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Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran
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Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 24, No 03 (1992)" : 5 Documents clear
Initial Study of Production of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis Using Locally Obtained Substrates Soesanto, Soesanto
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 24, No 03 (1992)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis diketahui sebagai entomopatogen nyamuk ades aegypti yang merupakan vektor penyakit demam berdarah.Telah dilakukan percobaan produksi Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis dengan menggunakan medium yang mengandung bahan lokal terasi udang, melase dan tepung kedelai. Hasil uji toksisitas (bioassay) terhadap Final Whole Culture (FWC) dengan bahan lokal yang murah menunjukkan potensi sebagai agensia bioinsektisida.Key Words: entomopathogen - Bacillus thuringiensis - bioinsecticide - Aedes aegypt - toxicity bioassay
Primary screening of insecticidal efficacy of leaves and seeds of Annona muricuta Linn. against mosquito larvae in the laboratory Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo, Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 24, No 03 (1992)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Various species of plants are known to contain different active substances showing insecticidal activities and many of them could be utilized as the alternatives of chemical insecticides with long residual actions. •These studies aimed at elucidating the insecticidal actions of leaves and seeds of Annona muricula Linn. against Aedes and Culex mosquito larvae. The leaves, seed cores and seed walls of A. muricuta were prepared as 10% infusion, and after a serial dilutions of the stock ingredient was made, they were tested for their respective insecticidal actions against the larvae of. Ae. aegypti and Cr. quinquefasciatus under laboratory conditions for 24 and 48 hours.Final results analized showed that the leaves and seed cores of A. muricula in the form of infusion were insecticidal against mosquito larvae tested.Key Words: botanical insecticides - Annona muricuta Linn. Aedes aegypti - Culex quinquefasciatus - mosquito control
Transcatheter Arterial Embolization and Continuous Intraarterial Infusion Chemotherapy in Hepatoma Arif Faisal, Arif Faisal
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 24, No 03 (1992)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Terapi einbolisasi intraarterial melalui kateter (transcatheter arterial embolization) merupakan upaya terapi alternatif pada penderita hepatoma yang sudah tidal( dapat dilakukan terapi operasi (unresectable hepatoma). Kemajuan dalam bidang kemoterapi mendorong dilakukannya terapi kombinasi embolisasi. dengan infus intraarterial berkesinambungan (continuous inkaarterial infusion). Basil yang dicapai dengan metode di atas cukup efektif, cumulative survival rate 66,6% untuk 6 bulan dan 55,4% untuk 1 tahun.Efek samping terapi kombinasi lebih banyak, tetapi masih dalam Batas-Batas toleransi. Sebab kematian penderita hepatoma dalam penelitian ini terutarna gagal hati (hepatic failure).Key Words: chemotherapy - arterial embolization - hepatoma - hepatic failure - infusion chemotherapy
Iris cyst after cataract extraction: A case report Hartana & Suhardjo, Hartana & Suhardjo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 24, No 03 (1992)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A case of 50 years-old woman with iris cyst 214 years after cataract extraction has been reported. Removal of the cyst had been performed, but a vitreocorneal adherence appeared. This was a complication of cystectomic procedure and caused a progression of corneal edema and a bullous keratopathy, so that the prognosis remained poor.Iris cyst is the most malignant complication of cataract extraction. Estimates of the incidence vary from 0.00 to 0.11%. The history of illness, clinical signs and biomicroscopic examination suggested that the case was an epithelial invasion into the anterior chamber following cataract extraction.Key Words: iris cyst - cystectomy - vitreocorneal adherence - bullous keratopathy - cataract
Laparoscopic Assessment of Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases Among IUD Users Ibnu Pranoto, Ibnu Pranoto
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 24, No 03 (1992)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penyakit Radang Panggul (PRP) adalah salah satu komplikasi terpenting yang terjadi pada pemakaian IUD. Telah diteliti 390 talon akseptor sterilisasi ligasi tuba secara laparoskopi, dengan perincian 194 kasus (49,7%) akseptor IUD dan 196 (50,3%) bukan akseptor IUD; dilakukan eksplorasi rongga panggul untuk melihat adanya PRP sebelum dilakukan sterilisasi ligasi tuba. Didapat angka risiko relatif 95% PRD pada aksep for IUD sebany-ak 2,52 dibandingdengan non-IUD. Makin lama pemakaian IUD, makin besar risiko terjadinya PRP clan kenaikan yang tajam PRP se telah pemakaian 2 tahun. hisersi IUD oleh bidan atau dokter umum mempunyai risiko hampir sama untuk terjadinya PRP. Bila insersi dilakukan dengan tempat dan peralatan medis yang kurang baik, maka risiko kejadian PRP lebih besar.Disimpulkan bahwa laparoskopi eksplorasi memberikan keuntungan yang lebih dalam mendiagnosis PRP, terutama yang secara klinis ridak dapat ditentukan.Key Words: pelvic inflammatory disease - laparoscopic sterilization - IUD - family planning program - gynaecology

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