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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 22, No 02 (1990)" : 8 Documents clear
The right to die: Its biomedical aspects Teuku Jacob, Teuku Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 02 (1990)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.602 KB)

Abstract

This article discussed the existence or non-existence of the right to die. Death has various facets, namely the biomedical, social, historical, moral and religious. Man has the right to live or not to be killed, but not the reciprocal right to die or to kill, although in borderline cases this is debatable. The right to die is executed by way of suicide and voluntary euthanasia.Suicide is committed due to hopelessness, shame or guilt feeling, terminal illness, loyalty to a dead person, and for political reasons. It can be performed by an individual, a pair (suicide pact), a family, a group or en masse. The medical profession should prevent all suicidal attempts and help the surviving victim, since it is its duty to prolong life and ameliorate suffering.Euthanasia is either positive or negative (not infrequently, and inaccurately, termed active or passive), voluntary or involuntary, direct or indirect, and by not implementing extraordinary or ordinary procedures in life saving. Reasons are put forward why euthanasia is condoned or condemned. The moral difference between the two forms of euthanasia are questioned by some serious ethicists. Conditions for negative euthanasia are presented if it is performed selectively, for which the demand is unfortunately real.Key Words: right to die-euthanasia-suicide-patient rights - bioethics
Atrial fibrillation in children: Case study A. Samik Wahab, A. Samik Wahab
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 02 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (381.731 KB)

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation is very rare in children. Two children are described, although both were initially in congestive heart failure due to active carditis and were difficult to manage, but all have completely recovered. In addition to digitalis therapy all cases had quinidine, with therapeutic goal of controlling the heart rate rather than abolishing the fibrillation. One case died at home, 12 days after discharge from hospital and one recovered from fibrillation until now.Mitral and tricuspidal an nuloplasty have been performed to the second case, and the result is very satisfactory.Key Wards: atrial fibrillation — rheumatic hear t diseases — rheumatic fever— congestive heart failure — quinidine therapy
The genetics of diabetes mellitus Ahmad H. Asdie, Ahmad H. Asdie
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 02 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (409.758 KB)

Abstract

It is now clear that diabetes mellitus is not a disease in classical sense but is a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders which share glucose intolerance in common. Genetic heterogeneity, the concept that diabetes can have many different causes, was first suggested by the existence of rare genetic syndromes with diabetes, ethnic differences of clinical features, and genetic heterogeneity in animal models.This paper describes the background for genetic heterogeneity of diabetes mellitus which has major implications for the research and care of diabetic patients since the precise etiology, risk of complications and genetic counselling are likely to vary among these different disorder that result in diabetes.Key Words: diabetes mellitus - genetic heterogeneity - mode of inheritance - genetic counselling - antoinunune process
Multiple Sclerosis in the Tropics: four Additional Cases Harsono, Harsono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 02 (1990)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.29 KB)

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis merupakan penyakit yang bersifat kronis progresif, yang dalam perjalanan kliniknya dicirikan oleh sifat yang khas, yaitu remisi dan eksaserbasi. Sampai dengan saat ini multiple sclerosis masih dianggap sebagai suatu penyakit auto-imun atau suatu penyaldtyang disebabkan oleh infeksi virus.Prevalensi multiple sclerosis di Indonesia belum diketahui. Pada umumnya prevalensi multiple sclerosis di negara-negara Asia sangatrendah, kurang dari 5 per 100 000; bahkan ada anggapan bahwa multiple sclerosis tidak diremukan di negara tropic.Dilaporkan empat kasus multiple sclerosis yang ditemukan di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dalam kurun waktu 9 tahun terakhir. Di Indonesia laporan kasus ini merupakan laporan yang kedua. Pada tahun 1987 untuk pertama kali telah dilaporkan 3 kasus multiple sclerosis yang dirawat di RSUP Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya.Key Words: multiple sclerosis - atuoimmune disease - echovirus type II - latitude and disease -Schumacher criteria
The genetics of diabetes mellitus Ahmad H. Asdie, Ahmad H. Asdie
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 02 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (409.758 KB)

Abstract

It is now clear that diabetes mellitus is not a disease in classical sense but is a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders which share glucose intolerance in common. Genetic heterogeneity, the concept that diabetes can have many different causes, was first suggested by the existence of rare genetic syndromes with diabetes, ethnic differences of clinical features, and genetic heterogeneity in animal models.This paper describes the background for genetic heterogeneity of diabetes mellitus which has major implications for the research and care of diabetic patients since the precise etiology, risk of complications and genetic counselling are likely to vary among these different disorder that result in diabetes.Key Words: diabetes mellitus - genetic heterogeneity - mode of inheritance - genetic counselling - antoinunune process
Multiple Sclerosis in the Tropics: four Additional Cases Harsono, Harsono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 02 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.29 KB)

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis merupakan penyakit yang bersifat kronis progresif, yang dalam perjalanan kliniknya dicirikan oleh sifat yang khas, yaitu remisi dan eksaserbasi. Sampai dengan saat ini multiple sclerosis masih dianggap sebagai suatu penyakit auto-imun atau suatu penyaldtyang disebabkan oleh infeksi virus.Prevalensi multiple sclerosis di Indonesia belum diketahui. Pada umumnya prevalensi multiple sclerosis di negara-negara Asia sangatrendah, kurang dari 5 per 100 000; bahkan ada anggapan bahwa multiple sclerosis tidak diremukan di negara tropic.Dilaporkan empat kasus multiple sclerosis yang ditemukan di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dalam kurun waktu 9 tahun terakhir. Di Indonesia laporan kasus ini merupakan laporan yang kedua. Pada tahun 1987 untuk pertama kali telah dilaporkan 3 kasus multiple sclerosis yang dirawat di RSUP Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya.Key Words: multiple sclerosis - atuoimmune disease - echovirus type II - latitude and disease -Schumacher criteria
Atrial fibrillation in children: Case study A. Samik Wahab, A. Samik Wahab
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 02 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (381.731 KB)

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation is very rare in children. Two children are described, although both were initially in congestive heart failure due to active carditis and were difficult to manage, but all have completely recovered. In addition to digitalis therapy all cases had quinidine, with therapeutic goal of controlling the heart rate rather than abolishing the fibrillation. One case died at home, 12 days after discharge from hospital and one recovered from fibrillation until now.Mitral and tricuspidal an nuloplasty have been performed to the second case, and the result is very satisfactory.Key Wards: atrial fibrillation — rheumatic hear t diseases — rheumatic fever— congestive heart failure — quinidine therapy
The right to die: Its biomedical aspects Teuku Jacob, Teuku Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 02 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.602 KB)

Abstract

This article discussed the existence or non-existence of the right to die. Death has various facets, namely the biomedical, social, historical, moral and religious. Man has the right to live or not to be killed, but not the reciprocal right to die or to kill, although in borderline cases this is debatable. The right to die is executed by way of suicide and voluntary euthanasia.Suicide is committed due to hopelessness, shame or guilt feeling, terminal illness, loyalty to a dead person, and for political reasons. It can be performed by an individual, a pair (suicide pact), a family, a group or en masse. The medical profession should prevent all suicidal attempts and help the surviving victim, since it is its duty to prolong life and ameliorate suffering.Euthanasia is either positive or negative (not infrequently, and inaccurately, termed active or passive), voluntary or involuntary, direct or indirect, and by not implementing extraordinary or ordinary procedures in life saving. Reasons are put forward why euthanasia is condoned or condemned. The moral difference between the two forms of euthanasia are questioned by some serious ethicists. Conditions for negative euthanasia are presented if it is performed selectively, for which the demand is unfortunately real.Key Words: right to die-euthanasia-suicide-patient rights - bioethics

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