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Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran
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Articles 4 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 19, No 02 (1987)" : 4 Documents clear
Diagnostics of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci and their resistence pattern in Yogyakafta Suparwoto Saleh, Suparwoto Saleh
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 19, No 02 (1987)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Pharyngitis or impetigo caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococci can incite acute rheumatic fever or acute glomerulonephritis. The Microbiology Department, Gadjah Mada University Faculty of Medicine, has identified and tested the sensitivity of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci to various antibiotics. Forty-one strains of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (12.6%) resulted from 326 throat swabs could be isolated; and 4 strains of the streptococci (40%) resulted from 10 skin swabs could be found. The other 19 strains were Rested by various antibiotics. It was found that there was not any strain which could resist penicillin G. One strain having been tested could resist erythromycin (5.3%). All strains were also sensitive to arnpicillin, cephalexin, cefotaxime, gentamicin and vancornycin. The resistence to amikacin and chloramphenicol was quite high: 5B% and 26.3%. while the resistence to tetracyclin seemed to be the highest, which was 89.5%. Key Words: group A beta-hemolytic streptococci - acute rheumatic fever - bacute glomerulonephritis - penicillin G - erythromycin
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis: A case report Ahmad H Asdie, Ahmad H Asdie
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 19, No 02 (1987)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

The paper presented two cases of periodic paralysis complicating Graves disease of the Indonesians. Clinical presentation and laboratory findings were concomitant with classical description of thyrotoxic paralysis in these cases. The precipitating factor in our cases is thought to be severe physic- al activities done several hours before paralytic attacks. Hypokalemi a probably also precipitates the episode of paralytic attack, but not convincing since without specific treatment of hypokalemia the paralysis recovered spontaneously. In one case, the periodic paralysis reappeared several time after treatment with anti-thyroid medication, but can be controlled with beta-blockers, propranolol 4 dd 20 mg. Key Words.. thyrotoxic periodic paralysis - Graves disease - beta-blockers - hypokalemia - Indonesians.
Genetic syndromes associated with ocular anomalies Hartono, Hartono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 19, No 02 (1987)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A syndrome is defined as the concurrence or running together of constant patterns of abnormal signs or symptoms. Syndromes can be either genetic or non-genetic in origins. Genetic diseases consist of genic diseases, chromosomic diseases and embryopathies. Genetic syndromes also consist of genic disease syndromes, chromosomic disease syndromes and embryopathic syndromes. Syndromes of genic diseases are caused by pleiotropic mutation of the genes which give rise to multiple (pleiotropic) effects. Syndromes of chromosomic diseases are caused by chromosomal derangement either by the abnormalities of their structure or their number. There are many genetic syndromes associated with ocular anomalies. Geeraets has collected 436 ocular syndromes either genetic and non-genetic in origins, and 49 of 135 recognizable human malformations collected by Smith are also associated with ocular defects. Some important chromosomic syndromes such as tkisomy 21, Patau, Edward, and cri-du-chat syndromes are also associated with ocular anomalies. Key Words: genetic diseases - pleiotropic effects - ocular anomalies - chromosomic syndromes - embryopathies
Effects of amodiaquine on Brugia pahangi infection in Aedes togoi Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo., Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo.
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 19, No 02 (1987)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A primary screening of amodiaquine as a filaricide using Brugia pahangi .Aedes togoi model infection was carried out. The drug dissolved in 10% sucrose water solution in the concentrations of 100 mg%, 200 mg% and 400 mg% fed ad libitum to the uninfected and infected mosquitoes for 4, 8 and 12 days showed definite insecticidal and filaricidal activities. Key words: primary filaricide screening - amodiaquine - Brugia pahangi - Aedes togoi model infection - filariasis - parasitology

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