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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 52, No 1 (2020)" : 9 Documents clear
Effect of crude palm oil consumption on the levels of plasma ß-carotene, malondialdehyde and xanthine oxidase activity of healthy housewives Assah, Yunita Filia; Apriyani, Shinta Wahyu; Nuryadi, Alim Mahawan; Makalalag, Ardi Kurniawan
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5563.345 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202005

Abstract

Crude palm oil that contains high ß-carotenecan be obtained from mesocarp extraction of Elaesisguneensis Jacq.In the body, the ß-caroteneis converted to vitamin A that has antioxidant activity. Antioxidantscan inhibit lipid peroxidation induced by free radicals or singlet oxygen. It also inhibits the increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the form of anion superoxide and hydrogen peroxide through the xanthine oxidase mechanism.This study aimed to evaluate the effect of crude palm oil consumption on the plasma ß-carotene and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels as well as xanthine oxidase activityof healthy housewives. Twenty-two healthy housewives who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were involved in this study. Blood plasma samples were taken before and after consuming crude palm oil for two months as much as± 3.58 mL daily.The results showed that consumption of crude palm oil increased the plasma ß-carotene levels of 16 people (72%),and decreased the plasma MDAlevels of 13 people (59%).Meanwhile, thexantin oxidase enzyme activity showed no significantly different (p>0.05). Crude palm oil can increase plasma ß-carotene levels. It can be an alternative natural food source of provitamin A due to the high β-carotene content.
The risk factor of metastatic status of retinoblastoma patient in Yogyakarta Tertiary Hospital Supartoto, Agus; Hartanti, Sri Nawung; Dibyasakti, Banu Aji; Utomo, Purjanto Tepo; Respatika, Datu; Sasongko, Muhammad Bayu
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.875 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202002

Abstract

The metastases of the tumor become a serious problem malignancy including retinoblastoma. This study aimed to observe the correlation between several risk factors with the metastatic status of retinoblastoma patients in Yogyakarta Tertiary Hospital. Records of patients with retinoblastoma treated between 2011 and 2017 were obtained for observational analytic study. The gender, laterality, age, Body Mass Index (BMI) classification, BMI for age, type of retinoblastoma, and metastatic status were analyzed. The association was statistically analyzed by the correlation ratio of Eta test. Thirty-seven cases of retinoblastoma were enrolled in this study, with mean age 29.44 (±14.1) months; 14 females and 23 males. Ten patients (27.0%) have no metastases, while 27 patients (72.9%) exhibit metastases. The multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that male gender (OR 8.3; 95% CI 1.07–64.5; p = 0.04) and age below 24 months (OR 17.6; 95% CI 1.26-248.31; p = 0.03) were a predictive of the metastatic status for retinoblastoma. On the other hand, the laterality, BMI classification, BMI for age, and types of retinoblastoma were not associated with the metastatic status of retinoblastoma. The gender and age were significantly associated with the metastatic status of retinoblastoma. Male patients and age below 24 months were more likely to have metastatic disease of retinoblastoma.
Accuracy of fine needle aspiration biopsy to diagnose lymphadenopathy in Dr.Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Dwianingsih, Ery Kus; Adelin, Claudia Priska; Panggabean, Andre Stefanus; Pratiwi, Linda; Yoshuantari, Naomi; Hardianti, Mardiah Suci; Indrawati, I
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.841 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202006

Abstract

Lymphadenopathy is a non-specific enlargement of lymph nodes which may be caused by infection, cancer, or autoimmune disease. To date, only a few studies reported the diagnostic value of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in lymphadenopathy. This study was performed to evaluate diagnostic reliability of FNAB for benign and malignant lymphadenopathy. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. The obtained data were statistically analyzed for its sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. Out of 126 collected FNAB cases with histopathological confirmed results in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, 85 (67.4%) were malignant lymphadenopathy, consisting of 42 metastatic tumor cases, 38 non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cases, and 4 Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) cases.The overall diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FNAB in lymphadenopathy was 85.88, 70.73, and 80.95%, respectively. In diagnosing metastatic tumors, FNAB had sensitivity of 83.33%; specificity of 89.28%; and accuracy of 87.3%. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FNAB in diagnosing NHL was 60.52, 94.31, and 84.12%, respectively. FNAB had a sensitivity of 25%, specificity of 95,90%, and accuracy of 93.65% to diagnose HL. Meanwhile, the accuracy of FNAB in diagnosing malignancies in generalized lymphadenopathy, head-neck lymphadenopathy, and inguinal lymphadenopathy was 90.90; 81.39 and 44.44%, respectively. In conclusion,FNAB has moderate diagnostic value in diagnosing overall malignant lymphadenopathy, including metastatic tumors. FNAB also has some limitations in diagnosing NHL and HL, with sensitivity less than 70% for both diseases. However, it has high accuracy to diagnose generalized lymphadenopathy.
Treatment options for Indonesian triple negative breast cancer patients: a literature review of current state and potentials for future improvement Purwanto, Ibnu; Dwiprahasto, Iwan; Aryandono, Teguh; Mubarika, Sofia
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.402 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202009

Abstract

 Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is still associated with grave prognosis, especially compared to other breast cancer subtypes. Advances in medical science have improved our understanding on the biological nature and heterogeneity of TNBC, explaining the efficacy variability of existing chemotherapeutic drugs on TNBC patients. Complexity of TNBC has led to wide variation of TNBC treatment across the globe, resulting in unsatisfactory treatment outcome. This issue is further complicated by the absence of TNBC treatment guideline in many countries, including in Indonesia. This review discusses systemic treatment options for TNBC while taking account its molecular heterogeneity. Specific consideration is made for Indonesia, not only for current clinical practice, but also for future improvements. Immunotherapy, especially programmed cell death 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitor, has recently shown promising result in TNBC patients. It can be concluded that TNBC is heterogenous and treatment option should be tailored based on its molecular profile.
Extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates and its susceptibility pattern to antibiotics at Dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoro General Hospital Klaten, Central Java Sinanjung, Kian; Nirwati, Hera; Aman, Abu Tholib
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202003

Abstract

Globally, the prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumonia) producing extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) has been increasing steadily. The susceptibility patterns of ESBL-producing K. pneumonia varies considerably among countries. Therefore, the investigation of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae in clinical isolates and their susceptibility are warranted. This research aimed to determine the proportion of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of clinical isolates from Dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoro General Hospital, Klaten, Central Java. Identification of K. pneumoniae was performed by analyzing colony morphology, microscopic examination, and biochemical testing using Microbact. Both antibiotic susceptibility testing and ESBL screening (using ceftazidime, cefotaxime, and ceftriaxone discs) were conducted using disc diffusion method according to CLSI. The positive results were confirmed with modified double disk synergy (MDDST) using amoxicillin-clavulanate, ceftazidime, cefotaxime, and cefepime discs. From 962 clinical bacterial isolates, 168 (17.46%) isolates were identified as K. pneumoniae, during June 2017-May 2018. K. pneumoniae was mainly isolated from the Intensive Care Units (ICU) (29.17%) and with sputum being the most common specimen (45.24%). Overall ESBL producers were 52.98%, with the majority from ICU (41.57%) and isolated from sputum specimens (40.45%). ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae showed high resistance to many antibiotics. The sensitivity of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolated from respiratory tract samples against piperacillin-tazobactam, amikacin, and meropenem was more than 80%. In conclusion, among all K. pneumoniae isolates, ESBL K. pneumoniae was 52.98%. ESBL K. pneumoniae from respiratory tract specimens had a sensitivity of more than 80% against piperacillin-tazobactam, amikacin, and meropenem.
The risk of elevated plasma fibrinogen level in hypertensive and normotensive patientsafter bevacizumabintravitreal injection in diabetic retinopathy Widhyasti, Ni Luh Putu; Winarni, Anik Ika; Angsana, Natalia Christina; Senuari, Rizto Wisuda; Agni, Angela Nurini; Supartoto, Agus; Prawiroranu, Suhardjo; Widayanti, Tri Wahyu; Gani, Tatang Talka; Sukorini, Usi
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202007

Abstract

Bevacizumab intravitreal injection (IVB) could be detected in plasma that might cause an imbalance in the coagulation system. A hypercoagulable state is potentially involved in the risk for thrombosis, which is associated with high cardiovascular mortality.The objective of the current study was to investigate the risk of elevated plasma fibrinogen levelsin hypertensive and normotensive patients after IVB in diabetic retinopathy. This study was conducted at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta from March to June 2019. A total of 64 patients were enrolled in the study, included of 32 hypertensive and 32 non-hypertensive patients with diabetic retinopathy who underwent IVB. Patients were interviewed and investigated for physical condition and opthalmological examination. Fibrinogen levelwas measured before and 1 week after IVB. The mean fibrinogen level beforeand after IVB was slightly high in hypertensive patients than normotensive but not significantly different(p>0.05). There was no significant risk of increased fibrinogen levels after IVB in the hypertension group compared to the normotension group in diabetic retinopathy patients. The proportion of patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease after IVB was not significantly different between both groups.
Effect of self surrender practice on insulin resistance in individuals withtype 2 diabetes mellitus without depression: asingle-blinded randomized controlled trial Siswanto, Agus; Juffrie, Muhammad; Rianto, Bambang Udji Djoko; Asdie, H.A.H
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.755 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202008

Abstract

Self surrender practice (latihanpasrahdiri/LPD) is a form of relaxation therapy that has been increasingly used, not only in the treatment of psychosomatic diseases, but also of other non-psychosomatic diseases. Previous studies reported thatSSP shows modest improvement on clinical parameters of type 2diabetes mellitus(T2DM) patients,not onlydepression symptoms improvement, but also glycemic control.However, the effect of LPD on insulin resistance has not been investigated. The study aimed to investigate the effect of LPD on insulin resistance in T2DM patients without depression. This was a single-blinded, randomized, controlledtrial conducted in outpatient unit of the Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoro General Hospital, Klaten, Central Java.The subjects of the study were T2DM patients aged over 30 yearsand had no depression.Fourthy-four T2DM patients were randomized into two groups as the controlgroup and the treatment group who underwent SSP group for eight weeks. The data of insulin resistancemeasured by HOMA-IR, perceived stress scale (PSS), fasting plasma glucose (FBG), HbA1c, and two hour plasma glucose (PPG)levels of both groups werecollected and statistically analysed.No significantly different in the patient’scharacteristics of both groups was observed.At the end of the study period, the LPD group showed reduction of HOMA-IR and HbA1c but not statistically significant, (ΔHOMA-IR = -0.39±1.52; p = 0.976; HbA1c=-0.55±0.85%; p = 0.189). The FBG and PPGincreased in the LPD group compared to control but also not statistically significant (ΔFBG=10.16±50.33; p=0.294; PPG=40.74±69.35; p=0.062). We also observed the decrease of stress level in LPD group compared to control groupbut it was no statistical significance (ΔPSS=-5.09±6.47; p=0.655).Self surrender practice (LPD) decreasesHOMA-IR, improves glycemic control (HbA1c) and reduces stress levels in T2DM patients without depressionAlthough the theyarenot statisticallysignificant, however they may be clinically significant.
Abnormal electroencephalographyas predictor of mortality in meningoencephalitis Tama, Whisnu Nalendra; Satiti, Sekar; Asmedi, Ahmad
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (796.225 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202004

Abstract

Although the incidence of meningoencephalitis has decreased,howeverits mortality remainshigh. Electroencephalography (EEG) has an important role in the management of meningoencephalitis although the imaging modalities have replaced its position. Abnormality in EEG may appear earlier than in imaging so it is expected to predict mortality.The study aimed to investigate the prognostic role of EEG results in predicting mortality of meningoencephalitis.This was an observational prospective cohort study involvingmeningoencephalitis patients in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital,Yogyakartafrom July 2016 to January 2017 who underwent EEG examination.The patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into abnormal and normal EEG groups. The outcomewas the mortality during hospitalization. Furthermore, the type of EEG abnormalities associated with mortality were evaluated.Thirty-eight patients with the mean age was 33.61±20.37 yearwere involved in this study. Twenty-eight patients (73.7%) had abnormal EEG result and 10 patients (26.3%) death.Bivariate analysis showed that abnormal EEG result (p =0.028) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (p =0.005) were significantly associated with mortality. Analysis for the type of EEG abnormalities found that only diffuse slowing (p =0.001) was significantly associated with mortality. Multivariate analysis showed either abnormal EEG result or GCS score were independently predictor of mortality. Abnormal EEG and GCS score were interrelated in affecting mortality.In conclusion, abnormal EEG resultin meningoencephalitis, diffuse slowing in particular, is predictor of mortality during hospitalization
The potential of meropenem and piperacillin-tazobactam combination to Acinetobacter spp clinical isolates in vitro Diani, Alindya; Arguni, Eggi; Rizki, Ludhang Pradipta
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.267 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005201202001

Abstract

Acinetobacter spp is one of the most common causes of nosocomial infection, especiallysepsis. A lot of antibiotics resistance happen related to Acinetobacter-related sepsis treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of meropenem and piperacillin-tazobactam combination against Acinetobacter spp in in vitro by using paper strip test. This was experimental study conducted in September to December 2015 at Departement of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Public health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Clinical isolates of Acinetobacter samples were obtained from collections of the Department of Microbiology. The data were analyzed using post-test analysis which was conducted by observation over 24 h after the paper strip test was applied in bacterial culture. The MIC value of the antibiotic combination was recorded based on observation. The result showed 12 of 17 clinical isolates were synergistic potential (70.59%) and 5 others were indifferent potential (29.41%). Two of five clinical isolates that show indifferent potential were A. baumannii and all of the clinical isolates that show synergistic potential were Acinetobacter spp. It can be concluded that the combination of meropenem and piperacillin-tazobactam showed more synergistic dominantly than the single use of each of them.

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