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Triwibowo Ambar Garjito
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triwibowoa@gmail.com
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+62298-327096
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Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP), Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI Jalan Hasanudin No. 123 Kota Salatiga, Jawa Tengah
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Dki jakarta
INDONESIA
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit
ISSN : 2085868X     EISSN : 23548789     DOI : https://doi.org/10.22435/vk
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit contains articles in the field of disease control derived vectors and reservoirs of disease which include epidemiology, biostatistics, administration, and health policy, environmental health, health promotion, and behavioral sciences. Articles can be submitted research articles, article research papers, and policy papers.
Articles 40 Documents
LEPTOSPIROSIS CASE FINDING FOR DEVELOPMENT OF LEPTOSPIROSIS SURVEILLANCE IN SEMARANG CITY, CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA Ristiyanto, Ristiyanto; Handayani, Farida Dwi; Mulyono, Arief; Joharina, Arum Sih; Wibawa, Tri; Budiharta, Setyawan; Budiharta, Setyawan; Supargiono, Supargiono
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.719 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i2.284

Abstract

Leptospirosis is primarily a disease of wild and domestic animals, and may be transmitted to humans through direct or indirect contact with infected animal urine. Leptospirosis is endemic in part of Indonesia territory. This work aimed to find the leptospirosis cases in Semarang city, one of the endemic leptospirosis in Indonesia by active and passive case finding. The leptospirosis were screened in the community base active case finding and passive case finding in primary health care center and hospitals, by using modified WHO-SEARO criteria and laboratory confirmation test. There were 191 cases detected with modified WHO-SEARO criteria, and among those cases only 31 cases confirmed by laboratory test, either by using Rapid Detection Test (RDT), Microscopic Agglutinations Test (MAT) or Polymerase chained reaction (PCR). It was found that leptospirosis was not correlated with rainfall season. Fever, headache and myalgia were the most common symptoms experienced by >90% patients. Active case finding add no more than 7% probable leptospirosis and 14% confirmed cases to the traditional passive case finding.  It was conclude that leptospirosis case finding is still challenging in the endemic area, such as Semarang city. The application of modified WHO-SEARO criteria as diagnostic tool may be needed to be further evaluated.   Keywords: Leptospirosis, Surveillance,  Case finding,  Endemic, Detection 
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN INFEKSI BRUCELLA DAN FAKTOR DEMOGRAFI PETERNAK TERHADAP PERILAKU CUCI TANGAN SETELAH KONTAK DENGAN SAPI PERAH Novita, Risqa; Marina, Rina
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (555.53 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i2.558

Abstract

Brucellosis is an infectious disease transmitted from livestock,especially dairy cattle, to humans, caused by bacteria Brucella sp. Brucellosis causes undulant fever and reproductive disorders in humans with a low mortality rate. The majority of dairy farmers do not know that brucellosis can spread to humans. Washing hands is one of biosecurity steps to ensure animal and human health and to prevent brucellosis. The research aims to uncover the influence of the knowledge of brucellosis in humans, the level of education, the duration of working, the history of fever, and age on the habit of washing hands after contact with dairy cow. The number of respondents was based on proportional test, 18 workers as being selected based on an inclusion criteria. They were given closed questionnaire containing questions on the knowledge of human brucellosis, demographic data and washing hand after contact with the dairy cattle. The results show that only 33.3 % of respondents know about human brucellosis, 66.7 % of respondents do not know that brucellosis can infect human. As many as 61.1 % of the respondents did not wash their hands after contact with dairy cows. Variables of age,the duration of working in dairy farm and the history of fever have p <0.02. Conclusion: variables of age, the duration of working in dairy farm and the history of fever are associated with behavior washing hand after contact with the dairy cattle.   Keywords: Human brucellosis, dairy cattle, washing hand, zoonosis
CATATAN BARU KELELAWAR PEMAKAN NEKTAR (MACROGLOSSUS SOBRINUS) SEBAGAI RESERVOIR LEPTOSPIROSIS DARI INDONESIA Mulyono, Arief; Ristiyanto, Ristiyanto; Pujiyanti, Aryani; Joharina, Arum Sih; W.P, Dimas Bagus
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1366.033 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i2.581

Abstract

Epidemiologically bats are important sources of leptospirosis transmission because of their size, abundance, distribution, and their connectivity with domestic animals. The research objective was to detect and identify pathogenic Leptospira species from bats in Wonogiri Regency, Central Java and in Muaro Jambi Regency, Jambi. This research is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. The study was conducted from February to March 2017. Detection of Leptospira in bats by PCR technique using specific primers for the 16S rRNA gene. Identification of Leptospira species by comparing the sequence of research results with sequences from GenBank using the BLAST program. Results showed 68 caught bats consisting of 7 genera and 11 species. Bats that detected positive Leptospira were 8 bats consisting from 3 species (Macroglossus sobrinus, Cynopterus brachyotis and Eonycteris spelaela). Detection of pathogenic Leptospira in M. sobrinus is a new record in the world esspecially in Indonesia . Identification of Leptospira sequences from bats showed that one sequence had 98% homology with L. borgpetersenii and another sequence had 97% homology with L.kircheneri.
PENGARUH FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP DISTRIBUSI SPESIES NYAMUK TERKONFIRMASI VIRUS JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS DI SUMATERA SELATAN Yahya, Yahya; Salim, Milana; Santoso, Santoso
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1246.66 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i1.966

Abstract

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is one of the zoonotic arbovirus diseases through mosquito bitescauses brain inflammation in humans,mental disability,that can ultimately lead to death. Each year there are about 50,000 cases of JE in Asia with 10,000 deaths. The incidence of Japanese encephalitis in humans has never been reported in South Sumatra. Further analysis to see the effect of temperature, air humidity, wind speed, and weather conditions to the density of mosquito confirmed of JE virus in South Sumatera Province. The method used in this advanced analysis is to submit a data request to the data management of the Research and Development Agency through submission of a data set request. Instruments in this further analysis are Form N-01 (Mosquito Ecosystem), Form N-02 (Human Feed), Form N-03 (Animal Feed), Form N-04 (Animal Baited Trap Net) Vectora Special Research 2015. Analysis data is done by using linear regression test. Temperature is an environmental factor that affects the density of JE positive mosquitoes in theLahat and OKI District. Air humidity and wind speed are environmental factors that only affect mosquito density in OKI,weather conditions only affect the density of mosquitoes in Lahat Regency. The greatest correlation factor with the density of mosquitoes is wind speed(r=0,79).
BIONOMIK ANOPHELES SPP SEBAGAI DASAR PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR MALARIA DI KABUPATEN KEBUMEN JAWA TENGAH Prastowo, Dhian; Widiarti, Widiarti; Garjito, S.Si, M.Kes, Triwibowo Ambar
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1664.513 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i1.967

Abstract

Malaria is one of the serious diseases in Indonesia and is the target of Central Java Provincial Government in Malaria Elimination Program. One attempt to eliminated malaria is by knowing the vector bionomics, Anopheles spp as the basis of the policy control. The research was conducted in the location indicated by malaria case in Wagirpandan Village, Rowokele District Kebumen Regency. The study was conducted in two sampling sites, taking samples of adult mosquitoes and larvae. Environmental parameters observed include pH, temperature, rainfall and humidity and vegetation. The results of  this study found seven species which  were Anopheles aconitus, An. Annularis, Anopheles barbirostris, An. balabacencis, An. kochi, An. maculatus. An. vagus. The peak activity of the blood sucking of Anopheles spp around 08.00-09.00; 10.00-11.00 pm and 04.00 ? 05.00 am outside the house and cattle pens. The proportions of parous mosquitoes are caught 42,8% in Cuntelan and 69,49% in Borang. All mosquito except An. Annularis and An. Kochi found were confirmed as malaria vectors.
IDENTIFIKASI HEWAN RESERVOIR LEPTOSPIROSIS DI DAERAH PENINGKATAN KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI DESA PAGEDANGAN ILIR, KECAMATAN KRONJO, KABUPATEN TANGERANG TAHUN 2015 Joharina, Arum Sih; Wicaksono Putro, Dimas Bagus; Ardanto, Aryo; Mulyono, Arief; Trapsilowati, SKM, M.Kes, Wiwik
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (468.346 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i1.969

Abstract

In Indonesia, leptospirosis often causes outbreaks. Three important sources of transmission of leptospirosis are the environment contaminated with leptospira, the presence of rats and presence of livestock as reservoirs. This study aims to determine the reservoir that plays a role in the leptospirosis transmission in increased case areas of leptospirosis in the Pagedangan Ilir Village, Kronjo Sub-district, Tangerang. Rat traping was done twice. Each trapping was done two times, in consecutive days. Livestock sampling was also conducted in the study area. Rat and livestock serum specimens were collected for leptospirosis detection using MAT, while rat kidneys were collected for PCR test. Leptospirosis detection was performed by PCR and MAT. The results of the first and second rat traping showed relative density of 17% and 20% in the houses, as well as 14% and 10% in outdoor area. Rat traped consist of two species, Rattus norvegicus and Rattus tanezumi. The prevalence of pathogenic leptospira in rat (with PCR assay) was 33% in the first trap and 26% in the second trap. The MAT test showed a positive 14% on R. norvegicus in the first trap, but negative in the second trap. While livestock did not show PCR positive, but one serological positive sample (by MAT) with low titers (1:20) was found against the serovar Robinsoni  
FORMULASI RODENTISIDA NABATI PAPAIN PEPAYA (CARICA PAPAYA L.) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGENDALI MENCIT Pramestuti, Nova; Sianturi, Corry Laura Junita; Ikawati, Bina; Anggara, Agus W
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (663.184 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i2.1021

Abstract

Rats as reservoirs of zoonotic diseases. Rodenticides are commonly used for control of rats. They can beextremely harmful to humans, not only kill rats and other rodents, but also kill their predators. Therefore, usingnatural rodenticide may be a better alternative. Combination of papain and salt can kill rats more quickly. Theaim of this study was to make a proportion of natural rodenticide appropriately to control mice with papain asactive ingredient. A quasi-experiment with post-test only with control group design was used in the study. There were four treatment used in this study i.e treatment A (papain 16%), B (papain 24%), C (papain 32%), and D (papain 40%). Each was mixed with corn, wheat, soy, caramel, papain product for the brand ?X? (consist ofpapain, salt, sugar), paraffin, corn oil and refined sugar. Rodenticides given to mice for seven days, feed intakeand death of mice were observed every day. The results showed that mice death were decreased in corcondantwith increasing the concentration of papain product for the brand ?X?, after rodenticide treatment. There is asignificant difference in mortality rate of mice among various rodenticide formulations (p-value<0.05), withthe most significant differences in treatment A and D. Feed proportion which contains papain product for thebrand ?X? 40% can be used as an alternative to make natural rodenticide with the highest mortality.
FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN BIOTIK DALAM KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KABUPATEN TANGERANG, BANTEN, INDONESIA Nugroho, Arief; Trapsilowati, Wiwik; Yuliadi, Bernadus; Indriyani, Siska
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (454.662 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i2.1040

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Leptospira . Leptospirosis is a public health problem throughout the world, including in Indonesia. The case of leptospirosis in Tangerang District in 2015 was increased the most cases located in the area of Puskesmas Kronjo . Environmental factors affect the spread of leptospirosis disease one of the biotic factors. The aim of the study to analyze the relationship of biotic environmental factors to the incidence of leptospirosis in Tangerang Regency. The research was conducted by cross sectional with location observation approach, and observation by questionnaire of biotic environment of resident's house. The number of house samples for biotic environmental inspection were 35 houses.The data collected includes the presence of pets at home, and plants around the house. Data on the success of rat catching was done by catching rat at the site. Data were analyzed descriptively and bivariate analysis. The results showed that vegetation (OR = 1,103, 95% CI = 0,987-1,234, p = 0,579) and pets (OR = 0,567; 95% CI = 0,47-6,895; p = 0,653) were statistically unrelated to the incidence of leptospirosis. The high trap success at the study site may be a potential risk for leptospirosis events.      
DISTRIBUSI VEKTOR DAN POTENSI PENULARAN MALARIA DI PAPUA BARAT PADA BERBAGAI EKOSISTEM Setiyaningsih, Riyani; Prihatin, Mega Tyas; Mujiyono, Mujiyono; Garjito, Triwibowo Ambar; Widiarti, Widiarti
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (950.449 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i1.1050

Abstract

Anopheles farauti, Anopheles brancofti, Anopheles punctulatus, and Anopheles koliensis are confirmed as malaria vectors in West Papua. The distribution of vectors and their potency as malaria transmission differs in each ecosystem. The aim of this research was to investigate the distribution of vectors and their potency as malaria transmission found in various ecosystem. Mosquitoes were caught  by human landing collection method, Animal-Baited Trap, and livestock-baited trap. The larval surveillance was conducted in places that have potential as breeding place for Anopheles spp. Sampling sites were conducted in Manokwari, Fak-fak and Raja Ampat districts. Each District of mosquito and larva fishing is conducted in forest ecosystem near settlement, remote forest settlement, non forest near settlement, non forest remote settlement, beach near settlement and coastal remote settlement. The result of the study demonstrated that An. farauti, An. longirostris and An. punctulatus were positive from plasmodium caught in the beach near settlement, in the remote forest settlement and in non-forest near settlement ecosystems of Manokwari Regency, respectively. Anopheles farauti caught in non-forest near settlement ecosystem of Raja Ampat Regency was also found to be positive from plasmodium. However, none mosquitoes and larvae caught in Fak-fak Regency was positive. It is concluded that those mosquitoes caught in Manokwari and Raja Ampat Regency might act as vectors of Malaria.
IMPLEMENTASI PERATURAN DAERAH TENTANG PENGENDALIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA SEMARANG Trapsilowati, Wiwik; Pujiyanti, Aryani
Vektora : Jurnal Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Vektora : Jurnal vektor dan reservoir penyakit
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (512.955 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/vk.v10i2.1052

Abstract

The number of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF)cases tend to increase and potentially dengue outbreak encourage the Semarang City Government to issue local policy was Local Regulation number 5 by 2010 on DHF control, which aims to realize coordinating DHF and integrated cooperation with various parties, including the community. The aim of this study to evaluate the implementation of local regulation number 5 of 2010 concerning Control of DHF. The evaluation method this study was qualitative method using policy analysis triangle framework covering context, content, actors and process. Context of the Local Regulation on the DHF control was a health field with the policy actors are government, community and stakeholders. The content of this regulation covers the roles, rights and obligations of each policy actor, DHF control including prevention cases and outbreak and sanctions for community and officials. Regulation implementation till 2015 reached 22.6% from 177 villages. The free number of larvae tends to decrease, but incidence rate (IR) decreases too, case fatality rate (CFR) fluctuates. Sanctions mechanisms have not yet been implemented and cross-sector and community cooperation isn?t  optimal. More intensive socialization both cross-sector and community should be utilizing health surveillance officers (Gasurkes) in accordance with their respective working areas.

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