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JURNAL TEKNOLOGI LINGKUNGAN
ISSN : 1411318X     EISSN : 25486101     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan (JTL) is a journal aims to be a peer-reviewed platform and an authoritative source of information. JTL is published twice annually and provide scientific publication for researchers, engineers, practitioners, academicians, and observers in the field related to science and environmental technology. We publish original research papers, review articles and case studies focused on Environmental Sciences, Environmental Technology as well as other related topics to Environment including sanitation, environmental biology, waste water treatment, solid waste treatment, environmental design and management, environmental impact assessment, environmental pollution control and environmental conservation.
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Articles 699 Documents
Back Cover JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020 JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020, Back Cover
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4244

Abstract

Preface JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020 JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020, Preface
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4242

Abstract

Appendix JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020 JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020, Appendix
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4243

Abstract

Cover JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020 JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020, Cover
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4240

Abstract

Inside Cover JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020 JTL Vol 21, No 2, Juli 2020, Inside Cover
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4241

Abstract

Status Kualitas Air Pesisir Bukit Ameh di Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus Mandeh di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan Garno, Yudhi Soetrisno
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4187

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe Bukit Ameh (Mandeh) area of Pesisir Selatan Regency, West Sumatra, has a potentially unique landscape as a tourist attraction. Therefore, this area will be developed into a special economic area for tourism. However, for doing so, there will be various activities performed there that could affect the environmental conditions there. Accordingly, this study was carried out to determine the quality status of the Bukit Ameh coastal waters to anticipate the impact of various special economic areas for tourism development activities in the future. This study's results indicate that the nutrient content of Bukit Ameh waters has exceeded the Quality Standards. The coastal waters of Bukit Ameh, inhabited by 23 species of phytoplankton from 4 classes with abundance ranging from 795,183 to 3,909,750 ind/m3. Phytoplankton community is dominated by Trichodesmium sp. with the highest population of 2,162,994 ind/m3 or 73.2 percent of total abundance. In addition to Trichodesmium sp., on the coast of Bukit Ameh also found Ceratium sp., Dinophysis sp., and Peridinium sp., which can trigger the Harmful Algal Bloom which is poisonous and can kill other organisms that eat it. Comparing dissolved nutrients and abundance of phytoplankton in several coastal does not show a positive correlation, in the sense that the more fertile the waters, the higher the abundance of phytoplankton.Keywords: water quality, coastal, abundance, phytoplanktonABSTRAKKawasan Bukit Ameh (Mandeh) Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan, Sumatra Barat,  merupakan salah satu kawasan pariwisata yang memiliki keunikan bentang alam sebagai daya tarik wisata, sehingga kawasan ini akan dikembangkan menjadi Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus (KEK) Pariwisata. Terkait hal ini, akan ada kegiatan pengembangan ekonomi yang memiliki potensi mempengaruhi kondisi lingkungan di sana. Oleh karena itu, untuk mengantisipasi dampak dari berbagai kegiatan di KEK pariwisata di masa datang, maka dilaksanakan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui status kualitas perairan pesisir Bukit Ameh.  Hasil penelitian ini mengisaratkan bahwa kandungan nutrien  perairan Bukit Ameh telah melampaui Baku Mutu. Perairan pesisir Bukit Ameh, dihuni oleh 23 jenis fitopankton dari 4 kelas dengan kelimpahan berkisar antara 795.183-3.909.750 ind/m3. Komunitas fitoplankton didominasi oleh Trichodesmium sp. dengan populasi tertinggi 2.162.994 ind/m3 atau 73,2% kelimpahan total.  Selain Trichodesmium sp., di pesisir Bukit Ameh  juga ditemukan juga Ceratium sp., Dinophysis sp. dan  Peridinium sp. yang dapat memicu terjadinya Harmful Algal Bloom yang beracun dan dapat membunuh organisme lain yang memangsanya. Pembandingan nutrien terlarut dan kelimpahan fitoplankton di beberapa perairan pesisir tidak menunjukkan adanya korelasi positif, dalam arti bahwa makin subur peralihan makin tinggi kelimpahan fitoplankton.Kata kunci: kualitas perairan, pesisir,  kelimpahan, fitoplankton
Start – Up Proses Anammox Menggunakan Lumpur Telaga Kotobaru sebagai Inokulum Putra, Randi Permana; Zulkarnaini, Zulkarnaini; Komala, Puti Sri
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4155

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe anammox process plays an essential role in removing nitrogen from the waters anaerobically. Since the discovery of anammox in 1995, no studies have reported anammox bacteria from the Indonesian environment. This research aims to begin exploring anammox bacteria from the environment in Indonesia as a tropical country. The exploration was carried out with a start-up anammox process in a continuous reactor. The reactor was constructed using a housing filter equipped with a string wound filter as a supporting media for biofilm. Sludge from Koto Baru Lake, Tanah Datar, Indonesia, was used as inoculum. The substrate was fed into the reactor through the inside of the filter using a peristaltic pump. Ammonium and nitrite were supplemented to the substrate at a 70-150 mg-N/L concentration and operated at room temperature. The samples were collected once a week. Ammonium and nitrite were measured using the colorimetric method, nitrate using the ultraviolet spectrophotometric method. Performance of nitrogen removal and the growth biofilm in the reactor shown the success of the start of the anammox process. After 140 days of reactor operation, the maximum value of nitrogen removal rate (NRR) was 0.271 kg-N/m3.day at the nitrogen loading rate (NLR) 0.3095 kg-N/m3.day. Ammonium conversion efficiency (ACE) and nitrogen removal efficiency (NRE) during start-up were 97.07% and 91.92%. Red biofilm growth on the filter and the reactor's inner wall, which is characteristic of the anammox bacteria biomass.Keywords: anammox, Indonesia, Koto Baru Lake, tropical   ABSTRAKProses anammox memiliki peran penting dalam penyisihan nitrogen dari perairan secara anaerobik. Sejak ditemukannya anammox pada 1995, belum ada penelitian yang melaporkan keberadaan bakteri anammox dari lingkungan Indonesia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk memulai eksplorasi bakteri anammox dari lingkungan di Indonesia sebagai negara tropis. Eksplorasi dilakukan dengan start-up proses anammox pada sebuah reaktor kontinu. Reaktor terdiri dari housing filter yang dilengkapi dengan string wound filter sebagai media lekat untuk biofilm. Lumpur dari Telaga Koto Baru digunakan sebagai inokulum. Substrat dialirkan ke dalam reaktor melalui bagian dalam filter menggunakan pompa peristaltik. Amonium dan nitrit ditambahkan ke substrat dengan konsentrasi 70-150 mg-N/L dan dioperasikan pada suhu kamar. Konsentrasi amonium dan nitrit diukur dengan metode kolorimetri, serta konsentrasi nitrat dianalisis menggunakan metode spektrofotometri UV dengan interval pengukuran sampel setiap 5 hari. Pengamatan penyisihan nitrogen dan pertumbuhan biofilm di reaktor menunjukkan keberhasilan dimulainya proses anammox. Setelah 140 hari operasional reaktor, didapatkan nilai tingkat penyisihan nitrogen  (TPyN) maksimum 0,271 kg-N/m3.hari pada tingkat pemuatan nitrogen (TPN) 0,3095 kg-N/m3.hari. Nilai efisiensi konversi amonium (EKA) dan efisiensi penyisihan nitrogen (EPN) maksimum selama start-up adalah : 97,07% dan 91,92%. Biofilm berwarna merah tumbuh pada filter dan dinding bagian dalam reaktor yang merupakan karakteristik dari biomasa bakteri anammox.Kata kunci: anammox, Indonesia, Telaga Koto Baru, tropis
Analisis Multikriteria dalam Pemilihan Sistem Pemrosesan Sampah di Kabupaten Klungkung, Provinsi Bali Chaerul, Mochammad; Agustina, Elprida; Widyarsana, I Made Wahyu
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4142

Abstract

ABSTRACTIn order to create a city clean, efforts are taken by the government, including the provision of waste processing system facilities as part of a waste management system. Recently, Klungkung Regency, Bali Province, has three alternatives waste processing systems to be applied, namely: utilizing the existing regional final disposal site (TPA) of Bangli, building a new TPA facility dedicated to Klungkung area only, and communal waste processing facility. The study aims to determine the most optimal waste processing system by considering four criteria (multicriteria) with the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) from 35 respondents representing five local government institutions. Among the criteria, environment (weight of 0.543) was more prioritized than social (0.181), financial (0.146) and technical (0.130) aspects. Respondents preferred to put environmental pollution prevention (weight of 0.16) as the most important among 13 sub-criteria. Other results showed that TOSS (total value of 0.47) was more preferred than the existing TPA of Bangli (0.28) and new the TPA of Klungkung (0.25). An alternative waste processing with its advantages and disadvantages should be chosen and acceptable by the related stakeholders. Thus, the facility becomes part of a sustainable waste management system in a city.Keywords: multicriteria analysis, pair wise comparison, analytical hierarcy process, waste processing systemABSTRAKBerbagai macam upaya dilakukan oleh pemerintah untuk menciptakan lingkungan suatu kota yang bersih, diantaranya melalui penyediaan fasilitas sistem pemrosesan sampah sebagai tahapan akhir dalam pengelolaan sampah. Saat ini, Kabupaten Klungkung, Propinsi Bali, memiliki 3 alternatif sistem pemrosesan sampah yang dapat diaplikasikan, yaitu: menggunakan tempat pemrosesan akhir sampah (TPA) eksisting Regional Bangli, membangun TPA baru tersendiri untuk Klungkung, dan pemrosesan skala komunal (misalnya berupa Tempat Olah Sampah Setempat/TOSS). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memilih sistem pemrosesan sampah yang paling optimal dengan mempertimbangkan 4 kriteria (multicriteria) dengan menggunakan pendekatan Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) dari 35 orang responden yang mewakili 5 institusi pemerintahan daerah. Urutan kriteria yang dianggap lebih penting adalah lingkungan (nilai bobot 0,543), sosial (0,181), finansial (0,146) dan teknis (0,130). Responden lebih memilih pencegahan pencemaran lingkungan (nilai bobot 0,16) sebagai subkriteria terpenting dari total 13 subkriteria. Sedangkan alternatif pemrosesan sampah skala komunal dianggap yang paling optimal (total nilai 0,47) disusul TPA Regional Bangli (0,28), terakhir TPA baru (0,25). Suatu alternatif sistem pemrosesan sampah dengan kelebihan dan kekurangan masing-masing harus dipilih yang paling dapat diterima oleh berbagai stakeholders terkait sehingga diharapkan dapat menjadi bagian dari suatu sistem pengelolaan sampah yang berkelanjutan dari suatu kota.Kata Kunci: analisis multikriteria, perbandingan berpasangan, analytical hierarchy process, sistem pemrosesan sampah
Evaluasi Kualitas dan Kuantitas Lumpur Alum dari Instalasi Pengolahan Air Minum Citayam Adityosulindro, Sandyanto; Rochmatia, Nurul Hasanah; Hartono, Djoko Mulyo; Moersidik, Setyo Sarwanto
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4049

Abstract

ABSTRACTWater treatment plants (WTPs) produces residues in the form of alum sludge during the treatment process. In Indonesia, due to various techno-economic constraints, some WTPs are not equipped by sludge treatment systems, so the generated alum sludge is discharged directly into water bodies without appropriate treatment. This condition may pollute water bodies because alum sludge contains various contaminants such as solid particles, organic compounds, inorganic metals, aluminum, and pathogenic microorganisms. This study aims to evaluate the characteristics of alum sludge from aspects of quality and quantity, which is indispensable for the design of sludge treatment facilities. Citayam WTP (capacity of 120 L/s) in Depok City was chosen as a case study. The study was conducted in several stages as follows: (i) survey and sampling; (ii) quality analysis of alum sludge; (iii) estimation of sludge generation; and (iv) mass and volume balance analysis. Results of comparative analysis of alum sludge quality against the Regulation of Minister of Environment of Indonesia 5/2014 shows alum sludge from flocculation units meets quality standards. In contrast, alum sludge from sedimentation and filter units were exceeded for TSS, COD, and Total Coliform parameters. Quantity-wise, the estimation of sludge generation by theoretical and empirical methods was found to be 1,898 kg/day and 4,854 kg/day. Analysis of mass and volume balance using STAN software indicates that the theoretical approach is quite representative, while the empirical method tends to be over-estimated.Keywords: alum sludge, sludge quality, sludge generation, water treatment plant, case studyABSTRAKInstalasi pengolahan air (IPA) dalam proses pengolahannya akan menghasilkan residu berupa lumpur alum. Di Indonesia, akibat berbagai kendala tekno-ekonomis, masih terdapat IPA yang belum memiliki sistem pengolahan lumpur alum sehingga langsung dibuang ke badan air tanpa pengolahan. Kondisi ini berpotensi mencemari badan air karena lumpur alum mengandung berbagai kontaminan seperti partikel padat, senyawa organik, inorganik, logam aluminium serta mikroorganisme patogen. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi karakteristik lumpur alum dari aspek kualitas dan kuantitas yang merupakan informasi penting dalam perancangan sistem pengolahan lumpur. IPA Citayam (Kapasitas 120 L/detik) di Kota Depok dipilih sebagai objek studi. Penelitian dilakukan dalam beberapa tahapan yakni survei dan sampling, analisis kualitas lumpur alum, estimasi timbulan lumpur, dan analisis neraca massa dan volume. Hasil perbandingan analisis kualitas lumpur alum terhadap PermenLH 5/2014 menunjukan lumpur alum dari unit flokulasi memenuhi baku mutu sedangkan lumpur alum dari unit sedimentasi dan filter melebihi baku mutu lingkungan untuk parameter TSS, COD dan Total Koliform. Dari aspek kuantitas, estimasi timbulan lumpur yang dilakukan dengan metode teoritik dan empirik berturut-turut sebesar 1.898 kg/hari dan 4.854 kg/hari. Analisis neraca massa dan volume menggunakan software STAN mengindikasikan bahwa metode teoritik cukup representatif, sedangkan perhitungan dengan metode empirik cenderung menjadi over-estimasi.Kata kunci: lumpur alum, kualitas lumpur, timbulan lumpur, instalasi pengolahan air, studi kasus
Pengolahan Limbah Cair Pabrik Kelapa Sawit dengan Metode Filtrasi dan Fitoremediasi Menggunakan Tanaman Eceng Gondok (Eichhornia Crassipes) Ilmannafian, Adzani Ghani; Lestari, Ema; Khairunisa, Fitria
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i2.4012

Abstract

ABSTRACTPalm oil mill effluent (POME) is a side product from oil palm processing activities with potential environmental pollution. Its smells, colored appearance contains high COD, BOD, and TSS values. Thus, the processing of POME is crucial. In treating this wastewater, filtration and phytoremediation methods can be applied. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of the POME treatment using filtration and phytoremediation methods using water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). This research method includes a sampling process, tub reactor construction with four filter ingredients (sand, gravel, coconut fiber, and sponge), the dilution of POME (concentration of 100%, 75%, and 50%), phytoremediation, filtering and testing of sample parameters. The parameters tested were BOD, COD, TSS, pH, and physical properties, including color, smell, and turbidity. The results of this study showed that the application of POME treatment with water hyacinth was not yet effective, supported by the following research results of the treatment concentration of 100%, 75%, and 50% with BOD levels respectively 894.7 mg/l, 304.15 mg/l, and 77.03 mg/l, COD levels respectively 4,320 mg/l, 1,120 mg/l, and 440 mg/l, TSS levels were 400 mg/l, 200 mg/l and 0 mg/l respectively. While, pH results for those treatments are 8,8 and 9 respectively.Keywords: filtration, liquid waste, phytoremediation, water hyacinthABSTRAKKegiatan operasional Pabrik Kelapa Sawit menghasilkan produk samping (By-Product) salah satunya limbah cair yang berbau, berwarna, mengandung nilai COD, BOD serta TSS yang tinggi berpotensi mencemari lingkungan, sehingga pengolahan limbah cair di pabrik kelapa sawit sangat penting. Filtrasi dan fitoremediasi adalah metode yang dapat digunakan dalam mengolah limbah cair pabrik kelapa sawit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hasil pengolahan limbah cair pabrik kelapa sawit dengan metode filtrasi dan fitoremediasi menggunakan tanaman eceng gondok (Eichhornia crassipes). Metode penelitian ini meliputi proses sampling, membuat bak reaktor berukuran 60 cm x 40 cm x 40 cm dengan 4 media penyaring (pasir, kerikil, serabut kelapa dan spons), kemudian melakukan pengenceran limbah cair pabrik kelapa sawit dengan konsentrasi 100%, 75% dan 50%, fitoremediasi, penyaringan dan pengujian sampel parameter BOD, COD, TSS, pH dan Uji sifat fisik meliputi warna, aroma dan kekeruhan. Hasil penelitian ini menyatakan bahwa aplikasi pengolahan limbah PKS dengan tanaman enceng gondok belum efektif, dengan ditunjang hasil penelitian sebagai berikut : 100%, 75%, dan 50% dengan kadar BOD berturut-turut 894,7 mg/l, 304,15 mg/l, dan 77,03 mg/l, kadar COD berturut-turut 4.320 mg/l, 1.120 mg/l dan 440 mg/l, kadar TSS berturut-turut 400 mg/l, 200 mg/l dan 0 mg/l dan pH berturut-turut 8,8 dan 9.Kata kunci: eceng gondok, filtrasi, fitoremediasi, limbah cair 

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