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Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 17, No 03 (1985)" : 6 Documents clear
Hubungan Antara Tekanan Darah Dan Ukuran-Ukuran Anthropometrik Sekelompok Anak sekolah Dasar di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta A. Samik Wahab, A. Samik Wahab
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 17, No 03 (1985)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The relationship between blood pressure and body weight, body height and upper arm circumference was studied in 506 school children, consisting of 227 boys and 279 girls, aged 6-14 years. Blood pressure was measured by using mercury sphygmomanometer. measurements were conducted once in the sitting position, and the subjects were selected at random from 7 000 school children in the district of Sewon, Bantul, Yogyakarta. The results found showed that there are correlations between either systolic or diastolic blood pressure with body weight, body height and upper arm cir cumference, especially in the ages of 15 co 14 years. Key Words: blood pressure - anthropometric measurements - school children - nutrition —body mass
Organisasi Registrasi Kanker Population-Based di Indonesia Soeripto, Soeripto
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 17, No 03 (1985)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Based on technique of cancer registration there are three types of cancer registry. These types are: 1.pathology department-based cancer registry 2.hospitl -based cancer registry 3. population-based cancer registry. Each of these types has its own method and characteristics. The aim of pupulation-based cancer registry is ib evaluate and control the trends of cancer in the community. This field has very close relation with cancer epidemiology. The prospect of the population-based cancer registry in Indonesia depends on various conditions. It is concluded that the Special Province of Yogyakarta could fulfill the conditions for the purpose of developing population-based cancer registry in Indonesia, while Bali is an ideal place for population-based cancer registry in Indonesia. Therefore, other conditions are needed for this purpose. Key Words: population-based cancer registry - technique of cancer registration - characteristics of cancer registry - cancer control in the community - cancer epidemiology
Sindroma Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl Ahmad Yusuf Aliridha, Ahmad Yusuf Aliridha
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 17, No 03 (1985)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A 10-year old Javanese boy suffering from Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl Syndrome characterized by retinitis pigmentosa, myopia, polydactily, obesity, hypogenitalism and mental retardation has been reported. Family history showed that one of his brothers had also the same abnormalities, while his two other brothers as well as his parents were perfectly normal. The possibility of the transmission of this disease was X -linked recessive. For this patient, a comprehensive management by ophthalmologists, paediatricians, psychiatrists and surgeons was necessary. Special education was needed to handle his mental retardation and his visual disturbances, and genetic counseling was necessary for the patient and his family. Key Words: Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl Syndrome - X-linked recessive gene - genetic counseling - retinitis pigmentosa - myopia
Oral rehydration solution for maintenance therapy m severe acute gastroenteritis Bambang Sugeng,, Bambang Sugeng,
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 17, No 03 (1985)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Diarrheal disease is one of the main child health problems in Indonesia. Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) is successfully used in rehydration therapy of mild and moderate dehydration due to acute gastroenteritis. Ringer lactate and ORS are distributed to primary health centres; however, Dextrose Saline or Dextrose 1/2 Saline are not. So far, maintenance therapy in Dr. Sardjito Hospital is done with Dextrose 1/4 Saline or Dextilise 1/2 Saline. The efficacy of maintenance therapy with ORS had been studied from the end of January through August, 1983. Fifiy-seven children suffering from severe dehydration due to acute gastroenteritis were admitted, comprising 29 children as study group and 28 children for control; but 5 children of the study group were excluded because of technical faults. Rehydration therapy was performed with 100 ml/kgBW Ringer lactate-5% glucose together with ORS during 4 hours (50 ml/kgBW during 1 hour and 50 ml/kgBW during the next 3 hours). For the maintenance therapy breast milk or diluted formula and ORS were given. Dextrose— Saline or Dextrose - 1/2 Saline were used for maintenance therapy of the control group. The result of the maintenance therapy in the study group after 24 hours was one case moderate dehydration, 7 cases mild dehydration and 16 cases were rehydrated, whereas in the control group 13 cases mild dehydration and 15 cases were rehydrated. The difference was statistically not significant (p > 0,05). In this study no dehydration was obtained in the following days. It can be concluded that maintenance therapy with ORS on children suffering from severe dehydration due to acute gastroenteritis was succesful after intravenous rehydration with 100 ml/ kgBW solution during 4 hours. Key Words: rehydration - oral rehydration solution - breast milk - diluted formula - diarrhea
Cacat Mental Pada Penyakit Kromoson Hartono, Hartono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 17, No 03 (1985)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Genetic diseases are divided into genic diseases, chromosomic diseases and embryopa shies. There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in each human somatic cell. According to their shape and the location of their centromer, chromosomes are classified into 8 groups, namely group A, B, C, D. E. F and G. Chromosomic diseases are caused by either numerical or structural derangements of chromosomes. Chromosomic diseases cause metabolic disorders during conception until post-natal period. The degree of physical as well as mental disorders depend on the degree of lack or surplus of chromosomic materials. Chromosomic diseases may be lethal. i. e. they can cause spontaneous abortion as well as fetal and neonatal death. Some chromosomic diseases and their IQ scores will be presented here. Special attention will be given to trisomy 13, trisomy 18. trisomy 21, XXX syndrome and XYY syndrome. Key Words : mental defect - chromosomic disease - chromosome classification - IQ score - embryopathies -
Audit Medik Skizofrenia Soejono Prawirohardjo, Soejono Prawirohardjo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 17, No 03 (1985)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The paper describes the Quality Assurance Program (QAP), including utilization review and patient care audit. A survey was carried out in Puri Nirmala.Hospital, a private mental hospital in Yogyakarta, during 3 months period between January - April 1984. The aim of the survey is, to evaluate schizophrenic in-patients based on 8 criteria: diagnostic procedures, reasons of admission, mental status after admission, length of stay, mortality, complications, therapy and laboratory examinations. 56 schizophrenic in-patients during the surveys period were evaluated. The result chows some deficiencies and shortcomings in the application of QAP. Finally, some recommendations are offered. Key Words: schizophrenia - quality assurance program - drug audit - nursing audit - complication audit.

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