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Buletin Peternakan
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Bulletin of Animal Science is published every four months. The Annual subscription rate is Rp. 150.000,-/year. Bulletin receives original papers in animal science and technology which are not published at any other journals.
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Articles 14 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018" : 14 Documents clear
Economic Losses Estimation of Pathogenic Escherichia coli Infection in Indonesian Poultry Farming Wibisono, Freshinta Jellia; Sumiarto, Bambang; Kusumastuti, Tri Anggraeni
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (343.435 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.37505

Abstract

This study aims to calculate the estimated economic losses in national poultry farming in Indonesia that are infected with pathogenic Escherichia coli. Poor management of chicken preservation is a major predisposing factor. Escherichia coli is a normal flora found in the gastrointestinal tract of chicken, but when the chicken stress or decrease immune system, Escherichia coli develops into a pathogenic agent. Pathogenic Escherichia coli appears as secondary infections that aggravate other disease infection. Cost of illness approach was divided into two main categories namely direct losses from disease and indirect losses from other related costs. Direct losses in broiler farms that were infected with pathogenic Escherichia coli through calculation of weight loss of harvest and total mortality, while in layer farms that were infected with pathogenic Escherichia coli, direct loss calculations included decreased chicken egg production and total mortality. Indirect losses on broiler and layer farms included calculation of other expenditure costs at the time of the occurrence of pathogenic Escherichia coli infections such as cleaning, disinfection and labor compensation costs. Based on the total calculation results obtained that the estimated economic losses incurred on national scale broiler farms reached IDR 14,167,792,041,150, - per harvest period of broiler, while estimated total loss of layer farms on national scale based on the calculation results reached IDR 13,391,996,617,850, - per month. The overall total loss due to this colibacillosis reached 13.10% of total poultry assets in Indonesia. The large proportion of losses incurred to total livestock assets can indicate how important the disease is to be controlled or overcome.
Repeatability and Phenotypic Correlation Among Semen Quality Traits in Holstein Bulls Argiris, Argi; Santoso, Siswanto Imam; Ondho, Yon Supri; Kurnianto, Edy
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (436.735 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.36423

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to analysis the value of repeatability and correlation among the traits affecting the production of frozen semen from Holstein’s bull in Indonesia. Repeatability and correlation were calculated based on the data of frozen semen production of 15.699 records from 44 Holstein bulls at Singosari Artificial Insemination Center (SAIC) and 8.935 records from 39 Holstein bulls at Lembang Artificial Insemination Center (LAIC). Repeatability for volume, motility, fresh semen concentration and frozen semen production was evaluated by intraclass correlation method. The repeatability values of LAIC for volume, motility, fresh semen concentration and frozen semen production were 0.60; 0.54; 0.37 and 0.47. The repeatability values of SAIC for volume, motility, fresh semen concentration and frozen semen production were 0.54; 0.30; 0.43 and 0.29. The linear correlation value between volume, motility and fresh semen concentration with the amount of semen produced per collections were 0.41, 0.36, and 0.58. Concentration was the most factors influencing the number of frozen semen produced. The effectiveness of the selection of Holstein's frozen semen producing could be determined by the value of repeatability and the phenotypic correlation among semen quality traits such as volume, motility, concentration and frozen semen production.
Carcass Production and Meat Tenderness Characteristics of Culled Quail Fed with Azolla microphylla Flour Supplemented Basal Feed Tugiyanti, Elly; Herijanto, Soegeng
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.624 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.36368

Abstract

The aim of this research was to understand the effect of Azolla microphylla flour supplementation in the basal feed on carcass production and meat tenderness characteristics of culled quail. The materials used in this research were 100 culled quails at 48-week-old age and commercial quail feed. The research was conducted as an experimental research and used Completely Randomized Design. Four treatments were done in this research, which was basal feed without Azolla microphylla flour supplementation; basal feed supplemented with 1% Azolla microphylla flour; basal feed supplemented with 2% Azolla microphylla flour, and basal feed supplemented with 3% Azolla microphylla flour. Each treatment was done 4 times with each fed into 5 quails. The observed variables include carcass production (carcass percentage, breast meat percentage, thigh meat percentage, back meat percentage, and wing meat percentage) and meat tenderness characteristics (meat fat content, collagen content, pH and meat tenderness). The obtained data were then analyzed by analysis of variance and if the result showed a significant effect, further analysis will be done by honestly significant difference test. The analysis of variance showed that Azolla microphylla flour supplementation showed significant effect (P<0.05) on the carcass percentage, breast meat percentage, meat fat content, collagen content, and meat tenderness but showed no significant effect (P>0.05) on the thigh meat percentage, back meat percentage, wings meat percentage and meat pH. The research concluded that Azolla microphylla flour supplementation in the basal feed will increase carcass production and meat tenderness of culled quail meat at maximum 2% of supplementation level.    
Genetic Polymorphism of Calpastatin (CAST) Gene in Pasundan Cattle Volkandari, Slamet Diah; Nadila, Aina; Radiastuti, Nani; Margawati, Endang Tri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (450.456 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.35338

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine genetic diversity of Calpastatin gene (CAST) in Pasundan cattle. Forty-four fresh blood samples were collected from UPTD BPPT Beef Cattle Ciamis West Java. Genomic DNA samples were extracted using High Salt method. A 523 bp fragment of Calpastatin gene was successfully amplified using PCR method. Genotyping of CAST gene was conducted by PCR-RFLP method using RsaI restriction enzyme (GT^AC). Genotypes and alleles were analyzed using software Cervus 3.0.7. Parameters were observed i.e genotypes and alleles frequencies, heterozygosity observed (Ho) and expected (He), Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE), and Polymorphic Information Content (PIC). Result showed that three variant genotypes of GG, GC and CC were found and two variant alleles of G and C. Allele G was found higher (0.77) than allele C (0.23). Population of Pasundan cattle was found polymorphism and in the Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium. Polymorphic Information Content (PIC) value showed in a moderate (0.290) condition. Values of Heterozygosity observed and expected were 0.409 and 0.355 respectively. This research concludes that there is polymorphism of CAST gene in Pasundan cattle population and has genetic diversity. This result could be used as early genetic information in exploration of Pasundan cattle.
Effect of Extender and Cooling Rate on the Quality of Frozen Thawed Semen of Bali Bull (Bos Sondaicus) Farhana, Anna; Udin, Zaituni; Jaswandi, Jaswandi; Aji, Riyan Nugroho
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (449.285 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.35173

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of extender and cooling rate on the quality of frozen thawed semen of Bali bull (Bos sondaicus). The experiment was conducted at Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Andalas University. A completely randomized design of factorial 2 x 3, 2 different extenders and 3 cooling rates with 3 bulls as the replicate. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The first factors was extender such as tris citrate egg yolk (TCEY) and tris citrate soy milk (TCSM). The second factors was the cooling rate such as: 15ºC/min, 10ºC/min and 5ºC/min. Variables were: motility, viability, abnormality, and membrane integrity. The results of treatment of TCEY extender on the average of motility 42.67±5.17%, viability of 53.78±3.79%, abnormality of 18.89±1.07%, and membrane integrity of 35.44±3.01%. The effect of cooling rate of 10°C /min has the highest semen motility of 44.35±5.28%, viability of 57.17±1.18%, abnormality of 17.84 ± 0.23 % and membrane integrity of 36.83±2.12%. The interaction between extender and cooling rate was founded significant different (P<0.05). Otherwise of extender and cooling rate on post-thawed of motility, viability and membrane integrity, had no difference (P>0.05) on semen abnormality. It can be concluded that tris-citrate egg yolk (TCEY) extender with cooling rate of 10ºC / min were the best semen motility, viability, and membrane integrity of spermatozoa.
Evaluation of Factors Affecting Farmers’ Calves Rearing Decision in West Java by Participatory System Analysis Approach Firman, Achmad; Sinaga, Sauland; Setiawan, Rangga; Suharyanto, Dwi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.483 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.34325

Abstract

This research aimed to determine factors affecting farmers’ calves rearing decision and further determine which of the factors were categorized as the critical elements on the practice as well. A qualitative method was used in this research, where beef and dairy cattle farmer groups, dairy cooperative staffs, and regional department of livestock and animal health staffs were questioned as the source of information and data collection. The research area covered Tasikmalaya and Kuningan District for beef cattle rearing, while for the dairy cattle rearing covered Bandung and West Bandung District.  The obtained data were then analyzed through Participatory System Analysis (PSA) approach. The results showed that factors which affect farmer’s dairy calves rearing decision were high-cost production, long rearing time, calves rearing status as a secondary income source, and reared calves’ quality. Furthermore, the results of this research also showed that the critical elements the decision were calves rearing status as secondary income and calves’ quality.
Volatile Fatty Acids and Methane Profile of Dairy Cattle Ruminal Fluid was Gived Legumes in Ration Based on Synchronization Protein-Energy Index Syamsi, Afduha Nurus; Astuti, Triana Yuni; Soediarto, Pramono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.497 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.33074

Abstract

An experiment was aimed to assess the use of the legumes as a source of protein feedstuff and levels of protein-energy synchronization (PES) index in the diet of dairy cattles on volatile fatty acids (VFA) and methane (CH4) profile. The research was applied in In vitro techniques used a completely randomized design (CRD), with factorially pattern (2x3), the first factor was the two species of legumes (Sesbania and Leucaena) and the second factor was the three level of the PES index (0.4, 0.5, and 0.6), there were 6 treatment combinations and each was 4 replicates. The results showed that interaction between legumes with PES index was not significantly affected (P>0.05) on all variable. Legumes was not significantly affected (P>0.05) on all variables and PES index was significantly affected (P<0.05) on propionate, A:P ratio, and methane. The study concluded that the use of turi and lamtoro leaves combined with the protein-energy synchronization index (PES) at medium level (0.5) could increasing the production of VFA, especially propionate, suppressing A:P ratio and decreasing methane production.
Development of Prototype of Hard Capsule Shell Made from Goatskin Gelatin Using Simplex Lattice Design (SLD) as Optimization Method Said, Muhammad Irfan; Erwanto, Yuny; Fudholi, Achmad; Abustam, Effendi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (427.005 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.32717

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the application of the use optimization methods of Simplex Lattice Design (SLD) with special cubic models in the preparation formula of hard capsule based on goatskin gelatin. Three types of filler materials have been used in the manufacture of capsule shells, namely MgCO3, tapioca starch (TS) and sago starch (SS). The basic ingredient was uses goatskin gelatin and aquadest as a solvent.  The material formulation was calculated according to Simplex Lattice Design (SLD) using the equations Y = β1 (A) + β2 (B) + β3(C) + β12 (A)(B) + β13 (A)(C) + β23 (B)(C) + β123 (A)(B) (C). Based on these equations obtained seven formulas (three proportions formula 100% each component, three proportional formulas 50%: 50% for the mixture of two components and one formula 33.33% for the mixture of three components). The results obtained data related to the proportion of filler use in a mixture of materials. The superimposed contour plot shows that the proportion of the use of three types of filler (MgCO3: TS: SS) in each mixture are (0.224 part: 0.055 part and 0.721 parts).  Next, after further testing of the formula is then obtained properties of the capsule shell prototype, namely: thickness (0.35 mm), solubility (66.64%), and water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) (0.67 g.H2O.m-2 h-1).  The data obtained that the type of SS filler is the most dominant factor influencing in increasing the thickness and solubility properties of the capsule shell, while the filler TS is the most dominant increase in the nature of WVTR.  The results of the study concluded that the application of the SLD optimization method could be applied in the preparation of hard capsule formulations made from goatskin gelatin with better properties.
Performance and Diet Digestibility of Male Garut Lamb Fed Ipomea reptans Seed Septian, Mohamad Haris; Hernaman, Iman; Wiradimadja, Rachmat; Santoso, Fransiskus Teguh
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (496.112 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.31647

Abstract

The experiments aimed to study about the performance and diet digestibility of male Garut lamb were a diet containing  Ipomea reptans seeds. Twenty two Garut sheeps at the age of 6-8 months with an average body weight of 16.17±1.33 kg were divided into four diet treatments containing 0%, 10%, 20%, and 30% Ipomea reptans seed and maintained for 10 weeks to measure the performance and digestibility of the diet. The study was conducted experimentally and the data collected and tested by Duncan’s test. The results showed that the use of Ipomea reptans seeds up to 30% increased (P<0.05) feed intake, average daily gain, dry and organic matter digestibility, but it had no effect on feed conversion. In Conclusion, the use of Ipomea reptans seed up to 30% yielded the best performance and diet digestibility and produced the same quality of diet.
The Effect of Age on the Quality of Semen Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) Aji, Riyan Nugroho; Ismaya, Ismaya; Harimurti, Sri; Sasongko, Heru; Bintara, Sigit; Asmarawati, Widya
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 4 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (4) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.101 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.31372

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to observe the macroscopic and microscopic quality of Bronze turkey fresh semen on various ages. The observed toms were at the ages of 9 to 10 months (P1), 13 to 14 months (P2), and 17 to 18 months (P3), with each taken from 3 different toms. The collection was done by abdominal massage, and collected for 3 times a week in triplicate. This data was analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) in a completely randomized design, followed by Duncan's New Multiple Range Test (DMRT) if there was any difference. The results showed that the average volume of turkey fresh semen were P1 (0.16 ± 0.04 ml), P2 (0.13 ± 0.02 ml), and P3 (0.10 ± 0.02 ml). The average pH of fresh semen were P1 (7.19 ± 0.05), P2 (7.12 ± 0.10), and P3 (7.06 ± 0.06). The average motility percentage of fresh semen were P1 (78.11 ± 1.38%), P2 (82.55 ± 1.17%), and P3 (74.55 ± 4.16%). The average viability percentage of fresh semen were P1 (78.63 ± 1.55%), P2 (83.26 ± 1.54%), and P3 (79.20 ± 1.06%). The average abnormal percentage of spermatozoa were P1 (3.01 ± 0.04%), P2 (3.04 ± 0.88%), and P3 (3.21 ± 0.44%). In conclusion, the best fresh semen quality is found on toms aged from 13 to14 months (P2). Furthermore, at the age 17 to18 months and more, the semen quality was decreased. 

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