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Jurnal Teknologi & Industri Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 20854927     EISSN : 24427020     DOI : -
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia is published by the Department of Agricultural Processing Technology, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia has published online since 2009 in Bahasa Indonesia or English, twice a year i.e. April and October. Previously, it was published in paper edition starting from 2009 to April 2015. The journal is focused on scientific publications in the field of postharvest, agroindustry and food technology.
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Articles 116 Documents
POTENSI TEPUNG UBI JALAR UNGU (IPOMEA BATATAS L.) DALAM PEMBUATAN BOLU KEMOJO SEBAGAI MAKANAN KHAS PROVINSI RIAU Turelanda, Syahli Putra; Harun, Noviar; Rahmayuni, Rahmayuni
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Vol.(8) No.1, April 2016
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v8i1.5248

Abstract

(Effect Potential Use of Purple Sweet Potato Flour ss Ingredient in Kemojo Cake, Riau Province Traditional Food) ABSTRACT. The purpose of this study was to obtain an optimal ratio of purple sweet potato flour to wheat flour to produce good quality kemojo cake product. This study uses a completely randomized design (CDR) completely randomized design (CRD) with five treatment. The analyzed of kemojo cake includes moisture content, ash content, protein content, sucrose content and sensory assessment. The result showed that  kemojo cake best treatment is TUJ2 with moisture content of 24.32%, ash content of 0.80%, protein content of 13.25%, sucrose content of 21.82% and descriptive sensory showed light purple colour (score 2.80), a hint of sweet potato flavour (score 3.00), a little bit of purple sweet potato scent (score 3.03), the chewy texture (score 3.00) and panelist favored overall (score 2.06).
SIMULATION OF STARCH DEGRADATION IN TOBACCO LEAF DURING CURING Abubakar, Yusya
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2013): Vol.(5) No.3, October 2013
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v5i3.1980

Abstract

Simulasi penguraian pati di dalam daun tembakau dilakukan dengan mengembangkan model matematika penguraian pati (di dalam daun) sebagai fungsi dari kondisi pengeringan seperti temperatur, kadar air, waktu, dan konsentrasi awal pati. Model penguraian pati ini didasarkan pada persamaan laju orde pertama, dikombinasikan dengan persamaan sekunder. Nilai konstanta yang diperlukan dalam persamaan sekunder ditentukan melalui iterasi dan perbandingan akar dari jumlah galat kuadrat. Model tersebut dipadankan pada data dari experiment untuk menentukan nilai konstanta pada persamaan utama, dengan meminimalkan akar dari jumlah galat kuadrat. Suatu program komputer telah ditulis dan digunakan untuk mensimulasi perubahan kadar pati di dalam daun. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa model tersebut dapat memprediksi penguraian pati dengan baik (RMSE = 3.28).  Namun demikian, pada beberapa kasus, model penguraian pati tersebut cenderung memprediksi konsentrasi pati yang lebih tinggi dari nilai yang diperoleh dari percobaan.
BUBUR TALAS INSTAN DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TEPUNG IKAN CAKALANG DAN TEPUNG LABU KUNING Yulianti, Yulianti; Basri, Bayu ST
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2019): Vol. (11) No. 2, Oktober 2019
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v11i2.14310

Abstract

Talas merupakan pangan yang mengandung karbohidrat tinggi yang kurang termanfaatkan. Salah satu produk olahan yang bisa menggunakan talas sebagai bahan baku yaitu bubur instan. Disisi lain talas mengandung komponen gizi seperti protein, vitamin dan gizi lain yang sangat sedikit sehingga perlu dilakukan penambahan dari bahan lain untuk menghasilkan produk olahan yang bergizi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eskperimen dengan tiga perlakuan. Perlakuan yang digunakan yaitu tepung talas 70% dan  tepung ikan cakalang 30% dengan menambahkan tepung labu kuning dengan konsentrasi berbeda. Adapun konsentrasi tepung labu kuning yang digunakan yaitu   A1 : tepung labu kuning   5%, A2 : tepung labu kuning  10%   dan A3 : tepung labu kuning 15 %. Setiap perlakuan dilakukan tiga kali ulangan dan data yang dihasilkan akan diolah dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dan dilakukan uji lanjut menggunakan uji lanjut duncan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan terbaik pada perlakuan A3 dengan kadar air 9,02%, kadar abu 5,39%, kadar protein 33,77%, kadar lemak 2,09%, kadar serat 1,82%, kadar karbohidrat 46,96% dan kadar provitamin A (beta karoten) 2,47 mg.
KEPEDULIAN PEKERJA PENANGANAN BAHAN DI SUPERMARKET X PADA ERGONOMI mulyati, guntarti tatik; Ainuri, Makhmudun
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2017): Vol.(9) No.2, October 2017
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v9i2.9000

Abstract

Manual material handling activities are still widely practiced in various industries, including supermarkets. Various products in supermarkets are moved with hand truck aids. This tool is used to ease of workers to avoid the risk of MSDs (musculoskeletal disorders) and LBP (low back pain). Workers' who concerns about work ergonomics, materials handling tools and their working environments can reduce the risk of MSDs and LBPs. In this paper we will examine how much the workers care about themselves, their tools, environment and their relation to work physiology of workers.Workers' concerns were identified using a Likert scale questionnaire with 5 scale of interest. Self-awareness is linked to an understanding of ergonomics, to hand tools used everyday and to the work environment. Occupational physiology is reflected in the pain experienced by workers as job impacts identified using Nordic Body Map (NBM), and work posture using OWAS (Ovako Working Posture Analysis System).The material handling worker assigned to move the product from supplier vehicle to warehouse or to showroom by hand truck. The survey results that the worker's concerned not so high on his ergonomics. The body map shows that before working the worker felt pain all over his body and got more pain after work. Worker's work posture varies substantially in category 1-2 which means that in this musculoskeletal system the work attitude results in significant tension influences requiring future improvement.
KANDUNGAN LIKOPEN DAN KAROTENOID BUAH TOMAT (LYCOPERSICUM PYRIFORME) PADA BERBAGAI TINGKAT KEMATANGAN: PENGARUH PELAPISAN DENGAN KITOSAN DAN PENYIMPANAN Novita, Melly; Satriana, Satriana; Hasmarita, Etria
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Vol.(7) No.1, April 2015
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v7i1.2832

Abstract

(Lycopen And Carotenoid Contents Of Tomato (Lycopersicum Pyriforme) On Different Maturity Stages: Influence Of Chitosan Coating And Storage).ABSTRACT. Tomato as a young fruit has light green to dark green, hairy, and has a sour taste, bitter, and bad smelling because it contains lycopersicin. However, after its mature became slightly yellow, bright red or dark, yellowish red, yellow or dark red, and it tastes will be good because of more mature the fruit, content of lycopersicin disappeared. Carotenoids especially lycopene and ?-carotene is a major component that determines the color of ripe tomatoes. This study was conducted to determine the changes in the content of carotenoids and lycopene along with a change in color in tomatoes were coated with chitosan during storage. The experiment was arranged in completely randomized factorial design (CRD). The first factor was level of maturity (M) that consisted of three (3) levels: M1 = breaker green tomatoes(0-10% red skin), M2 = half-ripe tomatoes (30-60% red skin), M3 = red tomatoes ( 70% red skin). The second factor was storage time (P) consisted of 5 (five) levels: P1 = 0 day, P2 = 5 days, P3 = 10 days = 15 days P4, P5 = 20 days, with 2 replications. Analysis conducted on tomatoes include: analysis of lycopene, carotenoids, and sensory test of skin color. The results showed that the chitosan-coated tomatoes had higher levels of lycopene and carotenoids content than the tomatoes without treatment (control). Level of maturity in tomatoes significantly effect on the formation of lycopene and carotenoids content during storage. In addition to the chitosan coating tomatoes are also able to maintain the color of tomatoes during storage.
KARAKTERISTIK FISIK BUBUK KOPI ARABIKA HASIL PENGGILINGAN MEKANIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN JAGUNG DAN BERAS KETAN Syah, Hendri; Yusmanizar, Yusmanizar; Maulana, Oki
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2013): Vol.(5) No.1, February 2013
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v5i1.1000

Abstract

Size reduction applied on Arabica Coffee bean may change its physical properties, where these properties are utilized for designing process including packaging and appliances for further processes. This research aims to investigate physical characteristics of Arabica coffee powder with addition of corn and rice milled through mechanical process. This experiment used two mechanical mills including hammer mill and disc mill. Before it is milled, coffee was mixed with other materials including corn and rice. Parameters observed were yield, moisture content, bulk density, and angle of respose, particle uniformity index, fineness modulus, and the average particle dimensions. Based on the results obtained, it was revealed that moisture content of each test still meet SNI standard with the maximum of 7%. Bulk density of coffee powder resulted using disc mill was higher compared with hammer mill. However, particle generated from milling process may be categorized as powder with medium cohesiveness based on its angle of repose. Dimensional average particle is proportional to the fineness modulus of coffee powder produced. Highest fineness modulus obtained from coffee powder without additives, and using a hammer mill is equal to 4.37 with the highest average dimensions of 2.05 mm, while the lowest fineness modulus that the coffee powder without any additional ingredients milled with a hammer mill is equal to 4.22, with the lowest average dimensions of 1.94 mm.
UTILIZATION OF SIWALAN (BORASSUS FLABELLIFER L.) PLANTATION WASTE FOR KRAFT PAPER PRODUCTION Gabriel, Azmi Alvian; Mardhiyyah, Yunita Siti
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2019): Vol. (11) No. 1, April 2019
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v11i1.12111

Abstract

Borassus flabellifer L., one of the palm-based commodities in Indonesia which is grows in dry areas especially around the north coast of Java Island. An abundant waste of this plant is a leaf midrib and fruit fiber have an opportunity as a source of lignocellulose for the paper industry. In this study, Kraft paper production was conducted to know the influence of the proportion of Borassus flabellifer L. leaf midrib pulp and fruit fiber pulp, and the concentration of Polyvinyl Acetate (PVAc) adhesives on the sensory and physical quality of kraft paper. The research method used was Randomized Block Design (RBD) with two factors. The Friedman test was used to determine the sensory quality of kraft paper. The physical quality of kraft paper was used ANOVA analysis. The results showed that the treatment of raw material proportion and PVAc adhesive concentration had significant effect on color, surface texture, yield, and tensile resistance, but not significantly different between treatment of gramature and tear resistance. The best treatment of sensory tests was kraft paper with proportion of leaf midrib pulp 50% and fruit fiber pulp 50% and a 7.5% PVAc adhesive concentration. It has a yield value of 72.11%, gramature of 162.80 g/m2, tensile strength of 1.70 %, and tear resistance of 197.6 gf.
KAJIAN FISIKO KIMIA DAN DAYA TERIMA ORGANOLEPTIK SELAI NENAS YANG MENGGUNAKAN PEKTIN DARI LIMBAH KULIT KAKAO Fahrizal, Fahrizal; Fadhil, Rahmad
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 6, No 3 (2014): Vol.(6) No.3, October 2014
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v6i3.2314

Abstract

Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is one of the product commodities in Aceh and its production continues to increase every year. Parts of cocoa that have economic value are the seed, while the skin that is a waste of processing cocoa beans is often not utilized. Cocoa skin can cause environmental pollution problems. One way of handling waste is to extract cocoa skin becomes pectin. Known in the food industry pectin compounds is very important adjuvant because it is able to increase the viscosity of the fluid and form a gel with sugar and acid. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of pectin addition from cacoa skin waste on the quality of pineapple jam. There are four levels of the pectin addition in this study; 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5%. Then the resulted pineapple jam was analysed; moisture content, total of dissolved solids, acidity, a smear of jam and hedonic sensory evaluation for appearance, aroma, flavor, texture and all vallue. The addition of pectin from cocoa waste have effects on moisture content, total of dissolved solids, pH value and a smear of jam of pineapple jam. In general, panelists like pineapple jam with the addition of 1% pectin from cocoa skin waste 
PENGARUH PELAPISAN KITOSAN TERHADAP SIFAT FISIK DAN KIMIA TOMAT SEGAR (LYCOPERSICUM PYRIFORME) PADA BERBAGAI TINGKAT KEMATANGAN Novita, Melly; Satriana, Satriana; Martunis, Martunis; Rohaya, Syarifah; Hasmarita, Etria
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 4, No 3 (2012): Vol.(4) No.3, October 2012
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v4i3.736

Abstract

Tomato fruit undergoes many physicochemical changes after harvest caused by the process of metabolism. The method used to inhibit the metabolic processes in tomatoes can be overcome by controlled atmosphere storage. However, this method requires a high cost. Therefore there is another method that is more practical and economical to imitate the mechanism of the controlled atmosphere is by the use of coating materials (coating). Coating material must be able to form a barrier layer of the loss of water content and can maintain fruit quality and does not pollute the environment. Chitosan is a natural alternative as a coating material that is non-toxic and safe for health. This study aimed to observe the effect of chitosan coating on quality and shelf life of fresh tomatoes at different maturity levels. The study design used was completely randomized design (CRD) factorial with two factors. The factor I was the maturity stages which consisted of 3 (three) levels : K1 = full green (0-10% red skin), K2 = light red (30-60% red skin), K3 = ripe ( 70% red skin). Factor II is storage duration which consisted of 5 (five) level : P1 = 0 day, P2 = 5 days, P3 = 10 days, P4 = 15 days, P5 = 20 days, with 2 (two) replications. The analysis conducted on tomatoes were weight loss, solusble solids concentration, total acid, and vitamin C. The results showed that the tomatoes were coated chitosan could inhibit weight loss, soluble solids concentration, total acid, and vitamin C than untreated tomatoes (control). Chitosan coating with a concentration of 1% and a long soaking for 10 minutes on the tomatoes with the maturity stages of 0-10% skin red and 30-60% skin red could maintain in good condition for 20 days of storage. But the tomatoes with the maturity stage 70% red skin only able to survive 10 days of storage. 
EVALUASI NILAI GIZI MASAKAN DAGING KHAS ACEH (SIE REUBOH) BERDASARKAN VARIASI PENAMBAHAN LEMAK SAPI DAN CUKA AREN Erfiza, Novia Mehra; Hasni, Dian; Syahrina, Ulva
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2018): Vol.(10) No.1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v10i1.10202

Abstract

Sie reuboh merupakan olahan daging yang diolah secara tradisional dengan merebus daging menggunakan garam, asam cuka, lemak, dan beberapa jenis rempah-rempah. Perubahan selera dan pola konsumsi masyarakat Aceh menyebabkan formulasi sie reuboh menjadi bervariasi. Keanekaragaman formulasi menyebabkan takaran dan jenis bahan yang digunakan dalam pengolahan sie reuboh ikut bervariasi terutama lemak sapi dan cuka aren. Variasi takaran penambahan lemak sapi dan cuka aren dapat mempengaruhi komposisi nilai gizi sie reuboh. Untuk itu perlu dilakukan pengkajian lebih lanjut terkait tentang penelitian dari pengaruh penambahan lemak dan cuka aren terhadap nilai gizi dari sie reuboh sehingga didapatkan standar formulasi sie reuboh yang mempunyai kandungan gizi yang baik. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) pola faktorial yang terdiri atas dua factor, jumlah lemak yang ditambahkan yang terdiri dari tiga taraf yaitu 0% (L1), 25% (L2) dan 50% (L3) dari jumlah daging sapi, dan  jumlah cuka aren yang ditambahkan yang terdiri dari dua taraf yaitu 2,5% (C1) dan 5% (C2) dari jumlah daging sapi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis sidik ragam (ANOVA). Uji lanjut BNT dilakukan jika perlakuan berpengaruh nyata. Analisis yang dilakukan pada penelitian ini meliputi kadar air, kadar abu, kadar protein dengan metode Kjeldahl, dan kadar lemak dengan metode Soxhlet, kadar karbohidrat by difference dan total kalori. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Penambahan lemak sapi hingga 50% dapat mempertahankan kadar air sie reuboh yang dihasilkan. Kemudian penambahan cuka 2,5% dan 5% dapat meningkatkan kadar protein yang terkandung di dalam sie reuboh, sedangkan penambahan cuka aren hingga 5% dapat menurunkan kadar lemak di dalam sie reuboh jika dibandingkan dengan penambahan 2,5%.  Sie reuboh yang dihasilkan dari penelitian ini mempunyai komposisi nilai gizi yang terdiri atas 52,62% air, 3.14% mineral, 24,50% protein, 14,67% lemak dan 4.95% karbohidrat. Kemudian setiap 100 g sie reuboh hasil penelitian ini mengandung 249.81 kkal.

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