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Buletin Peternakan
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Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
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Search results for , issue "Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018" : 14 Documents clear
Effects of Four Essential Oils on Nutrients Digestibility of In Vitro Ruminal Fermentation Kurniawati, Asih; Widodo, Widodo; Artama, Wayan Tunas; Yusiati, Lies Mira
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (633.125 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.33522

Abstract

This research was done to study the effect of four essential oils (EOs), as feed additives, on ruminal nutrient digestibility in order to find out candidate of rumen modifier. Those four EOs were destilated from Foeniculum vulgare (Mill), Pinus merkusii (Jungh. & de Vriese), Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle and Melaleuca leucadendra (L.). Their effect on dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP) and crude fiber (CF) digestibility were studied using in vitro rumen fermentation technique according to Theodorou method. Data were statistically analysed using analysis of variance factorial 4x5 design. Feed for fermentation substrate consist of Pennisetum purpureum, rice bran and wheat pollard. Essential oil individually was added and mix with substrate to meet the final concentration in fermentation media of 0, 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/l. P. merkusii, C. nardus and M. leucadendra EOs reduced DM, OM, and CF digestibilities. The decreasing were in line with the increasing of EOs doses. Therefore F. vulgare only reduced CF digestibility. The value of DM, OM and CP digestibilities in fermentation with F. vulgare did not differ from control. CP digestibility differed among EO treatments. In F. vulgare, and P. merkusii, treatments, CP digestibility did not differ from control, whereas overall CP digestibility in C. nardus tended to be higher than control and CP digestibility in M. leucadendra was significantly higher. All EOs addition reduced CF digestibility at all level. CF digestibility in fermentation added 800 mg/l of M. leucadendra EO was slumped to only 14.29% of control. Among four EOs M. leucadendra is the most potent on interrupt rumen feed fermentation whereas P. merkusii and C. nardus in moderate ways and F. vulgare in delicate manner.
Income Analysis of Closed House Broiler Farm with Partnership Business Model santoso, siswanto imam; Sarjana, Teysar Adi; Setiadi, Agus
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (743.559 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.33222

Abstract

This research aims to determine the performance and income of a closed-house broiler farm with partnership business model. The research was conducted in a closed broiler house owned by Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Semarang, and in a partnership with Cemerlang Unggas Lestari Ltd. A total of 11,000 broilers were raised for each raising period in the closed broiler house. A case study method was used for this research. The data were collected using survey method; the primary data were collected directly through interviews with the farm operators and field observation. Secondary data were collected through data recording which includes production cost and obtained revenue in each raising period. The collected data were then analyzed through quantitative-descriptive study. A total 7 raising periods of production cost, revenue, and income in a year were analyzed. The results of this study showed that the average performances of closed-house broiler farm yield 0.37% depletion, 1.49 FCR, and 398.46 PI. The economic indicators showed that the average production cost was Rp292,668,800.00; which generated Rp327,300,779.00 revenue, Rp34,631,978.00 income, Rp183.055.535.00 NPV, and 1.24 BCR. The study concluded that the closed-house broiler farm generates higher income compared with the open house system. 
Feasibility Study on Beef Cattle Development in Teluk Bintuni Regency, West Papua Widayati, Trisiwi Wahyu; Santoso, Budi; Woran, Djonly; Warsono, Irba Unggul; Palulungan, John Arnold
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (842.865 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.32731

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the readiness of the development of beef cattle using ranch system in Bintuni District, West Papua through the approach of four local foundations in terms of technical, social and economic. Research respondents were 62 families from four local foundations in Bintuni. Determination of technical feasibility of land used based on carrying capacity for each land. The technical feasibility of raising cattle was observed based on the knowledge of the community. Socio-economic feasibility was investigated based on food security and poverty level of society. Business feasibility was determined according to economic indicators namely B/C ratio, NPV, and IRR. The results showed that the aspect of land provided by the four foundations was feasible with the average carrying capacity based on fresh weight, dry matter and TDN basis were 1.8, 2.0 and 4.5 AU/Ha/year, respectively. About 70,91% of the farmers are free from poverty, and 46.54% are in food security status, which means that cattle raising will not be disturbed by the basic requirement of life but it needs an initial investment to support cattle raising. Based on the technical feasibility of cattle raising as much as 64,39% having no knowledge of breeding, therefore training and livestock education should be done. The business feasibility result shows that cattle raising on a breeding scale of 60 heads were feasible with positive NPV value of IDR 2.536.610,211, IRR of 23.09% and B/C of 1.22. Based on the overall indicators, it was concluded that the development of beef cattle in Bintuni regency was feasible to be done with requisite that improvement on land aspects and community knowledge about raising cattle.
The Utilization of Different Protein Sources as Soybean Meal Substitution in the Flushing Diet on Reproductive Performances of Doeling Putri Aidismen, Yulia Dwi; Asturi, Dewi Apri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (796.81 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.32126

Abstract

This research aimed to evaluate the effect of different protein sources (plant or animal source) as substitution of 50% soybean meal protein in the flushing diet on early reproduction performances of doeling. The treatments were three types of flushing diet, i.e., Control diet containing soybean meal (C), diet containing Indigofera meal (IM), and diet containing cricket meal (CM). Diet IM and CM were substitution of 50% soybean meal protein in the ration. Completely randomized design was used with three treatments and four replications by using twelve Sapera doeling. The experiment with flushing diet was done started from three weeks before mating (including adaptation), during mating and following one month after pregnancy. Parameters measured were nutrient consumption, BCS, plasma glucose, cholesterol, progesterone hormone and reproductive performance. The results showed that treatments of utilization of different protein sources were not significantly affected the feed consumption, BCS and reproductive performances of doeling, but it had significant effect (P<0.05) on plasma glucose and cholesterol. The protein source of Indigofera and cricket meal showed in improving of progesterone status to support until 30 days pregnancy. Diet containing cricket meal could improved onset estrous and duration of estrous. It was concluded that cricket meal can be used as an alternative protein source to substitute of 50% soybean meal protein in the Sapera doeling flushing diet and it can improve the reproductive performances.
Antioxidant Enzyme Activity and Malondialdehyde Concentration on Broiler Fed Contain Lauric Acid and Areca vestiaria Giseke Londok, Jola Josephien Mariane Roosje; Sumiati, Sumiati; Wiryawan, I Komang Gede; Manalu, Wasmen
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (672.622 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.31767

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine antioxidant enzyme activity and concentration of malondialdehyde on broiler which consumed feed containing lauric acid and natural antioxidant from Areca vestiaria Giseke. The study used 240 day-old chicks of Lohmann MB 202 P strain placed randomly at 24 experimental cage units (10 chickens each) of the litter system. The average temperature of the cage at the study was 25.80 to 32.080 C with relative air humidity rate of 67.69 to 86.20%. The research method followed a Factorial Completely Randomized Design 2 x 4 with 3 replications. The first factor was the source of lauric acid in feed, i.e. conventional coconut oil (CO) and pure lauric acid (LA). The second factor was the source of antioxidant in the form of dosage of Areca vestiaria (AV) and vitamin E supplementation (TF) with four levels of AV, ie 0, 625 mg.kg-1, 1250 mg.kg-1, and TF at a dose of 200 mg .kg-1 feed. Feed and drinking water were given ad libitum. Meat sampling to measure SOD, catalase and MDA was taken at the end of the study by first chickens were fasted for ± 8 hours (overnight). The sample used was right breast meat of experimental male chicken. The data were average from three experimental chickens. The data obtained were analyzed for the variant with the general linear model on MINITAB (version 16), then tested the differences between treatments using Tukey's honestly significant difference (HSD). The results showed that the source of laurate had a significant effect on SOD, catalase, and MDA, while antioxidant concentration significantly decreased SOD and MDA compared with control. The interaction between lauric sources and antioxidant concentrations affected catalase and MDA. The use of coconut oil as much as 3% and antioxidant supplementation of Areca vestiaria Giseke in feed at a dose of 1250 mg kg-1 could decrease lipid oxidation product of meat to produce a healthy food product.
Optimization of the Use of Farm Waste and Water Hyacinth for Earthworm (Lumbricus rubellus) Cultivation Media Agustina, Ulan Paluti; Prasetya, Agus; Pertiwiningrum, Ambar
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (826.531 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.31581

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of water hyacinth addition to farm waste on the number of earthworms, earthworm weight, media shrinkage, vermicompost quality, and the sustainability and sensitivity of earthworm farming. The study was prepared using a completely randomized design with two different factors, the water hyacinth (media without water hyacinth and media with 5% water hyacinth addition) and raw materials from farm waste (chicken and cow manure, and biogas sludge from chicken and cow manure), with three replications for each treatment. The results showed that the addition of water hyacinth to raw materials from farm waste had a very significant effect on the number of earthworms, earthworm weight, media shrinkage, vermicompost quality (except for P2O5 level that had no significant increase). When manure is to be added to the cultivation media, it is recommended to use cow manure, while both types of biogas sludge (from chicken and cow manure) are good for the cultivation of earthworm. Based on the study of sustainability, the use of farm waste and water hyacinth as media to raise earthworm gives a positive value in economic and environmental aspects. Therefore, it has great potential.
The Effect of Corn Substitution with Palm Kernel Meal Treated by Enzyme on Production Performance and Carcass Quality of Broiler Natsir, Muhammad Halim; Djunaidi, Irfan; Sjofjan, Osfar; Suwanto, Antonius; Puspitasari, Esti; Virginia, Ludovika Jessica
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (767.556 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.30977

Abstract

The research was aimed to evaluate the effects of substitution level of corn with palm kernel meal (PKM) untreated and palm kernel meal (PKM) treated by enzyme on production performance and carcass quality of broilers. The method used in this research was experiment using nested of completely randomized design with 2 factors, the main factor was type of palm kernel meal factors consisting of PKM without enzyme (B1) and PKM by mannanase enzyme (B2), and substitution corn level L0 (without substitution), L1 (12.5%), L2 (25%), L3 (37.5%) and L4 (50%). The different among the treatments were tested by Duncan’s multiple range test. The results showed that corn substitution with PKM untreated and PKM treated by enzymes was significantly effect (P<0.01) on feed conversion ratio (FCR), tenderness, meat cholesterol of broilers and income over feed cost (IOFC) and significant effect (P<0.05) on feed intake, but there is no significant difference on body weight, percentages of abdominal fat and water holding capacity (WHC). Furthermore, effect of level corn substitition with PKM nested to PKM untreated and PKM treated by enzyme was significantly effect (P<0.01) on feed intake, body weight, FCR, and tenderness and significant effect (P<0.05) on IOFC, but there is no effect on percentages of abdominal fat, WHC and meat cholesterol. It can be concluded that the corn substitution with PKM treated by enzymes was better than the PKM untreated on production performance and carcass quality of broilers. The optimal level of PKM untreated as corn substitution was 12.5%. While replacement with PKM treated by enzyme can be used up to 25%.
The Physicochemical and Microbiological Qualities of Pegagan Duck Meat Preserved with Different Concentrations of Liquid Smoke and Storage Period Yosi, Fitra; Wahyuni, Dyah; Sari, Meisji Liana; Sandi, Sofia
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (643.893 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.30385

Abstract

The aim of this research was to investigate the quality of physicochemistry and microbiology of Pegagan duck meat preserved with various concentrations of liquid smoke and storage time. This study used a complete randomized design (CRD) with a 4x2 factorial pattern. The first factor was the concentration of liquid smoke solution consisted of 4 levels, namely 2; 4; 6, and 8% (v/v). The second factor was the storage time which includes 2 levels ie 12 and 24 hours. The replication used was 4 times. The observed variables were physical quality of meat (water holding capacity, cooking loss, and tenderness), chemical quality (moisture content, protein content, and fat content), and microbiological quality (total microbes, pH, acid total, and total phenol). The data were processed by analysis of variance, followed by Duncan's multiple range test (DMRT). The results showed that there was a significant interaction (P<0.05) between liquid smoke concentration and storage time to water holding capacity, cooking loss, tenderness, fat content, total phenol, total microbial, total acid, and pH in Pegagan duck meat but did not show a significant interaction with other variables. It could be concluded that the optimum liquid smoke concentration was 4% and the optimal storage time was 12 hours.
Growth Performance, Histological Structure of Duodenum and Pectoralis Muscle of Kampung Chickens After Administration of Antibiotic Growth Promoter Saragih, Hendry Trisakti; Fajrin, Suci Aulia Ratu; Janah, Sovia Nur; Oktafianti, Ria; Ginting, Elgio Venanda; Fatwa, Anisa; Dimarjati, Stephanus Ardi; Lesmana, Indra
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (781.018 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.29766

Abstract

This study aimed to know the effect of AGP on growth performance, duodenal histological structure and pectoralis muscle of Kampung chicken. This research was conducted by designing 3 groups with each group consisting of 20-day old chicks (DOC) of Kampung chickens. The control group was given basal feed without AGP bacitracin, group 2 was treated with 0.125 g of bacitracin /kg of basal feed and group 3 was treated with 0.25 g bacitracin/kg of basal feed until 12 days old. The parameters observed were chicken body weight on days posthatch, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 12, morphometry, visceral organ weight, duodenal organ morphology and muscle performance of Pectoralis thoracicus at 12 days old. Data analysis used one way ANOVA test followed by Tukey test with significance of P≤ 0,05. The result showed that the morphology of the doudenum and the myofiber area of group 3 indicated significant differences compared to the control group. The conclusion of this study revealed that administration of AGP bacitracin with 0.25 g/ kg dose of basal feed may increase the growth performance of Kampung chicken.
Doe Productivity Index of Saburai Goats at Sumberejo and Gisting Districts, Tanggamus Regency Sulastri, Sulastri; Siswanto, Siswanto; Suhartanti, Tri Yuliana; Adhianto, Kusuma
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (684.087 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.29080

Abstract

Saburai goat is a local genetic resource of Lampung Province. Sumberejo and Gisting district are Saburai goat development area. To increase the productivity of Saburai goats in both districts, selection on doe was done based on doe productivity index (DPI).The study was conducted from July 1st, 2017 to October 30th, 2017 to estimate the productivity of Saburai goats based on DPI. Materials of this research were a recording of mating, birth, and weaning weight of 50 of Saburai goat kids, kept in Sumberejo and Gisting district. The Does were in second parity and had weaned the goat kids. Variables observed were litter size (LS), kidding interval (KI), weaning weight (WW) and DPI. The Result indicated that in Sumberejo LS, KI, WW and DPI were 1.74±0.44 heads, 22.00±0.95 months, 21.48±4.04 kg, and 57.52±8.15 kg, respectively. While in Gisting LS, KI, WW, and DPI were 1.44±0.50 heads, 7.86±0.35 months, 15.18±4.32 kg, and 21.02±4.86 kg, respectively. It could be concluded that Saburai doe in Sumberejo district could be selected for breeding stock.

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