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Buletin Peternakan
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Core Subject : Health, Education,
Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
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Search results for , issue "Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016" : 10 Documents clear
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL USAHA PENGGEMUKAN SAPI SIMMENTAL PERANAKAN ONGOLE DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP JUMLAH KEPEMILIKAN PADA PETERNAKAN RAKYAT DI KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR Sahala, Josua
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (689.684 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9823

Abstract

This study was done to determine the financial feasibility of beef cattle fattening and the factors affecting on amount of cattle ownership of small scale farmer in Karanganyar District. The location quotient (LQ) selected were Jenawi, Jatiyoso and Mojogedang sub-districts. Sampling respondents were determined by purposive sampling of 40 SimPO cattle farmers. Survey method was adopted to collect the primary data from respondents and the secondary data from relevant offices. The criteria for feasibility analysis was net present value (NPV), benefit cost ratio (BCR), internal rate of return (IRR), followed by payback period of credit (PPC) and break event point (BEP). Multiple regression linear analysis was used to determine the factors that influence the number of cattle ownership. The results of analysis showed that financially SimPO cattle fattening with a period of 5 years and a discount factor of 12%/year was feasible. Regression analysis showed that there were positive effects (P<0.01) of agricultural land, beef cattle business experience and the number of labour on the number of beef cattle ownership. It was concluded that SimPO cattle fattening in Karanganyar was feasible. (Key words: Break event point, Fattening, Simmental Ongole Crossbred cattle, Financial analysis, Multiple regresion linear analysis, Small scale farmer) 
PENGARUH FORTIFIKASI NANOPARTIKEL KALSIUM LAKTAT KERABANG TELUR TERHADAP SIFAT KIMIA DAN FISIK BAKSO AYAM Prayitno, Agus Hadi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (717.765 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9821

Abstract

The experiment was conducted to analysis the effect of nanoparticle eggshell calcium lactate fortification on chemical and physical properties of chicken meatballs. The materials were chicken meat, filler, spices, salt, eggshell calcium and nanoparticle calcium lactate. Fortification level of eggshell calcium and nanoparticle calcium lactate on making meatballs was 0.3% of the total meatball dough. Each treatment consisted of five replications. The data of chemical and physical properties of meatballs were analyzed statistically using variance analysis. The differences between means were tested by Duncan's new Multiple Ranges Test. The meatball fortified with eggshell calcium showed lower moisture content 67.92%, and showed higher fat content 6.92% and ash 2.56% than those of nanoparticle eggshell calcium lactate. The meatballs fortified with eggshell calcium had higher pH value 7.34 and water-holding capacity 58.53% and more firmness than those of fortified with eggshell calcium lactate. (Keywords: Chemical and physical properties, Chicken meatballs, Eggshell, Fortification, Nanoparticle calcium lactate)
KUALITAS NUTRISI AMPAS KELAPA (Cocos nucifera L.) FERMENTASI MENGGUNAKAN Aspergillus niger Kurniawan, Heri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (700.906 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9822

Abstract

This research was aimed to observe the effect of usage of Aspergillus niger for fermenting coconut dregs (Cocos Nucifera L.) on its nutrition quality. Aspergillus niger obtained from Biochemical and Nutrition Laboratory of Animal Science Faculty on UGM, Yogyakarta was optimalized at coconut oil and coconut dregs as substrat. Variable was perceived for example enzyme lipase production, the quality of physical (pH, texture, color, aroma), and chemical composition of coconut dregs, steamed coconut dregs, fermented coconut dregs and steamed fermented coconut dregs. The result showed that Aspergillus niger producted highest enzyme of lipase in four days incubation either at coconut oil (0.85U/ml) and coconut dregs (1.81U/ml) as substrat. The treatment of steaming and fermenting of coconut dregs affected of pH, tekstur, color, aroma as will as decreased dry materials (12.75 and 16.24%), crude fat (13.11 and 29.20%), organic materials (5.21 and 16.89%) but increased crude protein (11.84%), crude fibre (24.85 and 36.81%) and extract materials without nitrogen (10.28 and 23.97%). It could be concluded that Aspergillus niger have activity of lipase which high enough so that can degraded fat content of coconut dregs.  (Key word: Aspergillus niger, Coconut dregs, Fermentation)
PROTEKSI MINYAK IKAN LEMURU, MINYAK KELAPA SAWIT, DAN BUNGKIL SAWIT TERHADAP pH DAN NH3DALAM RUMEN SAPI PERANAKAN ONGOLE Purwati, Catur Suci
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (676.601 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9819

Abstract

The aimed of this research is to know the influence of protection lemuru oil, palm oil, and palm oil cake to pH and NH3in the rumen of the Ongole. The material were used in this study werecomulated rumenfemale cows with average body weight of 289.33 ± 28.34 kg as many as 3 heads. Latin square experiment design was applied on 3 treatments. Fermented rice straw (FRS), basal concentrate (BC), and protected materials of Indian sardine oil (ISO), palm oil (PO), and palmkernel cake (PKC) were used as a feed ingredient.  Treatments were: P1 = FRS 40% + BC 60% (BC 95% + PO 5%); P2 = FRS 40% + BC 60% (BC 95% + ISO 5%) ; P3 = FRS 40% + BC 60% (BC 90% + PKC 10%). Parameters measured were pH and NH3. Latin square experiment design was applied on 3 treatments.Conclusions of this study are pH and NH3remain stable, meaning lemuru addition of fish oil, palm oil, and palm oil cake is protected not disturb the digestive process in the cow rumen fistulated onggole breedparticular.(Key word: Indian sardine oil, NH3, Palm kernel cake, Palm oil, pH, Protection)
KUALITAS SOSIS DAGING SAPI YANG DIFORTIFIKASI DENGAN MINYAK IKAN KOD DAN MINYAK JAGUNG DAN DIPROSES MENGGUNAKAN METODE PEMASAKAN YANG BERBEDA Sujarwanta, Rio Olympias
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (757.456 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9820

Abstract

This study was conducted to find out quality of beef sausages fortified with cod and corn oil and processed with different cooking methods. The sausages were made of beef, cod oil, corn oil, tapioca flour, skimmed milk, salt, pepper, garlic, angkak, and ice, with the ratio of cod oil and corn oil of 2.9 : 7.1; 2.4 : 7.6; and 1.9 : 8.1. All sausages ingredients were mixed and then filled in the casing. The raw sausages were cooked using steaming and vacuum steaming for 30 minutes. The sausages were then analyzed for chemical composition (moisture, protein, and fat contents), physical quality (pH, water holding capacity, and tenderness), and fatty acids profile (omega 3 and omega 6 ratio). The data of chemical composition and physical quality were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance (factorial pattern = 3 factors of oil ratio x 2 factors of cooking method) and the differences between means were tested by Duncan’s new Multiple Ranges Test. The data of fatty acids profile were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the different ratio of cod and corn oils affected the moisture content, protein content, pH, and water holding capacity of sausages (P<0.05). Vacuum steaming increased significantly the moisture content, protein content, fat content, pH, and water holding capacity of sausages (P<0.05). The sausages cooked with vacuum steaming contained higher omega 3 and omega 6 than that of steaming sausages. There were interactions between oil ratio and cooking methods on the moisture content, protein content, pH, and tenderness of sausages (P<0.05). In conclusion, fortification of sausages with cod and corn oil at 2.4 : 7.6 ratio and cooked with vacuum steaming resulting the best quality of sausages.(Key words: Chemical composition, Cod oil, Corn oil, Physical quality, Sausages, Vacuum steaming)
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN KARAGINAN DENGAN LEVEL YANG BERBEDA TERHADAP KOMPOSISI KIMIA, KUALITAS FISIK, SENSORIS DAN MIKROSTRUKTUR SOSIS AYAM Ismanto, Arif; Sumarna, Deny
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1500.474 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9213

Abstract

Various microfloras residing in the human colon are significantly affected by dietary fiber. Shortage of dietary fiber in the human daily consumption contributes to gastrointestinal metabolic and cardiovascular disease. One source of dietary fiber is a type of various seaweeds. This research was conducted to determine the effect of carrageenan addition on restructured meat products quality (chemical, physical, sensory and microstructure). There were four treatments in this experiment, (1) chicken sausages without carrageenan addition, (2) chicken sausage with 3% carrageenan addition , (3) chicken sausage with 6% carrageenan addition, and (4) chicken sausage with 9% carrageenan addition. The parameters observed were chemical composition (collagen, fat, water, protein), physical quality (pH, tenderness, water holding capacity (WHC), cooking loss), sensory properties (colour, textures, taste, flavor, acceptability) and microstructure. Chemical composition and physical qualities data were analyzed using Anova. The differences between means were analyzed using Least Significant Different (LSD). Sensory properties data were tested using Method of Successive Interval (MSI). The results showed that the addition of carrageenan at different levels significantly (P<0,05) affected water content and pH value. The addition of carrageenan at different levels also affected taste of chicken sausages. The addition of carrageenan at different levels had no effect on color, aroma, texture, tenderness, and acceptability. Microstructure analysis showed that addition of carragenan lead to the appearence of gel network. (Key words: Carrageenan, Chicken sausages, Chemical composition, Physical quality, Sensory quality, Miacrostructure)
KUALITAS FISIK TELUR ASIN ITIK PEGAGAN YANG DIPROSES DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ABU PELAPAH KELAPA SAWIT DAN ASAP CAIR yosi, fitra
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (764.346 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.8886

Abstract

Liquid smoke is a useful material for use in the process of preserving eggs. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the use of palm oil fronds ash and liquid smoke in the process of salting to the physical quality of pegagan duck’s egg. This study was assingned in a Completely Randomized Design, which consists of 5 treatments and 4 replications. Each replicatation used as much as 5 eggs. The treatment consists of R0, R1, R2, R3, and R4, where all of treatments used palm oil fronds ash and salt (1:0.25) and each treatment was added liquid smoke 0% (control), 2,5%, 5,0%, 7,5%, and 10% (v/v), respectively. The experimental variabel observed were egg weight loss, yolk and albumen weight, yolk and albumen index, egg shell weight, egg shell thickness, the depth of air cavity, yolk color, pH yolk adn albumen pH, Haugh units (HU), albumen viscosity. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and significantly different followed by Duncan's multiple range test at 5%. The results showed that the use of palm oil fronds ash and liquid smoke in the process of salting significantly affected (P < 0.05) the egg shell thickness, depth of air cavity, albumen weight, egg shell weight, albumen pH, albumen index, haugh units ( HU), albumen viscosity, and egg weight loss, but not significantly affected (P> 0.05) the yolk color, yolk pH, yolk weight, and yolk index. It was concluded that the use of palm oil fronds ash and liquid smoke in the salting process can maintain the physical quality of salted pegagan duck egg. (Key words: Liquid smoke, Palm oil fronds ash, Pegagan duck eggs, Physical quality) 
PENGGUNAAN KOMBINASI KUNYIT (Curcuma domestica) DAN JAHE (Zingiber officinale) BENTUK ENKAPSULASI DAN TANPA ENKAPSULASI TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK USUS DAN MIKROFLORA USUS AYAM PEDAGING Natsir, Muhammad Halim
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (758.186 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.8890

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to examine the use of curcuma (curcuma domestica) and ginger (Zingiber officinale) combinations with encapsulated and not Encapsulated on intestinal histological and Intestinal Microflora in broiler. The materials used in this research were 180 day-old broiler chicks, flour and encapsulated turmeric and ginger mixture. The encapsulants used were maltodextrin (75 %: casein 25 %) and adding BHT 0.075 % from extract of 10 % turmeric and ginger mixture. The methods used a Laboratory experiment of a Completely Randomized Design with 9 treatments (P0 = control feed), namely 2 forms of turmeric and ginger mixture. (flour and encapsulated) with 4 levels (0.2; 0.4; 0.6 and 0.8%). The results showed that use of turmeric and ginger mixture in the form of non-encapsulation and encapsulation significantly improved (P<0.01) pH, viscocity of digesta and the number of villi, but showed a no significant difference on villi height, and the number of bacteria (LAB, Lactobacillus, sp, E Coli and salmonella Sp.). It is concluded that the use of turmeric and ginger mixture of encapsulated form provides better results than the form of non- encapsulation with the optimum level of 0.8%. Therefore using encapsulated form in 0.8% of the combined turmeric and ginger in broiler diet is recommended.  (Key words: Broiler, Encapsulation, Ginger, Histological, Microflora, Turmeric)
PENGARUH SUHU AIR PENCUCIAN AMBING DAN TEAT DIPPING TERHADAP JUMLAH PRODUKSI, KUALITAS DAN JUMLAH SEL SOMATIK SUSU PADA SAPI PERANAKAN FRIESIAN HOLSTEIN MAHARDIKA, HAPPY APRILLIA
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (715.533 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.8785

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of teat dipping on the number of microorganisms based on reductase test and somatic cell, as well as determine the effect udder wash water temperature (temperature of 19-22 °C and 37 °C) on the quality of milk components and quantity of milk production in cows PFH located in KOP SAE Pujon. Sixteen PFH lactation cows were used to test the milk quality with 4 treatments: P0 (temperature 19-22°C, without teat dipping), P1 (temperature 19-22°C with teat dipping after milking), P2 (temperature 37°C with teat dipping after milking) and P3 (temperature 37°C with teat dipping before and after milking). The quality of the milk consists of protein, fat, SNF, solid, density and lactose were analyzed by Lactoscan, microbial test using reductase test, a test of counting the number of somatic cells by the method of breeds, and the amount of production was measured in the morning and afternoon. The results indicated the teat dipping able to increase the time up to 7.3 hours reductase and decrease the number of somatic cell. Water temperature 37°C affected the milk production, but no effect to the milk quality.  (Key word: Teat dipping, Milk quality, Dairy cows)
EFFECT OF NONI FRUIT (Morinda citrifolia) POWDER AS FEED ADDITIVE ON INTESTINAL MICROFLORA AND VILI CHARACTERISTICS OF HYBRID DUCK Kurniawan, David; Widodo, Eko; Djunaidi, Irfan H
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 1 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (1) FEBRUARI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (650.055 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.8677

Abstract

Noni fruit is a medicanal plant with biological activity like antimicrobial and antioxidant that could potentially be used as a feed additive in poultry. This research investigated the effect of noni fruit powder as feed additive on intestinal microflora and villi characteristics of hybrid duck. The subjects for this study were one hundred fifty of 2-week-old hybrid duck that were divided into 5 dietary groups, namely P0: basal feed serving as negative control, P1: basal feed + 1 % noni fruit powder, P2: basal feed + 2 % noni fruit powder, P3: basal feed + 3 % noni fruit powder, P4: basal feed supplemented with tetracycline antibiotic (300mg/kg feed) as positive control. Data were analyzed by one-way of Completely Randomized Design and if there was significant effect followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The result show that levels of noni fruit powder significantly influence (P<0.01) intestinal microflora. Total Escherichia coli of intestinal microflora was decreasing, however total Lactic acid bacteria was equal to negative control. Intestinal villi characteristics show that significantly different (P<0.01) with used noni fruit powder. Treatment noni fruit powder 1% can increase villus length and villus surface area. (Key words: Duck, Intestinal changes, Noni Fruit, Phytobiotic)

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