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INDONESIA
Jurnal Afkaruna
ISSN : 25990551     EISSN : 25990586     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
Jurnal Afkaruna is an Indonesian bilingual journal published by the Faculty of Islamic Studies, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta. The journal publishes empirically grounded and multidisciplinary work on Islam and its related issues, spanning the history, Quranic studies, Exegesis, tradition, education, dakwah, politics, sufism, philosophy, Islamic manuscripts, Islamic economics and finance, social movements, ritual and philanthropy. Afkaruna aims to promote excellent scholarship or articles on Islam that present original findings, new ideas or concepts that result from contemporary research projects in Islamic studies, area studies (especially Southeast Asia and the Middle East), social sciences, and the humanities.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 125 Documents
THE DEVELOPMENT OF MUHAMMADIYAH SCHOOL IN SURAKARTA IN 19201970 Ali, Mohamad
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0107.302-327

Abstract

AbstractThis study aims to: a) describe the dynamics of Islam in Surakarta ahead of the rising sun of Muhammadiyah this the city, b) describe ?gerak langkah? Muhammadiyah schools in Surakarta in the period 1920-1970, and c) analyze the style of development of the Muhammadiyah Surakarta education. By using the socio-historical method this research succeeded in finding the following points. First, when the Muhammadiyah appeared in Surakarta, the modernization movement of Islam had engulfed the city; the Kauman axis founded the Mambaul Ulum Kasunanan madrasa in 1905 and the axis of merchant Laweyan founded the Sarekat Dagang Islam (SDI) in 1911, the presence of Muhammadiyah gave color to reformist-leaning modernism. Secondly, broadly the movement of the Muhammadiyah school in Surakarta during the period 1920-1970 can be divided into three periods, namely: pioneering 1920-1942, searching for identity from 1942 to 1957, and development 1957-1970. Finally, the style of development of Muhammadiyah education in Surakarta is similar to the pattern of Yogya which has more established school than madrasa. Keywords: Muhammadiyah education, school development, SATV, SurakartaAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk: a) menggambarkan dinamika Islam di Surakarta menjelang terbitnya matahari Muhammadiyah di kota bengawan, b) mendeskripsikan gerak langkah sekolah Muhammadiyah di Surakarta pada kurun 1920-1970, dan c) menganalisis corak pengembangan pendidikan Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Dengan menggunakan metode sosio-historis penelitian ini berhasil menemukan hal-hal berikut. Pertama, ketika Muhammadiyah muncul di Surakarta, gerakan modernisasi Islam telah melanda kota ini; poros Kauman mendirikan madrasah Mambaul Ulum Kasunanan pada 1905 dan poros saudagar Laweyan mendirikan Sarekat Dagang Islam (SDI) pada 1911, kehadiran Muhammadiyah memberi warna pada modernisme yang berhaluan reformis. Kedua, secara garis besar gerak langkah sekolah Muhammadiyah di Surakarta selama kurun 1920-1970 dapat dipilah menjadi tiga periode, yaitu: perintisan 1920-1942, pencarian identitas 1942-1957, dan pemekaran 1957-1970. Terakhir, corak pengembangan pendidikan Muhammadiyah di Surakarta mirip pola Yogya yang lebih banyak mendirikan sekolah dari pada madrasah. Kata Kunci: pendidikan Muhammadiyah, pengembangan sekolah, SATV, Surakarta
PROF. H. ABDUL KAHAR MUZAKKIR AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC REFORMIST MOVEMENT IN INDONESIA Nakamura, Mitsuo
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0103.203-225

Abstract

This article discusses the life, struggle, and personality of Abdul Kahar Muzakki in 2019 was appointed as a National Hero. This study is based on the fact that information and studies on figures who play essential roles and contributions in the journey of the Indonesian nation are minimal. As a result, it is not uncommon for people to mistake and confuse him with another figure, Abdul Kahar Muzakkar, who is a DI/TII figure. Therefore, the article adapted from a scientific lecture was translated and presented again for today's audience. The first discussion focused on the early formative period of Abdul Kahar Muzakkir and his work in the world of education and national politics. Then, this article discusses Abdul Kahar Muzakkir's position and role in the dynamics of the Islamist movement and political exemplary at the local and national level. By seeing his example in attitude, religion, and politics, the writer can even refute the views of Harry J. Benda and Clifford Geertz who argued that Indonesian politics is based on contestation between priyayi, secular, and Islam (H.J. Benda) or exclusive politics (C.J. Geertz). Abdul Kahar Muzakkir's personality and political role show that politics is also a battle between authorities and ordinary folks where Islam acts as a source of inspiration and moral aspirations for people to realize a just and prosperous society.
THE CONTEXTUALISATION OF SIYAR IN THE ERA OF NATION-STATES AND GLOBALISATION Bachtiar, Hasnan
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0100.140-164

Abstract

This article examines the concept of Siyar and its relation to the dynamisation of Islamic law. Siyar is a discipline in Islamic law covering issues of law of war and international relations in Islamic traditions, which means conducting Muslim states in relation with other communities. The efforts of the contextualisation of Siyar have been critical primarily when Muslims have faced challenging realities of nation-states, globalisation and post 9/11. This article arguably states that Siyar needs to be reinterpreted and revitalised due to its classical idea is not compatible with the modern ideas and practices of modern polity. Its main doctrine of bifurcation of the world (d?r al-Isl?m and d?r al-?arb) encourages arguments and practices of the defensive and offensive jih?d amongst Islamist agencies. Accordingly, Muhammadiyah contextualised Siyar through its very idea of the Negara Pancasila sebagai D?r al-?Ahd wa al-Shah?dah emphasising Indonesia as the state of negotiation between the arenas of d?r al-Isl?m and d?r al-?arb.
IMPROVISATIONAL ISLAM: INDONESIAN YOUTH IN A TIME OF POSSIBILITY Tumin, Tumin
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0109.334-341

Abstract

The book entitles Improvisational Islam: Indonesian Youth in a Time of Possibility by Nur Amali Ibrahim describes about unconventional and unexpected ways of being a Muslim in Indonesia. As the author argues, the case study of Indonesia occurred in a heightened political context in which the life of Muslims is portrayed to be a practitioner of Islamic religion by observing their scriptures. At the same time, Muslims also draw on the non-traditional ideas and practices that originated from the West that circulate in their society.In some ways, these two groups of organizations are trying to envision alternative ways of being Muslims to make them independent from the established religious and political authorities. The former observes the Islamic scriptures alongside the Western human sciences. While the latter utilizes the methods originating from the business world to promote religious understanding and spiritual rebirth, including self-help, accounting, and auditing. However, both groups argue that they have a great degree of improvisation and creativity in their interpretations of Islam.            In general, the book contains five main chapters. They are discussed under the topics: The Tremblingness of Youths, Religion Unleashed, Accounting for the Soul, Playing with Scriptures, and From Moderate Indonesia to Indonistan. Based on the nature of its discussion, they can be categorized in the subjects of anthropology, religion, and sociology. Published by Cornell University, Ithaca, this book is a good read in its field.
THE CLASH OF IDEOLOGY MUHAMMADIYAH (MODERATE VERSUS RADICAL IDEOLOGY FIGHT) Hidayat, Moch Charis
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0108.328-333

Abstract

Karya sholihul huda ini merupakan pembahasan tentang dinamika pemikiran dan Gerakan infiltrasi ideologi yang dilakukan oleh sejumlah kelompok islam radikal ke lingkungan Muhammadiyah. Yang menjadi fokus adalah sejauh mana fenomena infiltrasi ideologi radikal terjadi di seluruh tingkat kepengurusan Muhammadiyah, mulai dari tingkat pusat hingga ranting Muhammadiyah. Sholihul Huda berusaha menyampaikan satu kasus yang terjadi di Muhammadiyah Lamongan, bahwa kawasan yang masyarakatnya banyak menjadi anggota Muhammadiyah, bahkan dalam kegiatannya bermuhammadiyah dapat dikatakan fanatic tetapi fakta yang sesungguhnya justru masih rapuh dari sisi ideologi. Buku ini akan membahas tema tersebut dengan terperinci.
MODERNITY AND THE ISLAMISTS NOTION OF ACTIVE DA’WA Fuad, Ai Fatimah Nur
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0102.187-202

Abstract

This research examines the the impact of modernity that has been reshaping Muslims? lives in Muslim societies. It particularly examines various impact of modernity such as colonialism, secularism, liberalism, and Westernisation that led Islamists to worry about the decreasing role that Islam was playing in society and in the state. Their worry about the absence of Islam in the public sphere led the Islamists to become the front line da?wa group, intensively countering the impact of modernisation in the Islamic world. This research is examined through qualitative approach combining observation and review texts. Reviewing the relevant texts and observation to the contemporary da?wa movements and individuals are conducted within both fieldwork and desk work. As the result of this research, I argue that the Islamists are the most ?active? Islamic da?wa movement in the modern societies including in Indonesia. Activism is their core da?wa characteristics that routinely calls on Muslims to respond to the impact of Western power. Their da?wa, therefore, is an activist ideology. This research contributes to the contemporary da?wa discourses and movements in the Muslim world.  
ANTAGONIST FIGURES IN THE QUR’ANIC STORIES Nahar, Muhammad Hasnan
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0105.254-280

Abstract

AbstractAl-Qur'an is a source of learning from all sciences, both religious and scientific. Learning is not only derived from legal verses, because it is dominated by verses stories in the Al-Qur'an that are more effective to be of human concern. However, taking lessons in general from the Al-Qur'an story only refers to the protagonist only, while the antagonist self is only as a complement to the narrative of the story. In the Qur'an, the antagonists are divided into three types based on the vision of the role and position of each character; namely the antagonist of the king, the antagonist of the bureaucrats, the antagonist of the prophet?s family. Each of the antagonists has bad character and negative value and some of them also have good character and positive value on him. We found similarities in the value and character of the antagonists in the Al-Qur?an story with the characters that lived today.
ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN THE INCLUSIVE SCHOOL: EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE APPLICATION OF DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION FOR SLOW LEARNERS Aisah, Anita; Santosa AB, Dwi
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0106.281-301

Abstract

One of competences that teachers need to achieve is readiness to teach students with various characteristics. Teachers of Islam religion subject in some schools do not have adequate competence to teach diverse students. Slow learners are mostly found in both regular and inclusive schools. The researchers offer a method which can adjust a curriculum to be compatible to students? conditions namely differentiated instruction method or DI to be applied in Islam religion subject. The goal of this research serves to figure out whether or not DI method can improve learning motivation and achievement for slow learners. The research respondents were slow learners in regular schools. It applied pretest-posttest experiment research method. The research was conducted in April and May, 2019 in Primary School XX in Bantul regency. Data were collected using observation technique, pretest in the form of knowledge test covering previous theme namely sholat (praying) and posttest in the form of the result of knowledge test. Finding revealed that two out of three slow learners did not attend complete experiment process so that there was only one student left. There was a significant increase on knowledge score between pretest and posttest (sig 0,000). This student?s learning motivation improved as well from someone who was previously crying when being asked to come to the front of the class or to answer questions becoming a student who was more communicative.
PARTICIPATION OF MUSLIM WOMEN IN ISLAMIC PHILANTHROPY IN DIGITAL ERA: MALAYSIAN EXPERIENCE Mahmud, Mekwok Bt; Bt Mohd Zain, Nor Amni Bazilah; Fatah Yasin, Raudlotul Firdaus Bt
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0101.165-186

Abstract

In general, Islamic Philanthropy is an important instrument that can solve the socio-economic problems of a country. The ultimate goal of Islamic Philanthropy is to benefit the economy and the society, which began during the time of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. and has been continuously developed to this day. This research aimed to investigate the participation of Muslim women in Islamic philanthropy in the digital era, specifically their contributions to the waqf institutions in Malaysia. History and present times have shown evidence of significant contributions of women in Islamic Philanthropy as founders, beneficiaries, and mutawallis or trustees. This research conducted a library search, seeking evidence of selected Malaysian experiences of women?s participation in Islamic Philanthropy in the past and at present. The expected result was an analysis of Malaysian experiences in the participation of Muslim women in Islamic Philanthropy institutions in this digital era, and to identify the need for improvements of the socio-economic conditions of the society.
ISLAMITY, HUMANITY, INDONESIANITY, AND CULTURE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON AHMAD SYAFII MAARIF, NURCHOLIS MADJID, AND ABDURRAHMAN WAHID Qodir, Zuly; Nashir, Haedar
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/AIIJIS.2019.0104.226-253

Abstract

Kajian tentang kebangsaan dan keindonesiaan merupakan hal yang tidak bisa dipisahkan. Sebagai bangsa, Indonesia berada pada posisi yang sangat beragam. Sedangkan sebagai negara Indonesia, merupakan negara dengan penduduk beragam suku, agama, etnik, dan golongan. Di antara semuanya menjadi satu dalam rumpun Keindonesiaan karena mengalami nasib yang sama di bawah penjajah colonial Belanda. Pikiran Ahmad Syafii Maarif, Abdurrahman Wahid, dan Nurcholish Madjid, tiga tokoh dari organisasi Islam terbesar di Indonesia berada pada pemikiran yang secara substansial terdapat kesamaan. Ketiganya sepakat bahwa Indonesia telah pada posisi yang ideal dengan Pancasila sebagai dasar Negara bukan negara agama. Islam sebagai agama mayoritas penduduk Indonesia, tidak dijadikan sebagai dasar negara. Ahmad Syafii Maarif, Abdurrahman Wahid dan Nurcholish Madjid sepakat bahwa nilai-nilai Pancasila merupakan nilai yang tidak bertentangan dengan Islam. Negara Pancasila sebagai pilihan adalah negara yang tidak bertentangan dengan Islam. Nasionalisme dan Islam merupakan dua hal yang saling mendukung tidak bertolak belakang. Tulisan ini memberikan kesimpulan bahwa di Indonesia, dengan Pancasila sebagai dasar negara, merupakan bagian dari kosmopolitanisme-kebangsaan yang modern. Kajian dalam tulisan ini mendasarkan pada karya yang ditulis oleh Ahmad Syafii Maarif, Abdurrahman Wahid dan Nurcholish Madjid, terutama karya yang ditulis setelah tahun 2001. Tulisan ditulis dengan pendekatan interpretative atas teks yang tersaji dalam karangan dua intelektual muslim kenamaan dari Muhammadiyah, NU dan non afiliasi organisasi keislaman.

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