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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 51, No 2 (2019)" : 10 Documents clear
An evaluation study of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using recombinant GRA1 protein for detection of igg antibodies againts Toxoplasma gondii infections Muflikhah, Nina Difla; Artama, Wayan Tunas
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.489 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201904

Abstract

Reliable laboratory testing is important to detect Toxoplasma gondii infection and focuses on improving the low cost and easy to use the diagnostic instrument. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method can be used to determine a large number of samples within a short period of time which based on antibody or antigen detection. We tested the sensitivity and specificity of GRA1 protein of as antigen using the ELISA method to toxoplasmosis diagnosis and compared it with commercial ELISA kit. Seventy sera samples were collected and tested using indirect ELISA, commercial ELISA kit and GRA1 protein-coated as antigen. The results showed 48 and 51 samples had positive IgG antibody using ELISA-GRA1 and commercial ELISA kit, respectively. The GRA1 sensitivity and specificity on ELISA were 100% and 86.36%, respectively. Whereas positive predictive value (PPV) was 94.11%. This result indicated that the recombinant GRA1 protein is a highly immunogenic protein in human toxoplasmosis and marker for toxoplasmosis screening.
Prevalence ratio of free fatty acid in obese group with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Handayani, Rosmeri; Purnamaningsih, Siti Muchayat; Sukorini, Usi
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.555 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201906

Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is liver disorders characterized by macrovesicular fatty liver, fibrosis, cirrhosis that not associated with alcohol consumption. The prevalence of NAFLD has risen with a pandemic of obesity. The increase of free fatty acid (FFA) oxidation will induce endoplasmic reticulum stress that cause mitochondrial dysfunction and lead to increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) production causing apoptosis of liver cells. The aim of  study was to determine the prevalence of FFA in the obese group. This was an observational analytical study with cross-sectional design to determine the prevalence ratio of FFA in the obese group with NAFLD compared to the group without NAFLD. Obese women who fulfill the inclusion and exclusion criteria were involved in this study. Five mL venous blood sample was collected for the measurement of lipid profile, liver enzyme and FFA. Fatty liver was evaluated using abdominal USG. The Chi-square test was used to analyze different proportions of FFA between the both groups. Sixty four subjects were participated in this study and classified into obese with NAFLD (39 subjects) and obese without NAFLD (25 subjects). The prevalence ratio of FFA with cutoff value ≥2.66 nmol/mL in the obese group with NAFLD was 4.3 times higher than those without NAFLD (95% IC: 3.5 – 42.3; p<0.001).
Solitary dermal cylindroma: a rare case report Widayati, Wahyu Tri; Irianiwati, .
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (950.357 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201910

Abstract

Dermal cylindromas are rare benign skin appendageal tumors that has two clinical presentation, solitary and multiple form. The diagnosis is unusual.However, it must be considered in clinical practice.A 51-year-old woman hadpainless nodule on right arm. Skin examinatipn revealedtwo fragmented nodules, 1x0.5x0.5cm, tan to white, and rubbery. Histopathological findings revealed a well demarcated and an unencapsulated epithelial dermal tumor, composed of numerous oval and polygonal nests molded into a "jig-saw" or "mosaic" appearance at low power. The nests of cells were composed of basaloid cells with scant cytoplasm and hyperchromatic nuclei and paler cells at the center. Nests of epithelial cells were surrounded and penetrated by a thickened band of basement membrane material that was PAS-positive. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining with p63 showed positive staining on basaloid cells. Langerhans dendritic cells in the surrounding nests stained positive with CD1a. Solitary dermal cylindroma occurred sporadically in patients without family history of cutaneous cylindromas.Combination of morphologic, histochemystry and immunohistochemystry staining were needed for accurate diagnosis.
Relationship between hyperuricemia and erectile dysfunction on hypertension patients Vera Ticoalu, Jansje Henny; Kandarina, Istiti; Rizal, Dicky Moch.; Pramantara Setiabudi, I Dewa Putu
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.724 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201907

Abstract

Hypertension is a major non-communicable disease worldwide including in Indonesia. It can cuase erectile dysfunction through vasculogenic pathway. Uric acid level could be a promising biomarker to predict erectile dysfunction due to it is related to endothelial dysfunction, microvascular disease, and hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between hyperuricemia and erectile dysfunction on hypertension patients. This was an observational study with cross-sectional design involving 88 male hypertension patients aged more than 18 years who registered as outpatient in the Bethesda Lempuyangwangi Public Hospital, Yogyakarta. Hyperuricemia was measured using uricase method and erectile dysfunction was measured using IIEF-5 form. The results showed that hyperuricemia (OR=3.89; CI 95% 1.08-15.70; p=0.017), blood pressure (OR=6.84; CI 95% 2.35-20.6; p<0.001), and age (p<0.001) are related with erectile dysfunction on the hypertension patients. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis showed that hyperuricemia, age, and blood pressure simultaneously affect the erectile dysfunction occurance, with good calibration (p=0.167) and discriminative level (0.8604). In conclusion, there is significantly relationship between hyperuricemia and erectile dysfunction on hypertension patients.
Aloe vera stimulate cell proliferation, cell migration, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK-1) on fibroblast of diabetic rat models Firdaus, Insanul; Arfian, Nur; Wahyuningsih, Mae Sri Hartati; Agustiningsih, Denny
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1675.401 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201903

Abstract

The disturbance of cell migration and cell proliferation,diminished production of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK-1) are important factors in wound healing process. Aloe vera contains active compounds which can help in the wound healing process. Thestudy aimed to investigate the effect of ethanol extract ofA. veraon cell proliferation, cell migration, VEGF-A and JNK-1 expression of skin fibroblast cells of diabetic rats. The primary skin fibroblast cells were isolated from diabetic Wistar rat and incubated with the A. vera extract in various concentrations i.e. 500 (AV500), 250 (AV250), and 125 µg/Ml (AV125) for 24, 48 and 72 h.The cell proliferation was examined visually by counting the cells number, the cell migration was observed using in vitro scratch assay, whereas VEGF-A and JNK-1 expression were examined using RT-PCR. In 24 and 48h incubation,the cell proliferation of AV500 and AV250 groups had higher number of cells than negative control group,but there was no significant difference (p>0.05). However in72 h incubation,the cell proliferation of AV500 group (29.33±1.28x104 cells/mL)was significantly different compared to negative control group (22.91±3.21x104 cells/mL) (p<0.05). In 24 h incubation, the cell migration of AV500(78.13±7.18%), AV250 (73.88±4.75%) and AV125 (68.80±17.11%) groupswere significantly higher thanthat of negative control group (53.91±2.74%) (p<0.05). In contrastin 48 and 72 hincubation,there were no significantly different in cell migration (p>0.05).The expression of VEGF-A and JNK-1 after incubation with the AV500 for 48 h, weresignificantly higher than those of negative control group (p<0.05).In conclusion, A. vera increases cell proliferation, cell migration, VEGF-A and JNK-1 expression offibroblast cellof diabetic rat skin.
Sequence variation of latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A)gene from Epstein-Barr virus epitope cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL)related to human leucocyte antigen-A24 (HLA-A24)in peripheral blood sample and cytobrushof nasopharyngeal cancer patients Wullur Moningka, Maya Esther; Surono, Agus; Mubarika, Sofia
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (343.639 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201905

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects lymphocyte B and triggers latent phase in the host so that it causes nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Latent membraneprotein 2A (LMP2A) epitope CTL-HLA-A24 is a target for recognition by cytotoxic T lymphocyte(CTL). The change in the epitope could influence the latency of particular EBV in the host due toits ability to evade immune surveillance mediated by CTL. The study aimed to determine thesequence variation of LMP2A epitope CTL-HLA-A24 gene from the peripheral blood samples and cytobrush of the NPC patients. Case-series study was conducted with total 16 cytobrush samples from NPC patients. DNA isolation, polymerasechain reaction (PCR) and gene sequencing were performed in this study. From cytobrush samples of NPC patients, it was found the changes of base sequence variation of LMP2A gene from GGC>GGA, CCA>CCC, TGC>TCC, GGT>GGC and TCT>ACT. CCA>CCC and TGC>TCC variations were found in epitope associated with HLA-A2 where there was a change of epitope sequence from TYGPVFMCL to TYGPVFMSL caused by missense mutation. The change of base sequence caused amino acid alteration from cysteine to serine. Whereas the variation of CCA>CCC did not change the sequence of amino acid proline so that the epitopewas unaffected. In epitope associated HLA-A2 (CLGGLLTMV), there was a change in base sequence from GGT to GGC, but there was no changes in amino acid and still as glycine. There were some new variations: in the upstream sequence of LMP2A from GGC>GGA which is silent mutation and the other variation is in downstream sequence of LMP2A from TCT>ACT which is missense mutation. Thesequence variations of LMP2A gene found in this research were GGC>GGA, CCA>CCC, TGC>TCC, GGT>GGC and TCT>ACT. In our research, we found another variation compared the previous research. The variation was in the upstream sequence of LMP2A from GGC>GGA which is silent mutation and the other variation is in the downstream sequence of LMP2A from TCT>ACT which is missense mutation.
Mode of action of tocotrienol as anticancer Lodu, Widiyasri; Karwur, Ferry Fredy
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.415 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201909

Abstract

Tocotrienols are fat soluble substances members of the vitamin E family with the main properties of antioxidant. They are composed of the chiral center of chromanol ring with polypreniyl side chains. Research suggests that tocotrienols have a number of health benefit, and one of them as an anticancer agent. As an anticancer, tocotrienols could perform in different processes of the multi stages of cancer development and interact with other anticancer medicines and other bioactive substances, suchs geneistein, lovastin, hydroxychavicol, 6- gingerol and sesamin. The anticancer activities occur through their roles as antioxidant, coenzyme, gene expression regulator, and preventing cholesterol synthesis by inhibiting the expression of HMGCR enzyme after transcription, through this method, tocotrienols could control the cholesterol level of cancer cells and prevent the growth of the cancer. Tocotrienols target several signalling pathways at cellular and molecular levels.
Polyherbal formulation containing Saoropus androgynous, Trigonella foenum-graceum, and Moringa oleifera increased the expression of mRNA smooth muscle α-actin (ACTA2) and cytokeratin 14 (CK14) in lactating rats Yuliani, Fara Silvia; Purwono, Setyo; Sadewa, Ahmad Hamim; Heriyanto, Didik Setyo; Sabirin, Rahmaningsih Mara; Mustofa, .
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.749 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201902

Abstract

Polyherbal formulation (PHF) containing extracts of Sauropus androgynous, Trigonella foenum-graceum and Moringa oleifera has been proven can induce milk production in animal model. However, its molecular of action has not been elucidated, yet. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the PHF on the mRNA expressions of α-actin smooth muscle (ACTA2) and cytokeratin 14 (CK14) on the myoepithelial cells of the lactating rats mammary glands. Thirty female Wistar rats were divided into five groups with six of each. Group I was orally administered aquadest. Group II, III, and IV rats were orally administered the PHF at dose level of 26.25, 52.5, and 105 mg/kg once a day, for 15 days, respectively. Group V was orally administered 2.7 mg domperidone. On 16th day, rats were sacrificed. Mammary glands were isolated and processed for mRNA expression analysis using real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The results demonstrated that the mRNA expression of ACTA2 and CK14 increased in dose-dependent manner in the groups of PHF. Significantly different between the Group III, IV, and V compared to Group I was observed (p < 0.05). However, there was no significantly different between Group IV and Group V (p>0.05). In conclusion, the PHF increases the mRNA expression of ACTA2 and CK14 on myoepithelial cells of the mammary glands on lactating rats.
Prognostic factors for heart valve surgery outcomes in Dr Sardjito General Hospital Yogyakarta, Indonesia Priyatno, Wahyu; Supomo, .
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.821 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201908

Abstract

Heart valve disease is a serious health probem due its significant effect on mortality.Surgical intervention plays an importan roleinthe management of moderate to the severe valvular heart disease. The evaluation of the patientoutcomes has been widely accepted as one of the important steps to improve the quality of patient care.Recognition of post operative complications might significantly affect the patient quality of life.Therefore, the identification of prognostic factors and morbidity of heart surgery patients can provide valuable insights on improving the quality of patient care.This study aimedto investigat the prognostic factors for heart valve surgery outcomes in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This study was conducted using data ofpatient’s medical records who underwent heart valve surgeryincluded morbidities and their prognostic factors.The data were analyzed using Chi-square test and logistic regression with significance level of 0.05. During 2010 to 2014, 82 patients underwent heart valve surgeries at the hospital. The kidney disorders and heart failure were significantly associated with the patient morbidity (p<0.05),while the gender, pulmonary disease, angina, and impaired ventricular function were not (p>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the heart failure is the most significant factor of morbidity. The risk of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 patients were 7.18 times compared with NYHA class 2 patients. In conclusion, the heart failure is the most significant factor for the morbidityof heart valve surgery followed by the kidney disorders at the Dr. Sardjito General Hospital.
Comparison of wound healing of skin incision on albino rat (Rattus norwegicus) by treatment of electrical stimulations Herdiawan, Rina Puspasari; Rezano, Andri; Vitriana, .; Ruslina, Irma; Pitaloka, Pritha; Achadiyani, .
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2670.363 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005102201901

Abstract

Wound interferes with the equilibrium of skin functions. It disrupts a barrier function of the skin as external barrier of the internal organ from physical, chemical and biological environment. The wound can be easily treated but neglected wound can lead to several complications. Accelerate wound healing will prevent complications and reduce aesthetic problem in anti-aging treatment. Previous studies showed that physical modulation as electrical stimulation could enhance wound healing processes. This study purposed to compare three different modes of electrical stimulation on wound healing such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), high voltage pulse current (HVPC) and low-intensity direct current (LIDC). This in vivo study used incisional skin biopsy of albino rat (Rattus norvegicus). Qualitative and quantitative parameters were analyzed to compare three different electrical stimulations on the wound healing response on the epidermis, dermis, inflammation, and angiogenesis phase. The highest histological score on the epidermis and dermis was found on LIDC whereas the highest histological score on the inflammation and angiogenesis phase was found on HVPC. This result of this study may provide useful information for selecting additional treatment for wound healing.

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