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Contact Name
Muhammad Umar Riandi
Contact Email
jurnalaspirator@gmail.com
Phone
+6281222505830
Journal Mail Official
jurnalaspirator@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran Jl. Pangandaran KM. 3 Kp. Kamurang, Ds. Babakan, Kec. Pangandaran, Pangandaran, Jawa Barat, Indonesia Telp/Fax : (0265) 639375 Email : jurnalaspirator@gmail.com
Location
Kota adm. jakarta pusat,
Dki jakarta
INDONESIA
Jurnal Aspirator
ISSN : 20854102     EISSN : 23387343     DOI : https://doi.org/10.22435/asp
focus and scope ASPIRATOR-Journal of Vector Borne Diseases Studies is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal fully dedicated to publishing quality manuscripts on all aspects of tropical vector-borne diseases, especially on arthropod-borne diseases, i.e malaria, dengue, lymphatic filariasis, chikungunya.
Articles 101 Documents
GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN TINDAKAN MASYARAKAT PADA PENINGKATAN KASUS MALARIA DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO TAHUN 2015 Trapsilowati, Wiwik; Pujiyanti, Aryani; Wigati, Wigati
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 1 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (707.894 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i1.13

Abstract

There has been increased of malaria cases in Purworejo District, especially in Sendangsari Village, Bener District in 2015. The one influence factors of malaria transmission was behavior, it consist of knowledge, attitude and practice domains. The aims this study was described of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the community and conduct interventions related to survey results. The research method were cross-sectional to collect data of the knowledge, attitudes and practices and one group pretest posttest design to measure the intervention. The number of samples obtained as many as 90 respondents. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between education and knowledge, as well as knowledge with attitude (p < 0.05). While variables relationship of knowledge with practice/action and attitude with practice/action showed an insignificant (p > 0,05). The result of the intervention by direct information showed that knowledge of the respondents between before and after intervention has increased significantly (p < 0,05). Based on these results, it was necessary to encourage local community leaders, both formal and non-formal, for cooperate with the community to protecting themselves and their environment so as not to be potential transmission of malaria
PENERAPAN PERATURAN DESA TENTANG PENEMUAN DAN PENGAWASAN PENGOBATAN KASUS MALARIA BERBASIS MASYARAKAT Kesuma, Agung puja; Pramestuti, Nova; Prastawa, Asnan; Trisnawati, Ulfah Farida
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 1 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (906.006 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i1.14

Abstract

Purbalingga is one of  malaria-endemic areas in Central Java. In 2012, government  developed a model of malaria control as Village Regulation for detection  and Monitoring  of  Malaria treatment  with  Community-Based Treatment of Malaria Cases. Research aim is  to evaluate the Regulation (Perdes) effectiveness on the incidence of malaria in Tetel. This research is an evaluation study of  the policy with qualitative method. The research conducted in Tetel, Pengadegan District, Purbalingga, in March to October 2015. The datas collected by in-depth interviews on community leaders and health care workers, focus group discussion (FGD) on a group of men and women, and  documents review. Datas were analyzed using content analysis. The Regulation socialized through village health forum meetings and other group meetings. Malaria case detection have done by the community  that  reported  to JMD to immediately take blood preparations. Monitoring  of malaria treatment by JMD with follow-up action. Cases of malaria in Tetel tends to decrease even to zero after implementation of the  regulation. The implementation of  regulation  can reduce and control the incidences of malaria in Tetel. Implementation of  regulation also can be used as an example for other villages that still have problems with malaria
PENEMUAN KASUS MALARIA BERDASARKAN PEMERIKSAAN MIKROSKOPIS DI KOTA LUBUKLINGGAU DAN KABUPATEN MUSI RAWAS Supranelfy, Yanelza; Warni, Sulfa Esi; Inzana, Nur; Suryaningtyas, Nungki Hapsari
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 1 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (780.129 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i1.15

Abstract

The main strategy of World Health Organization (WHO) in the prevention and control of malaria, namely through case management that includes the detection, diagnosis, management and treatment of cases. The detection of malaria cases or patients with microscopic confirmation by the health services including hospitals both private and public is one of the main activities carried out in malaria elimination efforts. The purpose of this  study was to determine the picture of malaria patients in Siti Aisyah and  dr. Sobirin hospitals in 2016. Data collection with peripheral blood sampling and interviews using questionnaires with cross-sectional study design. The results of this research is the detection of 13 malaria Falciparum and Vivax patients from two hospitals ;  two patients with malaria Falciparum and six with malaria Vivax in Siti Aisyah Hospital Lubuklinggau  and five  patients with malaria Falciparum in dr.Sobirin hospital Musi Rawas. The type of treatment of malaria which has been received by the respondents were with chloroquin,  primaquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and also sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, each was six percents.
PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN RIWAYAT PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DI DAERAH ENDEMIS DEMAM BERDARAHDENGUE KOTA BANDUNG Prasetyowati, Heni; Fuadzy, Hubullah; Astuti, Endang Puji
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 1 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (735.3 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i1.16

Abstract

Dengue vector control needs active participation of community so it must be supported with goods dengue knowladge.  The purpose of this research is to know the difference of knowladge and attitute in Bandung city community toward effort of dengue vector control in case and control group.  This case-control study used ratio 1: 2.  Number case of dengue is 261 and number of control is 522.  Research location are ini health center area with hight dengue case ie Dago, Sekejati, Kopo, Cipamokolan.  Responden ages grouped in range of 40-60 years, while the last education respondents are greduated from junior and senior high school.  The result shows that there is significant different of knowladge between case and control (p-value 0.015) and  no significant different in attitude variable (p-value 0,520).  Vector control efford is different between two group in active eradication of mosquitoe breeding place (p-value 0.005) and the used of mosquito net (0.008).  The odd ratio test result showed that knowladge variable (OR 1,410) and eradication of mosquitoe breeding place (OR1.719) are related to vector control efforts.  Still needs enhance health promotion regarding vector control efforts in house hold environment as well as understanding of dengue, and optimizing program ?one house one larva?s monitor
POTENSI KEMUNCULAN KEMBALI MALARIA DI KABUPATEN PANGANDARAN Hakim, Lukman; Wahono, Tri; Ruliansyah, Andri; Kusnandar, Asep Jajang
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 1 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (712.221 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i1.154

Abstract

Although at present the number of malaria cases in Pangandaran is low, a time will increase again because malaria is a re-emerging disease. To determine the potential of reemergence of malaria, have done the research by identifying the pattern of disease, the malaria parasite, knowledge, attitudes and behavior as well as the mobilization of the population, and environmental factors and entomology malaria. The collected data were analyzed to determine the potential reemergence of malaria using dynamic analysis system. Identification of the parasitological are showed that all of the blood sample results were all negative Plasmodium spp  The results of interviews showed that the state of knowledge in the category malaria mostly not good (64.58%), 28.23% of respondents have a regular ART wander, 11.53% of them never came home ill with malaria. While the environmental status of settlement of respondents relation to malaria transmission mostly (67.99%) is not good. Survey entomologist discovered 1,037 mosquitoes which consists of 8 species of Anopheles spp. Most are An. vagus (67.89%) while the least is An. indefinitus. Based on the methods of arrest, most in catching a rest at home (98.46%) and least is the catch UOD (0.10%). The analysis data had been resulted that highest leverage effect on the reemergence of malaria is the mobilization of the population. So that be advised to monitoring the population migrating to and from endemic areas, especially outside Java through migration survey.
EVALUASI TOKSISITAS EKSTRAK METANOL DAUN JERUK NIPIS (CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA) TERHADAP KEMATIAN LARVA NYAMUK AEDES AEGYPTI Ardianto, Hebert; Hamidah, Hamidah
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 1 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (724.278 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i1.155

Abstract

The vector-borne diseases transmitted by the mosquito of Aedes aegypti are considered causes of serious health problems. Moreover, the used of chemical insecticides for Ae. aegypti control has resulted in resistance in mosquito populations and environmental problem. The aims of this study are to evaluate the toxicity of methanol extract (CH3OH) from key lime leaves against Ae. aegypti larvae after 24 hours exposure. This was experimental laboratory study, with six treatments and five replicates. Larvae mortality was observed after 24 hours exposure. Then, data were analyzed by descriptive analyze and probit. visualization of the damage that occurs in the body was observed through microscope. The result showed that mortality of larvae increased with an increase of the concentration of extract. LC50 and LC99 of the extract are 2,197 ppm and 4,266 ppm. The extract can cause morphological damages of larvae, such as head lost, neck elongation, exo-skeleton lost, abdomen transparent, digestive tract full of extract, and loss of setae on the side of the body. In conclusion, citrus aurantifolia leaves methanol extract cause mortality and morphological damages of larvae
TEKNIK SERANGGA MANDUL NYAMUK CULEX QUINQUEFASCIATUS SEBAGAI UPAYA PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR FILARIASIS DI KOTA PEKALONGAN Sunaryo, Sunaryo; Lestari, Eva; Ramadhani, Tri
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 1 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (917.519 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i1.156

Abstract

Filariasis is a disease caused by infection filarial worms and transmitted by the bite of female mosquitoes. Controls of filariasis are still limited to the treatment of patients and prevent secondary infection, whereas the control of mosquitoes is not optimal yet. Sterile insect technique is a vector control method that environmentally friendly, effective, and potential. The study design is quasi-experimental design with pre-posttest control group design. The location of the research is in the Village of Padukuhan Kraton, District of North Pekalongan, Pekalongan City. Sterile insect technique can be made by irradiation of the male mosquitoes in the laboratory (BATAN) with dose (0 Gy, 60 Gy, 65 Gy, 70 Gy, 75 Gy and 80 Gy). The male mosquitoes exposed to irradiation testing sterility, survival, matting competitiveness and flight distance test. The male mosquitoes of Culex quinquefasciatus are derived from laboratory of Balai Litbang P2B2 Banjarnegara. Post-irradiation dose of 60 Gy, 65 Gy, 70 Gy, 75 Gy and 80 Gy obtained high sterility figures between 95.35%-98.53%, which means a chance to breed only 1.5-4.5%. The age of mosquitoes? post-irradiation without matting about 35 days, the matting competitiveness with laboratory scale is almost close to normal (0.7-0.8), the matting competitiveness with field spring scale is lower than normal mosquito (0.04-0.2), mosquito flight range was only caught in the radius 100 m. The utilization of gamma irradiation to sterilizing Culex quinquefasciatus is effective at dose 70 Gy and can be done to intervention control of Culex quinquefasciatus in limited scope
RAGAM SPESIES DAN KARAKTERISTIK HABITAT NYAMUK DI KECAMATAN JUAI, KABUPATEN BALANGAN, PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN Supriyono, Supriyono; Tan, Suriyani; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 11 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 11 Nomor 1 2019
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1445.822 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v11i1.186

Abstract

Filariasis is a mosquito borne disease which caused by filarial worm. In addition, beside causing ahigh morbidity rate and socioeconomic losses, the disease may also decrease the human productivity. Thecontrol efforts have been done by vector control program, yet still not effective. This is due to a lack ofunderstanding of the biology of mosquito vector. The aim of this research was to determine diversity ofmosquitoes, density, behavior, characteristic habitat and their role of filariasis transmission. The researchwas conducted from Januari to April 2015 in Hamarung and Hukai Villages, Juai Subdistrict, BalanganDistrict, South Kalimantan Province. Collection of mosquitoes was done by bare leg bait indoor collectionmethod and outdoor collection method from 06.00 pm?06.00 am. In additon, larvae were collected in theirpotencial habitats. There were 15 species mosquitoes comprising of 5 genera i.e. genus of Culex, Mansonia,Anopheles, Armigeres, and Aedes. There were 5 dominant species of mosquitoes i.e. Cx. tritaeniorhynchus(36.80%), Cx. quinquefasciatus (29.60%), Ma. dives (11.73%), Ma. annulata (10.04%) dan Ma. uniformis(4.62%). The peak activity of Cx. tritaeniorhynchus and Cx. quinquefasciatus in both villages occurred at21.00?00.45. Based on the habitat of mosquitoes, genus of Culex, Mansonia and Anopheles were found inswamps. Mosquitoes dissection did not show any microfilaria stages (L1, L2, L3).
EFIKASI INSEKTISIDA GOKILATH-S50EC (D,D-TRANSSIFENOTRIN 50 G/L) TERHADAP NYAMUK AEDES AEGYPTI DENGAN METODE PENGABUTAN (THERMAL FOGGING) Yanuar, Firda; Sugiharto, Willem
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 2 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (227.195 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i2.187

Abstract

Dengue vector control is still relying on fogging using insecticides with solar solvents. This causes pollution due to the odors generated and residues left in the environment. It is necessary  to look for alternative insecticides that no longer use solar as a solvent but use water such as Gokilath-S50EC. In this experiment, we tested the effectiveness of Gokilath-S50EC (d,d-trans-syphenotrin 50 g/l) with the aim to see the insecticidal efficacy of Aedes aegypti known as DHF vector. The sample test mosquito used is Ae. aegypti which comes from Pangandaran Lokalitbangkes as many as 25 females. Test mosquitoes were exposed to insecticides for 3-5 seconds with a method of fogging. The experimental results showed that mosquitoes tested fainting in the first 30 seconds after exposure to insecticides. The same results were shown when the solvent was added polyethylene-glycol (PEG). This time trial also measured droplet diameters at 1.0 mm and 1.2 mm nozzle with or without PEG. The test results showed that PEG increased the percentage of droplets of ? 50 ┬Ám in air and made the insecticide reach even further. Gokilath-S50EC insecticides are effective in killing Ae. aegypti by using water solvents, the addition of PEG will increase the reach of insecticides but not affect the effectiveness of insecticides.
EFIKASI KAIN BAHAN FURNITUR BERINSEKTISIDA MALATION TERHADAP KEMATIAN AEDES AEGYPTI Fuadzy, Hubullah; Soviana, Susi; Tiuria, Risa
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies Vol 10 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Aspirator Volume 10 Nomor 2 2018
Publisher : Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.273 KB) | DOI: 10.22435/asp.v10i2.191

Abstract

Implementation of fogging using malathion impacted to insecticides deposited to household furniture in resident. The other hand, Ae. aegypti preference resting on that furniture. The objective was determine lethal concentration of malathion in an emulsifiable concentrate (EC) formulation which have been deposited on furniture fabrics against mortality of Ae. aegypti. The study was true experimental and completed randomize design. Treatment as much as six of concentration levels (0.00; 0.27; 0.29; 0.31; 0.32; 0.34%) and ten replications. The sample were female Ae. aegypti on ovary condition of unfed  and bloodfed. Material of fabrics used were cotton, chenille, and blackout. Procedure efficacy test based on WHO (2013). The result showed that between concentration levels gave a significantly different impact of mortality, but between concentration of 0.27% with 0.29% was not significantly. Mortality of Ae. aegypti reached 100% on 0.34% concentration for cotton and blackout, whereas chenille on 0.31% concentration. Lower lethal concentration to kill 50% and 95% Ae. aegypti population were 0.260% and 0.301% on chenille, whereas the higher were 0.296% and 0.337% on cotton, respectively. Conclusion was malation (EC) which were deposited to cotton, chenille, and blackout fabrics as a upholstery for furniture influence on increasing insecticide efficacy to Ae. aegypti.

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