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Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran
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Articles 4 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 18, No 03 (1986)" : 4 Documents clear
Scientists and nuclear war: Liberating mankind from the threat of its own making T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 03 (1986)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This article reiterated the peace warsituation during the first 40 years of the Atomic Age. The nuclear arms race poses not only an unprecedented threat to mans existence, but has taken millions of pre-detonation victims of the nuclear war, in the forms of morbidity and mortality due to famine, infectious diseases, poverty, ignorance, and peripheral wars in the Third World. The resources of out planet are diverted from welfare efforts to the unlimited production of genocidal weapons. World scientists, immediately after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, had warned mankind of the danger of a nuclear disaster, and physicians, true to their professional oath and ethics, have joined efforts to prevent nuclear war, since medicine will then be unable to cope with its innumerable, immeasurable and compound casualties, as they had done in previous war. The Third World countries, which mostly obtained their independence after World War suffered severely from the escalating arms race and could not escape the global consequences of a nuclear war anywhere, but still feel reluctant to voice their displeasure, consider it an irrelevant prob. km amidst their many-sided struggles towards progress, or are simply ignorant of the last threat that has confronted their existence and growth. It is, therefore, the duty of Third World physicians to also inform their patients about the imminent danger against their health, welfare and survival,. as they have been doing to their individual patients since the days of Hippocrates. Key Words: nuclear war - medical polemology - genocide - enthanatics - medical ethics
Supravengricular tachycardia in children: The role of infectious diseases and its relationship to serum enzyme A. Samik Wahab, A. Samik Wahab
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 03 (1986)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

In twenty four children an episode of supraventricular tachycardia occurred before 15 years (median age 12 months). Fourteen male and 10 female children were reviewed, of which one had a congenital heart disease. Lown-Ganong-Levine syndrome was present on surface ECG in 1/24 (4 per cent). Forty six per cent of children were undernourished as determined by the weight to height ratio according to the WHO criteria (1983), and 58 per cent of them were anemic, according to the WHO criteria (1972). All children have had fever, mostly above 38.5° C. In ten children with an SVT episode the serum enzyme level, was also studied, i. e. the serum glutamine oxalo-transaminase (SCOT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatinine phosphokinase (CPK). Five out of 11 children had a high serum enzyme level, ranging 25-68 U/dI (mean: 40.88 ± 16.30) for GOT, 315 889 U/dI (mean: 482 ± 232.53) for LDH, and 57-581 U/d1 (mean: 251.33 ± 287.02) for CPK, instead of a normal level range of 1-19 U/c11, 80-240 U/dl and 0-50 U/dl respectively. It is concluded that the episode of SVT often occurs in children with infection, especially gastrointestinal intention, meningitis, encephalitis. bronchopneumonia and septicemia. Fever, undernutrition and anemic status are considered as precipitating factors. Preexitation syndromes, such as WPW and LGL syndromes, were infrequently found. Digitalis treatment has to be changed with other preparations which are often used such as calcium antagonist or ATP, especially for patients who do not respond to digitalis. Physicians who work in the surgery department, should be aware of an SVT episode, especially if the children have fever, undernutrition and anemia. Key Words: supraventricular tachycardia - anemia - undernutrition - WPW syndrome - LGL syndrome
Some anthropometric measurements in athletes and non-athletes among students in Medan Laksamana Aulia, Laksamana Aulia
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 03 (1986)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

To study the possibility of the influence of exercise on body posture, anthropometric measurements were taken in 40 male athletes and 41 male non-athletes, as well as in 26 female athletes and 24 female non-athletes, among students in Medan. The measurements included height, weight, arm and thigh circumferences, thorax diameters, and skinfold thickness. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the left arm circumference between male athletes and male non-athletes, whereas in the female none of the measurements taken showed any significant difference. The explanation of these results has to be sought by further studies with more consideration on the types of exercise performed. Key Words: arm and thigh circumferences - thorax diameters - skinfold thickness - athletes - anthropometry
Evaluation of newborn infants with caesarean section deliv-ery in Dr. Sardjito Central General Hospital Sonny Issoedibyo, Sonny Issoedibyo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 03 (1986)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Two hundred and sixteen (9.1% of all deliveries) newborn infants with caesarean section in Dr. Sardjito Hospital during the period of November 1, 1982 to October 31, 1985 have been studied. It was shown that 54.4% of the cases with mothers age ranging between 25 —34 years, 40.5% of the mothers were primigravida and 67.6% with term gestational age. Caesarean section indications were placenta previa (47.7%), prolonged labour (23.0%) and cephalopelvic disproportion (16.4%) There were 76.4% of infants with a birth weight 2500 gram, 54.6% suffered from severe asphyxia and early neonatal deaths occurred in seven infants (3.2%). There were no significant differences between the type of caesarean section indications and the grade of asphyxia (p>0.05). A statistically significant difference was found between cases in 1 and 5 minute Apgar score resulted from resuscitation applied. There was also a highly significant difference between the grade of asphyxia and birth weight group (p

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