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STUDIA ISLAMIKA
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Core Subject : Religion, Education,
STUDIA ISLAMIKA (ISSN 0215-0492; E-ISSN: 2355-6145) is a journal published by the Center for the Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta. It specializes in Indonesian Islamic studies in particular, and Southeast Asian Islamic studies in general, and is intended to communicate original researches and current issues on the subject. This journal warmly welcomes contributions from scholars of related disciplines. STUDIA ISLAMIKA, published three times a year since 1994, is a bilingual journal (English and Arabic) that aims to provide readers with a better understanding of Indonesia and Southeast Asia’s Muslim history and present developments through the publication of articles, research reports, and book reviews from Indonesian and international scholars alike. STUDIA ISLAMIKA has been accredited by The Ministry of Education and Culture, Republic of Indonesia as an academic journal (SK Dirjen Dikti No. 56/DIKTI/Kep/2012).
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Articles 316 Documents
RELIGIOUS PLURALISM REVISITED: DISCURSIVE PATTERNS OF THE ULAMA FATWA IN INDONESIA AND MALAYSIA Hasyim, Syafiq
Studia Islamika Vol 26, No 3 (2019): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v26i3.10623

Abstract

As a long-established fundamental value of both Indonesia and Malaysia, religious pluralism has become a highly contested issue. A common tendency among the dominant Muslim groups in Indonesia and Malaysia, promoted by their fatwa bodies, has been to revisit religious pluralism. This article poses questions: how pluralism is defined, discussed and contested in both countries; why mainstream Islamic groups reconstruct the meaning of the term; which arguments are used by these groups; and what impact this has on legal discourse and legal practice in both countries. With these questions, this article focuses on fatwas issued by the Indonesian Council of Ulama and the National Fatwa Council of Malaysia. The article discusses the incorporation of fatwas into state policy in both countries, social disputes and contestation over fatwas. The theoretical frameworks used are taken from interdisciplinary discourses on transnationalism, pluralism, Islamic legal theory, legal pluralism and the public sphere.
WHEN ISLAMISM AND POP CULTURE MEET: A POLITICAL FRAMING OF THE MOVIE "212: THE POWER OF LOVE" Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Studia Islamika Vol 27, No 1 (2020): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v27i1.9205

Abstract

This article examines the film 212: The Power of Love, which has been perceived as apolitical in political circumstances, and which was explicitly endorsed by new religious authorities. By critiquing the notion of Post-Islamism employed by scholars, this paper argues for the concept of Pop-Islamism, which emphasizes the contribution of political agents outside of political parties. I consider the following three questions: What is the primary reason behind creating a film in the context of the 212 movements? How does it deal with the event? What kind of Islam has been represented? This article argues that the medium of film is used to legitimize accusations of blasphemy made against Ahok through a singular interpretation of events, which represent Islam as a peaceful and tolerant religion. Subsequently, the film obscures select facts and issues to conceal the connection between the 212 movement and electoral politics in Jakarta. It does so by framing those issues apolitically in the context of increased Islamization in Indonesia.
AL-TAWATTURāT BAYN AL-SUNNAH WA AL-SHī'AH Fī MALUKU AL-SHAMāLīYAH: DURūS MIN AL-Māḍī Nurdin, Muhammad Amin; Sahrasad, Herdi; Alhadar, Smith
Studia Islamika Vol 27, No 1 (2020): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v27i1.15076

Abstract

This article explains the conflict between the majority of Sunni Muslims and the minority Shia in Ternate from 2012 until 2018. At the start, the Sunni Muslims in Ternate complained about the existence of a Shia sect community of around dozens of people in Jerbes and Marikrubu villages of North Ternate regency which has caused unrest for the community. Concerned with the spread of this so-called heresy, on January 25, 2012, the Sunni Muslim community carried out the expulsion of the Shiite settlers in the village. Shia's followers from Jerbes village were secured by the security forces to avoid undesirable happenings. Indeed, this doesn't need to happen if both Sunni and Shia Muslims in Ternate realized that they have local wisdom and legacy of traditional values and virtue, from which Islam and local genius values could put forward a peaceful solution and common platform so that harmony, concord, stability, and peace can be maintained by all parties.
THE DECLINE OF TRADITIONAL LEARNING METHODS IN CHANGING INDONESIA: TRENDS OF BANDONGAN-KITāB READINGS IN PESANTRENS Nurtawab, Ervan
Studia Islamika Vol 26, No 3 (2019): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v26i3.11026

Abstract

This article examines the marginalization of the traditional pesantren educational system and how the system finds a way to be recognized as equal in contemporary Indonesia. This study is mainly based on the author?s observation of practices in Tafs?r al-Jal?layn pedagogies in traditional and modern West Javanese pesantrens and the kit?b reading tournament, with in-depth interviews of some related figures and teachers, during the periods 2015-2017. This article argues that the marginalization of the educational system since the coming of modernization in the early twentieth century continues to happen up to the end of the century. The graduates of the traditional institutions keep left behind, and that the traditional pesantren system is merely recognized as a type of non-formal education. The twenty-first century period witnessed attempts from the Indonesian government through the Ministry of Religious Affairs to equalize the kit?b-based learning in the traditional milieu. By so doing, the graduates are expected to receive equal rights for pursuing their education or looking for a career.
AL-RASM AL-'UTHMāNī Fī AL-MUṣḥAF AL-MI‘YāRī AL-INDūNīSī ‘INDA AL-DāNī WA ABī DāWUD Madzkur, Zainal Arifin
Studia Islamika Vol 27, No 1 (2020): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v27i1.10217

Abstract

This article aims to find a scientific argument for the differences in rasm ?Uthm?n? between Indonesian?s mu??af and Madinah?s mu??af. Some people claim that rasm ?Uthm?n? of the Madinah?s mu??af is the most proper compared to the Indonesian?s mu??af. Through the comparison of the differences in both mu??afs based on the two books of al-Muqni? by al-D?n? and Mukhta?ar al-taby?n by Ab? D?wud Sulaym?n, both have basics of similarity. The difference in the writing of rasm ?Uthm?n? in the Indonesian?s mu??af and the Madinah?s mu??af in general only lies in the difference in their affiliation in the two major schools in this discipline that were written in the 5th century Hijri by al-D?n? and Ab? D?wud. This article proves that differences in rasm ?Uthm?n? are common in terms of transmission, and the claim that the rasm of Madinah?s mu??af is the most correct of rasm ?Uthm?n? is a mistake.
IN THE FOOT STEP OF CONSOLIDATING UMMAH: HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE 7TH INDONESIAN MUSLIM CONGRESS Garadian, Endi Aulia
Studia Islamika Vol 27, No 1 (2020): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v27i1.15093

Abstract

Indonesia might be considered as "fortunate". In fact every five years, and often to concur one year after the election took place, Indonesian Muslims have a routine assembly called the Indonesian Muslim Congress (Kongres Umat Islam Indonesia, KUII). The Congress has reached the seventh (KUII VII) in 2020, and one of the its main goals is to consolidate Indonesian Muslims. On top of that, acting as a facilitator, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) through this congress also aspires that Muslims in Indonesia to become the finest community (khayra ummah), to realize the unity of the people (tawhidul ummah), to achieve empowerment of the people (taqwiyatul ummah), to mainstream wasathiyah al-Islam (center and moderate Islam) as well as Islam rahmatan lil alamin, and to install religious values as a spirit of devotion to the nation and state. All of these goals are covered under the grand theme of the congress entitled "Strategies for the Struggle of Indonesian Muslims to Achieve Advanced, Fair and Civilized of Indonesia".
AL-SHABAKāT AL-IJTIMā‘īYAH WA AL-FIKRīYAH BAYN MUSLIMī LOMBOK WA SUMATERA: DIRāSAH Fī TUḥFAH WA MAKHṭūṭ SASAK Jamaluddin, Jamaluddin
Studia Islamika Vol 26, No 3 (2019): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v26i3.11415

Abstract

This article discusses the socio-intellectual networking of Indonesian Muslim communities, especially in Sumatra and Lombok communities. The relationship between them is observed through ancient manuscripts and artifacts, while the philological and archeological approach are utilized to reconstruct its history. From these two primary sources, this article finds that the Sumatra-Lombok relationship had long existed and both of them had been influencing one another. One of the pieces of evidence held by the Sasak People in West Nusa Tenggara proves this influence existence. It is also supported by the existence of Malay-language manuscripts which are currently kept by the Sasak people. Supporting the written evidence, archaeological evidence also espouses the article?s argument wherein it can be found from the presence of Aceh's gravestones found in Raja Selaparang's burial complex in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. On the basis of these two historical sources, the article proves that the connectedness of the Sumatran-Lombok community had existed before the era of the Islamic kingdom in the Nusantara. When the emergence of the Islamic empire, the relationship between the two was even further strengthened by the presence of the scholars from both regions who came and settled in Mecca. 
ISLAMIC IDENTITY AND FOREIGN POLICY DISCOURSE: INDONESIA’S RESPONSES TO THE US WAR IN AFGHANISTAN (2001-2002) Salim, Agus
Studia Islamika Vol 27, No 1 (2020): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v27i1.10035

Abstract

Observers of Indonesia?s foreign policy commonly argue that while the state needs to include domestic Muslim interests in its foreign policy formulation, foreign policy officials have rarely considered Islam in their policy choices, with a dual-identity predicament constraining such a move. This article challenges this argument by demonstrating that foreign policy leaders have begun referring to Islamic identity and norms when justifying Indonesia?s foreign policy choices. By discussing Indonesia?s foreign policy responses to the United States? war in Afghanistan in 2001, this paper elucidates the way in which Indonesia?s foreign policy leaders have constructed Islam as an ?inclusive civilizational? identity in their foreign policy discourse, legitimizing their alliance with the global war on terrorism amid staunch domestic Muslim opposition to the war. They managed to turn identity constraint into opportunity by framing their policies within the context of ?inclusive? and ?integrative? Islamic values and norms.
PRETEXT FOR RELIGIOUS VIOLENCE IN INDONESIA: AN ANTHROPOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF FATWAS ON AHMADIYYA Alnizar, Fariz
Studia Islamika Vol 26, No 3 (2019): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v26i3.8719

Abstract

This study uses an anthropolinguistic approach to examine two Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) fatwa texts regarding Ahmadiyya. First, it shows that there are significant differences between the 1980 and 2005 fatwas. Second, in terms of their lexicon, the 1980 fatwa uses the phrase "di luar Islam" (outside Islam), while the 2005 fatwa uses the phrase "berada di luar Islam" (located outside Islam). Third, there is an emphasis on the responsibilities of the government within the 2005 fatwa on Ahmadiyya. Fourth, the 1980 fatwa was directed at the Qadiyan Ahmadiyya, while the 2005 fatwa was directed at all elements of Ahmadiyya. Fifth, the form of the 2005 fatwa is reminiscent of a legal proclamation. This strongly affected the violence experienced by Ahmadiyya, as the fatwa was no longer presented as an opinion, but as a legally binding decision.
WHITHER RELIGIOUS MODERATION? THE STATE AND MANAGEMENT OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS IN CONTEMPORARY INDONESIA Ropi, Ismatu
Studia Islamika Vol 26, No 3 (2019): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v26i3.14055

Abstract

The extent of religious values and symbols in encompassing the direction of Indonesian nation state from the beginning of modern Indonesian history was the most popular determinant contestation in Indonesian political activism along with the emergence of the new sentiments of nationalism and anti-colonialism.  Following the embracement of Pancasila (the Five Principles) as the state socio-political foundation, Indonesia would be neither a secular state in which religion was absolutely separated from the state, nor a religious one where the state was organized on one particular faith.  Bearing in mind that religion is very important in the state system, the state normatively defines its role on religious affair, as clearly outlines in the Constitution, paving the way for the government to take religious affairs as part of its service. For many decades, the government is very active to promote religious toleration among the communities given to the heterogeneities of religious groups in Indonesia.  Implicit here is the importance of a well-grounded policy that continually balances the degree of level of contribution of religious groups in forming a unique Indonesian identity. Hence when Indonesian people identify themselves with particular religious grouping, it does not mean that they have less loyalty to Indonesian nation- statehood. It seems clear that retaining religious (and cultural identity) is not the same thing as political allegiance to a country. Ethnic or religious loyalties do not detract from wider loyalties to the country. For them both loyalties are mutually defining their very existence. 

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