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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 22, No 03 (1990)" : 8 Documents clear
Screening of HIV Infection Among Prostitutes Soedarmadi, Soedarmadi
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 03 (1990)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (293.754 KB)

Abstract

Sanzpai akhir tahun 1988 di Indonesia terdapat 3 penderita (2 orang using, 1 orang Indonesia) mad karena-AIDS, dan 9 penderita seropositif HIV. Mereka dijumpai di Jakarta, gerbang inaSuk utama orang asing, dan di Bali, tujuan mama wisata. Sebegitu jauh belum pernah dilaporkan adanya kasus AIDS di Yogyakarta sebagai tujuan wisata kedua.Untuk mengetahui penyebaran epidemiologikinfeksi HIV, [dab dilakukan skrining pada WIS dan golongan risiko tinggi lain di Yogyakarta oleh team peneliti AIDS Fakultas Keclokteran UGM heketja sama dengan Kantor Wilayah Departemen Kesehatan Dacrah Istimewa Yogyakarta, (tenon tes ELISA.Skrining klinis maupun serologis pada 191 WrS tidak menemukan kasus AIDS, manifestasi lain infeksi HIV, maupun kasus seropositif HIV. Walaupun hasil ELISA negatil tidak harus berarti tiadanya infeksi AIDS; skrining ini merupakan langkah pertama dalam mernantau penyebaran epidemiologi infeksi HIV. reran faktor-faktor social dan perilaku-yang terkait denganIceinungkinan hasil skrining negatif merupakan pokok bahasan yang dibicarakan.Key Words: HIV -AIDS- ELISA-prostitute - venereo logy
Professionalism and humanitarianism in health care delivery Teuku Jacob, Teuku Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 03 (1990)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.007 KB)

Abstract

This article defines professionalism relevant to the medical profession and the trend towards deprofessionalization in medicine. Subsequently humanitarianism is described, followed by the nature and causes of dehumanization in medicine. Rehmnanizing efforts are expected to be enhanced by certain on-going trends in the society.The author further presents the issue of human rights, both natural and cultural, and their relation to the right to health care, whence patient rights developed. In this connection the problem of justice in the allocatiOn of health resources is encountered.Private medical practice in itself does not interfere with either professionalism or humanitarianism as long as distributive justice and patient rights arc observed.Lastly, potential future problems related to medical professionalism and humanitarianism are brought into focus, such as the growing urban slums, rural poverty, and opportunity for practice and employment. It is emphatically noted that sporadic medical interventions among underserviced communities are not effective, except from the vantage point of publicity.Key Words: medical professionalism - patient rights - justice in medicine 7 dehumanization - private practice
Physical aspects of a nuclear explosion Budi Santosa, Budi Santosa
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 03 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.838 KB)

Abstract

This article describes the principles of nuclear power, the nature of the atomic bomb and its impact on the environment, including the climate and the resulting nuclear winter.The author also points out the effects of nuclear radiation to the living organisms, both immediate and delayed. In conclusion he emphasizes the importance of immediate cessation of nuclear tests, in the atmosphere, on the surface, submarine as well as underground, because otherwise kis bound to increase radioactivityin the environ men t which endangers future generations, even in countries which are not involved in nuclear testing.Key Words: nuclear explosion-nuclear physics- nuclear winter -radioactive fall-out-medical effects of nuclear war
Colour vision and the genetics of colour vision defect Hartono, Hartono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 03 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (301.513 KB)

Abstract

Colour vision is one of the visual functions which is very important in daily life. The phenomenon of normal colour vision has been explained briefly in order to understand colour vision defects.The theory of colour vision has been proposed for a long time by Young and Helmholtz. According to this theory there are three kinds of cones in the retina, namely red, green, and blue cones. Each cone has maximum absorbance for red, green, and blue colours respectively, but their absorbance curves overlap each other.The absence of the function of red, green, and blue cones will cause red blindness (pro tanopia) , green blindness (deuteroanopia), and blue blindness (tritanopia) respectively. On the other hand, partial disturbances of red, green, and blue cones give rise to red weakness (protanomaly), green weakness (dcuteroanomaly), and blue weakness (tritoanomaly).The great majority of colour defects are hereditary or genetic diseases. Congenital red and green blindness are X-linked recessive diseases. The location of red and green colour vision genes and their alleles (genes for red and green colour vision defects) are in the end of the long arm of chromosome X. The two genes arc very close to each other. Congenital blue colour defect, on the other hand, is an autosomal recessive disease, and the location of the gene is at the end of the long arm of chromosome 7.Key Words: ophthalmology - colour vision defects - X-linked recessive diseases - autosomal recessive diseases - gene locations
Colour vision and the genetics of colour vision defect Hartono, Hartono
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 03 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (301.513 KB)

Abstract

Colour vision is one of the visual functions which is very important in daily life. The phenomenon of normal colour vision has been explained briefly in order to understand colour vision defects.The theory of colour vision has been proposed for a long time by Young and Helmholtz. According to this theory there are three kinds of cones in the retina, namely red, green, and blue cones. Each cone has maximum absorbance for red, green, and blue colours respectively, but their absorbance curves overlap each other.The absence of the function of red, green, and blue cones will cause red blindness (pro tanopia) , green blindness (deuteroanopia), and blue blindness (tritanopia) respectively. On the other hand, partial disturbances of red, green, and blue cones give rise to red weakness (protanomaly), green weakness (dcuteroanomaly), and blue weakness (tritoanomaly).The great majority of colour defects are hereditary or genetic diseases. Congenital red and green blindness are X-linked recessive diseases. The location of red and green colour vision genes and their alleles (genes for red and green colour vision defects) are in the end of the long arm of chromosome X. The two genes arc very close to each other. Congenital blue colour defect, on the other hand, is an autosomal recessive disease, and the location of the gene is at the end of the long arm of chromosome 7.Key Words: ophthalmology - colour vision defects - X-linked recessive diseases - autosomal recessive diseases - gene locations
Professionalism and humanitarianism in health care delivery Teuku Jacob, Teuku Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 03 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.007 KB)

Abstract

This article defines professionalism relevant to the medical profession and the trend towards deprofessionalization in medicine. Subsequently humanitarianism is described, followed by the nature and causes of dehumanization in medicine. Rehmnanizing efforts are expected to be enhanced by certain on-going trends in the society.The author further presents the issue of human rights, both natural and cultural, and their relation to the right to health care, whence patient rights developed. In this connection the problem of justice in the allocatiOn of health resources is encountered.Private medical practice in itself does not interfere with either professionalism or humanitarianism as long as distributive justice and patient rights arc observed.Lastly, potential future problems related to medical professionalism and humanitarianism are brought into focus, such as the growing urban slums, rural poverty, and opportunity for practice and employment. It is emphatically noted that sporadic medical interventions among underserviced communities are not effective, except from the vantage point of publicity.Key Words: medical professionalism - patient rights - justice in medicine 7 dehumanization - private practice
Physical aspects of a nuclear explosion Budi Santosa, Budi Santosa
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 03 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.838 KB)

Abstract

This article describes the principles of nuclear power, the nature of the atomic bomb and its impact on the environment, including the climate and the resulting nuclear winter.The author also points out the effects of nuclear radiation to the living organisms, both immediate and delayed. In conclusion he emphasizes the importance of immediate cessation of nuclear tests, in the atmosphere, on the surface, submarine as well as underground, because otherwise kis bound to increase radioactivityin the environ men t which endangers future generations, even in countries which are not involved in nuclear testing.Key Words: nuclear explosion-nuclear physics- nuclear winter -radioactive fall-out-medical effects of nuclear war
Screening of HIV Infection Among Prostitutes Soedarmadi, Soedarmadi
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 22, No 03 (1990)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (293.754 KB)

Abstract

Sanzpai akhir tahun 1988 di Indonesia terdapat 3 penderita (2 orang using, 1 orang Indonesia) mad karena-AIDS, dan 9 penderita seropositif HIV. Mereka dijumpai di Jakarta, gerbang inaSuk utama orang asing, dan di Bali, tujuan mama wisata. Sebegitu jauh belum pernah dilaporkan adanya kasus AIDS di Yogyakarta sebagai tujuan wisata kedua.Untuk mengetahui penyebaran epidemiologikinfeksi HIV, [dab dilakukan skrining pada WIS dan golongan risiko tinggi lain di Yogyakarta oleh team peneliti AIDS Fakultas Keclokteran UGM heketja sama dengan Kantor Wilayah Departemen Kesehatan Dacrah Istimewa Yogyakarta, (tenon tes ELISA.Skrining klinis maupun serologis pada 191 WrS tidak menemukan kasus AIDS, manifestasi lain infeksi HIV, maupun kasus seropositif HIV. Walaupun hasil ELISA negatil tidak harus berarti tiadanya infeksi AIDS; skrining ini merupakan langkah pertama dalam mernantau penyebaran epidemiologi infeksi HIV. reran faktor-faktor social dan perilaku-yang terkait denganIceinungkinan hasil skrining negatif merupakan pokok bahasan yang dibicarakan.Key Words: HIV -AIDS- ELISA-prostitute - venereo logy

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