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ILMU USHULUDDIN
ISSN : 20878265     EISSN : 25027530     DOI : 10.15408/tjems
Core Subject : Religion, Education,
Ilmu Ushuluddin specializes in U??l al-D?n which concern to Qur’an and ?ad?th, Religious, Islamic Philosophy studies, and Islamic studies in general, and is intended to communicate original researches and current issues on the subject.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 101 Documents
Konsep Kepemimpinan Menurut Al-Ghazālī Hakim, Masykur
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 5, Nomor 1, Januari 2018
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (307.554 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/iu.v5i1.12368

Abstract

According to al-Ghazālī, the presence of the leader is very important in a country or in a community for keeping peace, comfort and orderly in the society. It is a religious obligation for Muslims or their representative to choose the capable leader in order to gain the common interests of the people and the instructions of religion coukd running well suited to their expectations. Even he allowed the Muslim cleric to participate in the politics practically or become members of the House in order the all programmes of the government are implemented smoothly. If the Muslim intellectuals of the country could not criticize the indisciplines of the government to Islamic laws or its disobidiences to the regulations preferablely they take the opposition side and become the real opposant. Still more of his Islamic political thoughts are interested to be elaborated deeper in this paper.
Kepemimpinan Non-Muslim dalam al-Qur’ān: Analisis terhadap Penafsiran FPI Mengenai Ayat Pemimpin Non-Muslim Suryadinata, Muhammad
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 2, Nomor 3, Januari 2015
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (613.485 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/jiu.v2i3.2630

Abstract

This article analyses the interpretation belonging to the FPI organization on the leadership of non-Muslim in Islamic societies. Several Qur’ānic verses are used by FPI a center argument to refute non-Muslim to be a leader, as this refutation can be seen in Jakarta and other cities. FPI’s interpretation to ban non-Muslim as leader is looked textualist and coercive in manner. In fact, religion is not a determinant factor for indvidual’s work to totally work.
Studi Hubungan Ruralisasi Dengan Penduduk Lokal: Pola Kerukunan Hidup Umat Beragama Di Daerah Pinggiran Jakarta Lubis, Muhammad Ridwan; Wirawan, Bambang; Tambunan, Amirsyah
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 6, Nomor 1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.9 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/iu.v6i1.13891

Abstract

There are four types patterns of shifting population due to the influence of modernity, namely ruralization, urbanization, transmigration and circulation. Ruralization is the movement from city to village while urbanization is moving from village to city. Migration is a permanent migration of people from one area to another. Finally, circulation is the movement of people to fulfill certain interests such as work and living in two different places, so they must move every day from village to city. This research focuses on the Study of the Relationship between Ruralization and Local Residents: The Pattern of Religious Harmony in the Suburbs of Jakarta. The overflow of Jakarta's population is accommodated by new growth areas which are then concluded to be Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, Bekasi. The occurrence of this displacement is due to a push factor from the area of origin, a pull factor from the destination. Attractor factor is the hope of getting opportunity to improve their standard of living and religious, political, and ethnic considerations in the area of origin. Eventhough religion is another factor but residents of villages as rural targets have religious affinity that is inherent in religious identity with ethnic groups, especially Betawi ethnic groups as local residents with migrants residents. Religious factors as a basis for determining the work ethic of social cohesiveness in this case religious harmony. Therefore, a strategy is needed to build social cohesiveness due to culture and diversity to avoid social tensions.
Teologi Islam Perspektif Fazlur Rahman Anwar, Haerul
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 2, Nomor 2, Juli 2014
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (11014.608 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/ilmu-ushuluddin.v2i2.1008

Abstract

This writing will analyze views belonging to Fazlur Rahman in theological issues from different angle. In majority, theological discourses developed by the ancient theologists were concentrated into matters of god and godhood, and this results theological discourses becoming verily theocentrist. As the result, this creates formulas and arguments which are complicated and cannot be perceived by common people. For that, Fazlur Rahman reconstructed the previous theological concepts by relating to Islamic theological basics and practical values in life, and he also advanced moral aspect belonging to human race; so theology is no longer theocentrist but anthropocentrist. Through this Rahman’s effort, theology then becomes more relevant with nowadays context and is easily understood by common people. In this context, Rahman analyzes three main theological questions: revelation and prophethood, free will and predestination, and escathology.
UMBERTO ECO: MISTERI PROTOKOL TETUA YAHUDI, DAN MITOS MENGUASAI DUNIA Bahri, Media Zainul
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2016
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (461.139 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/iu.v5i2.10901

Abstract

This article elucidates a paradigm embedded in the memory of Indonesian Muslims about “Jewish conspiracies” or “the Protocols of the Elders of Zion” who want to rule the world. This paradigm became known as “Conspiracy theory”. First, this article will describe the views of Umberto Eco, a novelist, semioticist, and medieval European historian. Second, tracing books about the Jewish conspiracy that circulated among Muslims. Third, confronting conspiracy theories with facts and my subjective opinions. In the study of political sociology, conspiracy theory is a closed system that is unfalsifiable, and therefore “a matter of faith rather than proof”.It is hard to find solid evidence. Instead of preserving this absurd paradigm of conspiracy theory, Muslims should focus on developing the quality of their human resources. The human history has proven that superior nations who dominating the world are those who capable in managing human resources, regardless of their race, nation and religion.
Rorty Tentang Kebenaran dan Pendasaran Pengetahuan Wiranggaleng, Sungeb
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 1, Nomor 6, Juli 2013
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6711.308 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/ilmu-ushuluddin.v1i6.1031

Abstract

This article describes Rorty’s thought on truth and justification. According to Rorty, the established truth within the philosophical history is built on false assumption of knowledge, i.e. knowledge as relation between subject, which represents, and object which is represented—in which he calls as representationalism. For him, the theory of correspondence and coherence just stresses on one of the two aspects; subject (scheme or language) in the case of coherence, and object (world or fact) for correspondence. Through criticism for representationalism, Rorty tries to go beyond both theories and their metaphysic. Rorty’s critiques start with claim that knowledge is social practices; inter-relation between man and man, not transaction between man and objects. From here, Rorty concludes that knowledge’s rationality and objectivity are not decided by objects, but thought’s inter-change in certain social context. Rorty’s view on knowledge’s sociability has succeeded to show such false assumptions on knowledge.
Kritik Iqbal terhadap Argumen-Argumen Ketuhanan Atma, Abi Akbar
ILMU USHULUDDIN VOLUME 2, NOMOR 4, JULI 2015
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (632.487 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/jiu.v2i4.4847

Abstract

This article describes Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s criticism on three arguments of scholastic divinity which is considered to have weaknesses and flaws in verification of the existence of God. The scholastic argument is Ontology, Cosmology, and Teleology. Then Iqbal offered new arguments about existence of God, in which they consist of: 1) Intuitive Argument 2) God as the Eternal Beauty, Personal Absolute, and Spiritual Truth.
Pembingkaian Sebagai Sikap Etis terhadap Tiga Problem Yang Ditimbulkan Bioteknologi Jena, Yeremias
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2017
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.164 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/iu.v4i2.15377

Abstract

Biotechnology is the biological child of science and technology. As an important part of the application of technology in the area of biology, a wide area of biotechnology extends from various living systems to organisms. As an applied field of science and technology, it emerges as a discipline that seeks to develop or produce various outcomes or applications by utilizing various biological systems, living organisms and their derivatives, creating and / or modifying things for specific purposes. The latter mentioned refers to the efforts of scientists and technology developers to create a better and more prosperous human life. Since its rapid and aggressive development in the 1970s, biotechnology has been positioned as a discipline capable of overcoming various human problems, whether it is food limitations, fighting various diseases, manipulating population growth, or creating applications to detect crime. Biotechnology brings many benefits to human life, but skepticism and ethical criticism are still needed. Instead of naively rejecting the progress of science and technology, one way to submit criticism that can be accepted by scientists is to examine the progress of biotechnology itself before showing its weaknesses. This is done by a group of ethicists in science and technology who are members of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics (NCB). They found - among other things - that the development of biotechnology turned out to leave problems that were difficult to solve even by the scientists themselves. Three main problems are shown in this paper, namely the problem of uncertainty, ambiguity, and the potential for transformation. The disclosure of these three problems does make us aware of not accepting biotechnology naively. But more than that, we are made aware of having certain ethical attitudes towards the development of biotechnology. The framing offered in this paper can be seen as a contribution to ethical and bioethical studies in dealing with the three problems that biotechnology poses.
Kajian Atas Kitab Hāsyiah al-Sāwī ‘alā Tafsīr al-Jalālayn: Apresiasi Ulama Terhadap Kitab Tafsīr al-Jalālayn Fuad, Imam Zaki
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 1, Nomor 5, Januari 2013
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (15136.413 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/ilmu-ushuluddin.v1i5.1022

Abstract

This article has listed 16 sharh (commentary) and hāshiyah (annotation) books on the famous book Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, and four books which obviously become as translations of Tafsīr al-Jalālayn in the Archipelago. This survey also briefly explains such sharh and hāshiya books and classifies them into their own fiqh schools. In fact, Tafsīr al-Jalālayn which is written by two persons of al-Shāfi‘ī school is appreciated by later scholars who are in different school. In the last chapter, the article specifically analyzes the book of Hāshiya al-Sāwī which is written by a scholar of a Mālikī fiqh school, in which this book is one of popular sharh within Nusantara pesantrens dominated by Shāfi‘ī school.
Gerakan Agama dan Politik di Mesir: Refleksi atas Ikhwān Al-Muslimīn dan Revolusi Pemuda Tahrir Square di Kairo Mulki, Muhammad Asrory; Sahrasad, Herdi
ILMU USHULUDDIN Volume 1, Nomor 3, Januari 2012
Publisher : Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (9493.66 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/ilmu-ushuluddin.v1i3.1013

Abstract

Egyptian Revolution (Nile Revolution) in February 2011 was totally moved by the desire and struggle conducted by the Egyptian young people, without considering the tribal entity and identity, ethnic group, not even religion. The absence of Islamic yells and lack of significant role from Islamist groups, in the time of demonstration, indicated that the fascination of ‘ideological Islam’ has faded in the Pyramida country. In contrast, Muslim Arabian revolunionists did not anymore give priority to Islamic symbols in their socio- political great effort, other than to common values and ideals, i.e. democracy and freedom. This also occurred to Ikhwān al-Muslimīn movement, which is said now as completing a reformation of ideology and method. When previously the violation was their ultimate agenda in achieving the goal, whereas recently they have adopted a way of democracy. The experience of poltical-Islam depolitization in the country seemed to change Ikhwān al-Muslmīn to award superiority on negotiation and democracy.

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