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Buletin Peternakan
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Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
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Search results for , issue "Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017" : 15 Documents clear
THE PERFORMANCE OF MILK PRODUCTION, TOTAL MILK REVENUE AND REPRODUCTION INDICATORS ON DAIRY SMALLHOLDERS IN YOGYAKARTA AND EAST JAVA, INDONESIA Nurtini, Sudi; rochijan, rochijan; Guntoro, Budi; Widyobroto, Budi Prasetyo; Indratiningsih, Indratiningsih; Umami, Nafiatul
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.862 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.23152

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance of milk production, total milk revenue and reproduction indicators of Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows maintained under smallholder’s management system of 122 cows in DIY Province and 345 cows in East Java Province, Indonesia. The study was conducted with survey method and direct observation. A total of 180 Friesian Holstein Crossbred farmers (90 farmers were in DIY and another 90 farmers were from East Java Province) was randomly selected and interviewed used structured questionnaire to assess the milk production, total milk revenue and indicators of reproduction of Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows. The result of the study showed that the average mature equivalent of milk production was 3,810.21±920.10 L/lactation in DIY and 3,717.79±818.44 L/lactation in East Java Province, and the total milk revenue was 12,401,917.87±2.48 IDR per lactation in DIY and 14,647,217.80±3.05 IDR per lactation in East Java Province; day to first mating (postpartum mating), services per conception and days open were 62.34±29.24 days, 2.60±1.32 and 88.58±34.43 days in DIY and 60.62±23.07 days, 2.46±1.26 and 88.67±28.86 days in East Java Province. Based on total milk revenue, the conclusion of this study was Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows maintained under smallholder’s management system in East Java Province better than those in Yogyakarta province (DIY). The mature equivalent of milk production and reproduction indicators of dairy cows (postpartum mating, service per conception and days open) from both provinces showed no significant differences and the value of each parameter reproduction indicators is still within the normal range.
FARMER'S KNOWLEDGE AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF USING OF Chloris gayana GRASS AS BUFFALO FEED IN PASTORAL LAND Rusdiana, Supardi; Herdiawan, Iwan
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (592.795 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.18159

Abstract

The research objective was to obtain information about the knowledge of farmers towards Chloris gayana grass and economic feasibility of buffalo farming and farmer level as a first step for further activities. The study was conducted in the village Mekarsari Cibadak Subdistrict Lebak District of Banten Province, with a survey method in 2016, using questionaire  and interviews to 20 farmers. Primary data were obtained from the farmer and secondary data obtained from the local Office. The collected data were tabulated and analyzed descriptively, quantitatively and economically. In male buffalo rearing, farmer’s profit was able to reach Rp3.170.000,-/head, with B/C ratio was 1.06. While buffalo cow-calf operation gave profit as Rp4.630.000,-/head, with B/C ratio was 1.06. It seems that keeping buffalo to produce meat was more porfitable compared to cow-calf operation. It resulted the development of bufallo in Kampung Curug Mekar Sari village Cibadak District of Lebak, Banten was slow. Planting Chloris gayana grass can support farmer and increase the economic scale of buffalo farmers.
HOUSEHOLD DECISION ANALYSIS ON ANIMAL PROTEIN FOOD CONSUMPTION: EVIDENCE FROM D.I YOGYAKARTA PROVINCE Muzayyanah, Mujtahidah Anggriani Ummul; Nurtini, Sudi; Widiati, Rini; Syahlani, Suci Paramitasari; Kusumastuti, Tri Anggraeni
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (714.392 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.18062

Abstract

Food consumption pattern in Indonesia has change. Consumption of animal protein food is increasing as income increase. Animal protein foods are come from fish products and livestock products. The aim of this study is to analyze household decision on animal protein food consumption based on socioeconomics determinant of the households. Household expenditure data were used in this study. Discrete choice model is used to measure household decision in consuming these foods. Socioeconomics determinants are measured by Binary Logistic regression to know the influence of these to the household’s decision. Marginal effect value from binary logistic regression analysis showed that households tend to increase consuming animal protein food from livestock products varies from 0.5 to 6.09 times associated to socioeconomic factors of the households. Further research need to analyze nutritional status of the household’s members.
MICROENCAPSULATION OF INDIGENOUS POULTRY LACTIC ACID BACTERIA PROBIOTIC ON THE COMPETITIVE EXCLUSION AGAINST Salmonella enteritidis AND Escherichia coli IN VITRO Pradipta, Monica Sonia Indri; Harimurti, Sri; Hadisaputro, Widodo
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.648 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.17017

Abstract

 This study was conducted to investigate the effect of microencapsulation of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) probiotic isolated from chickens’ gastrointestinal tract on Salmonella enterica serotype enteritidis ATCC 13076 and Escherichia coli EPEC. Probiotic of LAB used were Streptococcus thermophilus strain Kp-2, Lactobacillus murinus strain Ar-3, and Pediococcus acidilactici strain Kd-6. Microencapsulation were conducted by spray drying with inlet/outlet temperatures of 160/80°C using maltodextrin and skim milk powder (20% w/v) as coating materials. Competitive exclusion test was conducted in vitro using well diffusion method. Variable measured in this study was the clear zone observed. The data of clear zone among treatments were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) one way followed by Duncan multiple range test (DMRT); except the data of clear zone resulted by probiotic before and after microencapsulation that was analyzed using t-test. The result showed that the ability of each strain against pathogen was decreased after being encapsulated. S. thermophilus before and after microencapsulation had the same antagonistic ability against E. coli and S. enteritidis (P>0.05). Microencapsulation process with spray drying method decreased antagonistic ability of probiotic against pathogenic bacteria both in single and multi strain.
GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND CARCASS PRODUCTION OF REX RABBITS FED WITH CORN OIL SUPPLEMENTATION Pratiwi, Agustin; Supadmo, Supadmo; Astuti, Andriyani; Panjono, Panjono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (590.487 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.16966

Abstract

This study was aimed to observe the growth performance and carcass production of male Rex rabbits fed with corn oil supplementation. Twenty four head of rabbits with 1.362±260 g initial body weight were randomly divided into four groups e.g. R0 (control), R1 (supplemented with 2% of corn oil supplementation), R2 (supplemented with 4% of corn oil supplementation), and R3 (supplemented with 6% of corn oil supplementation). Feed and water were offered ad libitum. The animals were raised for 56 days prior to slaughtering. The collected data was analyzed using one way analysis of variance and followed with least significant different analysis. Dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF), and total digestible nutrient (TDN) intake of R3 was lower (P<0.05) than R0, R1, and R2. There were no significant differences among groups in average daily gain, feed convertion ratio, carcass percentage and meat bone ratio. It is concluded that supplementation of corn oil in the diet had no effect on growth performance and carcass production of Rex rabbits.
FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF PARASITIASIS CALVES TREATMENT ON CATTLE BREEDING OF SMALLHOLDER IN MAGELANG REGENCY CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE Purwaningsih, Purwaningsih; Kusumastuti, Tri Anggraeni; Sumiarto, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.879 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.15730

Abstract

 This research was aimed to identify the financial feasibility of parasitiasis treatment for calves in the small holder breeding farm in Piji Subdistrict, Podosoko Village, Magelang Regency. Farmer was taken purposively, considering their objective of keeping cattle (breeding). Eight calves naturally infected gastrointestinal parasites were selected based on consideration of the uniformity of the age (4 months) breeds of Limousin-PO (LimPO) male 120-125 kg of body weight. They were divided into two groups, consisting of four calves for each group (Group I without treatment and Group II with improved health management). Farmers income was calculated based on the input and output data gathered from interview. The data were compared between Group I and II. Result showed that the value of additional revenue of the calves was IDR 4,230,000 and the selling price of one head of the treated antiparasitic calf was IDR 6,047,000. The calves net benefit in Group II was IDR 142,661/head/year, while group with improved health management (Group II) achieved the net income of IDR 283,621/head/year.
APPLICATION OF VINEGAR AS BIOPRESERVATIVE TO INHIBIT Salmonella typhimurium IN FRESH CHICKEN MEAT Juniawati, Juniawati; Miskiyah, Miskiyah; Widaningrum, Widaningrum
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.925 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.13596

Abstract

Using natural preservative is a choice amid fears consumers to use a chemical preservative in food products including fresh meat. Acetic acid can be used as a preservative because of its ability to inhibit the growth of microbes. However, a strong smell and taste of the synthetic acetic acid limit its use in food products. This research aims to determine the ability of acetic acid from banana peel vinegar and coconut water vinegar to inhibit the growth of Salmonella typhimurium in fresh meat. The study was conducted at two storage temperature are room temperature and temperature of 5-7°C where at each temperature is designed using completely randomized design with acid treatments (vinegar banana peel vinegar, coconut water vinegar, acetic acid and lactic acid commercial) and repeated in triplicates.  Sample 75 g that has been treated with acid soaking, inoculated with Salmonella, allowed until 20 minutes, packed and put at room temperature and refrigerated temperature.The result showed that banana peel vinegar is the most effective for reducing Salmonella typhimurium than coconut water vinegar, commercial acetic acid, and commercial lactic acid up to 24 hours at room temperature.  Coconut water vinegar is the most effective for reducing Salmonella typhimurium up to 12 days of storage at temperature 5-7°C.
THE QUALITY OF CORN SILAGE PRODUCT FROM TECHNOPARK OF BANYUMULEK LOMBOK, WEST NUSA TENGGARA Sari, Nurul Fitri; Ridwan, Roni; Widyastuti, Yantyati
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.516 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.15513

Abstract

West Nusa Tenggara province is one potential area for farming of cattle and has been chosen as location for developing a Technopark in Banyumulek. Forage preservation as silage is a program to support the sustainability of forage for beef cattle. Silage was made using whole corn crop and additives of rice bran and Lactobacillus plantarum 1A-2 as inoculum under a block randomized design. Three treatments were given and 10 replications of each month. Evaluation of silage quality, based on chemical and microbiological analysis, showed that silage making during 3 months in Technopark Banyumulek is good and stable.  
AFLATOXINS CONTAMINATION IN FEED AND PRODUCTS OF ALABIO DUCK (Anas platyrinchos borneo) COLLECTED FROM SOUTH KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA Sumantri, Ika; Agus, Ali; Irawan, Bambang; Habibah, Habibah; Faizah, Nur; Wulandari, Kharisma Julia
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (570.6 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.15514

Abstract

A limited survey was conducted to determine aflatoxins contaminations in feed and products of Alabio duck. A total of 271 feed samples, 48 liver sample, 42 meat samples, and 38 egg samples were analyzed for determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) using Enzyme-Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) tests. Results showed high prevalence of AFB1 contamination in feed sample, especially in feed concentrate, dried fish, and rice hulls (100%). AFB1 concentrations were higher than tolerable limit for AFB1 in feed for laying duck according to Indonesia National Standard (SNI), being 20 ppb, except for sago pit. This survey also showed high prevalence and levels of aflatoxin residues in the products of Alabio duck. AFB1 was found in all liver samples, with concentrations ranging from 4 to 12 ppb (average: 7 ppb). AFM1 was found in all of liver, meat, and egg samples. The highest level of AMF1 was found in liver which was ranging from 105 to 1,215 ppt (average: 304 ppt). High level of AFM1 was also found in meat, namely between 71 to 128 ppt (averaged: 91 ppt). Although found at low level, AFM1 was detected in egg, which was ranging from 10 to 36 ppt (average: 19 ppt). This survey showed high contaminations of aflatoxins in the liver, meat and egg of Alabio duck collected from the area of survey and their concentrations of aflatoxins were harmful for the consumer.
THE EFFECT OF DIETARY VITAMIN E AND ZINC LEVELS ON PERFORMANCE AND LIPID OXIDATION IN FRESH AND STORED EGGS OF LAYING DUCKS Darmawan, Arif; Sumiati, Sumiati; Hermana, Widya
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (611.885 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.15675

Abstract

Vitamin E and zinc are necessary for preventing free radical damage to phospholipid membranes, enzymes and other important molecules. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary vitamin E and zinc levels on performance and lipid oxidation in fresh and stored eggs of laying duck. A total of 90 of 22 weeks old ducks were randomly divided into 15 experimental units by assigning a completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment diets were R1 (control diet), R2 (R1+40 IU vitamin E), R3 (R1+80 IU vitamin E), R4 (R1+100 ppm organic zinc), and R5 (R1+200 ppm organic zinc).The experiment was carried out for 8 wk. Parameters observed were feed intake, egg production, egg weight, feed conversion ratio, and Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) value. The results showed that increasing of vitamin E from 40 IU to 80 IU and zinc from 100 ppm to 200 ppm did not affect feed intake and egg weight. Otherwise, the dietary Vitamin E and organic zinc significantly decreased (P<0.05) feed conversion ratio and significantly increased (P<0.05) egg production and decreased (P<0.01) TBARS values. It is concluded that dietary 40 IU vitamin E or 100 ppm organic zinc could increase the performance of laying ducks and dietary 200 ppm organic zinc was more efective to be antioxidant than 40 and 80 IU vitamin E.   

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