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INDONESIA
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
ISSN : 1693900X     EISSN : 25024140     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia adalah terbitan berkala nasional terakreditasi yang memuat artikel penelitian (research article) di bidang gizi dan kesehatan. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diharapkan dapat menjadi media untuk menyampaikan temuan dan inovasi ilmiah di bidang gizi dan kesehatan kepada para praktisi di bidang gizi, baik yang bergerak di bidang pendidikan gizi maupun yang bergerak di bidang pelayanan gizi di rumah sakit dan puskesmas, serta para praktisi gizi di dinas kesehatan maupun institusi-institusi lain. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diterbitkan 4 kali dalam setahun (bulan Januari, April, Juli, dan Oktober) oleh Minat Utama Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, bekerjasama dengan Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI) dan Asosiasi Dietisien Indonesia (AsDI).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 321 Documents
Faktor risiko sarapan pagi dan makanan selingan terhadap kejadian overweight pada remaja sekolah menengah atas Agusanty, Shelly Festilia; Kandarina, Istiti; Gunawan, I Made Alit
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 10, No 3 (2014): Januari
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.231 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18862

Abstract

Background: Overweight or obesity during childhood and adolescence are important risk factors for the presence of adult overweight or obesity. Eating habits in childhood and adolescence influence their healthy condition. Prospective studies of breakfast habits and nutritional status suggest an inverse (protective) association between the frequency of eating breakfast and the risk for overweight and obesity and relationships between no breakfast and increasing body weight.Objective: To examine risk factor of breakfast and snacking related to overweight status in adolescents.Method: This was the observational study with case control design. The first step of the study was screening to have a prevalence of overweight in adolescents. The second step was case control study participated by 100 overweight adolescents and 100 normal weight adolescents in senior high school matched in sex, age, and school. Data collected were weight and height measurements for nutritional status, respondent identity and characteristic, breakfast dan snacking habits and physical activity. Statistical analysis used Chi-Square statistics and multivariable logistic regression analysis.Results: Prevalence of overweight in adolescents were 16,8%. There was significant association between breakfast with overweight (p<0,05; OR=3.1; 95% CI=1.4-7.47). There was no association between snacking and overweight, but there was significant association between frequency of snacking (OR=1.9; 95% CI=1.05-3.50), the energy of snacking (OR=2.1; 95% CI=1.13-4.02), and carbohydrate of snacking (OR=4.5; 95% CI=1.94-11.50) with overweight. In the multivariate model, breakfast habits, carbohydrate of snacking and physical activity had a significant association with overweight.Conclusion: Skipping breakfast was a risk factor for overweight in adolescence. Adolescents who had to snack more than twice a day were having the greater risk factor for overweight.
Pengaruh pemberian MP-ASI program dan MP-ASI komersial terhadap pertumbuhan bayi usia 6-11 bulan di Kabupaten Kampar Rochyani, Dedy; Juffrie, Muhammad; Gunawan, I Made Alit
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 3 (2007): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3977.338 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17561

Abstract

Background: Growth alteration in 6-11 months old baby occurred due to inappropriate practice in complementary food consumption (complementary breastfeeding). Quality and quantity deficit of household complementary breastfeeding products could cause serious problems in baby growth. One of the alternative solution was consuming complementary breastfeeding from industrial products. Consuming complementary breastfeeding blended food (program complementary breastfeeding) for 6-11 months old babies in Medan tended to show no relationship with their nutritional status based on Z-score index weight for age. One of the possible reason was low level acceptance of program complementary breastfeeding in 2003.Objective: To determine the level of acceptance of both program and commercial complementary breastfeeding with their relationship toward 6-11 months old baby growth in sub urban poor families in Kampar Sub District.Method: Quasi experimental design was conducted. Purposive technique sampling was chosen and samples were divided into two groups that received different intervention. The first group that received program complementary breastfeeding consisted of 54 babies and the second group that received commercial complementary breastfeeding consisted of 46 babies of 6-8 months old babies from sub urban poor families. Data obtained was analyzed with univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis.Results: Level of acceptance of commercial complementary breastfeeding was higher than program complementary breastfeeding for 6-11 months old babies in sub urban poor families in Kampar Sub District (p=0.038). These babies had a significant additional in weight and  after consuming program and commercial complementary breastfeeding (p<0.001). Weight gain for the group that given commercial complementary breastfeeding was higher than that for the group that given program complementary breastfeeding (p<0.001), while body length also added during three months treatment but not significant (p>0.05).Conclusion: Consumption of program and commercial complementary breastfeeding could increase the weight gain and body length significantly.
Pengaruh konseling gizi terhadap status gizi ibu hamil KEK pada program JPS-BK di Kota Palembang Yuniarti, Hana; Boediman, Dradjat; Sudargo, Toto
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 (2005): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.147 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17373

Abstract

Background: Low quality and quantity of food and limited knowledge on nutrition are major cause of malnutrition among pregnant mothers. Nutrition counseling is expected to improve nutrition status of pregnant mothers.Objective: To identify the effect of nutrition counseling to nutrition status of chronic energy malnourished pregnant mothers.Method: The study was a quasi experiment which used pretest – posttest control group design. Subject of the study were pregnant mothers with upper arm circle < 23.5 cm. The study was conducted at 2 health centers which had high prevalence of chronic energy malnourished pregnant mothers in Palembang Municipality. Nutrition counseling was given every 2 weeks within 3 months. Data obtained were food consumption every 2 weeks at 6 times (multiple recall), weight gain and measurement of upper arm circle once a month and knowledge of the subject about nutrition.Results: There was difference in knowledge of mothers who got nutrition counseling from those who did not (p<0.05). There was difference in energy consumption of mothers who got nutrition counseling from those who did not (p<0.05). There was no difference in protein consumption between mothers who got nutrition counseling and those who did not (p<0.05). There was difference in weight and upper arm circle of mothers who got nutrition counseling and those who did not (p<0.05).Conclusion: Nutrition counseling affected increase of knowledge, energy consumption, weight and upper arm circle. Nutrition counseling did not affect increase of protein consumption.
Pengaruh yogurt sinbiotik pisang terhadap kadar glukosa dan insulin tikus sindrom metabolik Rahmawati, Fiqhi Cahyaningrum; Djamiatun, Kis; Suci, Nyoman
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (603.37 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.19379

Abstract

Background: The metabolic syndrome often begins with insulin resistance characterized by hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. Synbiotic yoghurt tanduk banana contains probiotic and prebiotic FOS can improve insulin resistance in metabolic syndrome.Objective: To prove the effect of synbiotic yoghurt tanduk banana can reduce blood glucose levels and insulin levels in metabolic syndrome rats.Method: True-experimental study with randomized controlled group pre-post test design in male wistar rats. Eighteen samples were induced to become metabolic syndrome with high fat fructose diet for 2 weeks and they were divided into 3 groups: control (K) was given standard diet, treatment group 1 (P1), and treatment group 2 (P2) were given sinbiotic yoghurt tanduk banana dose of 0.009 ml/g body weight (BW)/day and 0.018 ml/g BW/day for 2 weeks.Results: The paired t-test showed there were differences of blood glucose levels and insulin levels before and after treatment in P2 group. The Kruskal Wallis test showed there were differences of mean blood glucose levels inter group after treatment (p<0.05). The One-way Anova test showed there were differences of mean insulin levels inter group after treatment (p<0.05). Conclusion: Synbiotic yoghurt tanduk banana can reduce blood glucose levels and insulin levels in metabolic syndrome rat with effective dose is 0.018 ml/grBW/day.
Pola konsumsi pangan dan tingkat ketahanan pangan rumah tangga di Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi Riau Saputri, Rahmadya; Lestari, Lily Arsanti; Susilo, Joko
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2016): Januari
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.823 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.23110

Abstract

Background: Food consumption is a major factor to fulfill the nutritional needs of a person. Food consumption is influenced by several factors, such as the level of income, food availability, public awareness toward nutrition, and socio-cultural factors. Riau Province is one of the provinces that the food consumption is still relatively low and Kampar Regency occupies a very high position in the food insecurity index and hunger vulnerability index. There is 49.21% of the population that could potentially be food shortages. This is supported by the occurrence of nutritional problems in communities associated with the availability of food, low purchasing power and the inability to gain access to nutritious food.Objective: To identify the patterns of food consumption and family food security in Kampar regency in Riau province.Method: The study was an observational research with cross sectional design. Samples are a family in Kampar regency as many as 105 families selected by using cluster sampling conducted in August-September 2015. Statistical analysis was performed by chi-square test and logistic regression.Results: The statistical analysis shows that the majority of respondents had food consumption patterns with the category of unfulfilled as 64.77% and for the category of food security as 60.96% was in the category of food insecure. The results of chi-square statistical test showed that there was a significant correlation between food consumption patterns to family food security in Kampar regency Riau Province (p0,000). The results of the bivariate analysis it is known that there was a significant correlation between the variables of the number of family member, food access, food expenses, energy consumption and protein consumption to the level of family food security in Kampar regency of Riau province indicated by a value of p <0.05.Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between the patterns of food consumption toward family food security in Kampar regency Riau province. There is a significant correlation between the external variables and family food security level in Kampar regency Riau Province.
Analisis zat gizi dan biaya sisa makanan pada pasien dengan makanan biasa Djamaluddin, Mihir; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Paramastri, Ira
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 (2005): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.153 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17379

Abstract

Background: The quality of food service in a hospital can be assessed from the inpatients’ nutritional status. Food waste is an indicator of food service among inpatients. Besides its therapeutic value, food has a significant economic value. The wasting cost in term of food waste affects the total availability of food costs.Objective: This study analyzes the nutrient quantity and the cost of food waste among inpatients with regular diet at Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta.Method: This was a cross sectional study. The subjects were inpatients aged 17 to 60 years old who got regular diet with length of stay was at least three days, and were willing to take part in this study (n=100). The amount of food waste was measured using the Comstock visual estimation. The cost of food waste was calculated as the proportion of food waste from cost per serving. The quantity of nutrients in food waste was calculated using the Food Processor 2 software. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test.Results: There was a difference of food waste according to gender. Rice waste was found more frequent among female (p<0,005). There was a difference of food waste according to ward class. There were more waste of meat and vegetables among inpatients in class II and the difference was significant (p<0,05). There were more waste of meat and vegetables among patients with length stay of 7 – 14 days and > 15 days (p<0,05). The vegetables and rice waste were more frequent among surgery and cancer inpatients (p<0,05). In average the nutritional value of food waste was 19,85% - 9,33% of a patient’s RDA, while the wasting cost per day was Rp 1265,08 or 10,79% of all food cost per day. The annual wasting cost of food waste was Rp 45.543.120 or 4,4% of the available budget of Rp 1.038.605.333,00.Conclusion: There were differences of food waste according to gender, ward class, length of stay, and kind of disease, especially rice, meat, and vegetables.
Menu pilihan diit nasi yang disajikan berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kepuasan pasien VIP di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara Gobel, Sri Yunanci; Budiningsari, R Dwi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 7, No 3 (2011): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.911 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17755

Abstract

Background: The provision of foods in hospitals often becomes a public concern, particularly in relation to patient satisfaction. This may be due to not only the psychological effect of sick ill people but also because foods as output of food provision does not often give satisfaction to the patient.Objective: To find out the effect of rice diet selective menu to satisfaction of VIP inpatients at local hospital of the Province of Sulawesi Tenggara.Method: A cross sectional study was conducted. Population of the study were VIP inpatiens; samples were patients that fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria in September-December 2008. Samples were purposively taken. Data analysis used bivariate with chi square and multivariate with logistic regression test.Result: Out of 49 patients that got selected menu and standard menu in aspect of food appearance as many as 45 (91.8%) were satisfied in selected menu and 31 (63.3%) were satisfied in standard menu; in aspect of food taste 44 (89.8%) were satisfied in selected menu and 23 (46.9%) were satisfied in standard menu; in aspect of food serving 47 (95.9%) were satisfied in selected menu and 40 (81.6%) were satisfied in standard menu.Conclusion: In aspect of appearance, color, shape and portion of foods significantly affected patient satisfaction whereas texture did not affect patient satisfaction. In aspect of taste, all variables affected patient satisfaction. In aspect of food serving all variables did not affect patient satisfaction.
Erratum ., Erratum
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Oktober
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.105 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.33088

Abstract

Perbedaan PaCO2 darah pada pasien kritis yang mendapat diet makanan enteral komersial dengan diet makanan enteral kombinasi di rumah sakit Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta Jaelani, M; Widodo, Untung; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 2, No 3 (2006): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (168.853 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17430

Abstract

Background: Malnutrition often occurs in a critical patient caused by various things such as decreasing function of gastrointestinal tract, high process of catabolism and homeostatie destruction. Other problem that may occur when nutrition is given with high total calories could be dangerous because it could cause hiperglikemia, the production improvement of CO blood and worsen the homeostasis destruction.Objective: To find out the difference of PaCO blood in critical patients who obtain commercial enteral food diet or combined enteral food diet.Methods: This was an experimental study using randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest control group design. The subjects were critical patients who were given care in the intensive installation Dr. Sardjito hospital Yogyakarta who met the criteria: adult patient, using ventilator and receiving enteral food diet.Results: There was no difference between PaCO blood in critical patient who obtained commercial enteral diet and com- bined enteral food diet. There was a change difference of PaCO with <80% from total energy (p=0.03) and there was a different on change of PaCO in carbohydrate intake between criteria >55% compared with <55% from energy total (p=0.03).Conclusion: The improvement of PaCO was not caused by the type of enteral formula given, cause of the high intake of energy and carbohydrate.
Peranan kadar nitrit oksida (NO) darah dan asupan lemak pada pasien hipertensi dan tidak hipertensi Astutik, Pudji; Wirjatmadi, Bambang; Adriani, Merryana
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Oktober
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.341 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18847

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is closely related to impaired endothelial dependent vasodilation due to decreasing availability of blood nitric oxide (NO) and high fat intake.Objective: To analyze blood NO and fat intake differences in patients with hypertension andnon hypertension.Method: The study was a cross-sectional design and sampling was carried out in Sidoarjo District Hospital. Subjects of the study were 24 patients aged between 40 to 65 years, which consist of 12 cases and 12 controls. Measurement of blood NO and recall of fat intake were performed.Results: Blood NO in hypertension andnon hypertension patients were 72.333 ± 40.511µM and 116.083 ± 46.962 µM respectively. Fat consumption in hypertension andnon hypertension were 51.52 ± 5.99 g and 41.65 ± 8.32 g respectively. Two independent samples t-test showed meaningful differences in the levels of blood NO (p=0.023) as well as fat intake (p=0.004) between the hypertension andnon hypertension patients.Conclusion: There is a difference in the levels of blood NO and fat intake in patients with hypertension andnon hypertension.

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