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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 13, No 02 (1981)" : 10 Documents clear
Gene and antibody molecule Sofia Mubarika Haryana, Sofia Mubarika Haryana
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.382 KB)

Abstract

Five major structural types of immunoglobulin in man can be distinguished. i. e. immunoglobulin G (abbreviated to IgG), IgM, IgA, IgD and IgE. Each type of immunoglobulin can synthesize specific antibody according to the inducing antigen. The specificity of immunoglobulin molecule is found in the antigen-binding fragment.Actually the specificity and the diversity of the immunoglobulin is controlled by the gene in the chromosome. The diversity and where the assembly of immunoglobulins is held are described.Key Words: immunoglobulin - antigen-binding fragment - central dogma - protein synthesis - germ line theory
Aspek-AspekPenyakit Perdarahan Dalam Praktek Pada Anak Sunarto, Sunarto
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.495 KB)

Abstract

Hemorrhagic diathesis in pediatrics, covering the mechanism of hemostasis and the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects, is discussed.Hemorrhagic cases due to various causes are not uncommon in children. It is essential to understand aspects of hemorrhagic diathesis to be able to manage such cases efficiently. The diagnostic approach should be in an ordered fashion. By such a way and by understanding the principles of management, even with limited facilities, we can diagnose and treat many cases and at least recognize difficult cases and act appropriately before referring.Key Words: hemorrhagic diathesis - mechanism of hemostasis - hemophilia - purpura - hypoprothrombinemia
Anthropologi Untuk Fakultas Kedokteran T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.381 KB)

Abstract

This article discusses the problem of and justification for teaching anthropology in the medical school. It delineates the aspects and orientation of anthropology for the medical profession by distinguishing and explaining anthropology of medicine, anthropology in medicine and an• thropological medicine. Subsequently, a bioculturai account of the contents of those three subjects pertinent to medicine are presented, with special consideration on anthropology as basic, background knowledge in medicine. The wide use of biological anthropology in various medical dis- ciplines, in terms of diagnosis, therapy, rehabilitation, prevention, and promotion of health, are discussed more extensively.The growing discontent in the biologistic, or even physicochemical and mechanistic, approach in medicine, the increasing acceptance of holistic medicine, and the need for humane and man•centered medical science in the rising tide of modern technology constitute strong reasons for the inclu- sion of anthropology in the medical curriculum. In addition, the spectacular advances in molecular biology and the dramatic growth of hisses faire or market medicine have to be counterbalanced by population medicine; but this, in turn, enhances the need for knowledge of sociocultural aspects of man at supraindividual levels of the living system.For Indonesia which has a complex evolutionary history, and as results, has a population with high biological and cultural variability, the introduction and spread of modem medicine create problems of anthropological nature. Therefore, we think it is essential that anthropology is taught in the medical school. Suggestions are made for the course contents of anthropology most relevant to medicine.Key Words: medical anthropology - anthropological medicine - holistic medicine - medical - education -- living systems
The innocent murmurs Ahmad H. Asdie, Ahmad H. Asdie
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (497.898 KB)

Abstract

In this article the innocent murmur includes only those murmurs that are associated with no known abnormality, either structural or physiologic. The term "functional murmur" and "physiologic murmur" are avoided, because they may include even murmurs resulting from dilatadon of valves, heart chamber, and vessels or are associated with acceleration of the circulation.The innocent murmurs are common and are often misinterpreted. Misinterpretation of innocent murmurs may lead to anxiety on the part of both physician and patient, to a prolonged period of unnecessary restriction of physical activity, and perhaps to permanent cardiac neurosis. They may also lead to exclusion of healthy young people from athletic activities, flying, and military service, or to the use of unnecessary prophylactic penicillin. The distinction between an organic murmur and an innocent murmur is enlargement, no history of rheumatic fever; absence of cyanosis, clubbing, and congestive heart failure.KeyWords: innocent murmur - functional murmur- physiologic murmur - venous hum
Cytogenetic examination Risanto Siswosudarmo, Risanto Siswosudarmo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (229.451 KB)

Abstract

Cytogenetic examination on six normal persons, four men and two women, was carried out using a technique proposed by Dutrillaux with slight modification. Five drops of blood were taken from a peripheral vessel and was incubated on a PHA (phytohemarglutinine)-containing medium at 37°C for about 72 hours. Cell division was blocked by adding colchicine solution, an antimitotic agent, into this medium. A mixture of distilled water, magnesium chloride, hyaluronidase, and goat serum was used as hypotonic shock solution. Two out of these six examinations showed good results. The possibility of using this technique to examine some clinical syndromes, such as Down, Turner, and Klinefelter syndromes, as well as 13 and 18 trisomies, has also been discussed.Key Words: cytogenetics - chromosome - blood culture - colchicine - hypotonic shock solution
Gene and antibody molecule Sofia Mubarika Haryana, Sofia Mubarika Haryana
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.382 KB)

Abstract

Five major structural types of immunoglobulin in man can be distinguished. i. e. immunoglobulin G (abbreviated to IgG), IgM, IgA, IgD and IgE. Each type of immunoglobulin can synthesize specific antibody according to the inducing antigen. The specificity of immunoglobulin molecule is found in the antigen-binding fragment.Actually the specificity and the diversity of the immunoglobulin is controlled by the gene in the chromosome. The diversity and where the assembly of immunoglobulins is held are described.Key Words: immunoglobulin - antigen-binding fragment - central dogma - protein synthesis - germ line theory
Anthropologi Untuk Fakultas Kedokteran T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.381 KB)

Abstract

This article discusses the problem of and justification for teaching anthropology in the medical school. It delineates the aspects and orientation of anthropology for the medical profession by distinguishing and explaining anthropology of medicine, anthropology in medicine and an• thropological medicine. Subsequently, a bioculturai account of the contents of those three subjects pertinent to medicine are presented, with special consideration on anthropology as basic, background knowledge in medicine. The wide use of biological anthropology in various medical dis- ciplines, in terms of diagnosis, therapy, rehabilitation, prevention, and promotion of health, are discussed more extensively.The growing discontent in the biologistic, or even physicochemical and mechanistic, approach in medicine, the increasing acceptance of holistic medicine, and the need for humane and man•centered medical science in the rising tide of modern technology constitute strong reasons for the inclu- sion of anthropology in the medical curriculum. In addition, the spectacular advances in molecular biology and the dramatic growth of hisses faire or market medicine have to be counterbalanced by population medicine; but this, in turn, enhances the need for knowledge of sociocultural aspects of man at supraindividual levels of the living system.For Indonesia which has a complex evolutionary history, and as results, has a population with high biological and cultural variability, the introduction and spread of modem medicine create problems of anthropological nature. Therefore, we think it is essential that anthropology is taught in the medical school. Suggestions are made for the course contents of anthropology most relevant to medicine.Key Words: medical anthropology - anthropological medicine - holistic medicine - medical - education -- living systems
The innocent murmurs Ahmad H. Asdie, Ahmad H. Asdie
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (497.898 KB)

Abstract

In this article the innocent murmur includes only those murmurs that are associated with no known abnormality, either structural or physiologic. The term "functional murmur" and "physiologic murmur" are avoided, because they may include even murmurs resulting from dilatadon of valves, heart chamber, and vessels or are associated with acceleration of the circulation.The innocent murmurs are common and are often misinterpreted. Misinterpretation of innocent murmurs may lead to anxiety on the part of both physician and patient, to a prolonged period of unnecessary restriction of physical activity, and perhaps to permanent cardiac neurosis. They may also lead to exclusion of healthy young people from athletic activities, flying, and military service, or to the use of unnecessary prophylactic penicillin. The distinction between an organic murmur and an innocent murmur is enlargement, no history of rheumatic fever; absence of cyanosis, clubbing, and congestive heart failure.KeyWords: innocent murmur - functional murmur- physiologic murmur - venous hum
Cytogenetic examination Risanto Siswosudarmo, Risanto Siswosudarmo
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (229.451 KB)

Abstract

Cytogenetic examination on six normal persons, four men and two women, was carried out using a technique proposed by Dutrillaux with slight modification. Five drops of blood were taken from a peripheral vessel and was incubated on a PHA (phytohemarglutinine)-containing medium at 37°C for about 72 hours. Cell division was blocked by adding colchicine solution, an antimitotic agent, into this medium. A mixture of distilled water, magnesium chloride, hyaluronidase, and goat serum was used as hypotonic shock solution. Two out of these six examinations showed good results. The possibility of using this technique to examine some clinical syndromes, such as Down, Turner, and Klinefelter syndromes, as well as 13 and 18 trisomies, has also been discussed.Key Words: cytogenetics - chromosome - blood culture - colchicine - hypotonic shock solution
Aspek-AspekPenyakit Perdarahan Dalam Praktek Pada Anak Sunarto, Sunarto
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 02 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.495 KB)

Abstract

Hemorrhagic diathesis in pediatrics, covering the mechanism of hemostasis and the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects, is discussed.Hemorrhagic cases due to various causes are not uncommon in children. It is essential to understand aspects of hemorrhagic diathesis to be able to manage such cases efficiently. The diagnostic approach should be in an ordered fashion. By such a way and by understanding the principles of management, even with limited facilities, we can diagnose and treat many cases and at least recognize difficult cases and act appropriately before referring.Key Words: hemorrhagic diathesis - mechanism of hemostasis - hemophilia - purpura - hypoprothrombinemia

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