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Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran
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Articles 3 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 20, No 01 (1988)" : 3 Documents clear
Identitication offastigioblabar pathways by horseradish peroxidase method Abdulcholiq Chuseri, Abdulcholiq Chuseri
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 20, No 01 (1988)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

In this experiment the fastigial projection to the paramedian reticular nucleus was investigated by means of retrograd axonal transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in the rabbit cerebellum. Following HRP injection in various regions of the paramedian reticular nucleus of the medulla oblongata, labelled cells were found in the fastigial nucleus on both sides with a greater preponderance on the contralaterai side. Most of the labelled cells were distributed in the rostra] and medial regions of the fastigial nucleus, after HRP injection in the area of the paramedian reticular nucleus, proved that the fastigial neurons project their axons to the paramedian reticular nucleus.Key Words: fastigiobulbar pathways - horseradish peroxidase - fastigial nucleus - paramedian reticular nucleus - medulla oblongata
Uji Lapangan Skala Kecil Tentang Pengaruh Kahut Panas Chlorpyrifos Terhadap Nyamuk Aedes aegypti dan Anopheles aconitus Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo, Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 20, No 01 (1988)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo, Kasumbogo Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DI-IF) and malaria are two major diseases of public health importance in Java, and other areas of Indonesia. Chemical insecticides are still the main weapon in the control of the disease vectors particularly in epidemic situations. In case of malaria vector control, mainly in Java, one of the problems encountered in the field is the development of highly resistant strain of Anopheles aconitus to DDT. Efforts should be taken, therefore, to find a better and more effective insecticide for controlling the vector.Clorpyrifos (Lorsban *180 EC) at doses of 100 ml/ha, 200 ml/ha. and 300 ml/ha applied as thermal fog was proved to be highly effective for controlling Aedes aegypti and An. aconitus mosquitoes, equal to that of malathion at the dose of 438 ml/ha..Considering the effectiveness and efficiency of the control, the recommended dose of chlorpyri - fos for two species of mosquitoes is 100 ml/ha.Key Words: thermal fog — chlorpyrifos — malathion — Aedes aegypti — Anopheles
Extended Use of a Copper Intrauterine Device Beyond Theoretical Effectiveness: A ten-year study on the Multiload Cu-250 in a ynecologic private practice in Indonesia with specific reference to its use in the national.. R. Soeprono, R. Soeprono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 20, No 01 (1988)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Pemakaian IUD Bertembaga dalam waktu lama melewati masa efektip teoretis tidak mengganggu efektifitasnya untuk mencegah terjadinya kehamilan. Hal ini disimpulkan dari penelitian se-lama sepuluh tahun meliputi 52 pasien praktek spesialis pribadi yang setuju untuk tents menggunakan Multiload Cu-250 tanpa ganti setelah pemakaian selama tiga- tahun yang merupakan batasan masa pakai efektip teoretis bagi jenis IUD Mi. Lama pemakaian tercatat berkisar antara 36,08 sampai 100,51 bulan, sedangkan rata-rata pemakaian adalah 52,10 bulan. Sebanyak 25 (48,07%) wanita memakainya selama 3-4 tahun, 19 (36,53%) selama 4-5 tahun dan 9 (17,30%) selama 6-7 tahun. Pemakaian terlama tercatat pada 4 wanita selama 77,60; 72,48; 92,72 dan 100,51 bulan. Tidak terjadi sate pun kegagalan kehamilan dalam kelompok penelitian ini. Kelompok pembanding terdiri atas 63 wanita pemakai jenis IUD yang sama selama waktu kurang dari tiga tahun dan berasal dad praktek pribadi yang sama. Gangguan subyektip, perdarahan, kelainan haid dan ekspulsi tidak menunjukkan peningkatan frekuensi yang berarti. Sebaliknya, infeksi panggul dan sekresi vaginal yang berlebihan bertambah Bering secara bermakna, meski masih dalam derajat yang ringan dan mudah teratasi. Biqa pula dipahami bahwa terjadi lebih banyak permintaan untuk melepas IUD karena ingin hamil lagi. Karena Multiload Cu-250 sudah terpilihsebagai IUD Bertembaga utama yang digunakan dalam program keluarga berencana nasional di Indonesia, basil penelitian ini dapat bermanfaat dalam kaitannya dengan masalah kontinuasi pemakaian, keamanan, efektifitas, penghematan biaya dan penyediaan peralatan, baik dad segi kepentingan pemakai maupun dari segi kepentingan program. Dalarn penelitian lain yang sedang berjalan hasil-hasil ini akan dibandingkan dengan kelompok pemakai lain yang berganti IUD setelah usai masa efektip teoretis tiga tahun. Dianggap perlu diadakannya penelitian•penelidan lain dalam lingkup epidemiologik lapangan yang lebih Was dengan kondisi klinis medic yang mungkin tidak selalu optimal.Key Words: copper intrauterine device — family planning — Multiload Cu-250 — demography —gynecology

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