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Contact Name
Nungki Hapsari Suryaningtyas
Contact Email
nungkihapsari36@gmail.com
Phone
+62735322774
Journal Mail Official
buletin.spirakel@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Balai Litbangkes Baturaja Jalan Jenderal Ahmad Yani km. 7 Kemelak Baturaja, Sumatera Selatan
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Kota adm. jakarta pusat,
Dki jakarta
INDONESIA
Spirakel
ISSN : 20861346     EISSN : 23548819     DOI : https://doi.org/10.22435/spirakel
Core Subject : Health,
SPIRAKEL is a media for researchers / academics / students / practitioners of Health Office, Department of Health, Public Health Service Center, to obtain or disseminate scientific information on tropical infectious diseases.
Articles 30 Documents
DETEKSI TRANSMISI TRANSOVARIAL VIRUS DEN-3 PADA NYAMUK AEDES AEGYPTI DENGAN TEKNIK IMUNOSITOKIMIA MENGGUNAKAN ANTIBODI DSSE10 Wahono, Tri; Umniyati, Sitti Rahmah
SPIRAKEL Vol 10 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

Transovarial transmission is a phenomenon as a supporting factor for the maintenance the presence of dengue virus in an area. Vector surveillance is an effort to control dengue disease. In addition to larvae surveillance, viral surveillance carried out on adult Ae. aegypti mosquitoes can actually be used for early warning systems for dengue outbreaks. DEN 3 virus antigen detection using streptavidin biotin peroxidase complex (SPBC) immunocytochemical technique is an alternative method for vector surveillance. The study aimed to prove the existence of transovarial transmission by detecting DEN 3 virus antigen in F1 generation mosquitoes from Ae. aegypti which has been infected orally. The study design was experimental. Adult Ae. aegypti female is infected with DEN 3 virus orally then mosquitoes are allowed to run their gonotrophic cycle. The resulting egg was colonized until becoming adult mosquitoes and DEN 3 virus antigen was detected. Antigen detection using SPBC immunocytochemical technique with DSSE10 monoclonal antibody on mosquito head squash  preparation in 4 and 16 days old mosquitoes. The results were analyzed descriptively. Streptavidin biotin peroxidase complex (SBPC) immunocytochemical technique can detect DEN 3 virus antigens indicated by the presence of brown color in the head squash preparation. The presence of the DEN 3 virus antigen also proves the presence of transovarial transmission in infected Ae. aegypti mosquitoes which has been infected orally.
FAKTOR IKLIM BERPENGARUH TERHADAP KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA CIMAHI TAHUN 2004-2013 Widawati, Mutiara; Fuadiyah, M. Ezza Azmi
SPIRAKEL Vol 10 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

Studi ekologi dilakukan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara variabilitas faktor iklim berupa suhu, kelembapan, kecepatan angin, curah hujan dan lama penyinaran matahari dengan kejadian Demam berdarah dengue (DBD) di Kota Cimahi. Analisis korelasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan data sekunder yaitu data bulanan kasus DBD dan faktor iklim pada periode tahun 2004-2013. Data kasus DBD merupakan data bulanan berbasis rumah sakit yang diperoleh dari Dinas Kesehatan Kota Cimahi sedangkan data bulanan faktor iklim pada periode yang sama diperoleh dari Stasiun Geofisika Kelas I Bandung. Uji korelasi menggunakan pearson?s product moment atau spearman?s rho tergantung dari hasil uji normalitas data dengan kolmogorov-smirnov test. Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan 4 skenario selang waktu antara kasus DBD dengan faktor iklim yaitu tanpa selang waktu (n=0), selang waktu 1 bulan (n-1), selang waktu 2 bulan (n-2) dan selang waktu 3 bulan (n-3). Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa suhu dan curah hujan memiliki hubungan signifikan (p value = 0,000 dan 0,004) dengan koefisien korelasi terkuat (r = -0,390 dan 0,265) pada selang waktu 1 bulan dari waktu kemunculan kasus DBD, sedangkan kelembapan dan lama penyinaran matahari memiliki hubungan yang signifikan (p value = 0,000 dan 0,002) dengan koefisien korelasi terbesar (r = 0,398 dan -0,277) pada selang waktu dua bulan. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa suhu, curah hujan, kelembapan dan lama penyinaran matahari berhubungan dengan korelasi terbesar dari waktu kemunculan kasus DBD.
PREVALENSI INFEKSI CACING PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI 1 HARAPAN MAJU KECAMATAN KARANG BINTANG KABUPATEN TANAH BUMBU j, Juhairiyah; Hairani, Budi; Indriyati, Liestiana
SPIRAKEL Vol 9 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

One of worm infection is intestinal worms infection that are transmitted through the ground or often called Soil Transmitted helminths (STH). Soil Transmitted Helminth can infest humans of all ages , especially in children . This study aimed to examine the prevalence of worm infections in school children in Tanah Bumbu with cross sectional design . Research subjects are all students of class grade I - VI SDN 1 Harapan Maju Karang Bintang, Tanah Bumbu District. Result showed the prevalence of worm infection 16 %, which mostly occurs in girls (8.8 %) and in the group of age 9-11 years (6.8 %). Types of worms that infected the children are Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Enterobius vermicularis and Hookworm . The highest infection caused by T. trichiura (8.8 %). Beside single infection, mixed infections was also found, indicating the possibility of poor personal and environmental sanitation level around the child.
KEPADATAN DAN KARAKTERISTIK HABITAT LARVA AEDES SP. DI SEKOLAH DASAR DAERAH ENDEMIS DBD KOTA PALEMBANG Pahlepi, R Irpan; Soviana, Susi; Retnani, Elok Budi
SPIRAKEL Vol 9 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) adalah penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh virus dengue dan ditularkan melalui gigitan nyamuk Aedes. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional study  yang dilakukan pada186 sekolah dasar yang berada di wilayah endemis DBD di Kota Palembang. Koleksi larva Aedes spp. Menggunakan metode single larva, Pengamatan karakteristik habitat dilakukan secara visual dengan mengamati kontainer yang menjadi habitat larva Aedes spp. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengukur kepadatan dan mengidentifikasi spesies larva Aedes spp., menganalisis karakteristik habitat perkembangbiakan larva Aedes spp. serta hubungannya dengan keberadaan larva Aedes spp. Hasil penelitian menunjukan nilai  HI sebesar 65.05%, CI sebesar 21.45 % dan BI sebesar 141 yang kesemua nilai tersebut menunjukan berisiko tinggi terjadinya transmisi DBD. Jenis larva yang dominan ditemukan yaitu Ae. aegypti (98.16%). Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara letak kontainer (p=0,000, R=0,016), kondisi tutup kontainer (p=0,013, R=0,076), asal sumber air (p=0,000, R=0,134), kontainer terhadap keberadaan larva Aedes sp.  
SURVEI ANOPHELES SPP. DI DESA ILAN BATU, KABUPATEN LUWU, PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN Arasy, Andi Arahmadani; Nurwidayati, Anis
SPIRAKEL Vol 9 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

Malaria is a mosquito-borne diseases, that caused by protozoan parasit Plasmodium spp. Indonesia is the second most affected region in South East Asia. This survey was aimed to identify the species diversity and biting activity of malaria vectors (Anopheles spp.) in Ilan Batu Village, Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi Province. The mosquitoes was collected by using the human landing collection technique and collecting mosquitoes resting on the wall of houses and cow barn. The results showed that there were three species of Anopheles i.e., An. barbirostris, An. vagus, and An. kochi. An. barbirostris was the species with the highest density. The value of man hour density (MHD) indoor and outdoor for An. barbirostris were 5.04 and 3.26 respectively.Based on the value of man hour density the mosquito An.barbirostris in Ilan Batu village were endophagic and endophilic
IDENTIFIKASI SPESIES PLASMODIUM MALARIA DI DESA TEMUNIH KECAMATAN KUSAN HULU KABUPATEN TANAH BUMBU PROPINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN Rahayu, Nita; Sulasmi, Sri; Suryatinah, Yuniarti
SPIRAKEL Vol 9 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

Abstract. Malaria remain as health problem in the world with annual mortality number around 1 million. Either with Temunih Village (Tanah Bumbu District-South Kalimantan) which is still become malarian endemic area in Indonesia. Mix malaria infection (falciparum and vivax) was dominant in this village. We have done descriptive study using cross-sectional design to know which malarian plasmodium species that was dominant infecting people in Temunih Village. Our result showed that among 146 individuals examined by active case detection, mix malaria infection (falciparum and vivax) was dominant in older man with age 11-20 year (60% cases), while falciparum malaria was dominant in older woman with age 21-30 year (60% cases). On a contrary, we only found 1 case of vivax malaria in woman with age 11-20 year. It is suggested that people of Temunih Village should use Impregnated Bed Net when sleeping in the night and using repellant to avoid anopheles mosquito biting. Moreover, it is better for them to consume prophylaxis drug before going to work in the field or forest.   Keywords:Malaria falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium falciparum
SERAI DAPUR (CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS) INSEKTISIDA NABATI RAMAH LINGKUNGAN Pradani, Firda Yanuar; Kardinan, Agus
SPIRAKEL Vol 9 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

Penelitian potensi minyak atsiri serai dapur (Cymbopogon citratus) sebagai insektisida nabati yang merupakan komponen teknologi budidaya pertanian berkelanjutan telah dilakukan di Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat, Bogor.  Penelitian dirancang dalam acak lengkap, 5 perlakuan (konsentrasi serai wangi dalam lotion sebesar 1%; 3%; 6%; 9% dan kontrol (0%) dan diulang 6 kali.  Serangga uji sebagai indikator adalah nyamuk demam berdarah Aedes aegypti. Daya proteksi dihitung pada setiap jam dengan cara memasukkan lengan yang telah diberi perlakuan ke dalam kurungan nyamuk.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa minyak atsiri serai dapur dalam bentuk lotion efektif menghalau serangan serangga nyamuk Aedes aegypti hingga jam ke 3 setelah aplikasi/pengolesan perlakuan terhadap lengan, sedangkan pada jam ke 4, daya proteksi semua perlakuan sudah menurun drastis, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa daya proteksi serai dapur dalam bentuk lotion efektif menghalau serangga nyamuk Aedes aegypti selama 3 jam.
KAPASITAS VEKTOR DAN LAJU INOKULASI ENTOMOLOGIS AN.PEDITAENIATUS DAN AN.SUNDAICUS DI DESA SUNGAI NYAMUK, KABUPATEN NUNUKAN, KALIMANTAN UTARA Sugiarto, Sugiarto; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Soviana, Susi; Hakim, Lukman
SPIRAKEL Vol 9 No 2 (2017)
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Abstract

  The intensity of malaria parasite transmission is normally expressed as the vectorial capacity and entomologic inoculation rate (EIR). Entomologic studies were conducted in Sungai Nyamuk Village to investigate the patterns of malaria transmission. Our study aimed to determine the vectorial capacity and entomological inoculation rate of An. peditaeniatus and An. sundaicus in endemic regions in Sungai Nyamuk Village, North Kalimantan. Mosquito collections were conducted for 18 months between August 2010 and January 2012. Mosquitoes were captured using human landing collections. A total of 5103 Anopheles mosquitoes comprising 11 species were caught and 2259 adult parous females were tested by ELISA for Plasmodium antigen. Of these, only one An. peditaeniatus (1.92%, n=52) and one An. sundaicus (0.29%, n=347) that originated from outdoor biting catch tested positive for P. falciparum circum sporozoite protein (CSP). The interval vector capacity of An. peditaeniatus (0.002-0.010) and An. sundaicus (0.010-0.069). The entomological inoculation rate of An. peditaeniatus and An. sundaicus =0.08 (~28 infective bites/person/ year). Our study concluded that transmission of P. falciparum malaria was occurring at Sungai Nyamuk Village. This research also showed that malaria transmission in Sungai Nyamuk Village occurred outdoors. Intensification of integrated vector management (IVM) of the participatory active community and vector control of outdoors Anophelines density needs to be done in success to malaria elimination.  
PERAN LINGKUNGAN DALAM KASUS DEMAM BERDARAH DI KOTA PALEMBANG SUMATERA SELATAN Wurisastuti, Tri; Sitorus, Hotnida; Oktavia, Surakhmi
SPIRAKEL Vol 9 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

Palembang is a city that has a case of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) highest in the province of South Sumatra in 2014 that 622 cases. transportation Smoothly,cities are highly developed and densely populated settlements that can cause Palembang to become into top ranking in the number of dengue cases over the years. The purpose of this analysis to determine the factors that influence the dengue cases in Palembang South Sumatera Province by using linear regression modeling. The data is used by health profile of Palembang City in 2014. The sample in this analysis are all health centers in the working area of ??Palembang City Health Department. Response variable is the number of dengue cases in each health center in the region of Palembang City Health Department. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. The analysis showed that the factors affecting dengue in the city of Palembang were the number of group counseling activities per month. Increased group counseling activities per month can reduce dengue cases in the city of Palembang every year. Therefore it is considered necessary to increase the number of distillation activities about dengue to the people of Palembang City who live in densely populated areas. In counseling it is also necessary to apply 3M PLUS or implement PSN to the environment that can break the chain of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and propagation.
KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA CHIKUNGUNYA DI KABUPATEN LOMBOK BARAT-NUSA TENGGARA BARAT DITINJAU DARI FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DAN PERILAKU Pratamawati, Diana Andriyani
SPIRAKEL Vol 9 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Baturaja

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Abstract

Abstract   Provincial Health Office of West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) in 2010 have reported an increase in cases of Chikungunya in West Lombok regency as many as 223 patients. In 2011 (January-April) is still found Chikungunya patients in West Lombok district sporadically. The aim of research to provide an environment that is allegedly associated with the onset of outbreaks of chikungunya, and to know the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practice of local communities related to prevention chikungunya.Design analytic epidemiologic research with case-control study design, namely the survey time point in the study sample. Research Location in Lombok Barat West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) was conducted in April-May 2011. The total number of 132 samples consisting of a sample of 66 cases and controls 66. The results showed that chikungunya outbreaks in two villages in West Lombok regency have five factors play an important role among other factors productive age (15-49), factor in the type of work, a factor of mosquito breeders place, a factor of cloth hanging (curtain), and the factor of knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP) community about the chikungunya disease yet quite well. Need to increase the knowledge, attitudes, and practise of the community in the prevention of chikungunya through counseling / health promotion media intensive chikungunya prone season so expect the behavior patterns of society are not the cause of the recurrence of outbreaks of chikungunya in the future.    

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