cover
Contact Name
Sugianto
Contact Email
sugianto@unsyiah.ac.id
Phone
+6281360560198
Journal Mail Official
journal.aijst@unsyiah.net
Editorial Address
Gedung Pascasarjana Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jalan Tgk Chik Pante Kulu No 5 Kopelma Darussalam Banda Aceh
Location
Kab. aceh besar,
Aceh
INDONESIA
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technlogy
ISSN : 20889860     EISSN : 25032348     DOI : https://10.13170/aijst
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology (AIJST) is accredited by Kemenristek Dikti, Republic of Indonesia, No. 36b/E/KPT/2016 started from 31 May 2016 to 31 May 2021. Aceh International Journal of Science & Technology (AIJST) is published by Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University (PPs Unsyiah) and Indonesian Soil Science Association (Himpunan Ilmu Tanah Indonesia, Komda Aceh). It is devoted to identifying, mapping, understanding, and interpreting new trends and patterns in science & technology development especially within Asian countries as well as other parts of the world. The journal endeavors to highlight science & technology development from different perspectives. The aim is to promote a broader dissemination of the results of scholarly endeavors into a broader subject of knowledge and practices and to establish an effective means of communication among academic and research institutions, policy makers, government agencies and persons concerned with the complex issue of science & technology development. The Journal is a peer-reviewed journal. The acceptance decision is made based upon an independent review process supported by rigorous processes, provides constructive and prompt evaluations of submitted manuscripts, ensuring that only intellectual and scholarly work of the greatest contribution and highest significance is published. Scopes Starting from 2016 AIJST focuses on science and engineering aspects, and therefore now AIJST consideres the topics but not limited to : Engineering (Mechanical, Chemical, Civil, Architecture, Transportation) Geology and Geomorphology Environmental Science (Hydrology, Pollution, Water Treatment, Soil Science, Climatology) Physical Oceanography Mathematics Physics and Geophysics Information Technology All manuscripts should follow the instruction for author strictly and proof-read by native or professional speakers and be submitted through online submission at: www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/aijst/login
Articles 156 Documents
On the Performance of a Multi Story Irregular Apartment Building Model Under Seismic Load in Indonesian Moderately High Seismicity Region Haryanto, Yanuar; Hu, Hsuan-Teh; Lie, Han Ay; Hidayat, Banu Ardi; Indriyati, Eva Wahyu
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 8, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.8.1.5636

Abstract

Purbalingga is regency with a potential moderately high seismicity requiring compliance of planning and implementation rules of the earthquake-resistant structural system. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the performance of a ten-story irregular apartment building model in Purbalingga due to the seismic load. The study is necessarily conducted to provide information on impacts and mitigation strategies that should be implemented. This research was conducted based on the seismic capacity of 2002 and 2012 Indonesian National Standard (SNI) including linear static analysis, dynamic response analysis, and pushover analysis. Based on the direct static review, it shows that the base shear is reduced and the drift ratio level decreases respectively for X and Y direction.Meanwhile, based on the dynamic response analysis, the drift ratio level also decreases respectively for X and Y direction. Also, the pushover analysis indicates that the performance of this apartment building model is still at Immediate Occupancy (IO) level as the post-earthquake damage state that remains safe to occupy, essentially retains the pre-earthquake design strength and stiffness of the structure. The risk of life-threatening injury as a result of structural damage is very low, and although some minor structural repairs may be appropriate, these would generally not be required before occupancy
Response of Some Biochemical and Mineral Constituents of the Postharvest Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Influenced by Different Levels of Bavistin DF Islam, M. Khairul; Islam, A. K.M. Rafiul; Sarkar, M.A.R.; Hakim, K.A.; Alam, N.
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 2, No 2: August 2013
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.2.2.695

Abstract

AbstractAn investigation was carried out with the postharvest mangoes (viz., the Langra and the Khirshapat) treating with different levels of Bavistin DF solution (namely, 250, 500, and 750 PPM) for obtaining results on the biochemical and mineral content changes as well as storability of postharvest mango. The results of the experiments exhibited that only the single effect of varieties was found to be significant in most of the parameters studied. The Langra enriched a greater quantity of crude fiber, lipid, water-soluble protein, phosphorus, and potassium constituents over the Khirshapat. It is revealed that the expansion of mineral contents in the mango was intimately associated with ripening during storage. The results also noticed to be an increasing trend of lipid and protein content in mango pulp with the advance of storage period using Bavistin DF. Keywords: Postharvest mango; Biochemical constituents; mineral contents; Bavistin DF.
A Preliminary Study of the Application of Electromagnetic Conductivity Meter on Soil Properties of Paddy Cultivation Areas at Wue Village, Jantho, Aceh Besar District, Indonesia Marwan, .
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 4, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.4.1.2129

Abstract

Conventional soil sampling is time consuming and requires meticulous laboratory analysis. Hence, mapping of soil apparent in respect to electrical conductivity (ECa) has been developed to identify areas of contrasting soil properties. Such ECa values are represent measures of soil properties. The sensor system, GF Instrument model CMD-4 were used to analyze soil physical properties. This system consists of three important parts, ECa sensor, data logger and Global Positioning System (DGPS) receiver. This research was aimed to evaluate the relationships between ECa and soil properties as well as the yield of rice (paddy) in paddy’s farming fields. One study site was chosen. The sensor was pulled through a plotted area of 0.25 km2. The distribution map of ECa was developed to identify the contrast of ECa. More than 100 ECa of data points were collected in 3-hour for the large plot. The data was later transferred to a notebook computer for generation of ECa maps using Surfer 11 software. According to the data analyses, field and ECa showed positive correlation. The average values of ECa are significantly different between hilly area and drainage canal area signifying differences in soil structure. Soil ECa could provide a measure of the spatial differences associated with soil physical and chemical properties, which for paddy soil may be a measure of soil suitability for crop growth and its productivity. This sensor can measure the soil ECa through the field quickly for detailed features of the soil and can be operated by just one worker. The ECa map provides some ideas for future soil management
Applicability Assessments of Close-Range Photogrammetry for Slope Face 3D Modelling Baramsyah, Haqul; Rich, Less
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 8, No 3 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.8.3.14650

Abstract

The digital single lens reflex (DSLR) cameras have been widely accepted to use in slope face photogrammetry rather than the expensive metric camera used for aerial photogrammetry. 3D models generated from digital photogrammetry can approach those generated from terrestrial laser scanning in term of scale and level of detail. It is cost effective and has equipment portability. This paper presents and discusses the applicability of close-range digital photogrammetry to produce 3D models of rock slope faces. Five experiments of image capturing method were conducted to capture the photographs as the input data for processing. As a consideration, the appropriate baseline lengths to capture the slope face to get better result are around 1/6 to 1/8 of target distance.  A fine quality of 3D model from data processing is obtained using strip method and convergent method with 80% overlapping in each photograph. A random camera positions with different distances from the slope face can also generate a good 3D model, however the entire target should be captured in each photograph. The accuracy of the models is generated by comparing the 3D models produced from photogrammetry with the 3D data obtained from laser scanner. The accuracy of 3D models is quite satisfactory with the mean error range from 0.008 to 0.018 m.
Development of Rainfall-runoff Modeling Using a Tank Model: Problems and Challenges in Province of Aceh, Indonesia Basri, Hairul
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 2, No 1: April 2013
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.2.1.572

Abstract

Abtstract - Rainfall-runoff modeling using tank model founded by Sugawara has been widely used in Asia. Many researchers use the tank model to predict water availability and flooding in a watershed. This paper describes the concept of rainfall-runoff modeling using tank model, discuss the problems and challenges the use of tank model, especially in Province of Aceh, Indonesia and how to improve the outcome of simulation of tank model. Many factors affect the rainfall-runoff phenomena of a wide range of watershed include: soil type, land use types, rainfall, morphometry, geology and geomorphology, caused the tank model usefull only for concerning watershed. It is necessary to adjust some parameters of tank model for other watershed by recalibrating the observed and simulated discharges. Rainfall runoff modeling using the tank model for a watershed scale is more reasonable focused on each sub-watershed by considering soil types, land use types and rainfall of the concerning watershed. Land use data can be enhanced by using landsat imagery or aerial photographs to support the validation the existing of land use type. Long term of observed discharges and rainfall data should be increased by set up the AWLR (Automatic Water Level Recorder) and rainfall stations for each of sub-watersheds. The reasonable tank model can be resulted not only by calibrating the observed and simulated discharges, but also by considering the observed and simulated infiltration for each soil and land use types of the concerning watershed.
The Effect of Rainfall Patterns on the Mechanisms of Shallow Slope Failure Suradi, Muhammad; Fourie, Andy
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 3, No 1: April 2014
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.3.1.1217

Abstract

Abstract - This paper examines how rainfall patterns affect the mechanisms of shallow slope failure. Numerical modelling, utilising the commercial software SVFlux and SVSlope, was carried out for a coupled analysis of rainfall-induced slope seepage and instability, with reference to a shallow landslide took place in Jabiru, Northern Territory (NT) Australia in 2007. Rainfall events were varied in terms of pattern in this analysis. The results revealed that slopes are sensitive to rainfall pattern when the rainfall intensity has a high degree of fluctuation at around the same value as that of saturated hydraulic conductivity. Average rainfall intensity at the beginning of a rainfall period plays a primary role in determining the rate of decrease in initial factor of safety (Fi) towards minimum factor of safety (Fmin). The effect of rainfall events on the slope instability is attributed to the amount of rainwater infiltration into slope associated with rainfall pattern. Keywords: Rainfall pattern; Fluctuating intensity, Shallow failure mechanism; Slope failure; Rainwater infiltration.
Isolation and Characterization of Pb Resistant Bacteria from Cilalay Lake, Indonesia Kurnia, Kesi; Sadi, Nina Hermayani; Jumianto, Syafitri
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 4, No 3 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.4.3.3016

Abstract

Pollution of water environment with heavy metals is becoming one of the most severe environmental and human health hazards. Lead (Pb) is a major pollutant and highly toxic to human, animals, plants, and microbes. Toxic metals are difficult to remove from the environment, since they cannot be chemically or biologically degraded and are ultimately indestructible. Biological approaches based on metal-resistant microorganisms have received a great deal of attention as alternative remediation processes. This study aim to isolate and characterize Pb resistant of heterotrophic bacteria in Cilalay Lake, West Java, Indonesia. The water samples were collected along three points around Cilalay Lake. Water physical and chemical determination was performed using the Water Quality Checker. The bacterial isolates were screened on Triptone Glucose Yeast (TGY) agar plates. Afterwards selected isolates were grown on Nutrient Agar media 50% with supplemented Pb 100 ppm by the standard disk. Population of resistant bacteria was counted. The result from metal resistant bacteria indicated that all isolates were resistant. The most abundant type of resistant bacteria to lead was Gram negative more than Gram positive. Identified have metal resistant bacteria could be useful for the bioremediation of heavy metal contaminated sewage and waste water
Canteen Wastewater and Gray Water Treatment Using Subsurface Constructed Wetland-Multilayer Filtration Vertical Flow Type with Melati Air (Echindorus paleafolius) Astuti, Ariani Dwi; Rinanti, Astri; Viera, Alexandre Amo F.
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 6, No 3 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.6.3.8446

Abstract

Domestic wastewater needs to be treated because it can pollute the environment, either water bodies, ground water, or soil. One alternative to treat domestic wastewater is using subsurface constructed wetland methods. This method has advantages, among others, cheap, simple technology and can be applied to the area of ample land. In this research, subsurface contructed wetlands-multilayer filtration with vertical flow type using Melati Air (Echindorus paleafolius) in field scale to treat domestic wastewater from canteens and gray water toilet of Senior High School at Bekasi with treatment capacity for 2261 L/day. Subsurface constructed wetlands-multilayer filtration with vertical flow type is an advanced treatment in this research. For preliminary treatment the collecting and aeration tank is used. Performance of subsurface constructed wetland-multilayer filtration with vertical flow type was able to achieve effluent COD parameters of 40 mg / L (standard 100 mg/L) from an average influent of 350 mg/L with removal efficiency of 90%, while BOD was successfully degraded to 33.00 mg/L (quality standard 30 mg/L) of an average influent concentration of 350 mg/L. In addition, the parameters analyzed are total nitrogen, the total phosphate succeeded to meet the quality standard. Based on the results of laboratory analysis, the reactor is able to treat organic loading of 500-700 kg BOD5/Ha/Day compared to previous research which is range from 40-300 kg BOD/Ha/ Day. Similarly, the value of K in this study ranged from 0.35-0.57 m/day for BOD and 0.37-0.45 m/day for COD compared to precious research which is 0.055-0.16 m / day for BOD and 0.027-0.16 m / day for COD.
Effectiveness of the Vietnamese Good Agricultural Practice (VietGAP) on plant growth and quality of Choy Sum (Brassica rapa var. Parachinensis) in Northern Vietnam Ha, Tuan M.
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 3, No 3: December 2014
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.3.3.2023

Abstract

In response to the recent concerns about human health, ecosystem sustainability and thus demands for food safety, production of clean produce, particularly daily-consumed vegetables, is essential. The study was carried out in Thai Nguyen city (northern Vietnam) during August – November 2011 to evaluate impacts of a VietGAP guideline on plant growth and quality of Choy Sum, one of the major vegetables in the research area. The experiment comprised two treatments, a control (local farmers’ conventional practice) and an experimental treatment (plants grown according to the VietGAP guideline). Plant samples of the latter treatment were collected for quality test at the end of the experiment. Results showed that the experimental plants had significant higher growth parameters with regards to leaf areas (7.13 dm2) and average top plant weight (3.33 kg m-2), while those of the control treatment were 5.80 dm2 and 2.77 kg m-2, respectively. Lab test results showed the experimental plant samples met the national quality standards to be certified as a clean product. The participatory on-field experiment would facilitate critical reflections, transformative learning and readiness for adoption of eco-friendly production practices by the local farmers
Development of Rainfall-runoff Model Using Tank Model: Problems and Challenges in Province of Aceh, Indonesia Basri, Hairul
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 2, No 1: April 2013
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.2.1.574

Abstract

Abtstract - Rainfall-runoff model using tank model founded by Sugawara has been widely used in Asia. Many researchers use the tank model to predict water availability and flooding in a watershed. This paper describes the concept of rainfall-runoff model using tank model, discuss the problems and challenges in using of the model, especially in Province of Aceh, Indonesia and how to improve the outcome of simulation of tank model. Many factors affect the rainfall-runoff phenomena of a wide range of watershed include: soil types, land use types, rainfall, morphometry, geology and geomorphology, caused the tank model usefull only for concerning watershed. It is necessary to adjust some parameters of tank model for other watershed by recalibrating the parameters of the model. Rainfall runoff model using the tank model for a watershed scale is more reasonable focused on each sub-watershed by considering soil types, land use types and rainfall of the concerning watershed. Land use data can be enhanced by using landsat imagery or aerial photographs to support the validation the existing of land use type. Long term of observed discharges and rainfall data should be increased by set up the AWLR (Automatic Water Level Recorder) and rainfall stations for each of sub-watersheds. The reasonable tank model can be resulted not only by calibrating the parameters, but also by considering the observed and simulated infiltration for each soil and land use types of the concerning watershed. Key words: rainfall-runoff model, tank model, infiltration, land use types, soil types, watershed

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