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Buletin Peternakan
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Core Subject : Health, Education,
Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
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Search results for , issue "Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015" : 9 Documents clear
PRODUKTIVITAS TANAMAN KALIANDRA (Calliandra calothyrsus) SEBAGAI HIJAUAN PAKAN PADA UMUR PEMOTONGAN YANG BERBEDA (Abqoriyah), Abqoriyah; Utomo, Ristanto; Suwignyo, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (682.155 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6714

Abstract

This research aimed to determine the production and nutrient content of calliandra (Caliandra calothyrsus) as a forage for ruminant in the different defoliation time. This research was conducted for 48 weeks (June 2012–June 2013) at Kaligesing forage feed area, Animal Science Department, Purworejo, Central Java. Design of the research was Completely Randomized Block Design. Soil slope was used as block. The research treatments were 6 (P1), 8 (P2), 12 (P3) and 16 (P4) weeks of cutting age. The grass of all treatment groups were cut together at the same day prior to experiment. Caliandra calothyrsus was cut at edible portion. Parameters measured were fresh forage, dry matter, organic matter and crude protein production and also nutrient content namely dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, extract ether, crude fiber, BETN and TDN. The result showed that the highest dry matter content was found in P3 (31.25%) and was different from P1 (26.51%) and P4 (28.12%). The highest crude protein content was found in P2 (21.10%) and was not different with P1 (21.09%) and P3 (19.20%), and the lowest crude protein was found inP4 (18.04%). The highest extract ether was at P3 (2.84%) and different from P1 (1.51%). The highest crude fiber was at P4 (22.56%) different with P1 (15.80%) and P2 (18.46%). Organic matter, BETN and TDN were not different among the different defoliation time. The highest fresh forage, dry matter, organic matter and crude protein production were at P4 and different (P<0.05) from P1, P2 and P3. The lowest dry matter was at P2. It is concluded that the best quality of grass was found in P3 group and the highest harvesting quantity was found in P4 group.(Key words: Calliandra calothyrsus, Cutting age, Nutrient content, Production)
PENGARUH FREKUENSI PENYIRAMAN AIR MENGGUNAKAN SPRINKLER TERHADAP RESPON FISIOLOGIS DAN PERTUMBUHAN SAPI PERANAKAN SIMMENTAL Adhianto, Kusuma; (Siswanto), Siswanto; Kesuma, Citra Nindya
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (678.053 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6715

Abstract

The objective of the research was to measure the effects of watering frequency using sprinkler on the physiological response and production of simmental grade cattle. Experiment was conducted during 45 days starting on December 2014 to January 2015 in Gunung Madu Plantation Cooperative farms, Gunung Batin district, Central Lampung regency. Feed analysis was carried out in the Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed, Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung. The experimental design used in this study was performed by using a Completely Randomized Design with treatment of control (P0), frequency of watering 1 time (P1) and frequency of watering 2 times (P2). Based on the results of research, we concluded that watering frequency treatment significantly (P<0.01) effected on the physiological response of Simmental grade cattle. However, treatment have not significantly effecting on consumption and growth of Simmental grade cattle.(Key words: Physiological response, Production, Sprinkler)
PHYSIOLOGICAL STATUS, BLOOD PROFILE AND BODY COMPOSITION OF SHEEP FED WITH CA-SAPONIFIED LEMURU OIL COATED BY HERBS Astuti, Dewi Apri; Sudarman, Asep
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (715.034 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6716

Abstract

This study was aimed to evaluate the physiological status, blood profiles and body composition of sheep fed with Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by herbs. Twenty fat-tailed sheep (av. BW 23±1.2 kg) were used in this experiment by using Completely Randomized Design with five treatments ration and four replications of each. Sheep fed with concentrate containing 3% Ca-saponified lemuru oil and king grass (1:1) ad libitum. Treatments were control diet without herbs (R1); Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by curcumae domestica (R2); coated by Zingiber officinale Rosc (R3); coated by Eugenia polyantha (R4) and coated by Pluchea indica Less (R5). Data of physiological parameters were measured three times a day, in the morning, at noon and afternoon. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment through jugular vein, together with zero sample for Urea Space measurement. The variables observed were physiological data (heart rate, respiration rate, and rectal temperature), blood profiles (erythrocyte, hemoglobin, packed cell volume (PCV), leucocytes) and body composition (water, protein and fat) measured using Urea Space technique. Results of the study showed that sheep fed with Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by herbs was not significantly different on heart rate, respiration rate and rectal temperature among treatments. Meanwhile, total leucocytes, neutrophil cell, and lymphocytes significantly increased (P<0.05) by the treatment. Body composition percentage (water, protein and fat) were same in all treatments, except the total body fat and energy retained. In conclusion, supplementation of 3% Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by Curcumae domestica, Zingiber officinale Rosc, Eugenia polyantha and Pluchea indica Less in fat-tailed sheep had no effect on physiological parameters, but improved the leucocyte and neutrophil cells. Total body fat and energy retained lower compared to control treatment.(Key words: Body composition, Ca-saponified, Herbs, Lemuru oil, Urea space)
POTENSI BIOLOGI BIJI PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.) DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN KINERJA ITIK RAJA Rachmatika, Rini; Prijono, Siti Nuramaliati
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (702.826 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6717

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of papaya seed in feed on Raja duck’s performance. Experimental animals were 72 birds of 7 days old Raja ducks. Variables observed were feed intake, body weight gain, and feed conversion ratio. Experiment was assigned in one way of Completely Randomized Design with four treatments and three replication (six birds each). The treatments diets were T0 = basal diets without papaya seed, T1=0.3%, T2=0.6%, and T3=1.2% papaya seed. Dietary treatment were provided until 45 days of age. Data were subjected to analysis of variance using SPSS 16.0 and continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test for all significant results at 5% level of probability. Result showed that feeding diets with 1.2% papaya seed supplementation reduced feed intake but increased body weight gain, resulted in better feed conversion ratio (P<0.05). It might indicate that papaya seed has potency to improve performance of Raja ducks.(Key words: Duck, Feed conversion ratio, Papaya seed, Performance)
POTENSI EDIBLE FILM ANTIMIKROBA SEBAGAI PENGAWET DAGING (Maskiyah), Maskiyah; (Juniawati), Juniawati; Iriani, Evi Savitri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (7565.783 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6718

Abstract

Fresh meat are highly perishable due to their enriched nutrient composition which is easily contaminated by almost any microorganisms. The application of antimicrobial edible films is one of the effective method to extend the shelf life of fresh meat. This study aimed to get antimicrobial edible films formula that have the potential to preserve fresh meat. The study consisted of several steps: 1) research for making a fresh garlic extract, 2) extraction of gelatin from chicken feet, 3) formulation and manufacturing of antimicrobial edible films and 4) the application of edible films on fresh meat. Gelatin-based antimicrobial edible films was the best one that can be applied on fresh meat. Characteristics of the antimirobial edible film: color L 97.28; elongation: 20 mm; tensile strength <0.1 kgf; thickness 0.06 mm; WVTR 15.49 g/(mm.jam); Aw 0.526; moisture content: 22.73%, and has antimicrobial characteristic because of it’s inhibition ability to the growth of S. aureus and E. coli.(Key words: Antimicrobial, Edible film, Meat)
KARAKTERISTIK KUANTITATIF DAN KUALITATIF KAMBING DAN DOMBA SEBAGAI HEWAN QURBAN DI MITRA TANI FARM (Komariah), Komariah; Setyono, Dwi Joko; (Aslimah), Aslimah
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (730.766 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6712

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to study the qualitative characteristics (wool color, horned) and the quantitative characteristics (body weight, chest circumference, body length, age) of sheep and goats for qurban in the Mitra Tani Farm; and the consumers preferences of choosing the sheep and goat required for ‘qurban’ event. In total eighty three Jawarandu goats; 16 Garut; 37 Thin-Tailed and 35 Fat-Tailed rams were observed to measure their body weight, chest circumference, body length, age, the present of horn and hair color. Qualitative data was obtained by interviewing the owner and consumers of MT Farm (30 trader and 30 consumers). The data was statistically analysis using, chi-square test, correlation test and T test. The results showed that the consumers from Jakarta, Depok and Tangerang significantly (P<0.05) prefer goats than rams, while the consumers from Bogor, Yogyakarta and Bandung prefer rams than goats. The traders more consider the weight of the body (posture) and the price, while consumers more consider the finance budget. The average body weight of Jawarandu was 25.84±4.54 kg; Garut, Fat-Tailed and Thin-Tailed rams were 29.32±3.61, 28.45±5.54 and 28.44±4.65 kg respectively. The chest girth had higher correlation with body weight than body length. The percentage of goats and rams age were 60.56% (I0), 33.89% (I1) and 5.56% (I2). The dominant color of Jawarandu goat were brown (54.2%), black (26.51%) and white (19.28%). The color of Fat-Tailed rams wool more uniform than Thin-Tailed rams or Garut.(Key words: Characteristics of Sheep and Goat, Mitra Tani Farm, Qurban)
EKSPLORASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI GULMA, HIJAUAN PAKAN DAN LIMBAH PERTANIAN YANG DIMANFAATKAN SEBAGAI PAKAN TERNAK DI WILAYAH LAHAN KERING LOMBOK UTARA Ernawati, Ni Made Laksmi; Ngawit, I Ketut
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (761.648 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6713

Abstract

Difficulties on weeds control and fodder scarcity in dry season are the major problems at dry land. Aim of this research was to identify and to explore the potency of several kinds of weeds, forages, and agricultural wastes that can be used as fodder, and further might be processed to make hay and silage. Explorative research to identify, observe, and collect data has been done using descriptive method of dominant weeds, forages, and agricultural waste that frequently used as fodder by farmers. The farmer’s decision to use weeds, forages, and agricultural wastes were determined by preference level of cattles and farmers empirical experiences. Result showed that dominant weeds found were broad leafed weeds with domination level 34.62-81.45% and narrow leafed weeds (grasses and teki) with domination level 28.65-65.38%. Broad leafed weeds that generally used as fodder were Cintella asiatica, Amaranthus spp., Mikania sp., Cyclosorous aridus, Gleichenia linearis, Physalis angulata, Portulaca oleracea, Mucaena pruriens, and Desmodium scalpe. Grasses weeds and teki were potential fodder with preference level of cattle from very much like to extremely like. Forage and agricultural waste that be potential as fodder were gamal leaf, sengon leaf, banana leaf and stem and coconut, agricultural waste of peanuts, corn, and sweet potato.(Key words: Animal feed, Agricultural wastes, Dry land, Fodder, Forage, Identification and exploration, Weeds)
PENGARUH PROTEKSI CPO DENGAN FORMALDEHID TERHADAP KECERNAAN DAN PERFORMA DOMBA EKOR TIPIS Tiven, Nafly Comilo; Yusiati, Lies Mira; (Rusman), Rusman; Santoso, Umar
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1217.215 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6711

Abstract

The experiment was conducted to determine the effect of CPO protected with formaldehyde on digestibility and performance of thin tail sheeps. Fifteen local male lambs aged 9-12 months, were divided into 3 groups of ration treatment. The first group received only the basal ration (R0), the second group received the basal ration and 3% CPO (R1), while the third group received the basal ration and 3% CPO protected with 2% formaldehyde (R2). The data were analyzed by Completely Randomized Design with oneway pattern. The different of treatments were tested by Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test. The results showed that addition CPO protected with formaldehid (R2) in the sheeps diet did not affect dry matter and organic matter intake, dry matter and organic matter digestibility, average daily gain (ADG), but significantly (P<0.01) increase feed conversion rate. It can be concluded that CPO protected with formaldehyde gives more advantage on feed conversion aspect.(Key words: Thin tail sheeps, Crude palm oil (CPO) protected with formaldehyde, Digestibility, Performance)
KAJIAN IN VITRO SUBTITUSI KONSENTRAT DENGAN PENGGUNAAN LIMBAH PERKEBUNAN SINGKONG YANG DISUPLEMENTASI KOBALT (Co) DAN SENG (Zn) DALAM RANSUM DOMBA Hernaman, Iman; Budiman, Atun; Nurachman, Siti; Hidrajat, Kundrat
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (706.314 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6710

Abstract

This research was aimed to investigate the effect of concentrate substitution with cassava plantation waste supplemented with cobalt and zinc in sheep ration. In vitro study was used in this experiment. Collected data were analyzed by Duncan’s test from Completely Randomized Design with four treatments and four replications. The experiment rations were R1 = 50% native grass + 50% concentrate, R2 = 50% native grass + 50% concentrate + 5 ppm cobalt + 30 ppm zinc, R3 = 50% native grass + 50% cassava plantation waste, R4 = 50% native grass + 50% cassava plantation waste + 5 ppm cobalt + 30 ppm zinc. The results showed that utilization of concentrate increased volatile fatty acid and N-NH3 concentration, and digestibility of dry and organic matter compared with cassava plantation waste. Volatile fatty acid and N-NH3 in sheep ration containing cassava plantation waste were still in normal range with dry and organic matter digestibility were up to 50%, but supplementation of cobalt and zinc had the same effect (P>0.05). It is concluded that cassava plantation waste can be used as sheep feed, but did not substitute concentrate. Supplementation of cobalt and zinc was not effective to improve fermentability and digestibility of cassava plantation waste.(Key words: Cassava plantation waste, Digestibility, In vitro, N-NH3, Sheep, Volatile fatty acid)

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