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Buletin Peternakan
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Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
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Search results for , issue "Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017" : 15 Documents clear
PROFILE OF 3’FLANKING REGION OF LEPTIN GENE IN SUMBA ONGOLE (SO) CATTLE Putra, Widya Pintaka Bayu; Agung, Paskah Partogi; Wulandari, Ari Sulistyo
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.75 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.26149

Abstract

Leptin is a protein involved in the regulation of feed intake, fat metabolism, whole body energy balance and hematopoiesis in cattle. The diversity of the Leptin (LEP) gene in Indonesian indigenous cattle can be used as molecular livestock selection to improve productivity. The objective of this study was to identify Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP) in the 3’flanking region of LEP gene from 31 heads of Sumba Ongole (Bos indicus) cattle. A total of 17 SNP’s in the 3’flanking region (3506 - 4019 bp) of the LEP gene were identified according to GenBank: U50365. Five SNP’s (g.C3558T; g.G3566T; g.A3567C; g.G3574A; g.C3575A) were found in all samples. The moderate Polymorphic Informative Content (PIC) values (0.25<PIC<0.50) were found on nine SNP’s g.3565insG g.C3576A (0.29); g.C3577T (0.28); g.A3578C/G (0.45); g.C3579T (0.27); g.C3580T/A (0.47); g.C3581T (0.37); g.A3582G (0.38) and g.A3873G (0.35). The low PIC values (PIC < 0.25) were found on three SNP’s g.G3573C (0.21); g.G3661A (0.22) dan g.T3868C (0.17). Hence, a insertion mutation was found in position g.3565insG with frequency of 0.66. The next study of polymorphism in 3’flanking region trough more sample addition and production record are important to find the Marker Assisted Selection (MAS) for production traits.
INVESTMENT ANALYSIS FOR SMALL SCALE LAYER CHICKEN BUSINESS (Case Study in Triwidadi Village Pajangan Sub District Bantul Yogyakarta) Widiati, Rini; Nurtini, Sudi; Syahlani, Suci Paramitasari; Ariyadi, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (871.335 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.25965

Abstract

Chicken eggs are the most popular and nutritious food in human dietary.The production activities require investments that should create benefit for the business holder, especially for small-scale entrepreneurs with capital constraint and risks. The purpose of this study was to determine investment feasibility and to set alternatives in dealing with the risks on the small scale layer business. Survey method was implemented using 73 respondents selected purposively of small scale layer chicken business in Triwidadi village of Bantul district, Yogyakarta as the sample. Data were collected by direct interview to respondents using questionnaires that related to the research problem. Analysis of investment financial feasibility criteria’s using Net Present Value, Benefit Cost Ratio and Internal Rate of Return, followed by sensitivity analysis in facing business risk.  The result revealed that the average number of birds raised was 1572 birds. The NPV was IDR 37,377,383 per 5 years of investment, B / C ratio more than 1 and IRR was 20.58%. Based on the existing production management, layer chicken investment by small-scale farmers was profitable, but farmers faced on the risk of losses due to increasing feed prices, decreasing egg prices, and increased mortality. In anticipating the risks, farmers should improve productivity so that the Hen Day Average of egg production at least was 77%, on the increase in feed prices and decrease in egg prices of 5%. Small scale layer businesses could provide employment and welfare for society of lower classes.
AMMONIATION OF RICE STRAW AND SUPPLEMENTATION OF Paraserianthes falcataria AND Sapindus rarak ON IN VITRO RUMEN FERMENTATION AND METHANE PRODUCTION Jayanegara, Anuraga; Krisnawan, Nanang; Widyawati, Yeni; Sudarman, Asep
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (683.918 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.25549

Abstract

This study aimed to observe the effects of rice straw ammoniation and supplementation of Paraserianthes falcataria and Sapindus rarak on rumen fermentation and methane production in vitro. Rice straw was ammoniated by adding 2% urea. Rice straw, ammoniated rice straw, P. falcataria leaves and S. rarak fruits were oven-dried and finely ground. Experimental treatments were arranged as follow: rice straw (T1), ammoniated rice straw (T2), T2 80% + P. falcataria 20% (T3), T2 60% + P. falcataria 40% (T4), T2 80% + P. falcataria 10% + S. rarak 10% (T5), and T2 60% + P. falcataria 20% + S. rarak 20% (T6). An amount of 1 g sample from each treatment was added with 100 ml rumen fluid and buffer mixture (1:2 v/v), and incubated in a water bath at 39 ºC for 48 h. The incubation was performed in four replicates and each replicate was represented by four incubation bottles. Results showed that urea treatment increased gas production of rice straw at 24 and 48 h, higher ammonia production, higher IVDMD, and lower methane production as compared to the untreated rice straw (P<0.05). Addition of P. falcataria or S. rarak at lower level produced similar ammonia concentration as ammoniated rice straw whereas their addition at higher level decreased ammonia concentration (P<0.05). Paraserianthes falcataria addition to ammoniated rice straw decreased protozoa population (P<0.05) and S. rarak further decreased the fauna population (P<0.05) as well. Inclusion of S. rarak at 20% DM (T6) produced the lowest methane production both at 24 and 48 h after incubation and lowest methane production per unit of DM degraded. It was concluded that ammoniation of rice straw improved its nutritional quality with lower methane production, and its mixture with P. falcataria and S. rarak further increased the quality and lower the production of methane, respectively.        
REGROWTH ABILITY OF ARBILA (Phaseolus lunatus L.) AFTER GRASSED AT DIFFERENT DOSAGE OF RHIZOBIUM INOCULANT AND AGE OF PLANT WHEN START GRAZED AT DRY LAND Koten, Bernadete Barek; Wea, Redempta; Hadisutanto, Bambang; Salli, Maria Klara; Semang, Agustinus
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (657.29 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.25302

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate regrowth ability of arbila (Phaseolus lunatus L.) after grazed at different rhizobium inoculants dosage and age of plant to be grassed, have conducted during 6 month at Noelbaki village and Politani Kupang General Laboratory. Factorial design with 3 dose levels of rhizobium inoculants ei: I0 = without inoculant, I10 = 10 g/kg seed dan I20 = 20 g/kg seed) and 3 dose of initial grazing time ei: G20 = 20 days, G30 = 30 days, dan G40 = 40 days, and 3 replications. The variables were number of shoots (shoot, plants vitality (%), covered area (cm), space between crops (crops/ m2), and chlorophyll (mg/ml). Obtained data were tested using analysis of variance followed by Duncan test (Duncan’s new multiple range test / DMRT). Result shows that interaction between inoculant dose with crops’ age when grazed greatly influence the size of covered area (P<0.01), eventhough other variable not influence Duncan test showed, the most extensive covered area are shown by I10G30 (262 cm), I0G40 (126 cm), and I2G40 (123 cm). As single factor, inoculant dose only affect to the size covered area, which the most extensive is shown by I10, and crops’ age when grazed affect the number of shoots, vitality, size of covered area (cm) and space between crops (crops/ m2. It can be concluded, the interaction between inoculum dose  and age of plant to be grassed was affecting the ability of regrowth of arbila, rhizobium inoculum caused arbila to withstand grazing stress, and arbila which is added inoculant 20 g/kg seed and were grazed at age  40 days can regrowth post grazed. It was concluded that the interaction between inoculum dose and age of plant to be grassed was affecting the ability of regrowth of arbila, rizobium inoculum caused arbila to withstand grazing stress, and rhizobium inoculum with dose of 20 g /kg of seed and started grazing at age 40 days which was most able to guarantee the regrowth of plant arbila post-shepherd.
THE EFFECT OF COCOA LEAVES FEEDING ONT HE WEIGHT GAIN OF GOATS (STUDY ON FARMERS IN THE BANJARHARJO VILLAGE, KULON PROGO) Gunawan, Gunawan; Werdhany1, Wiendarti Indri; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (676.088 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.25002

Abstract

Cocoa leave is potential as goat’s feed, but has not been widely used by farmers. The aim of this study was to observe the use of cocoa leaves as goat feed and their effect on the daily gain of goats. This study was conducted on 2 phases. Phase 1, study of the use of cocoa leaves as feed goat has been done on 10 farmers with innovation and 10 farmers without innovation. The observations were done by weighing of fresh cocoa leaves as goat feed for eight months (March to October, 2013). Independent t-test was done to analyze the cocoa leaves treatments on farmers with and without innovation . Phase 2, feeding trial has been done for 8 weeks to compare 3 level of feed treatments namely A (grass ad lib, cocoa leaves 2 kg/head/day, rice bran 0.6 kg/head/day), B (grass ad lib, cocoa leaves 2 kg/head/day) and C (grass ad lib). Each level of feed treatment consisted of 7 male Bligon goats, aged 11-12 months. Data was analyzed using analysis of covariance with initial body weight as covariate. The results showed that the use of cocoa leaves as goat feed on farmers  with innovations was 130 ± 18 g/head/day higher than on farmers without innovation namely 33 ± 19 g/head/day. Body weight gain of goat increased from 30,6 ± 13,5 g/head/day (feeding grass) to 61,2 ± 9,5  g/head/day if added cocoa leaves 2 kg/head/day and to 68,9 ± 24,0g/head/day if added cocoa leaves 2 kg/head/day and rice bran 0.6 kg/head/day. The study implied that cocoa-goats integration system should be developed to optimize the utilization of cocoa leaves as goat’s feed.
ACTIVITY OF PHENOL OF Morinda citrifolia AS NATURAL ANTIBACTERIA TO INHIBIT THE GROWTH OF MASTITIS-ASSOCIATED BACTERIA Purwantiningsih, Theresia Ika; Suranindyah, Yuni; Widodo, Widodo
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (908.112 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.24159

Abstract

Most of dairy farmers less of attention about sanitation after milking. It can trigger a disease, mastitis. Mastitis is one of harmful disease in dairy cow, because it can decrease quality and quantity of milk. The aim of this study was to determine active compounds in the noni fruit extract, to measure the levels of phenolic compounds in different stage of fruit maturity and to know the result of California Mastitis Test (CMT) test between teat’s cow were dipped with noni fruit extract and commercial teat dipping solution containing 1.25% iodine (commercial). The highest level of phenols was presented in ripe noni fruit. Based on statistical analysis using One Way Anova followed by Duncan's test Multiply Range Test (DMRT), there were significant differences (P<0.05) in CMT test between teat’s cow were dipped in noni fruit extract and iodine 1.25% solution. Noni fruit extract solution showed better result than commercial dipping solution containing iodine. The conclusion is noni fruit extract contains natural antibacteria, it can be used to teat dipping solution.
THE EFFECT OF ALPHA LIPOIC ACID ON BLASTOCYST EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT IN VIVO IN MICE (Mus musculus) EXPOSED CIGARETTE SMOKE Said, Syahruddin; Prianto, Adi Setyawan; Pramadipta, Senri Utama
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (750.847 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.24701

Abstract

This study was conducted to find out effect of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) on the development of in vivo blastocyst embryo in mice (Mus musculus) exposed in cigarettes smoke. This study used 30 mice divided into 6 treatment groups factorial 2x3. Factor A is treatment of ALA (0; 16.5 μM; 49.5 μM) per orally. Factor B is the treatment of cigarette smoke (with and without cigarette smoke). Giving cigarette smoke was done by covering the cage with plastic having two holes for cigarette smoke and airflow. The data obtained were analyzed using a complete randomized design (RAL) 2x3, followed by parametric Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and independent sample T-Test, and Post Hoc Duncan test. The development of embryo of mice reaching blastocyst stage at ALA with dose 16,5 μM (16.00±7.12) were significantly higher (p<0.05) than negative control (13.50±1.73), but no significant effect with ALA dose 49.5 μM (19.25±4.03). The development of mice blastocyst embryos exposed to cigarette smoke (7.25±2.99) were significantly lower (p<0.05) compared with negative control. When the mice exposed to cigarette smoke were given ALA, the development of the blastocyst embryo returned to normal as in control, where the doses of 16.5 μM and 49.5 μM were not significantly different. It can be concluded that (1) ALA dose 16.5 μM and 49.5 μM have positive effect on blastocyst development in vivo, (2) cigarette smoke have negative effect on blastocyst development, (3) ALA 16.5 μM and 49.5 μM per orally capable counteract the oxidative stress caused by exposure to cigarette smoke.
IN VITRO DIGESTIBILITY OF RICE STRAW-BASED RATIONS OF DAIRY COWS CONTAINING FERMENTED CONCENTRATE BY Saccharomyces cerevisiae AND Effective Microorganisms-4 (EM-4) Hernaman, Iman; Tarmidi, Ana Rochana; Dhalika, Tidi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (720.136 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.24737

Abstract

Concentrate was used to improve rice straw-based rations of dairy cows. Rejected foods can be used to formulate concentrate but it can contain unwanted materials. This research aimed to know the best of fermentation time and rations formulation. Research phase 1 was  to observe nutrient and energy contents of concentrate fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and  EM-4 at 0, 3, and 6 days. Phase 2 was to evaluate the use of the best fermented concentrate of  the phase 1 to be used in the ration on in vitro rumen degradability using treatments as follows: 1) 50%  rice straws + 50% concentrate, 2) 50% rice straws + 25 concentrate + 25% fermented concentrate, 3) 50% rice straws + 50% fermented concentrate. This study used completely randomized design and the collected data were analyzed by Contrast Orthogonal test. The results showed that crude protein (CP) increased but crude fiber (CF) and bruto energy decreased due to concentrate fermentation. A 3 day fermentation resulted in the highest (P<0.05) CP (14.48%) and the lowest CF (17.01%). The use of fermented concentrate at 50% in the ration resulted in the highest (P<0.05) digestibility of dry matter (63.68%) and organic matter (58.70%). It can be concluded that concentrate fermentation at 3 days by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Effective Microorganisms-4 (EM-4) was the best treatments. Its use in rice straws-based rations of dairy cows at 50% and result in the highest digestibility of dry matter and organic matter.
THE EVALUATION OF SILICA+ SUPPLEMENTATION IN DIFFERENT TYPE OF DIET ON PERFORMANCE, NUTRIENT RETENTION AND THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF BROILERS DIET Anshory, Irfan; Sumiati, Sumiati; Wijayanti, Indah
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (883.929 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.24976

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of silica+ supplementation (Si) in different types of diet on performance, nutrient retention (energy, protein, fat), and the economic value of broiler diet. The treatment diets are 1. HN (high nutrient), 2. HN+Si, 3. LN (low nutrient), 4. LN+Si, 5. HNRB (high nutrient contained rice bran) and 6. HNRB+Si. A number of 1440 unsexed day old chicks (CP707 strains) were arranged in a com­pletely randomized design consisted of 6 treatments and each treatment was replicated six times.  The results showed that silica+ supplementation in HNRB and LN diets did not affect the performance and nutrient retention. The HNRB diet produced low fat retention, high FCR during starter period, and lower body weight during starter and grower period (P<0.05). The LN diet resulted high FCR during starter period (P<0.05), however it had no effects on the body weight. Silica+ supplementation on HN diet decreased the FCR by 8.09% during the grower period (P<0.05). Besides, it increased the fat retention and true metabolizable energy corrected by nitrogen (TMEn) by 1.30% and 4.41%, respectively. In general, silica+ supplementation was applied on the high nutrient diet during the grower period (22 to 35 days of ages) was effective. HN+Si produced the highest economic value diet in terms of income over feed and chick cost (IOFCC) increasing by 11.07% and relative feed cost (RFC) decreasing by 4.16%.
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF BEEF CATTLE IN SMALL SCALE BUSINESS AT WURYANTORO SUBDISTRICT OF WONOGIRI REGENCY Purnomo, Sutrisno Hadi; Rahayu, Endang Tri; Antoro, Sidiq Budi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (697.582 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.22861

Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the principal factors that may affect any development of the cattle business and know what strategies can be applied in the development of the cattle business in the District WuryantoroWonogiri. Research method used in this study was a mixed method collect qualitative and quantitative primary data from respondents and secondary data from relevant agencies, namely BPS Wonogiri, Wonogiri District Agriculture Office, and Subdistrict Wuryantoro. Research sampling was determined by convenience sampling of 60 farmers, and 10 respondents from public government and cattle traders. Analysis of data using internal and external situation analysis, also SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis qualitative of internal factors resulted in the identification of Strength and Weakness contained in the cattle business that consists of human resources, financial condition, operations / production, management, marketing. The analysis of external factors resulted in the identification of factors external in the form of opportunity and threats that exist in the beef cattle business as consisting of social, economic, public policy, and technology. The results of the matrix analysis showed results that the internal factors of 1.09 (on the x-axis), and external factors of 0.23 (on the y-axis).Hence,appropriate strategy in the development of beef cattle farms was in quadrant I that support aggressive growth policy (GrowthOriented Strategy),which uses strength to gain opportunities, profits in the cattle business.

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