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International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences
ISSN : 23021381     EISSN : 23384506     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences (IJIHS) is a peer-review journal which publishes original articles, medical research, clinical research and case report. This journal is supported by Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran and was launched on September 22nd 2012 and firstly published on July 2013. The first and second publications in 2013 and 2014 were published annually. In 2015 IJIHS published twice in a year, March and September.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 88 Documents
MONOCYTE TO LYMPHOCYTE RATIO IN PERIPHERAL BLOOD OF TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS WITH HIV PATIENTS IN TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN WEST JAVA Amalia, Ridha; Turbawaty, Dewi Kartika; Sugianli, Adhi Kristianto; Aminah, Siti
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n1.1140

Abstract

Objective: To describe peripheral blood monocyte to lymphocyte (ML) ratio in tuberculous meningitis (TBM) patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung as a tertiary hospital in West Java Province, Indonesia.Method: A cross-sectional study with retrospective data approach was done in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung. Data were collected from TBM patients who were hospitalized in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung in the period of 2014?2016. The sample size was determined using total sampling method. General data, clinical manifestation data, and laboratory finding data were collected. The ML ratio was collected and presented into three groups of percentile (25th, 25?75th and 75th) based on the pre-defined cut-off.Result: Six subjects (40%) had an ML ratio of ?0.47 and 3 subjects had an ML ratio of ?1.22 in TBM with HIV population. Among TBM with HIV-negative population, there were 16 subjects had ML ratio ?0.47, and 19 subjects had ML ratio ?1.22.Conclusion: The ML ratio in TBM with HIV infection has become additional tool for detecting the development of TBM with HIV-infected, as well as TBM with non-HIV-infected. Therefore, it could help directing the patients with clinical suspicious of TBM into the diagnosis algorithm and treatment of TBM, to have better outcome.Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus infection,lymphocyte, monocyte, monocyte to lymphocyte ratio, tuberculous meningitis DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n1.1140
CHLAMYDIAL INFECTION PREVALENCE IN HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS PATIENTS Teja, Feilicia Henrica; Rowawi, Rasmia Rowawi; Soedarwoto, Asmaja; Puspitosari, Diah; Rasianti, Rini; Rahmatdinata, Rahmatdinata; Djadjakusumah, Tony
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Objective: To determine the prevalence of chlamydial infection in male urethra and female cervix of HIV-positive patients based on PCR assay in Teratai Clinic, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. Methods: A cross sectional observational study with consecutive sampling method, which was conducted in Teratai Clinic during the month of July 2012. All participants underwent history taking, physical examination, and PCR assay for C. trachomatis. Swab samples were obtained from male urethra and female endocervix. Results: Eighty one HIV-positive patients, consisted of 48 males and 33 females were included in this study. The PCR examination for C. trachomatis was positive in 14 of 81 subjects (17.3%), with 10 (20.8%) urethral chlamydial infection in 48 males and four (12.1%) cervical chlamydial infection in 33 females. Conclusions: The study concluded that the prevalence of chlamydial infection in male urethra and female cervix of HIV-positive patients were 20.8% and 12.1%, respectively. Identifying chlamydial infection based on PCR testing should be considered for routine screening test in HIV-positive patients.    Keywords: Chlamydia trachomatis, HIV, prevalence, PCR DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v1n1.107
THE USE OF SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE IN ACCELERATING SYMPTOM RELIEF IN ASTHMATIC AND HOUSE DUST MITE ALLERGIC CHILDREN RECEIVING HOUSE DUST MITE IMMUNOTHERAPY: DOUBLE BLIND RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL Endaryanto, Anang; Hikmah, Zahrah; Harsono, Ariyanto
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
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Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in lung function (FEV1 reversibility) and respiratory symptoms (drug scores, symptoms scores) in asthmatic and house dust mite allergic children receiving house dust mites immunotherapy.Methods: Forty subjects aged 6?17 years old with asthma and tested positive for house dust mite allergy on skin prick test, and received immunotherapy were enrolled in this study. All subjects completed clinical based assessments and diary-based assessments for drug and symptom scores. Following a four-week baseline assessment, all subjects were randomized to receive SOD or placebo. Respiratory symptoms (drug and symptoms score) and FEV1 were evaluated at the end of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th weeks after randomization. Drug score, symptoms score and FEV1 reversibility test results were analyzed using a Paired t test and repeated measure of ANOVA. Results: There was a significant difference in drug scores, symptoms score and FEV1 reversibility test outcomes between SOD and placebo. SOD group showed a significant decrease in all outcome measures compared to those in placebo group. Conclusions: The use of SOD as antioxidants is effective in accelerating symptom relief for children with asthma and house dust mite allergy receiving house dust mite immunotherapy. Keywords: Allergic asthma, antioxidant, drug score, immunotherapy, symptoms score DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v3n2.587
CORRELATION BETWEEN BODY MASS INDEX, GENDER, AND SKELETAL MUSCLE MASS CUT OFF POINT IN BANDUNG Wattimena, Richi Hendrik; Vitriana, Vitriana; Devi, Irma Ruslina
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Objective: To determine the average skeletal muscle mass (SMM) value in young adults as a reference population; to analyze the correlation of gender, and body mass index to the cut off point; and to determine skeletal muscle mass cut off points of population in Bandung, Indonesia.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 199 participants, 122 females and 77 males. The sampling technique used was the multistage random sampling. The participants were those who lived in four major regions in Bandung, Indonesia: Sukajadi, Cicadas, Buah Batu, and Cibaduyut. Results: The average appendicular skeletal mass index (ASMI) in females and males based on body mass index (BMI) were identified. The average ASMI values for normal BMI in females was 5.982±0.462 kg/m2 while the average ASMI values normal BMI for males was 7.581±0.744 kg/m2Conclusions: A correlation between BMI and ASMI that was considered statistically significant was found in females (0.7712; p<0.05) and a very significant correlation was seen in males (0.870; p<0.05). The cut off points were defined by the normal BMI, which were 5.059 for females and 6.093 for males. Keywords: Appendicular skeletal muscle mass index, body mass index, cut off point, gender, skeletal muscle mass DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v5n2.990
INCIDENCE OF CAVUM SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM AND CAVUM VERGAE IN DR. HASAN SADIKIN GENERAL HOSPITAL, BANDUNG, INDONESIA Faried, Ahmad; Soeprajogo, Adolf Setiabudi; Melia, Regina; Arifin, Muhammad Zafrullah
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
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Objective: To describe the cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) and cavum vergae (CV) findings. Methods: Thirteen samples were recruited in the study. The study was conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia in the period of 2015?2016. Thirteen samples were recruited for the study. Cavum septum pellucidum and CV spaces are relatively rare. During neurology and neurosurgery examination of patients with head computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CSP and CV were discovered accidentally. The incidence of these unique spaces reported from many countries, but have never been reported from Indonesia.Results: This is the first-time reported incidental finding of CSP and CV from Indonesia, 13 cases in one-year period. Since the presence of CSP and CV is usually asymptomatic, clinician seem don?t really care to put it in their report.Conclusions: The presence of CSP and CV as a common incidental finding can be more revealed in our country in years to come and hopefully can be more studied in term of anatomical landmark on neurosurgical field.Keywords: Cavum septum pellucidum, cavum vergae, incidental finding DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v5n1.964
COMPARISON OF ESTIMATED GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE MEAN VALUE OF HARUS 15-30-60, HADI, AND ASIAN FOMULA ACCURACY IN DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 Rachmayati, Sylvia; Parwati, Ida; Martakusumah, Abdul Hadi; Soelaeman, Rachmat; Sekarwana, Nanan
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
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Objective: To compare the accuracy of HARUS 15-30-60, HADI, and Asian Formulas (Chinese-equation (Ch-E), Japanese-equation (Jp-E), and Thai- equation (Th-E)) for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).Methods: The Kidney Dialysis Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI) has published a guideline to measure renal function, which is based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This procedure is complicated and expensive, therefore an estimated GFR (eGFR) has been proposed. The modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) study prediction equation is the most frequently eGFR used. This method still have a weakness in accuracy, so the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula is developed. Since CKD-EPI is not practical for daily use, the MDRD is published for Asian population that includes Ch-E, Jp-E, and Th-E. In Indonesia, the MDRD formula has not been validated using any gold standard, therefore 2 new formulas have been developed, i.e. HARUS 15-30-60 and HADI formulas. In this study, we analyzed 102 medical records of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DMT2) patients who visited Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung during the period of 2012 to 2013. We analyzed the data using HARUS 15-30-60, HADI, Asian formulas, and then compared them to CKD-EPI to see the accuracy. Statistical analysis used was paired t-test in SPSS-17 program.Results: The accuracy of the different formulas are as follows: HADI (p=0.173), HARUS 15-30-60 (p=0.060), Ch-E (p=0.001), Th-E (p=0.000), and Jp-E (p=0.000).Conclusions: HADI is the most accurate formula, followed by HARUS Formula, Ch-E, and Th-E and Jp-E, respectively.Keywords: Chinese-equation, HADI and HARUS 15-30-60 formulas, Japanese-equation, and Thai-equation DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v3n1.403
RESPONSE OF LONG-TERM MEMORY TO MOLECULAR CHANGES OF BDNF IN HIPPOCAMPUS IN VARIOUS INTENSITIES OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Lubis, Leonardo; Setiawan, Setiawan
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 4, No 2 (2016)
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Objective: To analyze the physiological response of long-term memory (LTM) to the molecular changes of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus by the treatment of various intensities of physical activity. Methods: Subjects were 7?8 week old male Wistar rats weighed between 201?250 grams. This study was an experimental study with pre-(day-1) and post-(day-14) design. Molecular changes reflected by the changes in the expression of mRNA and protein of BDNF in the hippocampus. Treatment of physical activity on the subjects was running on the Animal Treadmill by grouping of the physical activity: light intensity at a speed of 10 m/min, moderate intensity at a speed of 20 m/min and heavy intensity at a speed of 30 m/min. The treatment?s duration was 30 minutes.Then, analysis of data on pre (day-1) and post (day-14) which were: LTM response based on travel time swimming test, the expression of mRNA (Ct) and protein (%) of BDNF in hippocampus based on RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Results: The results showed that moderate intensity group caused the better physiological and molecular responses than the other groups, as follows: travel time (0.6260 vs 0.7270 vs 0.9400 vs. 1.4000 seconds (p<0.05)), mRNA BDNF expression (17.2320 vs 18.8800 vs 19.7540 vs 20.7750 Ct (p<0.05)), and hippocampal BDNF protein expression. Conclusions: The study conclude that the moderate intensity is the best physical activity to improve LTM as showed by the BDNF mRNA expression as well as BDNF protein in hippocampus. Keywords: Intensity, long-term memory, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, hippocampus DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n2.839
EFFECT OF 3-DAY STORAGE AND TEMPERATURE ON ADP-INDUCED PLATELET AGGREGATION Puspita, Nanda Ayu; Suryawati, Suryawati
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/1375

Abstract

Objective: To observe platelet functions during the 3 days of platelet storage and to evaluate the effect of storage temperature towards platelet aggregation response. Methods: Two conditions of platelet storage were used in this study: at room temperature and in a cold condition at 4 °C to observe the temperature effect on platelet aggregation. The aggregation test was performed using a 96-wells plate platelet aggregation method. Results: At room temperature on day 1, the response of platelet aggregation reduced to 34.9±10.6%, which was less than half of the aggregation of fresh platelet (100%). The aggregation on day 2 reduced modestly (26.8±4.2%), in comparison with that seen on the first day. On day 3, platelet aggregation deteriorated significantly (6±1.2%), which was comparable to the control group without the presence of platelet agonist (6.1±1.4%). When platelets are stored at 4 °C, the aggregation response to ADP stimulation was slightly different to that shown by platelets stored at room temperature (22 °C). At the 4 °C, the aggregation response was 68.11±34.2%, 57.1±21.4%, and 5.9±2.6% at day 1, day 2, and day 3, respectively. The result showed that storing the blood at 4 ?C or room temperature was not able to preserve platelet function, as the deterioration of platelet aggregation response over time was still taking place. Although was not statistically significant, our result indicated that cold storage reduced platelet responsiveness toward ADP activation. Conclusions: This current study provides evidence of the deterioration of platelet function during first 3 days of platelet storage. Moreover, we found that storing platelets in 4 °C showed no significant benefit in preserving the ADP-induced platelet aggregation capacity compared to that stored in 22 °C. Keywords: Adenosine diphosphate, platelet, platelet aggregation, platelet storage DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n2.1375
CORRELATION BETWEEN PROTEIN-WITH-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT-53 (P53), BURKIT CELL LYMPHOMA 2 (BCL2), AND FAS LIGAND (FASL) AND VASCULAR-CELL-ADHESION-MOLECULE-1 (VCAM-1) MRNA EXPRESSION LEVELS IN A PATHOGENESIS STUDY OF PREECLAMPSIA Teguh, Mintareja; Karkata, Made Kornia; Wirakusumah, Firman Fuad; Mose, Johanes Cornelius; Satari, Mieke Hemiawati; Septiani, Leri
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Objective: To determine the role of protein-with-molecular-weight-53 (p53), burkit cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2),  Fas ligand (FasL) mRNA, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), known as the apoptosis-related molecular pathway, in preeclamptic patients.     Methods: Observation on the correlation between the mRNA levels of p53, Bcl2 and FasL and VCAM-1 in 31 subjects at 28-42 weeks gestational age was performed in this study using the real time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).    Results: The results showed that p53 mRNA increased (>1.2350 ng/?L) in the preeclampsia group compared to the normal pregnancy group (p=0.010), Bcl2 mRNA was lower (?0.9271 ng/?L) in the preeclampsia group than the control group (p=0.041). There was also a tendency of increased FasL mRNA expression (>0.5509 ng/?L) in the preeclampsia group compared to the normal pregnancy group (p=0.300). The level of VCAM-1 elevated (>890.08 ng/mL) in the preeclampsia group compared to the normal pregnancy group (p=0.001). In preeclampsia, the correlation between the Bcl2/p53 ratio and VCAM-1 was r=0.541 (p=0.002), whereas the correlation in normal pregnancy was r=0.099 (p=0.595).     Conclusions: There are correlations between the mRNA expression levels of p53 and Bcl2 as an intrinsic pathway of apoptosis along with the VCAM-1 levels in the incidence of preeclampsia. However, no correlation is found between FasL mRNA expression and the incidence of preeclampsia.Keywords: Bcl2, FasL, p53, Preeclampsia, VCAM-1DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v2n1.273
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN C677T METHYLENETETRAHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE GENE POLYMORPHISM AND HOMOCYSTEINE IN CEREBRAL PALSY Gamayani, Uni; Machfoed, M. Hasan; Idjradinata, Ponpon; Achmad, Tri Hanggono
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
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Objective: To observe the relationship between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism and homocysteine levels in cerebral palsy (CP) children. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in several hospitals, school for children with special needs, and rehabilitation centers in Bandung from March to November 2014, on children with CP aged 4?14 years who met the inclusion criteria. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and direct sequencing. Homocysteine serum level was measured using chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) method. Statistical analysis was conducted using t test. Results: In this study, 150 CP children had MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism with a frequency of 18%, consisting of TT homozygotes (4%), CT heterozygotes (14%), and T allele (11%. The mean serum level of homocysteine in CP with C677T MTHFR gene polymorphism was 8.22 (±1.89) µmol/L, higher than those without polymorphism (p=0.046). Conclusions: A relationship between MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism and homocysteine level in children with cerebral palsy is found in this study. Keywords: Cerebral palsy, homocysteine, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphism DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.682