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Buletin Peternakan
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Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
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Articles 15 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018" : 15 Documents clear
Body Weight Estimation of Bali Cattle in Banyumulek Techno Park, West Nusa Tenggara using Several Morphometric Parameters Agung, Paskah Partogi; Putra, Widya Pintaka Bayu; Anwar, Saiful; Wulandari, Ari Sulistyo
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (309.616 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.29840

Abstract

This study was conducted to find the best linear regression equation to estimate the body weight (BW) of female Bali cattle in Banyumulek Techno Park, West Nusa Tenggara based on three morphometric parameters, i.e. withers height (WH), body length (BL), and heart girth (HG). Data collection was conducted by random sampling of female Bali cattle (1-5 years of age) in Banyumulek Techno Park. A total of 63 female Bali cattle were used in this study. The parameter of WH (distance from the ground level to the highest point of withers) and BL (distance from the shoulder joint (later tuberosity of humerus) to the pelvic bone) were measured with a measuring stick. The HG data (circumference around the chest at the fourth rib) was measured with a measuring tape. Identification of age was carried out based on the animal recording book and incisors condition. The descriptive statistic analysis (mean value, standard deviation, the coefficient of variation, minimum and maximum value) of the morphometric and BW data were performed using MS Excel 2017 program. The linear regression equation analysis and the comparison between actual and estimated BW values (Independent sample T-test) were performed using SPSS 16.0 program. The BL and BW parameters had the highest correlation coefficient (r) value (0.86). The test result showed that the predicted BW value of female Bali cattle was not significantly different with the actual BW when using G model of linear regression equation (three variables used). The G model of linear regression equation had the highest R2 value (0.84). However the R2 value in the F model with two variables (BL and HG) was also high (0.83). It can be concluded that the simple linear regression equation BW=(0.96)(WH)+(1.26)(BL)+(1.57)(HG)-284.92 are the best model to estimate the BW value of female Bali cattle in Banyumulek Techno Park.  
The Effect of Sugar Cane Levels and Drying Methods on Chemical and Physical Qualities of Ground Beef “Dendeng” Jamhari, Jamhari; Suryanto, Edi; Sundari, Sundari; Laksmiwati, Diah Ayu
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.438 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.28761

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of sugar cane levels and drying methods on chemical and physical quality of ground beef “dendeng”. The materials were ground beef, cane sugar, and spices consisting of salt, garlic, coriander, and galangal. The treatments were the sugar cane levels, consisting of 20, 30, and 40% (w/w of meat weight), and the drying methods, consisting of oven drying and sun drying. The oven drying was done at 50+20C for 15 hours, while sun drying was done at 40+20C for 6 hours per day for 4 days. The variables were tested on chemical quality (moisture, protein, and fat contents), and physical quality (pH and tenderness). Data were analyzed by analysis of variance of factorial pattern (3x2) of completely randomized design and continued by Duncan's new multiple ranges test. The results showed that there was an interaction between the sugar cane levels and the drying methods on the protein content and tenderness of ground beef “dendeng” (P<0.01). Sugar cane levels had significant effects on protein content and tenderness (P<0.05), but had no significant effect on moisture content, fat content, and pH value of ground beef “dendeng”. The drying methods had no significant effect on all chemical and physical variables of ground beef “dendeng”. In conclusion, there was an interaction between sugar cane levels and drying methods  on the protein content and tenderness of ground beef “dendeng”. The addition of sugar cane at the levels of 40% yielded ground beef “dendeng” with the best tenderness. However, the methods of drying did not affect the chemical and physical qualities of ground beef “dendeng”.
Introduction of Dwarf Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) and Annual Legumes in the Disused Limestone Mining in Karst Gombong Area, Central Java, Indonesia Sarwanto, Doso; Tuswati, Sari Eko
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (545.53 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.28734

Abstract

The aim of this research was to revegetate the disused limestone quarry by introducing dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) and annual legumes such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.), soybeans (Glycine max), cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) and  mung beans (Vigna radiata). The study was conducted experimentally in a disused limestone quarry applying Completely Randomized Design. The research method used was experimental in disused limestone mining in karst Gombong area applying Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Treatment consisted of 6 planting methods with 4 replicates. The 6 treatments research were the followings: RO: Single planting of dwarf elephant grass,  R1: Single planting of dwarf elephant grass + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost,  R2: Mixture Planting of dwarf elephant grass + legume peanuts + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost,  R3: Mixture planting of dwarf elephant grass + legume soybeans + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost,  R4: Mixture planting of dwarf elephant grass + legume cowpeas + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost and R5: Mixture planting of dwarf elephant grass + legume mung beans + 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost. The measured response variables were plant’s height, fresh yield, dry matter yield and crude protein content of dwarf elephant grass aged 8 weeks. The result showed that the addition of goat compost and the planting method of annual legumes on the disused limestone quarry had highly significant influence (P<0.01) on the increase productivity and quality of dwarf elephant grass. The best method of planting dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) on disused limestone mining in karst Gombong area is mixture planting with soybean legumes (Glycine max) and adding the 1.5 kg/m2 goat compost.
Farmer’s Individual Potential in Different Farm Sizes of Local Beef Cattle Farming in Kebumen Regency, Indonesia Sugiarto, Mochamad; Nur, Syarifuddin; Jatmiko, Oentoeng Edy; Wahyu, Marti Ike
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.192 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.28506

Abstract

This study aims (1) identify the farmer’s individual potential in different farm sizes and (2) analyze the relationship of basic potential, availability of man power potential, provision of production input potential, and technological mastery potential with the increasing farm size of PO Kebumen cattle. 100 respondents (breeding farmers) from 6 sub-districts known as PO Kebumen beef cattle development centers are selected using a multistage sampling method. The results of Kruskal Wallis Test explain that farmer’s individual potential of PO Kebumen beef cattle farming showed significant difference at different farm size (P<0.01). Based on the Spearman rank correlation test, the availability of technological potential and the provision of production input potential are considered as the important elements regarding to the increasing farm size of PO Kebumen beef cattle (P <0.01). The mastery of technology and the provision of production inputs are the driving factors for increasing the farm size of PO Kebumen cattle.
Modeling How the Leader Power Affecting Performances of the Smallholder Beef Farming Setianto, Novie Andri; Hidayat, Nunung Noor; Yuwono, Pambudi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.238 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.28307

Abstract

This study aimed to explore how the leader power is affecting the performance of beef farmer group. The research was undertaken in two farmers group in Kabupaten Banjarnegara, Central Java Province involving 35 farmers and two beef traders. Systems thinking the approach was chosen about its capability to capture the complexity of the beef farming systems. A combination of semi-structured interviews, in-depth interviews, and workshop have been conducted to finalize this study. The discussion were focused on three aspects; (1) daily activities; (2) resources used and affected by those activities; and (3) pressures that are directly affected the resources and activities. The result was presented in a Causal Loop Diagram (CLD) which generated using Vensim® software. The CLD showed that leader power affects the group performance in two reinforcing loops. Firstly, leader power positively linked to the decision for allocating profit to group reinvestment. Secondly, for allocating proportion for breeding. Farmer’s actual income become the leverage of the power dimension. Income will enforce the power thus makes the loop virtuous, whereas a loss will reduce power and makes the power loop vicious. 
The Type of Honeybees Forages in District of Pakem Sleman and Nglipar Gunungkidul Yogyakarta Agussalim, Agussalim; Agus, Ali; Umami, Nafiatul; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.476 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.28294

Abstract

This research aimed to investigate the type of plants for honeybees forages in Pakem Sleman and Nglipar Gunungkidul. This research was conducted from 16 March to 12 May 2016. The method used was direct observation in the plantations, fields, and forests. The type of plants observed were dominant plants, so can be developed beekeeping, honey. To determine the type of plants that produce nectar and pollen, one or two samples of flower in each plant were taken, then the availability of nectar and pollen was checked. The data of honeybees forage types were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the type of honeybees forages in Pakem Sleman consisted of coconut, coffee, banana, calliandra, avocado, rice, albizia, chili, tomato, long beans, mustard green, maize, cucumber, melinjo, mahogany, cassava, and cherry. Honeybees forages in Nglipar Gunungkidul consisted of coconut, albizia, acacia, banana, peanuts, tamarind, eucalyptus, rambutan, sorghum, cacao, soybeans, cassava, maize, rice, rose wood, mahogany, and cherry. Thus, Pakem Sleman and Nglipar Gunungkidul have great potential for development of beekeeping honey.
Utilization of Gamma Irradiated Aspergillus niger to Improve Oil Palm by-Product Digestibility Wahyono, Teguh; Mulyana, Nana; Amanda, Putri; Nurbayti, Siti; Soharyono, Suharyono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (309.875 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.27706

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effect of fermentation using irradiated A. Niger on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of oil palm by-products. Completely randomized design with eight treatments and four replications was applied in this experiment. The treatments were kernel shell (CK), palm frond (PKS), oil palm empty bunches (TKKS), CK+PKS+TKKS (mix), fermented kernel shell (CKF), fermented palm frond (PKSF), fermented oil palm empty bunches (TKKSF) and fermented mix (mixF). The results showed that fermentation process reduced NDF content of PKS and TKKS by 7.42 and 7.09% respectively. Fermentation also decreased ADF content of TKKS by 7.35%. Maximum total gas production (a+b) of TKKS and mix sample decreased after fermentation process (P<0.05) by 52.92 and 35.60% respectively. Total VFA production increased on kernel shell and palm fronds samples after fermentation process (P<0.05) however CO2:CH4 ratio tended to be decrease. The conclusion of this study was the fermentation process by irradiated A. niger improved rumen fermentation characteristics of oil palm by-products, however more appropriate strategy is needed to reduce CH4 emissions.
Application of Multiplex PCR Assay for Campylobacter fetus Sub sp. Detection and Differentiation in Bovine Preputial Wash Agistiana, Seruni; Setiyaningsih, Surachmi; Indrawati, Agustin
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (25.883 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.26114

Abstract

The aim of this research was to evaluate the detection and differentiation of C. fetus subspecies through multiplex PCR (mPCR) method from the bovine preputial wash. The evaluation was done by comparing 2 extraction methods, which was by commercial kit extraction and boiling method, and also by measuring the effect of Transport Enrichment Media (TEM) addition as bacterial enrichment. Spiked bovine preputial washes with 2 extraction methods (commercial kit and boiling), with and without TEM addition were used as a sample. The results showed that the highest sensitivity/specificity was by boiling extraction without TEM addition, which reached 83.3%/100% for all or grouped sample. The results also supported by Poisson regression analysis which showed the comparison between sample with and without TEM addition which had 1.3 Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR). The obtained IRR score indicated that sample without TEM addition had 30% better result compared to the sample with TEM addition. Furthermore, a comparison between commercial kit and boiling extraction showed no significant difference (1.029 IRR). The research concluded that boiling extraction without TEM addition is the most accurate, fast and economical extraction method regarding its high sensitivity and specificity value, with less than 24 hours testing time and without any commercial kit requirements. However, a validation and verification with field sample were still needed before applied in the laboratory.
Analysis of Business Efficiency Level of Beef Cattle in Banggai District of Central Sulawesi Rusdiana, Supardi; Soeharsono, Soeharsono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.681 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.25917

Abstract

This study aims to determine the level of efficiency analysis of beef cattle business in breeders. The research was conducted in Batui Sub-district, Banggai Regency, Central Sulawesi in 2015, using completely randomized design (CRD), with control I, treatment II = 1 + supplemented feed 1.00% of body weight, treatment III = 1 + supplement feed 1,50% of body weight and treatment IV = 1 + supplemented feed 2.00% of body weight, according to the weight of the livestock. Primary data obtained from interviews on business units of beef cattle farmers, while secondary data obtained from the relevant agencies. The collected data were analyzed descriptively, qualitatively and economic analysis. The results showed that income on the implementation of supplemented feed of the highest concentrate feed was achieved at 2.00% supplementation level. The gain in control I is IDR13,680,-/head, R/C ratio 1.50 and B/C ratio 0.56, treatment II IDR19,380,-/head, R/C 2.15 and B/C 1.15, treatment III of IDR25,080,-/head, R/C ratio 2.26 and B/C ratio 1.26 and treatment IV of IDR28,500,-/head, R/C 2.44 and B/C 1.44. Financially, beef cattle business is profitable and shows the feasibility of cattle business deserve to be developed.
The Effect of 12 and 24-Hour Blue Lighting on Performance and Feeding Behaviour of Broiler Chickens Asih, Diah Reni; Harimurti, Sri; Wihandoyo, Wihandoyo
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.872 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.25696

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the effects of the 12 and 24 hours blue lighting on the performance of broiler chickens. This study used 2,700 broiler chickens that were divided into three treatments which are: control lighting (K) with conventional light used by farmers, 12-hours blue lighting (B12), and 24-hours  blue lighting (B24). Each treatment was repeated three times and consisted of 300 broiler chickens each. The parameters observed were feeding behaviour including the feeding duration, feeding frequency, and broiler chickens performance. The results showed that broilers treated with the B24 and B12 lighting have longer feeding duration (P<0.05), lower feeding frequency (P<0.05), higher body weight gained (P<0.05), and lower feed conversion (P<0.05) when compared to those of chickens with K lighting. The conclusion of this study showed that continuous 24-hours blue lighting (B24) caused longer feeding duration  and lower feeding frequency and the treatment of B24 and B12 lighting gave better benefits than control lighting. 

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