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Articles 34 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 50, No 1 (2018)" : 34 Documents clear
The quality of patients chronic rhinosinusitis after functional endoscopicsinus surgery at Dr Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Kusdaryanto, Wahyu Dwi; Isminarsih, Windarti; Indrawati, Luh Putu Lusy
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.497 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScieSup0050012018015

Abstract

Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CR) is disease by incidence and prevalence of high and is expected to rise to load against the economy and lowering the quality of life of patients.with CR involved many factors and an impact of highly significant on the quality of life and affect the economy.The quality of life patients done to assess the effects and result of surgery.Sino nasal outcome test-20 ( snot-20 ) was one of the instruments specific measurement the quality of life of patients CR. 10 patients who surgery action , obtained improving the quality of life based on snot-20 observed 28 days after done the act of surgery. Rate the SNOT- 20 before surgically obtained 37,3 with DS ± 7,87 and 28 days after done surgically obtained rata-rata snot-20 is 6 with DS ± 2,49. The SNOT-20 pre and post action there are different of significant (p = 0,024 ) .
Correlation between Toxoplasma gondii and Cytomegalovirus infections and somatic symptom in community Anindya, Isti; Mulyono, Budi; Marchira, Carla R.; Soesatyo, Marsetyawan HNE
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005001201809

Abstract

The prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections are high in the world. Indonesia is one of the countries with high prevalence of these infections varied from 20 to 63%. The T. gondii and CMV infections infections can be chronic and cause maternal and fetal deatht as well as infant defects. Previous clinical study reported that chronic infections can cause somatic symptoms indicating psychological stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between T. gondii and CMV infections with somatic symptoms. This was an observational study with a cross sectional design involving 103 eligible patients with seropositive IgG T. gondii or and CMV from six cities in Java, Indonesia. The presence of somatic symptoms was detected by using somatic symptoms inventory (SSI) questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the correlation. The percentage of patients with somatic symptoms (SSI score >48) in seropositive groups of IgG anti- T. gondii, anti-CMV, anti- T. gondii and CMV were 70.0; 62.2 and 36.2%, respectively. In addition, the prevalence ratio (PR) for each group were 1.333, 1.178, and 0.954, respectively. No significantly different in PR was observed in this study (p>0.05). In conclusion, the T. gondii and CMV infections are not correlted with the somatic symptoms.  
Cervical cancer screening coverage in urban and rural areas: its determinants Saimin, Juminten; Wicaksono, Satrio; Ashaeryanto, .
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.221 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScieSup005001201806

Abstract

Cervical cancer is a woman’s health problem that is still widespread throughtout the world, especially in developing country such as Indonesia. The high incidence of cervical cancer related with early detection program. Visual inspection of acetic acid (VIA) is used as an alternative screening method because it is easier, cheaper and effectiveness is not much different from the Pap test. The most participant in urban and rural areas was the age group 31-40 years old, low parity, and first intercourse at ≥ 17 years old. There was asscociation between cervical cancer screening coverage with education level, knowledge and distance of service facilities. There were significant difference of education level (p = 0.000), knowledge (p = 0.000) and distance of service facilities of urban and rural participant (p = 0.000). There was no significant differences in family support of urban and rural participant (p = 0.224).
The frequency of DISC1 Leu607Phe gene polymorphism in schizophrenia patients at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya Prabowo, gwenny Ichsan; Maramis, Margarita Maria; Yulianti, Erikavitri; Zulaikah, Afrina; Syulthoni, Zain Budi; Margono, Hendy Muagiri; Handajani, Retno
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.763 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005001201802

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a common health problem in the world, including in Indonesia.Polymorphism of gene disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) Leu607Phe is allegedly relatedto the predisposition to schizophrenia. However, studies on the relationship betweenpolymorphism of DISC1 Leu607Phe and schizophrenia in various etnics provided differentresults. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of DISC1 Leu607Phegenepolymorphism and its association with treatment response in patients with schizophreniaat Department of Psychiatry, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. In this study, thenumber of male patients with schizophrenia was more than that of the female patients.The mean age of male patients with schizophenia was lower than that of the femalepatients. Schizophrenia patients were primarily came from Javanese ethnic with positiveand negative symptom score (PANSS) lower in male patients than that in the femalepatients. In conclusion, no DISC1 gene polymorphism at codon 607 is observed inschizophrenia patients at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya, but the G nucleotidevariation at the number 196.339 in intron regions is found instead.
Relationship Factors Physical Environment and Behavior house Respondents with incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Depok 2016 Ranggauni, Fathinah; Kiptiyah, Nuning Maria
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.205 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScieSup005001201802

Abstract

AbstractDepok City is one of the endemic areas of dengue disease in Indonesia. An increase and spread of dengue cases was likely caused by the high mobility of the population, urban development, climate change, changes in population density and distribution. This research is an analytic study with case control design. This study found that in bivariate analysis, the variables associated with the incidence of dengue in the city of Depok are variable lighting (OR = 2.857, 95% CI = 1.179 to 7.175), variable cleaning TPA (OR = 2.210, 95% CI = 0.972 to 5.103), variable educational level (OR = 24.375 (95% CI = 3.540 to 1030.606). On multivariate analysis, the home environment variables that individuals with home lighting ineligible risk of 3.369 (95% CI: 1.418 to 8.005) compared to individuals exposed to dengue home lighting qualify as controlled by confounding variables, namely the habit of cleaning water reservoirs and jobs. On multivariate analysis, behavioral variables respondent is an individual who cleans water reservoirs are not routinely <1 time a week are at risk of 3.293 (95% CI: 1.321 to 8.212) DHF compared with individuals who have  the  habit  of  cleaning  water  reservoirs  regularly  after  confounding  variables  are  controlled  by environmental conditions and education of home lighting. For Depok City Health Department inspection home lighting conditions and larvae regularly, fogging and improve health promotion to respondents on how to prevent dengue by conducting 3M plus especially on variable bathtub drain in order to suppress the incidence of dengue in the working area. For respondents in order to join and participate in efforts to Mosquito Nest Eradication of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (PSN-DBD).
Correlation between CD4 cell counts with mucocutaneous manifestations: study of HIV patients in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta Pudjiati, Satiti Retno; Dewi, Nadia Akita; Palupi, Sekar Sari Arum
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.513 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005001201805

Abstract

Mucocutaneous disorders often seen in HIV patients with varying morbidity. The HIVprogression is characterized by the declining of CD4 cell counts and emergence ofmucocutaneous manifestations. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationshipbetween CD4 cell counts with mucocutaneous manifestations in HIV patients. This wasa cross-sectional study based on medical records at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital duringthe period January 2011-December 2015. Data of patient’s age, sex, risk factors oftransmission, most mucocutaneous manifestations and CD4 cell count were gathered. Thecorrelation between CD4 cell counts with muscocutaneous manifestations were analyzedusing chi-square test. A total 928 patients were involved in the study. More than half ofthe patients were male (65.4%) and mostly, the patients aged 20-29 years (38.69%).The main risk factors for HIV transmission were unsafe sex (75%). The highest CD4 cellcounts was 1094 cells/mm3 and the lowest was 1 cell/mm3. We found 306 cases ofmucocutaneous manifestations. The most mucocutaneous manifestations was a fungalinfection (40.4%) with the highest infection type was oral candidiasis(33.8%); then noninfection(28%) with the highest type was drug eruption(35.9%); and tumors(0.5%) thatwas only Kaposi sarcoma cases. We also found sexually transmitted infections (STIs)(18.85%) with the highest cases was condyloma acuminata (49.3%). Statistical analysisshowed a significantly relationship between CD4 cell counts with a fungal infection(p <0.0001; OR= 3.8; 95% CI: 2.29 - 6.30), viral infection (p =0.0031; OR= 0.4;95% CI: 0.24-0.74) and parasitic infection (p=0.043; OR= 0.2; 95% CI: 0.06-0.61).In conclusion, alteration in CD4 cell counts affects opportunistic infections occurencein HIV patients. Lower CD4 cell counts (<200 cells/mm3) increases the risk of fungalinfection as much as 3.8 times. Higher CD4 cell counts (>200 cells/mm3) increases therisk of viral infection by about 2.5 times and parasitic infections as much as 5 times.
AAssociation between migraine and ischaemic stroke in Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo Hospital, Purwokerto, Indonesia Razanah, Yahdiyani
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.778 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScieSup0050012018011

Abstract

Headache especially the migraine type has been correlated with various disease, such as stroke. There are some controversies in studies that reported association between migraine and ischaemic stroke. Thus, study that investigate the association between migrain – stroke andalso identify stroke risk factor are needed. Study showed there is no statistically significant relationship between migraine and ischaemic stroke in RSUD Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto (p=0,235). Analysis of confounding variables such as hypertension, smoking, diabetes, obesity, alcohol consumption, and oral contraceptive shows that hypertension is a predictor for stroke.
Trends of Rotavirus Diarrhea in Hospitalized Children in Yogyakarta Year 2013 –2015 Mulyani, Nenny Sri; Anggraini, Dian; Baroto, Retno Palupi; Erlin Mulyadi, Asal Wahyuni; Anindita, Rizki; Soenarto, Yati
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.311 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScieSup005001201807

Abstract

Diarrhea, together with pneumonia, is accountable for 25% death of children under five globally (IVAC, 2017). In Indonesia, diarrhea is also among the top ten diseases of cause of death in children under five (WHO, 2015). Rotavirus diarrhea is responsible for 60% in 2006 (Soenarto et al, 2009) of children diarrhea in Indonesia. Rotavirus vaccine in Indonesia was introduced commercially in 2011, nonetheless its use was reportedly low. Despite the declining rate of rotavirus incidence, surveillance is important to show the burden of rotavirus diarrhea in children. Thus, this study aims to describe the incidence of rotavirus diarrhea in hospitalized children under five in Yogyakarta province. This was a prospective study, conducted in two participating hospitals in Yogyakarta: RSUP Sardjito Yogyakarta and RSUD Wates from January 2013 – December 2015. This study is a part of the Indonesia surveilance entitled “Hospital-based surveillance of rotavirus diarrhea in children in Indonesia”, enrolling children under five hospitalized due to acute watery diarrhea. The questionare was modified from the WHO generic protocol of rotavirus surveillance (WHO, 2002). Data collection was perfomed after informed consent was signed by parent or guardian. The stool samples were tested for rotavirus with the EIA test and tested for genotyping with RT-PCR. The data were analysed and presented using descriptive analytic method. Of 684 eligible patients hospitalized with acute watery diarrhea, 557 subjects were enrolled with 518 feces were tested for rotavirus. The percentage of rotavirus incidence in year 2013, 2014, and 2015 were 37%, 41% and 61 % respectively. The predominant rotavirus genotyping was G3P [8]. Rotavirus mostly found in children age 6 – 23 months (55 %), and was identified more in male than female (62 % vs 38%). During the 3 years study period, rotavirus occurred all year round, and showed to reach its peak on January 2015. Rotavirus positive diarrhea commonly presented with dehydration (79%) compare to negative rotavirus diarrhea (55%). It indicated that the incidence rate of rotavirus diarrhea in Yogyakarta is quite high and rotavirus diarrhea remains as significant contributor to hospitalized children with diarrhea. The trend of rotavirus diarrhea in children under 5 years increased over the years’ period. The rotavirus diarrhea mostly presented with dehydration, thus rotavirus diarrhea remains as significant contributor to hospitalized children with diarrhea. This shows an evidence that the burden of rotavirus diarrhea in children under 5 years remains prominent.
S. epidermidis : how to turn from commensal to be a pathogen lifestyle Nuryastuti, Titik
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1030.186 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005001201813

Abstract

Staphylococcus epidermidis normally is a commensal inhabitant of healthy human skin and mucosa, but also a common nosocomial pathogen in immunocompromised patients, neonates, and patients with indwelling medical devices. To distinguish the pathogen and commensal strain is a big challenge when identifying this agent with its related infection. This mini-review aims to summarize recent research in this area with a special emphasis on the virulence factor of generating genotypic and phenotypic diversity in S. epidermidis.By living between a commensal and pathogen, S. epidermidis needed to establish many strategies to face different clinical environments, including the new ecological niche of biomaterials. In addition, the growing number of immunocompromised patients increased the risk for a very sensitive host. However, further exploration of the relationship between virulence factor and in vivo pathogenesis is still needed. According to the virulence factor of these bacteria, which are considered as a real pathogen, strict control measures should be taken for S. epidermidis infection.
Epidemiological Correlation Between Her-2 Expression With Histological Type and Grade Breast Carcinoma On Oncology Department, Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, Indonesia Wahid, Dian Ibnu; Soewoto, Widyanti
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.303 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScieSup0050012018017

Abstract

Some woman have breast tumors with higher level of HER-2. HER-2 receptor is is a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family which one such gene that can play a role in the development of breast carcinoma. Normally, HER-2 receptors control breast cell grows, divides, and repair breast cell. But in pathologic conditions it make too many copies. The aim of this study  was to evaluated the expression of HER-2 in woman breast carcinoma and to compare it with Histological Type and Grade. We Observed  1.395 patients with breast carcinoma. The mean age of the patients was 45.7 (Ranged 23-73 years). In this group the frequency of Her2 positive was higher than other. The incidence of patients above 50 years of age were significancy higher in Her2 positive with 363 (47%). For tumor grading, the highest on G3 with the results 764 (54.7%). G3 got the highest results on Her2 positive with 535. We just divide the type of tumor consist of three parts (ductal, lobular, and other). In tumor type obtained the most data on ductal carcinoma with 878 (63%). The difference did not achieve stastitical significance , when calculated with chi square got results >0.05. From the results can be concluded there is no relationship between Her2 with histological type and grade breast cancer.

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