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Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran
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Articles 4 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 18, No 01 (1986)" : 4 Documents clear
Presbiopi pada Kelainan Refraksi A. Soemarsono, A. Soemarsono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 01 (1986)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Presbyopia is a problem of old people. Usually asthenopic symptoms begin when the patients approach 40 years old. Refraction anomalies of hypermetropia and myopia influence directly the measure of reading spectacles, so that both these anomalies influence the possibility of asthenopic symptoms. Data from Out•Patient Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Sardjito Hospital, during 6 months were 92 presbyopic•emmetropic, 15 presbyopic-myopic, and 75 presbyopic-hypermetropic. The asthenopic symptoms which excite patients to go for medical consultation were not in conformity with the theory concerning asthenopic symptoms. Key Words: presbyopia emmetropia — hypermetropia — myopia — asthenopia
Karsinoma Payudara pada Laki-Laki Laporan Kasus dan Tinjauan Pustaka Endang Soetristi, Endang Soetristi
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 01 (1986)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Carcinoma of the male breast occurs so infrequently. Several articles reported that the relative frequency ranges between 0.46% —2% of all breast carcinoma. The histologic types of the male breast carcinoma were relatively the same as in the female, but in the male, lobular carcinoma and carcinoma with metaplasia were never found. The disease commonly occurs in elderly men, from the late fifth through the seventh decade, and in women it usually occurs before menopause. This situation suggests that estrogen has an important role in the pathogenesis of breast carcinoma. Two cases of male breast carcinoma were reported. One occurred in a man aged 28 years. The histologic type was papillary carcinoma with mucoid degeneration. The other occurred in an older man aged 70 years with infiltrating duct carcinoma. The latter case could support the important role of estrogen in causing carcinoma. But the other one, cannot support this. It must be thought that there are other factors, such as in genetic syndromes. Key Words: male breast carcinoma — estrogen — oncology — genetic syndromes — neoplasm
Aspek Dasar Penggunaan CT Scan dalam Kedokteran Suroyo, Suroyo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 01 (1986)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

CT scan is a reconstruction of tomographic slices of objects by a computer. The first application in the clinic was done in 1967 by the efforts of Godfrey Mounsfield in the Central Research Laboratory of EMI Ltd. in England. Its superiority compared with conventional tomography lies in the high power of resolution and its ability to distinguish soft tissues with 0.5% of the emission difference of X-ray, while with the conventional tomography the emission difference must be more than 5%. CT scan is very useful in both diagnostics and radiation therapy. Key Words: CT scan — conventional tomography — resolution power — radiation therapy —X-ray
Kesehatan untuk Kedamaian dan Perdamaian Harapan dan Tantangan bagi Profesi Kedokteran Soeprono, Soeprono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 01 (1986)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Spurred by a high sense of integrity and idealism to dedicate oneself to the cause of humanity, with a well-organized fraternity encompassing the world, the medical profession is in a strong position to foster the individuals inner peace and global peace. This can be done by well-directed efforts to strengthen health for the individual, the family and the community, through vocational training and education and limitation of population growth in balance with its productivity. Also through more concerted efforts to abolish poverty and to motivate people in pursuing a better life, materially, intellectually and spiritually. To voice moral indignation at injustice, cruelty, crime, exploitation and oppression of an individual or a nation-by another individual or nation, To stress the importance for science and technology to be dedicated to peaceful uses, and to condemn the nuclear race and the use of nuclear armament in settling international conflicts. It is a duty to preserve lifes environment and to contribute in building a new and better world, socially, economically and culturally, based on equality, freedom, justice and fair distribution of material and spiritual wealth. It should be realized that the pursuit of peace in the world should start with and be based upon the attainment of the individuals inner peace. Key Words: medical profession — peace studies — environmental preservation — abolishment of nuclear war — medical ethics

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