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JURNAL TEKNOLOGI LINGKUNGAN
ISSN : 1411318X     EISSN : 25486101     DOI : -
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Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan (JTL) is a journal aims to be a peer-reviewed platform and an authoritative source of information. JTL is published twice annually and provide scientific publication for researchers, engineers, practitioners, academicians, and observers in the field related to science and environmental technology. We publish original research papers, review articles and case studies focused on Environmental Sciences, Environmental Technology as well as other related topics to Environment including sanitation, environmental biology, waste water treatment, solid waste treatment, environmental design and management, environmental impact assessment, environmental pollution control and environmental conservation.
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Articles 679 Documents
BACK COVER JTL VOL 21, NO 1, JANUARI 2020 JTL Vol 21, No 1, Januari 2020, Back Cover
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3962

Abstract

PENINGKATAN KUALITAS AIR BAKU DARI SUNGAI SURABAYA DENGAN PROSES BIOFILTRASI Said, Nusa Idaman; Widayat, Wahyu; Nugroho, Rudi
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3284

Abstract

ABSTRACTSurabaya River is a source of raw water for the needs of the community in Surabaya and its surrounding areas, including for industrial and the Surabaya water supply company. Along with the rapid growth of settlements and the development of the industrial sector, the Surabaya River pollution level has increased so that the quality of the water does not meet the quality standards required as raw water for drinking water. The most potential parameter that causes the level of pollution is organic pollutants. The concentration of some water quality parameters including organic pollutants in the Surabaya River has exceeded class I water quality standards based on Government Regulation (PP) No. 82 of 2001, namely for allotment of raw water for drinking water. The purpose of this study was to improve the raw water quality such as parameters of suspended solids (TSS), organic substances, detergents and manganese (Mn) through the application of biofilter technology. The study was conducted by operating a biofilter pilot plant consisting of a lamella-type settling tank and a biofilter reactor filled with wasp-type nesting media. The results showed that the biofilter process used can reduce the concentration of TSS, organic matter, detergents and Mn in raw water. In general, the longer the hydraulic residence time (HRT) in the biofilter pilot plant, the greater the efficiency of removing TSS, organic matter, and detergent in raw water. The experiments results at the conditions of the shortest total HRT of 81 minutes, including HRT of 36 minutes in the settling tank and HRT of 45 minutes in the biofilter reactor, could obtain TSS removal efficiency of 46.92%, 15.97% for organic matter, and 55% for detergent, where the concentration of these parameters meets the quality standards for drinking water.Keywords: biofiltration, HRT, drinking water, water qualityABSTRAKSungai Surabaya merupakan sumber air baku untuk kebutuhan masyarakat di wilayah Surabaya dan sekitarnya, termasuk untuk kebutuhan industri dan air baku PDAM kota Surabaya. Seiring pesatnya pertumbuhan pemukiman dan perkembangan sektor industri, mengakibatkan tingkat pencemaran Sungai Surabaya semakin tinggi sehingga kualitas airnya tidak memenuhi ketentuan baku mutu yang dipersyaratkan sebagai air baku air minum. Parameter yang paling potensial menyebabkan tingkat pencemaran tersebut adalah polutan organik. Konsentrasi beberapa parameter kualitas air termasuk polutan organik di sungai Surabaya telah melebihi baku mutu air kelas I berdasarkan Peraturan Pemerintah (PP) No 82 tahun 2001, yakni untuk peruntukan air baku air minum. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melakukan peningkatan kualitas air baku seperti parameter padatan tersuspensi (TSS), zat organik, deterjen dan mangan (Mn) melalui penerapan teknologi biofilter. Penelitian dilakukan dengan mengoperasikan pilot plant biofilter yang terdiri dari bak pengendap tipe lamella dan reaktor biofilter yang diisi dengan media plastik tipe sarang tawon. Hasil penelitian menujukkan bahwa proses biofilter yang digunakan dapat menurunkan konsentrasi TSS, zat organik, deterjen dan Mn di dalam air baku. Secara umum semakin lama waktu tinggal di dalam pilot plant biofilter, efisiensi penghilangan TSS, zat organik, dan deterjen di dalam air baku semakin besar. Hasil percobaan pada kondisi total waktu tinggal terpendek (total HRT) 81 menit, meliputi HRT di bak pengendap 36 menit dan HRT di reaktor biofilter 45 menit, didapatkan efisensi penghilangan TSS 46,92 %, zat organik 15,97 %, dan deterjen 55 %, dimana konsentrasi parameter-parameter tersebut memenuhi baku mutu untuk air minum.Kata kunci: biofiltrasi, HRT, air minum, kualitas air
LAJU DEOKSIGENASI SUNGAI BEDADUNG HILIR AKIBAT PENCEMAR ORGANIK Dharmawan, Agus; Wahyuningsih, Sri; Novita, Elida
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3714

Abstract

ABSTRACTBedadung stream, located at Rambipuji, Balung, Wuluhan, and Puger, is downstream where dilution of organic wastes occurred and affects its water quality. Microorganisms decompose organic wastes and lead to depletion of dissolved oxygen in the water. The aim of this research was to analyze the deoxygenation rate of Bedadung downstream. The raw data was obtained by measuring stream flows and its water quality parameters (Temperature, DO and BOD) at 5 observed stations. The laboratory analysis consisted of BOD5 and long-term BOD2,4,6,8,10. Increasing the value of BOD for 10 days had a tendency of polynomial pattern order 3 with a coefficient of determination R 0.8987 ? 0.9781. The 10 days BOD reactions were used to determine deoxygenation constant K (using least square method) with the result of ranged value 0.043 ? 0.372 /day and Ultimate BOD 1.487 ? 8.683mg/L. The values of deoxygenation rate at 5 stations were 0.182, 7.997, 7.236, 2.192, and 1.083 mg/L.day. The deoxygenation values were had a similar tendency with the amount of organic waste in the water column and its reduction rate due to the decomposition process.Keywords: Bedadung, BOD, Deoxygenation Rate, DOABSTRAKSungai Bedadung yang terletak di Kecamatan Rambipuji, Balung, Wuluhan dan Puger, merupakan sungai bagian hilir dimana zat pencemar organik bercampur, sehingga mempengaruhi kualitas perairan. Pencemar organik tersebut didekomposisi oleh mikroorganisme perairan sehingga menurunkan DO perairan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji deoksigenasi Sungai Bedadung hilir. Data primer diperoleh dari pegukuran debit dan kualitas air (Temperatur, DO, dan BOD) di 5 (lima) titik pantau. Pengamatan BOD5 dan BOD2,4,6,8,10 dilakukan secara laboratorium. Peluruhan nilai BOD selama 10 hari cenderung memiliki tren polinomial dengan koefisien determinan berada pada nilai 0,8987 ? 0,9781. Nilai peluruhan digunakan untuk menentukan nilai K (menggunakan metode least square) dan BOD ultimat. Nilai K di lima titik pantau menunjukkan rentang nilai 0,043 ? 0,372 /hari dan BOD ultimat 1,487 ? 8,683 mg/L. Sedangkan laju deoksigenasi di lima titik pantau menunjukkan nilai berturut-turut 0,182; 7,997; 7,236; 2,192; dan 1,083 mg/L./hari. Besar nilai deoksigenasi sangat ditentukan oleh banyaknya kandungan pencemar organik dalam air dan kecepatan reaksinya saat proses dekomposisi.Kata Kunci: Bedadung, BOD, Laju Deoksigenasi, DO
APLIKASI PROSES ANAMMOX DALAM PENYISIHAN NITROGEN MENGGUNAKAN REAKTOR UP-FLOW ANAEROBIC SLUDGE BLANKET Zulkarnaini, Zulkarnaini; Afrianita, Reri; Putra, Ilham Hagi
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3725

Abstract

ABSTRACTAnammox process is a more practical alternative in biological nitrogen removal compared to conventional nitrification-denitrification processes. This process conducted at the optimum temperature of 370C. Indonesia, as a tropical country, has the potential for the application of anammox processes to remove nitrogen in wastewater. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficiency of nitrogen removal in the anammox process using the Up-Flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactor at ambient temperature with variations in the hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 24 hours and 12 hours, at the laboratory scale. Samples are measured twice a week using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. As a seeding sludge for start-up, the reactor was inoculated with granular anammox bacteria genus Candidatus Brocadia. At the stable operation, the ratio of ?NO2--N:?NH4+-N and ?NO3--N:?NH4+-N approach the stoichiometry of the anammox process were 1.20 and 0.21, respectively. The performance of nitrogen removal with 24-hour HRT obtained a maximum nitrogen removal rate (NRR) of 0.113 kg-N/m3.d with nitrogen loading rate (NLR) 0.14 kg-N/m3.d, and at 12-hour HRT, maximum NRR  of 0.196 kg-N/m3.d with NLR 0,28 kg-N/m3.d. Ammonium Conversion Efficiency (ACE) and Nitrogen Removal Efficiency (NRE) maximum for HRT 24 hours were 82% and 77%, respectively while HRT 12 hours were 72% and 68%, respectively. The anammox process operated stably in the tropical temperature with a temperature range of 23-280C on a laboratory scale using the UASB reactor.Keywords: anammox, nitrogen, temperature, tropical, uasb.ABSTRAKProses anammox menjadi alternatif yang lebih efektif dalam penyisihan nitrogen secara biologi dibandingkan dengan proses konvensional nitrifikasi-denitrifikasi. Proses ini berlangsung optimum pada suhu 370C. Indonesia sebagai negara tropis memiliki potensi untuk aplikasi proses anammox untuk menghilangkan nitrogen pada air limbah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis efesiensi penyisihan nitrogen pada proses anammox menggunakan Up-Flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reaktor pada suhu ambien dengan variasi Waktu Tinggal Hidrolik (WTH) 24 jam dan 12 jam, pada skala laboratorium. Sampel diukur dua kali setiap minggu menggunakan spektrofotometer UV-Vis. Sebagai seeding sludge (lumpur biakan) untuk start-up (memulai) reaktor digunakan bakteri anammox genus Candidatus Brocadia berbentuk granular. Berdasarkan hasil pengukuran, didapatkan nilai rasio ?NO2--N:?NH4+-N dan ?NO3--N:?NH4+-N mendekati stoikiometri proses anammox yaitu 1,20 dan 0,21. Kinerja penyisihan nitrogen dengan WTH 24 jam didapatkan nilai tingkat penyisihan nitrogen (TPyN ) maksimum 0,113 kg-N/m3.h pada tingkat pemuatan nitrogen (TPN) 0,14 kg-N/m3.h, dan WTH 12 jam nilai TPyN  maksimum 0,196 kg-N/m3.h pada TPN 0,28 kg-N/m3.h. Nilai efisiensi konversi amonia (EKA) dan efisiensi penyisihan nitrogen (EPN) maksimum pada WTH 24 jam berturut-turut adalah 82% dan 77%, sedangkan pada WTH 12 jam berturut-turut adalah 72% dan 68%. Penelitian membuktikan bahwa proses anammox dapat berlangsung stabil pada daerah tropis dengan suhu terukur 21-290C pada skala laboratorium menggunakan UASB reaktor. Kata kunci: Anammox, nitrogen, temperatur, tropis, uasb.
INSIDE COVER JTL VOL 21, NO 1, JANUARI 2020 JTL Vol 21, No 1, Januari 2020, Inside Cover
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3963

Abstract

ESTIMASI BEBAN CEMAR DAN LAJU DEKOMPOSISI BAHAN ORGANIK DI WADUK IR. H. DJUANDA, JAWA BARAT Warsa, Andri; Astuti, Lismining Pujiyani
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3345

Abstract

ABSTRACTIr. H. Djuanda or Jatiluhur reservoir as a multifunction water body with one of utilization as fish cultivation activity. Uneaten feed and fish excretion were organic matter sources. The number of floating net cages was increasing and it caused increasing in organic matter load. The objective of the research was to known organic matter load and decomposition rate (k) and BOD (Biochemical oxygen demand) ultimate (Lo) at Jatiluhur Reservoir. The research was done in February and August 2018 at three locations were Astap, Pasir Canar and Pulau Aki. The result of the research shown was organic load from cultivation activity was 70,595 tons/year. The decomposition rate of organic matter around 0.10-0.25 per day with BOD ultimate around 6.80-8.11 mg/L. The value of Lo was affected by organic matter concentration.Keywords: Ir. H. Djuanda Reservoir, organic matter, decomposition rate, BOD ultimateABSTRAKWaduk Ir. H. Djuanda atau yang dikenal dengan Waduk Jatiluhur merupakan waduk multifungsi yang salah satu pemanfaatannya untuk kegiatan budidaya ikan. Sisa pakan yang terbuang dan ekresi ikan merupakan sumber masukkan bahan organik. Jumlah keramba jaring apung (KJA) yang semakin bertambah akan menyebabkan beban masukkan bahan organik meningkat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui beban masukkan bahan organik dari kegiatan budidaya dan laju dekomposisi bahan organik (k) serta BOD (Biochemical oxygen demand) ultimate (Lo) di Waduk Jatiluhur. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Februari dan Agustus 2018 pada tiga lokasi yaitu Astap, Pasir Canar dan Pulau Aki. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penentuan nilai k dan Lo adalah metode Grafik Thomas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa beban masukkan bahan organik dari kegiatan budidaya sebesar 70.595 ton/tahun. Beban masukkan bahan organik telah melebihi daya dukung perairan. Nilai k untuk dekomposisi bahan organik di Waduk Jatiluhur berkisar 0,10-0,25 per hari dengan nilai Lo berkisar 6,80-8,11 mg/L. Nilai Lo dipengaruhi oleh konsentrasi bahan organik di perairan.    Kata kunci: Waduk Ir. H. Djuanda, bahan organik, laju peluruhan, BOD ultimate 
KUALITAS AIR DANAU TOBA DI WILAYAH KABUPATEN TOBA SAMOSIR DAN KELAYAKAN PERUNTUKANNYA Garno, Yudhi Soetrisno; Nugroho, Rudi; Hanif, Muhammad
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3277

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research was conducted to determine the status of Lake Toba water quality in the area of Toba Samosir (Tobasa) Regency and the feasibility of its use. This study revealed that BOD, COD, iron and free Cl2 of Lake Toba Tobasa regency exceed water quality criteria for Class I and Class II based on Governor Decree No. 1 Year 2009 on Raw water quality of Lake Toba in North Sumatera. High COD and BOD values imply that Lake Toba water was polluted by organic matter presumably originated from floating net cages (KJA), while free Cl2 is thought to originate from domestic waste activities in Parapat City and its surroundings. In general, it was concluded that the water of Lake Toba in the Tobasa Regency did not meet the criteria for clean water and water tourism.Keywords: Lake Toba, raw water, pollution, water qualityABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kualitas air Danau Toba wilayah Kabupaten Toba Samosir (Tobasa) dan kelayakan peruntukannya. Penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa air Danau Toba wilayah Kabupaten Tobasa memiliki BOD, COD dan konsentrasi besi dan Cl2 bebas melebihi kriteria mutu air Kelas I dan Kelas II pada Peraturan Gubernur Sumatra Utara No 1 Tahun 2009. Tingginya nilai COD dan BOD mengisyaratkan bahwa perairan Danau Toba tercemar oleh bahan organik yang diduga berasal keramba jaring apung (KJA), sedangkan Cl2 bebas diduga berasal dari limbah domestik kegiatan Kota Parapat dan sekitarnya. Secara umum disimpulkan bahwa air Danau Toba di wilayah Kabupaten Tobasa tidak/belum memenuhi kriteria untuk air baku air minum  dan wisata air.Kata kunci: danau Toba, bahan baku air, pencemaran, baku mutu
ISOLASI BAKTERI PELARUT FOSFAT GENUS PSEUDOMONAS DARI TANAH MASAM BEKAS AREAL PERKEBUNAN KARET DI KAWASAN INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SUMATERA Asril, Muhammad; Lisafitri, Yuni
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3743

Abstract

ABSTRACTPhosphorus (P) is a nutrient that is needed by plants. The availability of this element is greatly influenced by soil pH. As for ultisol soils classified as acid soils, most of the P in the soil is not available and is bound to Fe and Al. Pseudomonas, a phosphate solubilizing bacteria are soil microbes that can improve the availability of P in acid soils. This study aims to obtain Pseudomonas indigenous, a phosphate solubilizing bacteria from the acid soil formerly used by rubber plantations in the Institut Teknologi Sumatera. The study was conducted from April to June 2018 which included soil chemical analysis, isolation of the genus Pseudomonads on specific media, testing of phosphate solubility on solid Pikovskaya medium and simple pathogenicity test on potato tubers. The results showed that the sample soil was acidic with a pH of 4.09 with a P-availability of 0.78 ppm. From the soil samples, four potential isolates were obtained from the genus Pseudomonas, namely GSP 01, GSP 13, GSP 15 and GSP 06, with phosphate solubility indexes of 0.885, 0.639, 0.619 and 0.568, respectively. Isolates have the best phosphate solubilizing index on days 4 through 7. The four potential isolates are not pathogenic, so they can be used as isolates to improve the availability of soil nutrients, especially phosphorus needed by plants.Keywords: acid soil, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, phosphate availability, PseudomonasABSTRAKFosfor (P) merupakan unsur hara yang sangat dibutuhkan oleh tanaman. Ketersediaan unsur ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh pH tanah. Pada jenis tanah ultisol yang digolongkan sebagai tanah masam, sebagian besar dari P di tanah dalam bentuk yang tidak tersedia untuk diserap oleh tanaman dan berikatan dengan Fe dan Al. Pseudomonas pelarut fosfat merupakan mikroba tanah yang dapat memperbaiki ketersediaan P pada tanah masam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan Pseudomonas pelarut fosfat indigenous dari tanah masam bekas lahan perkebunan karet di kawasan Institut Teknologi Sumatera. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan April sampai Juni 2018 yang meliputi analisis kimia tanah, isolasi bakteri genus Pseudomonads pada medium spesifik, uji kemampuan pelarutan fosfat pada medium Pikovskaya padat serta uji patogenitas sederhana pada umbi kentang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tanah sampel bersifat masam dengan pH 4,09 dengan P tersedia sebesar 0,78 ppm. Dari sampel tanah diperoleh empat isolat potensial yang diperoleh merupakan genus Pseudomonas yaitu GSP 01, GSP 13, GSP 15 dan GSP 06, dengan indeks pelarutan fosfat berturut-turut sebesar 0,885, 0,639, 0,619 dan 0,568. Isolat memiliki indeks pelarutan fosfat terbaik pada hari ke-4 hingga hari ke-7. Keempat isolat potensial tidak bersifat patogen sehingga mampu dijadikan sebagai isolat yang dapat digunakan untuk memperbaiki ketersediaan unsur hara tanah terutama fosfor yang dibutuhkan oleh tanaman.Kata kunci: bakteri pelarut fosfat, fosfat tersedia, Pseudomonas, tanah masam 
PENGUJIAN ZEOLIT ALAM MORDENIT SEBAGAI PENJERAP PROSES PENDEGRADASIAN KANDUNGAN AMONIUM DI DALAM AIR TAMBAK Nuryoto, Nuryoto; Kurniawan, Teguh; Kustiningsih, Indar
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3745

Abstract

ABSTRACTIndonesia has an abundant quantity of natural zeolites that have not yet been utilized maximally. On the other hand, fishpond farmers have a problem regarding the presence of ammonium in the fishpond water which will negatively impact to survival of fish, especially small fish. To solve this problem, this research was utilizing natural zeolite to degrade ammonium in the fishpond water. This research aimed to test mordenite natural zeolite from Bayah as an adsorbent to collaborate some variables impact to reach more maximal adsorption. The variables that were used to be observed were: mordenite natural zeolite from Bayah as an adsorbent which has been activated by 1-7 N H2SO4 and the other was without activation, ammonium concentration of 80-800 ppm, the particle size of adsorbent of 80 and 150 mesh, stirring speed of 600 and 800 rpm, and without stirring by duration adsorption time of 60 minutes. The research results showed that mordenite natural zeolite after activated was able to adsorb of 100% ammonium, while for the mordenite natural zeolite from Bayah without stirring was of 80%, by the same absorption time. These results will give significant benefits for fishpond farmers to increase their productivity because of the increase in fish survival.Keywords: adsorption, adsorbent, zeolite, amoniumABSTRAKKandungan zeolit alam di Indonesia cukup melimpah dan belum termanfaatkan secara maksimal. Pada sisi lain petani tambak dihadapkan pada masalah terdapatnya kandungan amonium di dalam air tambak, yang akan berdampak negatif bagi keberlangsungan hidup ikan, terutama ikan yang masih kecil. Penelitian ini mencoba memanfaatkan zeolit alam guna mendegradasi kandungan amonium dalam air tambak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah melakukan pengujian terhadap zeolit alam mordenit dari Bayah sebagai adsorben, baik dilakukan dengan pengadukan maupun tanpa pengadukan, serta mengkolaborasi beberapa variabel yang berpengaruh agar hasil adsorpsi lebih maksimal. Observasi dilakukan dengan zeolit alam mordenit dari Bayah yang telah diaktivasi dengan 1-7 N H2SO4 maupun tanpa aktivasi, rentang konsentrasi larutan amonium 80-800 ppm, ukuran partikel adsorben 80 dan 150 mesh, kecepatan pengadukan 600 dan 800 rpm, dan tanpa pengadukan serta lamanya waktu penyerapan 60 menit. Hasil penelitian menunjukan hasil yang sangat baik, dan secara umum zeolit alam mordenit Bayah teraktivasi telah mampu melakukan adsorpsi amonium sebesar 100%, sedangkan untuk zeolit alam mordenit Bayah tanpa pengadukan sebesar 80% pada waktu adsorpsi yang sama.Kata kunci: adsorpsi, adsorben, zeolit, amonium
EFEKTIVITAS PENGOLAHAN AIR YANG MENGANDUNG AMONIA KONSENTRASI TINGGI MENGGUNAKAN KONSORSIUM PROBIOTIK KOMERSIAL DAN BAKTERI SEDIMEN KOLAM LELE Ambarsari, Hanies; Syah, Iman; Nugroho, Rudi; Manurung, Brian Saputra; Suciati, Fuzi
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 21, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3478

Abstract

ABSTRACTNitrification is one of the most widely used methods to reduce ammonia concentration in wastewater.The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of high-concentrated ammonia nitrification by the consortium between commercial probiotics and bacteria from the sediment of the catfish pond. The study was conducted on batch system bioreactors with a working volume of 1 liter containing 100 mg/L ammonia solution and 50 grams sediment of catfish pond. This study used a treatment variation of the concentration of commercial probiotics and the bacterial isolate from the catfish pond sediment using glucose as the carbon source. The variations of commercial probiotics added to the bioreactor were 5 ml/L, 10 ml/L and 15 ml/L. The variations of glucose concentration were 0 g/L and 3,9 g/L. Analysis of ammonia concentration was carried out by spectrophotometry using the phenate method. The highest removal efficiency of ammonia was 92.35% in the bioreactor with a mixture of 15 ml/L commercial probiotics and 3.9 g/L glucose with the fastest ammonia rate was on the third day of the experimental period. The addition of glucose in the bioreactors could increase ammonia removal by 57.39%. The result of statistical analysis indicated that variations in the concentration of commercial probiotic indicated no statistically significant difference in ammonia removal (P 0.05), while variations in glucose concentration showed a statistically significant difference in ammonia removal (P 0.05). Three isolates were successfully isolated on specific media for nitrifying bacteria. The result of bacterial identification showed that three isolated bacteria were Bacillus sp., Aeromonas salmonicida, and Burkholderia cepacia.Keywords: ammonia, nitrification, sediment of catfish pond, commercial probioticABSTRAKNitrifikasi merupakan salah satu metode yang paling banyak digunakan untuk mengurangi konsentrasi amonia pada limbah cair. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas penambahan sedimen kolam lele dan probiotik komersial dalam nitrifikasi amonia konsentrasi tinggi. Penelitian menggunakan bioreaktor sistem batch dengan volume kerja 1 liter yang berisi larutan amonia 100 mg/L dan 50 gram sedimen kolam lele. Perlakuan pada penelitian ini terdiri dari pemberian variasi konsentrasi probiotik komersial dan sedimen kolam lele dengan sumber karbon glukosa. Variasi probiotik komersial yang ditambahkan pada bioreaktor adalah 5 ml/L, 10 ml/L dan 15 ml/L sedangkan variasi konsentrasi glukosa adalah 0 g/L dan 3,9 g/L. Analisis konsentrasi amonia dilakukan secara spektrofotometri menggunakan Metode Fenat. Hasil penurunan rata-rata amonia tertinggi adalah sebesar 92,35% pada bioreaktor dengan campuran probiotik komersial 15 ml/L dan glukosa 3,9 g/L dengan laju penurunan ammonia tercepat pada hari ke-3 periode eksperimen. Penambahan glukosa pada bioreaktor mampu meningkatkan penurunan amonia sebesar 57,39%. Analisis statistik menunjukkan bahwa variasi konsentrasi probiotik komersial tidak menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan pada penurunan amonia (p 0,05) sedangkan variasi konsentrasi glukosa menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan terhadap penurunan amonia (p 0,05). Tiga isolat berhasil diisolasi menggunakan media spesifik bakteri nitrifikasi. Hasil identifikasi dari tiga bakteri menunjukkan bahwa isolat tersebut adalah Bacillus sp., Aeromonas salmonicida dan Burkholderia cepacia.Kata kunci: amonia, nitrifikasi, sedimen kolam lele, probiotik komersial

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