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Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian
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Articles 163 Documents
GROWTH AND YIELD CHARACTERS OF TWO CASHEW (ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE L.) CULTIVARS AT DIFFERENT AGES IN BAUBAU CITY, SOUTH-EAST SULAWESI PROVINCE Aliyaman, Aliyaman; Indradewa, Didik
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2019): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (39.974 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.40216

Abstract

Baubau City is one of the cashew (Anarcadium occidentale L.) producer area in Southeast Sulawesi with area of 820 ha. This large area of cashew cultivation was not compensated with the productivity caused of low production. An effort to overcome this problem is identifying the growth and yield characters of cashew to apply the good agricultural practices for cashew plantation. The objective of this research was to determine the growth and yield of two cashew varieties at different tree ages; and to identify the relationship between the characters and the productivity of cashew trees in Baubau City. This research was arranged by oversite design with 2 varieties (the cashew with red pseudo-fruit and the cashew with yellow pseudo-fruit), 4 ages of cashew plant (5 years old, 17 years old, 26 years old, 37 years old) and 5 replications. The results showed that both varieties had no significantly different on growth and yield characters. At 37 years old, cashew trees still demonstrated the increasing of the productivity due to the increasing of growth and yield component i.e. plant biomass, the number of flower, the number of cashew nut per plant and cashew nut weight per kernel.
CIE L*A*B* COLOR SPACE BASED VEGETATION INDICES DERIVED FROM UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE CAPTURED IMAGES FOR CHLOROPHYLL AND NITROGEN CONTENT ESTIMATION OF TEA (CAMELLIA SINENSIS L. KUNTZE) LEAVES Wahono, Wahono; Indradewa, Didik; Sunarminto, Bambang Hendro; Haryono, Eko; Prajitno, Djoko
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2019): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4479.639 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.40693

Abstract

A lot of digital image techniques to assess crop agronomic character have been developed.  Most of those techniques are based on non-visible light equiped cameras, such as infared wavelengths. This research was aimed to examine the use of commercial digital camera with sensor range in visible light spectrum using CIE L*a*b* color space to estimate chlorophyll and nitrogen content of tea leaf.  Data was collected from an experiment of nitrogen dossage levels on 3 years after prunning tea crops.  The result shows that Lb* Difference Simple Index (LI), a*b* Difference Simple Index (AI), and  a* Vegetation Index (VIA) can be used to estimate tea leaf chlorophyll and nitrogen content.  The relationship between VIA and tea leaf nitrogen content was defined on linear equation y = 1.8382x2 - 0.3099x + 3.0658 with determinant coefficient R² = 0.71.
GENETIC DIVERSITY OF CROTON (CODIAEUM VARIEGATUM (L.) RUMPH.EX A. JUSS) AND ITS OFFSPRING BASED ON RAPD MARKERS Asniawati, Mufit Daryatun; Purwantoro, Aziz
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 2 (2019): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5061.12 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.40899

Abstract

Croton (Puring) is a native  plant of Indonesia which has varied leaf shapes and colors. The diversity of croton increase through hybridization. The information on genetic diversity and relationship between parent and its offspring of crotons is very limited. This study aims to analyze the genetic diversity of cultivar Mawar (MW) and Walet (W) as parent compare to their offspring i.e, Black Marlet (BM), Kingkit 1 (KA), Kingkit 2 (KB), and Kamaratih (KM) using RAPD markers. This study used DNA extraction from the fresh leaf of six cultivars. The next steps were DNA quantification, primary optimization, DNA amplification with PCR, and electrophoresis. Statistical analysis was carried out using Genalex software. A total of 40 primers were screened, out of which 10 were selected for the analysis of genetic diversity. A total of 106 polymorphic bands were generated, ranging from 130 to 1850 bp. The results of RAPD analysis showed that Mawar as female parent had the highest polymorphic bands percentage of 69.01%, while Walet as male parent and its offspring ranged from 31.15 % to 43.94%. The genetic distance of the offspring with Walet ranged from 0.176 to 0.234 and genetic distance of the offspring with Mawar ranged from 0.314 to 0.372. It was indicated that all of offspring were closer to the male parent.
REVIEW ARTICLE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN IMPLEMENT DATES FARM TO THE MASS PRODUCTIVITY SCALE (MPS) IN MALAYSIA Haris, Asmaddy; Kamarubahrin, Aimi Fadzirul; Mohd Daud, Siti Nurazira; Kefeli @ Zulkefli, Zurina; Ahmad, Nursilah; Muhamed, Nurul Aini; Abdul Shukor, Syadiyah
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 5, No 1 (2020): April (On Progress)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.40982

Abstract

The study aims to review the challenges and opportunities of mass productivity scale (MPS) for the dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.) farm in Malaysia. A site and document review were conducted to drilled issues faces by dates palm farmers. Among common issues affecting dates farm in Malaysia: insect pest attack, permit import, lack of expertise, climate and soil requirements. In a united response, the government should form the National Dates Palm Centre (NDPC), this body will explore opportunities to address issues facing by the dates palm sector in Malaysia.
PEDOGENESIS OF MT. SUMBING VOLCANIC ASH ABOVE THE ALTERATION CLAY LAYER IN THE FORMATION OF LANDSLIDE SUSCEPTIBLE SOILS IN BOMPON SUB-WATERSHED Wida, Waode Asryanti; Maas, Azwar; Sartohadi, Junun
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2019): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (30.417 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.41893

Abstract

Numerous researches on landslides have been carried out by many researches. However, studies on soil physical properties related to landslides potential in volcanic area are still rare. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of soil physical properties on landslides potential. To collect the soil sample, sampling area method was applied. The soil type used in this study was the residual soil. The values of clay liquid limit, plasticity limit, plasticity index, water content, COLE index were used to measure the physical properties of the soil. Organic material was used as the supporting data. The results showed that the soil in the command area showed high value of clay which exceeded 50%. Such high level conditions in each profile affect the liquid limit; plasticity limit, plasticity index, water content, COLE index and organic material. Based on the results, it can be concluded that residual soils with significantly high clay values illustrated the risk of landslide fields formation in Bompon sub-watershed. The clay soil layer was the controlled factor of soil movement.
CORRELATION BETWEEN SECONDARY METABOLITES OF LEAF AND THE RESISTANCE TO LEAF RUST (HEMILEIA VASTATRIX) ON SEVERAL ARABICA COFFEE CLONES Subroto, Gatot; Kusbianto, Dwi Erwin; Avivi, Sholeh; Slameto, Slameto; Setiyono, Setiyono
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 2 (2019): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (19.61 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.42124

Abstract

Indicator of coffee resistance to leaf rust attack (Hemileia vastatrix) is needed to select superior coffee plants resistant to biotic stress. This study aims to find the relationship between the content of secondary metabolites and the intensity of leaf rust attack, so that it becomes a reference in the selection of future coffee plants. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with several coffee clones as a treatment. This test tested 5 Arabica coffee clones consisting of Komasti, Maragogik, Usda, Andong sari, and HDT clones. Each consists of 3 replications, and each replication consists of 2 sample plants. Observations were made by observing the intensity of the attack, and plant metabolites such as phenolic content, flavonoids and antioxidant activity were observed when the leaves had been attacked by Hemileia vastatrix. Correlation of leaf rust attack levels with phenolic content, flavonoids and antioxidant activity showed a relationship between each observation variable. Flavonoid content in certain conditions can be used as an indicator to get Arabica coffee plants that are resistant to the attack of leaf rust.
THE GROWTH AND FLOWERING OF POTTED CHRYSANTHEMUM (CHRYSANTHEMUM MORIFOLIUM RAMAT) ON TYPES OF ORGANIC MEDIA AND WATERING FREQUENT Rahmawati, Ika; Sulistyaningsih, Endang
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 2 (2019): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.51 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.42163

Abstract

The soils in Samigaluh are mostly dominated by clay and used by farmer for crops production. The growing media for potted chrysanthemum requires additional organic media that could be mixed with the organic material to improve chemical and physical soil properties. Furthermore, the research location is a region with little water in dry season. The research aimed to determine the growth and flower yield response of Avanthe agrihorti to the different organic material mixed with clay and watering frequency. The research was arranged in a split plot design with 3 replications, conducted at an altitude of 462 m above sea level in the village of Gerbosari, Samigaluh, from March to June 2018. The main plot was watering frequency, i.e. every day, every three days and every five days. The subplot was types of media, i.e. clay + manure, clay + manure + cocopeat, clay + manure +rice husk, and clay + manure + rice husk charcoal. Data on the growth and yield of chrysanthemum plants were observed and statistically analyzed with ANOVA and continued with DMRT test at 5%. The results showed that the types of media and watering frequency did not significantly give different effect on most of the observed variables. However, Avanthe Agrihorti planted on clay + manure + cocopeat at all watering frequencies showed better growth and yield of flowers than those planted on other media. The efficient watering frequency for Avanthe Agrihorti was every three days. This study provides information for farmers on an alternative method to prepare the best media for the cultivation of potted chrysanthemum on the soil clay.   
THE CONTRIBUTION OF CALCIUM TO CHANGES IN LEAF ANATOMICAL CHARACTER OF OIL PALM SEEDLINGS (ELAEIS GUINEENSIS JACQ.) UNDER DROUGHT STRESS Sari, Novi Yulanda; Putra, Eka Tarwaca Susila
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2019): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (40.479 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.42447

Abstract

The research was purposed  (1) to know the effects of drought stress on changes in leaf anatomical character of oil palm seedlings (2) to know the contribution of calcium in cell compactness and increase the structural strength of leaf tissue so that oil palm seedlings were more tolerant to drought stress. This experiment was laid out following a split plot design with three blocks as replication. Main plot consists of drought stress levels, that are field capacity (FTSW 1.00), moderate drought stress (FTSW 0.35) and severe drought stress (FTSW 0.15). The fraction of transpirable soil water (FTSW) is a method for evaluating gradually increasing drought stress based on the amount of water loss due to transpiration. Meanwhile, subplot consists of four doses of calcium (Ca), that are of 0.0 g/seedlings, 0.04 g/seedlings, 0.08 g/seedlings, and 0.12 g/seedlings. Calcium fertilizer used is calcium sulfate (CaSO4) pure analysis. Leaf anatomical character was observed including the epidermal length and epidermal width; hypodermal length and hypodermal width; palisade cell length and palisade cell width; sponge cell length and sponge cell width; mesophyll tissue thickness; xylem and phloem diameter. The results showed that moderate and severe drought stress reduced epidermal cell length, upper hypodermal cell width, mesophyll thickness, palisade width and phloem diameter of leaf vessels. The applications of calcium to the leaf of oil palm seedlings under drought stresses were able to increased in the sponge cell length at a Ca dosage of 0.04 g/seedlings; increased lower hypodermal width and diameter phloem at a Ca dosage of 0.04 g/seedlings; and increased diameter xylem of leaves vessel at a Ca dosage of 0.12 g/seedlings.
COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN BEAUVERIA BASSIANA (BALS.) AND NEEM EXTRACT AGAINST BROWN PLANT-HOPPER (NILAPARVATA LUGENS STAL.) Wisuda, Nova Laili; Harjaka, Tri; Prasetyaningrum, Indah Dwi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2019): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.768 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.43074

Abstract

Beauveria bassiana fungi and neem extract as botanical insecticide can be combined to get the synergizing effect to control brown planthopper (BPH). This study was conducted to determine the best combination between the spore density of B. bassiana and concentration of neem extract to control BPH effectively. The two factorial treatment consisted concentration of B. bassiana (106  Colony Forming Unit (CFU) and 107 CFU) and concentration of neem extract (5%, 10%, 15%), and control.  The treatments were assigned in Completely Randomized Design with three replications. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and  LSD at 5%. The test was conducted in vitro and bio assay of testing insects, BPH, was conducted using dipping method.  B. bassiana was suitable with neem extract with T value ranged from 78.58- 90.38. The mortality of BPH occurred on day 5 after application. The highest mortality (91.67%) occurred on the treatment with B. bassiana 107 CFU + neem extract 10%. The shortest LT50 was found at the treatment of B. bassiana 106 CFU+  neem extract 15%  (2.74 days) but not significantly different from B. bassiana 107 CFU + neem extract 15% (2.76 days). B. bassiana spores combined with neem extract are assumed to speed up the mortality of BPH by increasing the concentration.
THE EFFECT OF FURROW CONTAINING ORGANIC MATTERS TO UPLAND RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) GROWTH AND YIELD IN AGROFORESTRY SYSTEM WITH KAYU PUTIH Tarigan, Puji Lestari; Tohari, Tohari; Suryanto, Priyono
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 2 (2019): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.376 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.44099

Abstract

This research was aimed to know the effects of the furrow system containing organic matter for rainfed, to growth and yield of several varieties on agroforestry system with Kayu Putih. The research was conducted in Petak 83 Resort Pengelolaan Hutan (RPH) Menggoran, Bagian Daerah Hutan (BDH) Playen, Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan (KPH) Yogyakarta from March to August of 2018. The experimental design applied the strip plot design. The vertical factor was the furrow system of treatment consisting of 2 levels i.e, without furrow + without organic matter and furrow + organic matters. The horizontal factors were the varieties of upland rice consisting of 3 varieties i.e. Situ Patenggang, Situ Bagendit, and Ciherang. Then the collected data were analyzed by analysis of variance (Anova) applying a level of significance ? = 5%. Whenever the significant differences among treatments were found, further analysis was carried out by applying the Tukey's HSD (Honestly Significant Difference) at 5% levels. The result showed that furrow containing organic matter was able to support plant growth in dry land. Situ Patenggang has highest adaptation to growth dan produce in drought stress. The combination of furrow containing organic matter with Situ Patenggang showed the best result in CGR, total root length, total chlorophyll content, number of panicle, number of spikelet per panicle, 1000 grain weight and estimated productivity.

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