281.613 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5245

Abstract

This study discusses the Arabic contributions to the Bahasa Indonesia in the perspective of language and culture developments. The data are taken from Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI). Based on the analysis done shows that there are three important aspects of the Arabic contribution to the Bahasa Indonesia, namely vocabulary enrichment, grammar system, and cultural development. In the aspect of vocabulary enrichment, approximately 2.336 Arabic vocabularies have moved into Bahasa Indonesia. In the aspect of grammar, the Arabic grammatical system is used in the grammatical system of Bahasa Indonesian such as gender formation and formation of word that shows the meaning of nature. In the cultural aspect, the Arabic language also contribute to the development of Indonesian culture, such as the use of proper names in Arabic by the Indonesian Muslims, religious institutions, and state. Moreover, the Arabic terms are also used in everyday expressions, literature, and in the constitutional system of the Republic of Indonesia.
MASCULINE LANGUAGE IN INDONESIAN NOVELS: A FEMINIST STYLISTIC APPROACH ON BELENGGU AND PENGAKUAN PARIYEM ., Supriyadi
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.888 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5244

Abstract

Belenggu is a novel written by Armijn Pane in 1938, whereas Pengakuan Pariyem is a lyrical novel written by Linus Suryadi AG that published in 1980. Both are interested to be analyzed from linguistic aspects, especially in relation to gender dan patriarchal issues. In this case, the proper approach is feminist stylistics by Sara Mills since it analyzed literary works from linguistic aspects and then is enlarged on the contexts of surroundings when it was published. The results are that Belenggu basically used masculine languages including word, phrases, clauses, sentences, and discourses when it is related to its contexts. Contextually, Belenggu represented author responses to conditions of his society in which women tried to insist their rights for equality (to men). It also represented author?s critic to women since it is better that women still work domestically and support her husband. Meanwhile, Pengakuan Pariyem is a lyrical novel that considers men and women have mutual relationships although women still work domestically and men work outside.
EMPLOYING MARY WHITEBIRD’S SHORT STORY TA-NA-E-KA TO RAISE STUDENT’S ECOLOGICAL AWARENESS Trisnawati, Ririn Kurnia
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.241 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5243

Abstract

This paper proposes Mary Whitebird?s Ta-Na-E-Ka to be used as the teaching material to raise students? ecological awareness based on the research conducted in the English Department, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia. This is because literature is believed to represent authentic social, political, ecological, and historical events from a particular range of periods, so literature can be employed as authentic teaching material to teach both the language and culture embedded in it. In this particular study, Mary Whitebird?s Ta-Na-E-Ka was chosen because it offers a distinct ecological theme. The literary theory exercised is Ecocriticism, i.e. the study of the relationship between literature and the physical environment; it celebrates nature, the life force, and the wilderness told in the story. This qualitative study employs the data gained from the readers? questionnaire. It successfully probes the readers? understanding of the elements of the story, e.g., characters and characterization and theme; it also shows that students are able to capture the issue of nature, physical environment and their relationship with the Kaws as it is proposed by ecocriticism. Therefore, the readers, who are students, become the ecocritics; they are more caring to the world and its nature. In other words, their ecological awareness has sharpened eventually, and Mary Whitebird?s Ta-Na-E-Ka has been successfully used both as the teaching material and as the authentic material to understand the ecocentric value narrated in the story. 
TRANSFORMATION OF LUDRUK PERFORMANCES: FROM POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT AND STATE HEGEMONY TO CREATIVE SURVIVAL STRATEGY Setiawan, Ikwan; ., Sutarto
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (391.257 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5241

Abstract

This article discusses the transformation of ludruk performances, from Soekarno to Reformation era. In discussing the problem, we apply a cultural studies perspective. From our analysis, there are three findings related to the discursive transformation of ludruk stories. Firstly, in the era of Soekarno, many ludruk groups joined Lembaga Kebudayaan Rakyat (Lekra/Institute of People?s Culture), which had many ideological similarities with Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI/ Indonesian Communist Party). Consequently, ludruk groups performed some provocative stories that exposed the problems of lower-class people and criticized Islamic religious beliefs. Secondly, after the bloody 1965 tragedy, the regional military apparatuses controlled ludruk groups and their performances, including the stories. In this era, ludruk stories supported the New Order regime?s national development programs and raised people?s consensus on the significance of militarism through popular stories about people?s resistance to colonizers. Thirdly, in the Reformation era, some ludruk groups make newer, interesting stories about many complicated social problems in contemporary society. Finally, we conclude that this mode of transformation through creating newer, social problem-based stories that intertwine with historical conditions has deep historical roots in ludruk performances. In addition, during the Reformation period in whichmarket capitalism becomes a dominant ideology and practice, such newer stories and breakthroughs of staging may become a suitable creative survival strategy for ludruk groups in the midst of techno-cultural popularity as the dominant taste and orientation in societies.
THE NEW LINK BETWEEN ART FESTIVAL AND THE MEDIA: THE ENGAGEMENT OF A MEDIA INSTITUTION IN SURABAYA ART FESTIVAL Ida, Rachmah
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.995 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5240

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to investigate a new trend of media behaviour and to study an aspect of the non-journalistic practice of the media organization in the society in post-authoritarian Indonesia. It discusses the engagement of a major local media institution in the organization of the Surabaya Art Festival in the early 2000s. The involvement of one wealthy media institution, Jawa Pos, in the organization of Surabaya?s cultural art festival, therefore, could shape a new model of relationship between the media and the society in the Indonesian context. Based on interviews with several existing and ex-members of the festival committees and media documentations, this study argues that the political economy of the media interest has played a major role in determining the contents and management of the festival, disregarding the need to exhibit the remarkable cultural richness and innovations. In this particular cultural event, the media has played a significant role in supplying the funding for the festival, and consequently, the media control the power in conceptualising the city?s annual art festival since then. Yet, when the owner of the media institution chose to stop supporting the funding to the festival organization, the result was palpable. After the withdrawal of this major media magnate from the festival organization, the continuation of the Surabaya Art Festival has become troublesome and susceptible.
THE HUMAN RIGHTS ENFORCEMENT AS AN IDENTITY OF THE AMERICAN QUAKERS IN THE ERAS BEFORE TWENTIETH CENTURY ., Nuriadi
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.159 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5239

Abstract

This paper discusses how and why the Quakers dealt with human rights issues in the United States before 20th century, ranging from the mid 17th century to the mid 19th century. It applies Nash Smith?s interdisciplinary theory as a theoretical approach. The Quakers, as a Christian religious group, had got several features or identities since George Fox declared its existence in England in the mid of 17th century. They lived in simplicity, adopted the principle of pacifism, rejected paying tith and tax, rejected taking off hat, used archaic words, and so forth. However, the Quakers in the United States had shown a new feature or identity; namely, the enforcement of human rights in the eras before the 20th century. The human rights enforcement was motivated by their piety and loyality to the Quakerism. In other words, it was an expression of their belief in Quakerism. This theology empowered their thoughts and actions in responding issues pertaining to human rights of the minorities i.e. the Indians or Native Americans, the African-Americans, and women along the span of time. Their goal was to let the minorities enjoy their unalienable rights as what most of white men had enjoyed.
ARTIKULASI IDENTITAS WONG SOLO DI EKS ENKLAVE SURAKARTA: KONSTRUKSI BAHASA DAN PEMERTAHANANNYA ., Sulistyowati
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.366 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5238

Abstract

Culturally Kotagede and Imogiri consist of the ex enclave regions of Surakarta which are called Kotagede SK and Imogiri SK. The community of the ex Surakarta enclave is also known as Wong Solo. This article describes the existence of Wong Solo in Surakarta ex enclave in maintaining its identities. The label of priyayi, courteous, alus, glamorous, and umuk attached to Wong Solo articulated through language practices and material culture. Historical and sociocultural perspective used to describe the verbal expression as identity markers and narratives elicited through etnographic work. It is assumed that the romanticism of the elite, class consciousness, and awareness of the preservation of tradition dominate retention Wong Solo. Cultural agencies, Surakarta and Yogyakarta Palace in the historical affinity presented by abdi dalem juru kunci of the kings of Mataram cemetery become binding factor of Wong Solo identity in Surakarta ex enclave.
CAH AMPERA: HYBRID IDENTITY OF KAMPUNG YOUTHS IN NEGOTIATING CITIZENSHIP Margono, Subando Agus
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.802 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5237

Abstract

This article attempts to investigate the negotiating process for citizenship of a group of youths facing entrenched social, cultural, and political exclusion. It examines the phenomenon of citizenship negotiation based on stigmatized position of exluded youths. It was found that despite overwhelming odds, the youths use their hybrid identity, which is a manifestation of cah Ampera identity. They succeed in managing the antagonism and affiliation. The citizenship of cah Ampera ismanaged through symbolic capital and action in village micro politics. Success is reflected in their ability to manage their relations with adults, employment, and their young world.
IDENTITAS JEMAAH AHMADIYAH INDONESIA DALAM KONTEKS MULTIKULTURAL Andries, Flavius Floris; Maso?ed, Mohtar; Bagir, Zainal Abidin
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.072 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.5227

Abstract

Jemaah Ahmadiyah Indonesia (JAI) is known as a group on behalf of themselves as part of Islam adherents, however, their acceptance as part of Islam become an issue led to the creation of conflict. Although by law, their existence in citizenship context is legal, but in public service is often made difficult, due to intervention of the interest groups and affiliate with the state. Disclaimer of JAI identity of Islam by Islamist group was not limited to the theological issues, dogmatic, but it extends to the social issues and public sphere policy. It can be found through postponement case of e-ID card service for the JAI community in Manis Lor village, Jalaksana District, Kuningan regency of West Java. By using a qualitative research methods, this research aims to identify and understand the basic reasons of the e-ID card service postponement for the JAI community and find out who the actor affecting these e-ID service postponement. Through interviews with several informant from government, that is executive, and legislative, and mass organizations were influential in the regency, and own JAI community, as well as document review, it was found that the e-ID services postponement for the JAI community in Kuningan West Java, was not apart from the role of local politics, Islamic mass organizations, thus it can be concluded that ID card services postponement for JAI in Kuningan are not limited to identity issue related to theological doctrine, but also the impact of the political bargaining at the local level related to the electoral votes winnings, and other parties to the influence of Islamic mass organizations that want to maintain status quo and power. Negotiation of interests between government and mass organization to make JAI as the power object led to discrimination against JAI as minorities in obtaining their rights as citizens.
MORFEM-MORFEM PEMBENTUK VERBA DASAR TRILITERAL BAHASA ARAB Afrizal, Mohamad; Ma'ruf, Amir
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.659 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.4886

Abstract

Arabic verbs are polymorphemic. Among the Arabic verbs are verbs called basic triliteral verbs. In addition to the root morpheme, there are other morphemes contained in basic triliteral verbs. This study attempts to examine the number and forms of morphemes contained in basic triliteral verbs, which have been much debated. In addition, this study also discusses the morphological, and morphophonological processes and the meaning of morphemes forming the basic triliteral verbs. The data were collected through observation of the conjugation of basic triliteral verbs and of the meanings of the verbs in an Arabic-Indonesian dictionary. Distributional and translational equivalent methods were used to analyze the data. The results reveal that basic triliteral verbs in Arabic are composed of the root morpheme, transfix, and affix of person, number and gender. The morphological process of a basic verb triliteral begins with the transfixation of root morpheme that becomes a base, followed by affixation of person, number and gender. The morphological process can lead to phonological changes. This morphophonological process involves the phonemes /w/, /y/, /`/ and gemination as part of the root morpheme.

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