cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
jmedscie@ugm.ac.id
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kab. sleman,
Daerah istimewa yogyakarta
INDONESIA
Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 33, No 02 (2001)" : 8 Documents clear
Amplitudo of accommodation in the many types of myopia Nugraha Wahyu Cahyana, Nugraha Wahyu Cahyana
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 33, No 02 (2001)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.05 KB)

Abstract

Background: It has been discussed among ophthalmologists whether myopia is caused by environmental factors or hereditary. One of the environmental factors is the demand of work requiring frequent and close inspection with the eyes. Myopia may develop in eyes as an adaptation to reduce demands of physical type of work.Objective: To evaluate the difference of amplitudo of accommodation in many types of myopia, and the relation between amplitudo of accommodation and the degree of myopia.Methods: Subjects of the study were myopic patients in the Eye Polyclinic of Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta from November 1,2000 to March 31, 2001. Subjects were divided into 4 groups: mild, moder-ate, high, and progressive myopia. Amplitudo of accommodation was examined with spherical minus method. Sex, age, family history, occupation, education level, and onset of myopia were registered, tabu-lated and analysed.Results: The subjects of the study consisted of 64 myopia patients: 16 mild myopic patients, 16 moderate myopic patients, 16 high myopic patients, and 16 progressive myopic patients. The average amplitudo o accommodation in the mild myopia group was 6.66 ± 1.28 D; the moderate myopia group was 5.03 ± 1.117 D; the high myopia group was 3.53 ± 0.59 D, and the progressive myopia was 2.89 ± 1.14 D. There was a significant difference for each group (p<0,001). There were negative significant correlations (r = -0,758) between the amplitudo of accommodation and the degree of myopia.Conclusion: There was a difference in amplitudo of accommodation for each group of myopia. There was a negative correlation between amplitudo of accommodation and the degree of myopia.Keywords : amplitudo of accommodation - degree of myopia - negative correlation - adaptation mechanism - hereditary factor 
Predicting time of death by postmortem erythrocyte osmotic fragility test in Sprague-Dawley white mouse Beta Ahlam Gizela, Beta Ahlam Gizela
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 33, No 02 (2001)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.901 KB)

Abstract

Background: Death cases caused by crime require estimation of the time of death as a guide for searching who is the murderer. The common method has been used is by detecting hypostasis, rigidity, temperature decreasing, and decomposition. These methods are less accurate, since they are influenced by various factors. A new more accurate method is, therefore, required.Objectives: To establish a new method in predicting time of death by searching for relations between erythrocyte osmotic fragility and time of death.Methods: This research used Quasi Experiment Design. The subjects were 31 white male of mice 2 months old. The mouse blood was taken in a periodic time: ante mortem, 0, 1, 2, and 3 hours postmortem, and their erythrocyte osmotic fragility was detected by Modification Method of Osmotic Fragility Test. The reagent used was Saline Buffer Phosphate in gradual concentration, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4%, 0.5%, and 0.6%.Results: Data taken from this research were analyzed by regression analysis and ROC curve analysis.There was a significant positive correlation between time of death and erythrocyte osmotic fragility (r2 = 0.536, p< 0.01). Erythrocyte osmotic fragility of 0.5% (under curve area=0.826, p<0.01) was a cut off point at 1.5  hours post mortem (MSS=154.4%).Conclusion: Post mortem erythrocyte osmotic fragility test have a value in predicting time of death.Erythrocyte osmotic fragility test of 0.5% occured at      1.5  hours post mortem.Keywords: time of death - post mortem - erythrocyte osmotic fragility
Comparative efficacy of Phyllanthus niruri L. and cotrimoxazole in the treatment of skin infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Praseno, Praseno
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 33, No 02 (2001)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.244 KB)

Abstract

Background: Traditional medicine has been widely used in our community and many of them were found to be effective in the treatment of various diseases. Previous studies showed that Phyllanthus niruri L. has an effect as immunostimulator and antiviral activities.Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Phyllanthus niruri L. in the treatment of skin infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus.Materials and Methods: Thirty mice of Swiss strain were infected with 2x100 colony forming unit of S.aureus subcutaneously. The mice were then devided into 3 groups; Phyllanthus niruri L.-treated group, cotrimoxazole-treated group, and control group. Treatmen
The effect of intravenous neems (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seed oil on Plasmodium berghei in mice Budi Mulyaningsih, Budi Mulyaningsih
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 33, No 02 (2001)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.231 KB)

Abstract

Background: Malaria is one of the most important public health problems in the tropical countries such a Indonesia. Several actions have been taken to overcome this problem, however, its prevalence is still high. Vector resistance to insecticide and parasite resistance to drug were two of the major constraints in dealing with malaria. Therefore, alternative methods to control malaria which are effective and safe are needed.Objectives: To detect the effect of neems (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seed oil on Plasmodium berghei administered intravenously in mice.Methods: Seventy five Swiss mice were divided into 7 groups and each group was treated intravenously with 50 mg/KgBW, 100 mg/KgBW, 200 mg/KgBW, 400 mg/KgBW, 500 mg/KgBW neems seed oil; 5 mg/KgBW chloroquine and 50 ml physiological salt respectively for a period of 4 days after infection. The blood samples were collected every day (D.,0 to D.3) from all experimental animals and the parasitemia were examined with Giemsa staining.Results: Effective dose (ED50) of neems (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seed oil on Plasmodium berghei in mice administered intravenously was 144.12 mg/Kg BW, and the inhibition effect of the dose of 800 mg/ KgBW was 78.61%.Conclusion: The neems (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seed oil on Plasmodium berghei administered intravenously in mice (800 mg/KgBW) has a potential inhibition effect on development of P. berghei.Keywords: Plasmodium berghei - Azadirachta indica A. Juss - effective dose - parasitemia - resistance
The effectivity of 2% salicylic acid on inflammatory acne vulgaris. Theresia Niken Wijayanti, Theresia Niken Wijayanti
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 33, No 02 (2001)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (182.974 KB)

Abstract

Background: The patients compliance is very important for the successful of acne management. Two percent of salicylic acid lotion can be used for treatment of non comedogenic acne, and as moisturizer. Objective: This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of 2% salicylic acid on inflammatory acne vulgaris patients.Material and Method: A randomized clinical trial was done in two groups of inflammatory acne vulgaris patients or grade I, II, and III papulopustular acne vulgaris according to Plewig Kligmans classification. The first group was treated with doxycycline 50 mg once daily and 2% salicylic lotion, and the other group as a control was treated with doxycycline 50 mg once daily plus vehicle lotion. Evaluation was done by counting the non-inflammatory and inflammatory lesions, measuring skin lightness of the skin using chromameter, and the subjects opinion of their skin conditions about smoothness and moistness of the skin using visual analog scale. In the beginning of this study, there were 78 subjects participated. However, only 62 subject completed this study with 12 weeks. The differences of non-inflammatory lesions, inflammatory lesions, and the subjects opinion of their skin conditions were analyzed using Mann-Whitney Test. The difference of lightness of the skin was analyzed using independent sample t-test. Result: The result of this study showed that there were significant differences (p value< 0.05) in the reduction of non-inflammatory lesions, inflammatory lesions, and the increasing of lightness of the skin between both groups. No significant differences were found (p value>0.05) in the smoothness, and moistness of the skin.Conclusion: The effectivity of 2% salicylic acid on the inflammatory acne patients were the reduction of non-inflammatory and inflammatory lesions, and the increasing of lightness of the skin.Keywords: salicylic acid, acne lesions, smoothness, moistness, lightness
The affect of Musa balbisiana Co//a flesh and seed on rat gastric acid secretion in vitro. Eti Nurwening Sholikhah, Eti Nurwening Sholikhah
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 33, No 02 (2001)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (130.544 KB)

Abstract

Background: The alcoholic extract of kluthuk banana (Musa balbisiana Colla), a seeded banana, has been known to reduce gastric acid secretion on rats, but there is no explanation which part of kluthuk banana having that effect.Objective: To determine the effect of kluthuk banana both flesh and seed on rats gastric acid secretion in vitro.Methods: This study was conducted using isolated Wistar rat stomach. Fifty-four rats of 175-225 g weight were devided into 9 groups, each consisted of 3 male and 3 female rats. The stomach was suspended in an organ bath containing buffered serosal solution, and the gastric lumen was perfused continuously with unbuffered mucosal solution. The isolated preparation was stabilized for 5 times within 1 h and perfusate was spilled out. The perfusate was allowed to flow continuously, collected for 10 minutes duration and Fl+ concentration was measured, as basal FI4- concentration. Pretreatment was added to the unbuffered mucosal solution for 30 minutes, after which, histamine was added to the unbuffered mucosal solution for 80 minutes to induce gastric secretion. Perfusate from gastric lumen were collected every 10 minutes and FP-concentration was measured. The elevation of H* concentration was calculated in percentage, and was expressed as means ± SEM. ANOVA was used to analysis the data.Results: The elevation of H* concentration of groups treated with alcoholic extract of kluthuk banana seed at 12.46, 24.92 and 49.84 mg/kgBW was significantly lower than control group (p0.05).Conclusion: Alcoholic extract of kluthuk banana seed reduced rat gastric acid secretion in vitro, but did not those of alcoholic extract of kluthuk banana flesh.Keywords: Musa balbisiana Colla - gastric acid secretion - histamine - rat - stomach
Child sexual abuse: clinical and psychological perspectives Etty Indriati, Etty Indriati
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 33, No 02 (2001)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.564 KB)

Abstract

This article reviews the clinical and psychological effects of children who suffer sexual abuse. Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a forced sexual behavior toward a child, either from the opposite or same sex. The types of child sexual abuse include exhibitionism, vouyerism, kissing, fondling, fellatio and cunnilingus, sexual intercourse, and pornography. The psychological effects of child sexual abuse often last a long time, in the form of anger, anxiety, nightmares, insecure, confused, scared, sad, and behavioral change from good to bad. The clinical effects of child sexual abuse ranges from bleeding in the genital and anus, fissure on anus, enlargement of vaginal and anal openings, and thinning/damaged of the hymen in the vagina. The Indonesian law no. 290 mentions that sexual offender or perpetrator is to be jailed for at most 7 years. It is hoped this review can be used as a general reference for clinicians in obstetrics and gynecology as well as pediatrics, in diagnosing child sexual abuse. This diagnosis is important for helping the abused child to recover and as medical records for law enforcement.Keywords: child sexual abuse, clinical effects, psychological effects
Efficacy of corticosteroid in pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis Barmawi Hisyam, Barmawi Hisyam
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 33, No 02 (2001)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.478 KB)

Abstract

Tuberculosis is one of major health problems all over the world. The epidemiologic data shows an increase in its morbidity and mortality. Infection of tuberculosis involves almost every organ of the body, ie. respiratory organ, known as pulmonary tuberculosis and other organs, known as extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently published programme guidlines for the treatment of tuberculosis. In certain cases, especially extrapulmonary tuberculosis, a combination of anti-tuberculous drugs and corticosteroid is assumed to be useful.Key words : pulmonary tuberculosis - extrapulmonary tuberculosis - anti tuberculous drug - corticosteroid

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 8


Filter by Year

2001 2001


Filter By Issues
All Issue Vol 52, No 3 (2020): Special Issue: COVID-19 Vol 52, No 3 (2020) Vol 52, No 2 (2020) Vol 52, No 1 (2020) Vol 51, No 4 (2019) Vol 51, No 3 (2019) Vol 51, No 2 (2019) Vol 51, No 1 (2019) Vol 50, No 4 (2018) Vol 50, No 3 (2018) Vol 50, No 2 (2018) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT Vol 50, No 1 (2018) Vol 49, No 4 (2017) Vol 49, No 3 (2017) Vol 49, No 2 (2017) Vol 49, No 1 (2017) Vol 48, No 4 (2016): SUPPLEMENT Vol 48, No 4 (2016) Vol 48, No 3 (2016) Vol 48, No 2 (2016) Vol 48, No 1 (2016) Vol 47, No 4 (2015) Vol 47, No 3 (2015) Vol 47, No 2 (2015) Vol 47, No 01 (2015) Vol 46, No 04 (2014) Vol 46, No 03 (2014) Vol 46, No 02 (2014) Vol 46, No 01 (2014) Vol 46, No 04 (2014) Vol 46, No 03 (2014) Vol 46, No 02 (2014) Vol 46, No 01 (2014) Vol 45, No 04 (2013) Vol 45, No 03 (2013) Vol 45, No 02 (2013) Vol 45, No 01 (2013) Vol 45, No 04 (2013) Vol 45, No 03 (2013) Vol 45, No 02 (2013) Vol 45, No 01 (2013) Vol 44, No 02 (2012) Vol 44, No 01 (2012) Vol 44, No 02 (2012) Vol 44, No 01 (2012) Vol 43, No 02 (2011) Vol 43, No 01 (2011) Vol 43, No 02 (2011) Vol 43, No 01 (2011) Vol 42, No 01 (2010) Vol 42, No 01 (2010) Vol 41, No 04 (2009) Vol 41, No 03 (2009) Vol 41, No 02 (2009) Vol 41, No 01 (2009) Vol 41, No 04 (2009) Vol 41, No 03 (2009) Vol 41, No 02 (2009) Vol 41, No 01 (2009) Vol 40, No 04 (2008) Vol 40, No 03 (2008) Vol 40, No 02 (2008) Vol 40, No 01 (2008) Vol 40, No 04 (2008) Vol 40, No 03 (2008) Vol 40, No 02 (2008) Vol 40, No 01 (2008) Vol 39, No 04 (2007) Vol 39, No 03 (2007) Vol 39, No 02 (2007) Vol 39, No 01 (2007) Vol 39, No 04 (2007) Vol 39, No 03 (2007) Vol 39, No 02 (2007) Vol 39, No 01 (2007) Vol 38, No 04 (2006) Vol 38, No 01 (2006) Vol 37, No 04 (2005) Vol 37, No 03 (2005) Vol 37, No 02 (2005) Vol 37, No 01 (2005) Vol 37, No 04 (2005) Vol 37, No 03 (2005) Vol 37, No 02 (2005) Vol 37, No 01 (2005) Vol 36, No 4 (2004) Vol 36, No 3 (2004) Vol 36, No 2 (2004) Vol 36, No 1 (2004) Vol 36, No 4 (2004) Vol 36, No 3 (2004) Vol 36, No 2 (2004) Vol 36, No 1 (2004) Vol 35, No 4 (2003) Vol 35, No 3 (2003) Vol 35, No 2 (2003) Vol 35, No 4 (2003) Vol 35, No 3 (2003) Vol 35, No 2 (2003) Vol 34, No 04 (2002) Vol 34, No 03 (2002) Vol 34, No 02 (2002) Vol 34, No 01 (2002) Vol 34, No 04 (2002) Vol 34, No 03 (2002) Vol 34, No 02 (2002) Vol 34, No 01 (2002) Vol 33, No 04 (2001) Vol 33, No 03 (2001) Vol 33, No 02 (2001) Vol 33, No 04 (2001) Vol 33, No 03 (2001) Vol 33, No 02 (2001) Vol 31, No 04 (1999) Vol 31, No 03 (1999) Vol 31, No 02 (1999) Vol 31, No 01 (1999) Vol 31, No 04 (1999) Vol 31, No 03 (1999) Vol 31, No 02 (1999) Vol 31, No 01 (1999) Vol 30, No 03 (1998) Vol 30, No 02 (1998) Vol 30, No 01 (1998) Vol 30, No 03 (1998) Vol 30, No 02 (1998) Vol 30, No 01 (1998) Vol 29, No 04 (1997) Vol 29, No 03 (1997) Vol 29, No 02 (1997) Vol 29, No 01 (1997) Vol 29, No 04 (1997) Vol 29, No 03 (1997) Vol 29, No 02 (1997) Vol 29, No 01 (1997) Vol 28, No 04 (1996) Vol 28, No 03 (1996) Vol 28, No 02 (1996) Vol 28, No 01 (1996) Vol 28, No 04 (1996) Vol 28, No 03 (1996) Vol 28, No 02 (1996) Vol 28, No 01 (1996) Vol 27, No 04 (1995) Vol 27, No 03 (1995) Vol 27, No 02 (1995) Vol 27, No 01 (1995) Vol 27, No 04 (1995) Vol 27, No 03 (1995) Vol 27, No 02 (1995) Vol 27, No 01 (1995) Vol 26, No 03 (1994) Vol 26, No 02 (1994) Vol 26, No 01 (1994) Vol 26, No 03 (1994) Vol 26, No 02 (1994) Vol 26, No 01 (1994) Vol 25, No 04 (1993) Vol 25, No 03 (1993) Vol 25, No 02 (1993) Vol 25, No 01 (1993) Vol 25, No 04 (1993) Vol 25, No 03 (1993) Vol 25, No 02 (1993) Vol 25, No 01 (1993) Vol 24, No 04 (1992) Vol 24, No 03 (1992) Vol 24, No 02 (1992) Vol 24, No 01 (1992) Vol 24, No 04 (1992) Vol 24, No 03 (1992) Vol 24, No 02 (1992) Vol 24, No 01 (1992) Vol 23, No 04 (1991) Vol 23, No 03 (1991) Vol 23, No 02 (1991) Vol 23, No 01 (1991) Vol 23, No 04 (1991) Vol 23, No 03 (1991) Vol 23, No 02 (1991) Vol 23, No 01 (1991) Vol 22, No 04 (1990) Vol 22, No 03 (1990) Vol 22, No 02 (1990) Vol 22, No 01 (1990) Vol 22, No 04 (1990) Vol 22, No 03 (1990) Vol 22, No 02 (1990) Vol 22, No 01 (1990) Vol 21, No 04 (1989) Vol 21, No 03 (1989) Vol 21, No 02 (1989) Vol 21, No 01 (1989) Vol 21, No 04 (1989) Vol 21, No 03 (1989) Vol 21, No 02 (1989) Vol 21, No 01 (1989) Vol 20, No 04 (1988) Vol 20, No 03 (1988) Vol 20, No 02 (1988) Vol 20, No 01 (1988) Vol 20, No 04 (1988) Vol 20, No 03 (1988) Vol 20, No 02 (1988) Vol 20, No 01 (1988) Vol 19, No 04 (1987) Vol 19, No 03 (1987) Vol 19, No 02 (1987) Vol 19, No 01 (1987) Vol 19, No 04 (1987) Vol 19, No 03 (1987) Vol 19, No 02 (1987) Vol 19, No 01 (1987) Vol 18, No 04 (1986) Vol 18, No 03 (1986) Vol 18, No 02 (1986) Vol 18, No 01 (1986) Vol 18, No 04 (1986) Vol 18, No 03 (1986) Vol 18, No 02 (1986) Vol 18, No 01 (1986) Vol 17, No 03 (1985) Vol 17, No 02 (1985) Vol 17, No 01 (1985) Vol 17, No 03 (1985) Vol 17, No 02 (1985) Vol 17, No 01 (1985) Vol 16, No 04 (1984) Vol 16, No 02 (1984) Vol 16, No 01 (1984) Vol 16, No 04 (1984) Vol 16, No 02 (1984) Vol 16, No 01 (1984) Vol 15, No 03 (1983) Vol 15, No 02 (1983) Vol 15, No 03 (1983) Vol 15, No 02 (1983) Vol 13, No 04 (1981) Vol 13, No 03 (1981) Vol 13, No 02 (1981) Vol 13, No 01 (1981) Vol 13, No 04 (1981) Vol 13, No 03 (1981) Vol 13, No 02 (1981) Vol 13, No 01 (1981) Vol 12, No 04 (1980) Vol 12, No 03 (1980) Vol 12, No 02 (1980) Vol 12, No 01 (1980) Vol 12, No 04 (1980) Vol 12, No 03 (1980) Vol 12, No 02 (1980) Vol 12, No 01 (1980) Vol 10, No 04 (1978) Vol 10, No 03 (1978) Vol 10, No 02 (1978) Vol 10, No 01 (1978) Vol 10, No 04 (1978) Vol 10, No 03 (1978) Vol 10, No 02 (1978) Vol 10, No 01 (1978) Vol 9, No 04 (1977) Vol 9, No 03 (1977) Vol 9, No 02 (1977) Vol 9, No 01 (1977) Vol 9, No 04 (1977) Vol 9, No 03 (1977) Vol 9, No 02 (1977) Vol 9, No 01 (1977) Vol 8, No 04 (1976) Vol 8, No 03 (1976) Vol 8, No 02 (1976) Vol 8, No 01 (1976) Vol 8, No 04 (1976) Vol 8, No 03 (1976) Vol 8, No 02 (1976) Vol 8, No 01 (1976) Vol 7, No 04 (1975) Vol 7, No 03 (1975) Vol 7, No 02 (1975) Vol 7, No 01 (1975) Vol 7, No 04 (1975) Vol 7, No 03 (1975) Vol 7, No 02 (1975) Vol 7, No 01 (1975) Vol 6, No 04 (1974) Vol 6, No 03 (1974) Vol 6, No 02 (1974) Vol 6, No 01 (1974) Vol 6, No 04 (1974) Vol 6, No 03 (1974) Vol 6, No 02 (1974) Vol 6, No 01 (1974) Vol 5, No 04 (1973) Vol 5, No 03 (1973) Vol 5, No 02 (1973) Vol 5, No 01 (1973) Vol 5, No 04 (1973) Vol 5, No 03 (1973) Vol 5, No 02 (1973) Vol 5, No 01 (1973) More Issue