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Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 13, No 01 (1981)" : 5 Documents clear
Pemberian Cairan Parental Pada Anak Harun Alrasyid, Harun Alrayid
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 01 (1981)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The aim of parenteral fluid therapy in the child is to maintain body fluid and electrolyte balance and nutrition. Fluid and electrolyte balance in the child is more labile than in the adult.In the Department of Child Health, parenteral fluid therapy is used in:I. Gastroenteritis with severe dehydration.2. Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.3. Premature infants, peritonitis, protein calorie malnutrition etc. for parenteral nutrition.The fluids frequently used are:1. Ringer lactate and 5% dextrose in half saline or a quarter saline according to age in gastroenteritis with severe dehydration.2. Ringer lactate and/or plasma, sometimes plasma expander, in dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.3. Aminofusin for parenteral nutrition.The dose and the composition of fluid administered are based on the severity of dehydration or shock, the aim of therapy and the composition of fluid loss.Key Words: parenteral fluid - rehydration -- shock - nutrition - low birth weight infant
Pengaturan Kehamilan Dan Keadaan Gizi Bayi Rossi Sanusi, Rossi Sanusi
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 01 (1981)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study examined the effect of parity, maternal age, and interval between pregnancies on body- weights of ill infants of a rural village in Central Java during the first 12 months of life. With a few exceptions, differences in these pregnancy factors were not accompanied by differences in body-weight growth.The pregnancy data were dichotomized at 2, 3, and 4 pregnancies for parity, at 35 years for maternal age, and at 17 months for pregnancy interval.Key Words: parity - birth intervals - age-specific birth rate - infant morbidity - infant nutrition
Kedokteran Sebagai Ilmu Pandangan Kedokteran Sekarang Teerhadap dirinya T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 01 (1981)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The author defines medicine as efforts to understand, maintain and manage health condition of human beings, as individuals as well as members of a society, in a biosocial matrix. Thus, three sets of disciplines are involved, i. e. the basic medical sciences, the clinical medical sciences and the social medical sciences.Besides, four aspects of medicine should be taken into consideration, namely medicine as science, technology, art and craft. Also, attention should be paid to the fact that diseases and medical interventions could occur at any level of the I :ing system, each having its own charac• teristics, and with emergents appearing in cross:level surveys.The unavoidable subspecialization in modern medicine should be balanced by transdisciplinary communication and interdisciplinary efforts, and by holistic approach to health problems utilizing the biosociomedical concept of health. Four tracts of study are suggested in medical education, i. e. population medicine, surgical sciences, medical sciences, and basic medical sciences.In conjunction with these steps early compartmentalization in the senior high school curriculum should be avoided.Key Word:: medical education - scientific medicine - living systems - concepts of disease - medical specialization
Peranan Puskesmas dalam Menghadapi Keratitis Ulcerosa A. Soemarsono, A. Soemarsono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 01 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Keratitis ulcerosa is a common disease in Yogyakarta and surrounding: This disease will cause blindness without good and right management. Usually it is encountered in rural areas caused by mud or pin, some materials in the field, for example wood or leaf and other corpora aliena.When complication occurs, perforation happens, resulting in total blindness.The treatment is easy when administered immediately. Sometimes there are difficult cases of keratitis ulcerosa which are resistent to treatment and need referral to the eye hospital after simple treatment is found to be unsuccessful in one week. From data presented the simple treatment is successful enough.Key Words: keratitis ulcerosa - health center - blindness - hypopyon - Aureomonas hydrophila
Various roles of the reticaloendothelial system Harjani, Harjani
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 01 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

The reticuloendothelial system is the bodys defence units, which are situated in every tissues layer and tissues folds of the body, and function as one functional unit.Its cellular components have the capacity to move to approach foreign particles by the help of the circulation function or by active amoeboid movements within the tissue, to phagocytose those foreign particles. Some of these cellular components have the capacity to make humoral antibody. Its most important function is to maintain the uniqueness of self, which includes among others:-destruction of foreign particles,-destruction of senile cells of the body, andcancer surveillance.Key Words: emperipolesis, bacterial infection - immediate and delayed hypersensitivity- Slow Reacting Substance of Anaphylaxis - blocking antibody

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