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Jurnal Agripet
ISSN : 14114623     EISSN : 24604534     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Agriculture,
Jurnal Agripet is an open access and online journal that encompasses a broad range of research topics in animal science and biotechnology including animal physiology and nutrition, feed processing and technology, animal productions, animal genetics, breeding and reproduction, meat and milk sciences, animal health, behavior and welfare, animal housing and livestock farming system. Jurnal Agripet publishes original research results and reviews on animal with focused on farm animals both ruminants and non-ruminants. Studies with other animals besides farm animals also can be considered for publication if the subjects of research areas are still related to farm animal aspects.
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Articles 282 Documents
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PAKAN DENGAN SUMBER PROTEIN BERBEDA TERHADAP EFISIENSI PENGGUNAAN PROTEIN AYAM LOKAL PERSILANGAN Varianti, Nunik Ita; Atmomarsono, Umiyati; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari
Jurnal Agripet Vol 17, No 1 (2017): Volume 17, No. 1, April 2017
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v17i1.7257

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh pemberian pakan dengan sumber protein berbeda terhadap efisiensi penggunaan protein ayam lokal persilangan. Materi penelitian adalah 126 ekor ayam lokal persilangan (unsexed) umur 2 minggu, bobot badan 129,02 ± 6,34 g. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL), dengan 3 perlakuan, serta 7 ulangan, dan setiap unit percobaan terdiri dari 6 ekor ayam. Perlakuannya antara lain T1: 2 sumber protein (bungkil kedelai, tepung ikan); T2: 3 sumber protein (bungkil kedelai, tepung ikan, MBM (Meat Bone Meal)); T3: 4 sumber protein (bungkil kedelai, tepung ikan, Meat Bone Meal (MBM), Poultry Meat Meal (PMM)). Pakan sumber energi (jagung dan bekatul), pakan sumber mineral CaCo3. Pakan diberikan secara bebas memilih, ad libitum dan dalam benruk mash. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) dengan uji F taraf 5%, dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pakan dengan sumber protein berpengaruh nyata (p 0,05) meningkatkan konsumsi protein (T1: 7,65c; T2: 9,57b; T3: 11,40a) g/ekor/hari, menurunkan rasio efisiensi protein (T1: 1,65a; T2: 1,42b; T3: 1,40b), dan meningkatkan asupan protein (T1: 5,82c; T2: 7,30b; T3: 8,82a) g/ekor/hari. Disimpulkan bahwa pemberian pakan dengan sumber protein (bungkil kedelai dan tepung ikan) dapat meningkatkan efisiensi protein ayam lokal persilangan. (The influence of different protein source on efficiency protein of crossbred local chicken) ABSTRACT. This research was aimed to determine the influence of different protein source on protein utilization of Crossbred Local Chicken. Using 126 Crossbred Local Chicken unsexed 2 weeks old with the average body weight 129,02 ± 6,34 g. Completely randomized design with 3 treatments and 7 replication applied, each experimental unit consistent of 6 chickens. The treatment are T1: 2 protein source (soybean meal, fish meal); T2: 3 protein source (soybean meal, fish meal, meat bone meal); T3: 4 protein source (soybean meal, fish meal, meat bone meal. poultry meat meal). Feed energy source (corn and rice bran) and mineral source (CaCo3). Feed given with method free choice feeding, ad libitum, mash. The data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance F-test with level 5% and Duncan test. The research showed that different protein source significantly (P 0,05), increase protein consumption (T1: 7,65c; T2: 9,57b; T3: 11,40a) g/day, descreased ratio protein efficiency (T1: 1,65a; T2: 1,42b; T3: 1,40b) and increase protein intake (T1: 5,82c; T2: 7,30b; T3: 8,82a) g/day. As a cconclusion that feeding with soybean meal and fish meal as protein source able to improve protein efficiency of crossbred local chicken.
JUMLAH BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT (BAL) DALAM DIGESTA USUS HALUS DAN SEKUM AYAM BROILER YANG DIBERI PAKAN CECERAN PABRIK PAKAN YANG DIFERMENTASI Widodo, Tri Setyo; Sulistiyanto, Bambang; Utama, Cahya Setya
Jurnal Agripet Vol 15, No 2 (2015): Volume 15, No. 2, Oktober 2015
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v15i2.2376

Abstract

(The amount of lactic acid bacteria in ileal digesta and secal digesta of broiler fed ration containing fermented abandoned feed)ABSTRACT. The study aims to examine the fermented feed quality in vivo against the amount of lactic acid bacteria in ileal and cecum digesta of broiler?s. The material used were 105 broiler DOC in 48,24±4,10g body weight. The experiment was conducted in completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 treatments and 6 replications. The treatments were T0 = Commercial Feed, T1 = spills Feed, T2 = fermented spills feed. Parameters measured were amount of lactic acid bacteria in the small intestine and cecum. Amount of lactic acid bacteria in small intestine and cecum were not normally distributed, was analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test and followed by Mann-Whitney test. The results of study showed that treatments significantly affect (p 0.05) the amount of lactic acid bacteria in the ileal digesta. Feeding fermented spills feed significantly increased amount of lactic acid bacteria in ileal digesta. The use of fermented spills feed not affect the amount of lactic acid bacteria in the cecum digesta. It is concluded that feeding fermented spills feed had a positive effect on broiler by increasing the amount of lactic acid bacteria in the ileal digesta 
PENGARUH POLIMORFISME GEN HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN 70 (HSP70) SACII TERHADAP TOLERANSI PANAS ITIK LOKAL SUMATERA BARAT Subekti, Kusnadidi; Solihin, Dedi Duryadi; Afnan, Rudi; Gunawan, Asep; Sumanri, Cece
Jurnal Agripet Vol 19, No 2 (2019): Volume 19, No. 2, Oktober 2019
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v19i2.14876

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh polimorfisme gen heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) terhadap sifat toleransi panas. Genotiping dilakukan pada 110 itik lokal dari 4 populasi itik Sumatera Barat (pitalah, bayang, kamang, dan payakumbuh). Enzim restriksi yang digunakan adalah SacII. Cekaman panas dilakukan selama 1 jam dengan sampel itik lokal sebanyak 24 ekor untuk menganalisa status hematologi. PCR-RFLP dan Sanger sequencing assay digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi polimorfisme. Analisis polimorfisme dilakukan dengan menggunakan Software MEGA 7 dan pengaruhnya dianalisis dengan ANOVA menggunakan software SAS 9.4. Produk amplifikasi yang dihasilkan yaitu 466 pasang basa. Lokus HSP70/SacII mengenali satu situs SNP (Single nucleotide Polymorphism) g.1702T C, menghasilkan dua alel (T dan C) dan tiga genotype (TT, TC, CC). Gen HSP70/SacII bersifat polimorfik pada semua populasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa alel T memiliki frekuensi yang lebih tinggi daripada alel C pada semua populasi. Analisis chi-kuadrat (?2) menunjukkan bahwa semua populasi itik lokal memenuhi kaidah kesetimbangan Hardy-Weinberg. Pengaruh genotipe gen HSP70 terhadap status hematologi menunjukkan perbedaan (P 0,05) terhadap nilai heterofil dan nilai H/L dengan genotipe CT menunjukkan toleransi panas yang lebih baik dibanding genotipe lainnya. Gen HSP70/SacII dapat dijadikan marka molekuler sifat toleransi panas pada itik lokal berdasarkan keragaman dan pengaruhnya terhadap status hematologi.  (The effect of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) SacII gene polymorphism on heat tolerance of West Sumatera local duck) ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to identify the effect of HSP70/SacII gene polymorphism associated with the thermotolerance trait. Genotyping was performed on 110 local duck from the West Sumatera ducks population (pitalah, bayang, kamang, and payakumbuh). The restriction enzyme used was SacII. Heat stress was done for 1 hour with samples used as much as 24 birds to analyze hematological status. PCR-RFLP and Sanger sequencing assays were used to identify polymorphism. Analysis of polymorphism was conduct by MEGA 7 software and its effect is analyzed with ANOVA using Statistical SAS 9.4 software. The product of amplification was 466 bp. HSP70/SacII recognized one SNP g.1702T C, producing two alleles (T and C) and three genotypes (TT,TC,CC). The HSP70/SacII locus were polymorphic in all population. T allele had a higher frequency than C allele in all populations. The analysis of chi-square (?2) showed that all local ducks population were fit with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The effect of HSP70/SacII gene on hematological status showed differences (P 0,05) of heterophil and H/L ratio with CT genotype show better heat tolerance than other genotypes. HSP70/SacII gene can be used as a marker of heat tolerance in local ducks based on polymorphism and its effect on hematological status.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SUBTITUSI TEPUNG BULU AYAM DENGAN DEDAK HALUS TERHADAP PERTAMBAHAN BERAT BADAN KONSUMSI DAN EFISIENSI PAKAN SAPI ACEH JANTAN Mahyuddin, Mahyuddin
Jurnal Agripet Vol 3, No 1 (2002): Volume 3, No. 1, April 2002
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v3i1.3816

Abstract

ABSTRACT.  Effect of substitution of feather meal by rise bran on body weight gains, feed consumption, and feed efficiency of the Aceh bullocks. The experiment was conducted at Lambaro Angan Kecamatan Darussalam. Four Aceh bullocks, 12 ? 14 months old, with 140 ? 160 kg weight were used as experiment materials. Experimental design of latin Square (4 x 4) with the treatments of 0 percent, 1 percent, 2 percent, 3 percent of feather meal were applied. The result showed that the feed consumption has no significant different (P 0.05), but the body weight gains, and feed efficiency were highly significant different (P 0.01). The used of 3 percent (0.6 kg) feather meal in the ration has increased body weight gains and feed efficiency more than other treatments.
KORELASI GENETIK PADA SIFAT PERTUMBUHAN SAPI ACEH DI KECAMATAN INDRAPURI PROVINSI ACEH Putra, Widya Pintaka Bayu; Sumadi, Sumadi; Hartatik, Tety
Jurnal Agripet Vol 14, No 1 (2014): Volume 14, No. 1, April 2014
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v14i1.1203

Abstract

(The genetic correlation of growth traits in Aceh cattle at indrapuri district Aceh Province)ABSTRACT. This research was conducted to estimate genetic correlation of growth traits on Aceh cattle including birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), yearling weight (YW), and Average Daily Gain (ADG). The research was done at Indrapuri Breeding and Forage Centre (IBFC) of Aceh cattle from March 2013 to April 2013. The materials of this research consist of growth records from 2010 to 2012. The genetic correlation was analyzed by variance and covariance. The results indicated that the lowest standard error (SE) value of heritability showed on birth weight 0.15+0.13. Most of genetic correlation value on growth traits was positive and high categorized ( 0.50). The lowest SE value showed on correlation between birth weight and pre-weaning ADG (0.55+0.54), birth weight and post-weaning ADG (0,63+0,62), pre-weaning ADG and post-weaning ADG (0.71+0.33), pos-weaning ADG and weight/age or W/A (0.72+0.33) then final weight and W/A (0.94+0.69). It could be concluded that most of genetic correlation value on Aceh cattle growth traits were positive and high therefore the selection based on growth traits can be done for increasing performance in Aceh cattle.
KEAMANAN SUSU FERMENTASI YANG BEREDAR DI BANDA ACEH BERDASARKAN NILAI GIZI DAN JUMLAH BAKTERI PATHOGEN Zakaria, Yusdar; Novita, Cut Intan; Delima, Mira
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 1 (2010): Volume 10, No. 1, April 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i1.635

Abstract

Safety condition of commercial fermented milk that put on the market in banda aceh based on nutritive value and pathogenic bacteriaABSTRACT. Fermented milk has much value primarily for the health of digestive system. However without hygienically and sterilized treatment it can become toxic to consumers. This research was conducted to observe nutritive value, the present of pathogenic bacteria, and the safety condition of commercial fermented milk that put on the market in Banda Aceh. Samples of commercial fermented milk tested were obtained from recognized retailers in Banda Aceh. Factorial completely randomized design with six replications was applied in this research. Variety of fermented milk products (yoghurt and drink yoghurt) was the first factor to be analyzed, and the second one was expired date of the products (the date of production and the date of by expired). The amount of crude protein and lipid, pH level, and the amount of lactic acid bacteria, Coliform and Staphilococcus aureus were the parameter determined. The variety and the expired date of the products influenced the amount of crude protein and lipid, the pH level, the amount of lactic acid bacteria, Coliform and Staphilococcus aureus in the level of highly significant different (P 0,01). There was also found in highly significant interaction (P 0,01) between factors that influenced the amount of lactic acid bacteria and Staphilococcus aureus. On the other hand, the amount of Coliform was not influenced by those factors. The study also results in decreasing of the amount of crude protein and lipid as well as lactic acid bacteria caused by the ongoing time of storing. The longer fermented milk was stored, the lower the level of crude protein, lipid and lactic acid bacteria presented. The lipid level of fermented milk products those put on the market in Banda Aceh have been complied with the requirement standard of SNI 01-2981-1992. However, crude protein level has not achieved the requirement standard yet. Due to the amount of Staphylococcus aureus present, the fermented milk products tested, in fact, were not saved to be consumed. On the contrary, although Coliform was also present, the products were in the category of saved to be consumed.
FERMENTABILITAS PAKAN DENGAN IMBUHAN EKSTRAK DAUN BABADOTAN (AGERATUM CONYZOIDES) DAN JAHE (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE) PADA SAPI PERAH SECARA IN VITRO Hapsari, Novia Sri; Harjanti, Dian Wahyu; Muktiani, Anis
Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v18i1.9672

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan mengkaji pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daun babadotan dan jahe terhadap fermentabilitas pakan dalam rumen sapi perah dilihat dari pH, Volatile Fatty Acid (VFA) total, konsentrasi asetat, butirat, propionat, NH3, total protein dan CH4. Materi penelitian berupa cairan rumen sapi perah, ekstrak daun babadotan dan jahe serta ransum kontrol. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan meliputi ransum kontrol (T1), T1 + ekstrak daun babadotan 0,005 ml (T2), T1 + ekstrak jahe 0,005 ml (T3), T1 + ekstrak daun babadotan 0,0025 ml + ekstrak jahe 0,0025 ml (T4). Data dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA dilanjutkan uji Duncan. Hasil menunjukkan seluruh perlakuan tidak berpengaruh terhadap pH dan protein total namun berpengaruh nyata terhadap VFA total (P 0,05), dan sangat nyata terhadap konsentrasi asetat, propionat, butirat, NH3 dan CH4 (P 0,01). Rata-rata keseluruhan kelompok perlakuan memiliki pH 6,9; protein total 167,779 mg/g. Konsentrasi VFA total dan NH3 terbaik pada T4 (195 mM dan 8,64 mM); konsentrasi asetat, propionat, butirat terbaik pada T3 (18,51; 5,03; 1,91 mMol/l) dan peningkatan konsentrasi CH4 terkecil pada T3 (16,53%). Berdasarkan penelitian disimpulkan bahwa seluruh perlakuan tidak mengganggu fermentasi rumen meskipun nilai CH4 meningkat, pemberian kombinasi ekstrak mampu meningkatkan fermentabilitas pakan, dilihat dari peningkatan VFA total dan NH3.(Fermentability of feed supplemented with Ageratum conyzoides leaves and Zingiber officinale extracts on in vitro dairy cow)ABSTRACT. The research was aimed to determine the effects of Ageratum conyzoides leaves (AC) and Zingiber officinale (ZO) extracts on in vitro ruminal fermentation of dairy cow. Materials used were the rumen fluid and the ethanol extract of AC leaves and ZO. The study used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were control (T1), T1 + AC 0,005 ml (T2), T1 + ZO 0,005 ml (T3), and T1 + AC 0,0025 ml + ZO 0,0025 ml (T4). Data were analyzed using ANOVA and continued by Duncan test. The results showed that both AC and ZO supplementation affected total VFA (P 0,05), acetate, propionate, butyrate, NH3 and CH4 concentrations (P 0,01). However, the ruminal pH and total protein production concentrations were not affected by the supplementation of either AC or ZO alone. The average of all treatment group is ruminal pH was 6.9; and total protein was 167,779 mg/g. The treatments T3 groups had the highest acetate, propionate, butyrate concentrations (18,51; 5,03; 1,91 mMol/l) and had the lowest CH4 (16,53%). T4 treament groups had the highest VFA and NH3 concentrations (195,00 mM and 8,64 mM). In conclusion, the suplementation of both AC and ZO did not adversely affect the ruminal fermentation, although CH4 concentrations increased. Moreover, supplementing both herbals in the diets could improve the fermentability of rumen, indicated by the enhanced production of VFA and NH3.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN MOLASES TERHADAP KOMPOSISI KIMIA SILASE BEBERAPA JENIS RUMPUT YANG DITANAM BERCAMPUR DENGAN STYLOS Yunus, M.
Jurnal Agripet Vol 7, No 2 (2007): Volume 7, No. 2, Oktober 2007
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v7i2.3210

Abstract

ABSTRACT. This study was conducted in UPTD (Unit Pelaksana Tugas Dinas) Saree Aceh Besar about 4 weeks. The matter of this study are 4 kinds of grass there are rumput benggala (panicum maximum) rumput BD (Brachiaria decumbent). The grass that use in this study ditanam mixe with stylosanthes guyanesis legume, while the additive in silage is molasses. The study was designed into Completely Randomized Design (CDR) Factorial 4x3. There were 3 replications. First factor was R1 (Rumput Benggala + Stylosanthes guyanesis), R2 (Rumput lampung+Stylosanthes guyanesis), R3 (Rumput BD + Stylosanthes guyanesis), R4 (Rumput Star grass + Stylosanthes guyanesis) and the second factor were 3 level there were M1 (0%0,M2(3%) dan M3 (5%). Invetigated variabes included pH, Dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, ash and water containet..The data were analyzed by an analysis of variance and as a significant effect was detected, the analysis was contained by Uji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT), Steel and Torrie (1991). The result of this study showed that the different of several grass have hight significantly (P,0.010 of dry matter, crude protein, ash and water containing but have no significantly on pH and crude fiber silage. The diferent among molasses have significantly on pH, crude protein and crude fiber silage. From BNT test showed that molasses increased dry matter and crude protein of silage compared to no molasses added. However, th used of molasses decreased crude fiber and water contain compared to no molasses added. The quality of silage found at level of 5.5% molasses especially on star grass (R4M3). The study concluded that using different level molasses es on several grass producted better silage than without molasses.
PENGARUH PENGURANGAN JAGUNG SEBAGAI SUMBER PATI TERHADAP LAJU ALIR PELLET PADA PROSES PRODUKSI BERKESINAMBUNGAN Retnani, Yuli; Rachman, Reani Syafrina; Sukria, Heri Ahmad
Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 2 (2010): Volume 10, No. 2, Oktober 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v10i2.639

Abstract

The effect of reduction of maize as starch source on flow rate of pellet in continuous production processABSTRACT. This experience was conducted to determine effect of reduction of maize as starch source on flow rate of pellet in continuous production process. Design of the experiment used was a completely randomized design with 3 treatments and 3 replicates. The data is analyzed by using of ANOVA and if there is a significance among treatments would tested using by contrast orthogonal. The variables observed were angle of repose, loose bulk density, compacted bulk density, and flow rate. The results showed that the reduction of maize as starch source did not give the significant effect on the variable that observed. The analyzed angle of repose showed variation 24.200 to 25.690, loose bulk density showed variation 621.6kg/m3 to 658kg/m3, compacted bulk density showed variation 668.3kg/m3 to 676.8kg/m3, and flow rate showed variation 449.69kg/minute to 491.41kg/minute. Based on the result that the reduction of maize as starch source (corn, sorghum, menir) did not give the significant effect on flow rate of pellet and the pellet treatment with menir has the fastest pellet production time so flowability pellet from pelleter to material hadling (bucket elevator) machine is faster. As higher the values of flow rate, so the time of material movement from bin to the package is shorter.
THE APPARENT METABOLIZABLE ENERGY AND AMINO ACID DIGESTIBILITIES OF COPRA MEAL IN BROILER DIETS Sundu, Burhanudin
Jurnal Agripet Vol 8, No 1 (2008): Volume 8, No. 1, April 2008
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v8i1.603

Abstract

ABSTRACT. The world?s copra meal production amounted to 1.8 million tonnes in 2002 and most of it was produced in Asia. The Philippines and Indonesia contributed approximately 65% of the world?s copra meal production. The main problems of using copra meal in poultry diets are its physical properties along with its nutritional profiles. This study was conducted to determine the physical characteristics and feeding value of copra meal. Physical characteristics were determined by measuring the bulk density and water holding capacity of copra meal and a digestibility study was undertaken to investigate nutrient digestibility, jejunal digesta viscosity and apparent metabolizable energy of copra meal. A total of 28 day old male Ross chicks were given control starter and grower diets from day 1 to 35. From day 36 to 42 , the birds were fed an experimental diet. Faeces were collected for three consecutive days. Jejunal digesta was measured for viscosity and ileal digesta was used for amino acid digestibility measurements.Data indicated that bulk density and water holding capacity of copra meal were poor, being 0.49 g/cm3 and 4.69 g water / g feed respectively. Although the crude proteind and amino acids contents of copra meal were favourable to meet a broiler chicken?s requirements, their digestibilities were low and lysine digestibility being the lowest while arginine digestibility was high. Dry matter, neutral detergent fibre digestibility and apparent metabolizable energy were also low. The low digestibilities of nutrients were not due to the jejunal digesta viscosity as jejunal digesta viscosity was low.

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