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Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture" : 7 Documents clear
GENETICALLY MODIFIED AGRIFOOD TRADE: NECESSITY OR CONCERNS? Nurliza, Nurliza
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

Genetically modified agri-foods are genetically modified using biotechnology. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) advantages are the focus of much attention in world food markets. Genetically modified crop technology is claimed also to have great potential for the world’s farmers and ultimately consumers, following initial success with genetically modified cotton varieties. Benefits for farmers could include greater productivity and less occupational health and environmental damage (e.g., fewer pesticides), while benefits to consumers include lower food prices and, potentially, enhanced attributes. Common genetically modified agri-foods include maize, soybeans, oilseed rape (canola), chicory, squash, potatoes, pineapples and strawberries. Genetically modified agri-foods are designed for greater resistance to pests and viruses, higher nutritional value and longer shelf life. However, their safety, potential risks and ethical concerns are still being debated. Laws to regulate labeling of genetically modified agri-foods vary. The publics perception of the risk of new technology is critical to its acceptance. Perception of risk, in turn, depends on the credibility of the source of the information and trust in the regulatory process. Keyword: Genetically modified agri-food, trade, concerns, necessity
ANALISIS PERGESERAN STRUKTUR EKONOMI DAN IDENTIFIKASI SEKTOR POTENSIAL WILAYAH PENGEMBANGAN (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Bekasi, Provinsi Jawa Barat) Ma’mun, Deddy; Irwansyah, Sonny
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Abstract

Economic growth had resulted in a shift on economic structure. Structural transformation was a process of economic structure shift from primary to secondary sector, as the case happened in Bekasi District. Structural or economic transformation from traditional to modern in general could be regarded as a shift related to the change of composition and sectoral contribution to the GDP of a region. This structural process could be achieved by paying attention to the sectors that have specialization, competitive and comparative advantages that would become a priority in the economy. The purpose of this research was to analyze the structure and the changing of economic sectors, to identify any potential sectors in each development region of Bekasi District. The research was conducted in Bekasi District, West Java Province. This study used qualitative design with a case study technique. The data gathered was then analyzed using the Location Quotient, Classical Shift Share and Esteban Marquillas’ Shift Share. The research results showed that in the period of 2004-2010, while the economic structure shift had not yet seen in the development region I, it had already happened in development regions II, III and IV. Based on the combined analysis it was found that the potential economic sectors which had a high competitiveness, had a competitive advantage, able to specialize, as well as having a comparative advantage in each development area of Bekasi District were as follows: for agriculture and transportation sector, the development region  I, II and IV had the potential; mining sector was only potential in the region I; industrial sector was only potential in the region II;  building development sector could only be found in the development region II and IV, for trade sector, the region IV proved to be potential; financial sector was only potential in development region II. Keywords: Economic Structure Shift, Potential Economic Sector, Location Quotient, Shift Share
POTENCY AND PROBLEMS OF COASTAL REGION DEVELOPMENT IN WEST BORNEO Sudrajat, Jajat
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Abstract

The development of coastal region in West Borneo have basic problem, that is: first, many household are still poor. The second, there is deterioration of environmental quality. This conceptual study is intended to describe some problems of coastal region development and also try to formulate alternative strategy which can be done. Although its natural resources is very rich which is indicated by slope slightly of coastal and type of land is enough fertile, but some classical problems still occur, that is: a) still many communities are isolated, and b) social structure of community indicated to social polarization (two class community). Based on these features, so that some development strategy can be formulated, that is: (1) for isolated rural communities, the development strategy which can be done, is combine the participative  and welfare strategy, and (2) for coastal rural, is suggested to do comprehensive strategy  which is combine three development strategy, that is growth, welfare, and participative strategy. To increase income of fisherman needs to diversification source of income, not only on fisheries and agriculture but also non farm sector. Keywords: coastal region, development, development strategy
ANALISIS GENDER DALAM KEHIDUPAN KELUARGA NELAYAN DI KECAMATAN PANGANDARAN KABUPATEN CIAMIS Kusumo, Rani Andriani Budi; Charina, Anne; Mukti, Gema Wibawa
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Abstract

The study, entitled "Gender Analysis in Families Life Fishermen in Pangandaran Ciamis district" was conducted over eight months. The purpose of this study was to: 1) Assess the socio-economic characteristics of fishermen families in the District of Pangandaran Ciamis district.; 2) analyze the pattern of decision-making and the division of labor between husband and wife in a family of fishermen in the domestic sector and the public. This study uses survey method. The respondents consisted of 30 families of fishermen. Data were analyzed descriptively to create a systematic picture, factual and accurate statement of the facts, properties and relationships studied phenomenon objectively. The results showed that the level of education the majority of families of fishermen included in the low category. Perceptions of gender on family fishing generally illustrates that the main task the wife is the household, but it may help her husband in making a living family, while earning a living primary responsibility remains the task of the husband. Decision-making concerning the domestic activities and the public in a family of fishermen do not follow a particular pattern is specifically focused on the husband or wife, but it has a pattern that spreads between husband and wife. The task sharing concerning the domestic activities mostly done by the wife. While the division of labor associated with public activities spread between husband and wife. Keywords: gender, task sharing management, decision-making pattern
ANALISIS KOMODITAS UNGGULAN SUB SEKTOR PERKEBUNAN DI KABUPATEN BENGKAYANG PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT Hidayat, Rakhmad
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Abstract

The aims of this research was: (1) to find out the leading commodities in plantation sub sector in Bengkayang District Area, (2) to find out the structure and the production growth of plantation commodities in Bengkayang District Area (2005-2012). Research area was determined purposively in Bengkayang District Area of West Kalimantan. Analysis used in this research is the analysis of Location Quotient (LQ), Dynamic Location Quotient (DLQ), Classic Shift Share and Esteban Marquillas Shift Share. LQ analysis show that the leading plantation commodities in Bengkayang are Peppers, Cacao, cloves and hazelnut. DLQ analysis show that the leading plantation commodities in Bengkayang are coconut and hybrid coconut. The combined of LQ and DLQ analysis show that there are two commodities experiencing repositioning of non leading became the leading commodity in the future, ie Hybrid Coconut and Coconut. The commodities that experienced a repositioning of leading became the non leading in the future are Rubber, Pepper, Cocoa, Clove and hazelnut. While commodities that stil remain non leading in the future is oil palm, coffee and Pinang. Based on the classic shift share analysis, shows that in the period 2005 - 2012, commodities that experienced an increase in real growth in Bengkayang are Rubber, Oil Palm, Cocoa, Clove, hazelnut and Pinang. The highest increase in productivity occurred in Palm Oil and Rubber. Esteban - Marquillas shift share analysis shown that the commodities that have a competitive advantage is oil palm, hybrid coconut, cocoa, cloves and hazelnut. Palm oil has the highest competitive advantage in the amount of 8.565,97 tons. Plantation commodities which has the advantage and can improve the allocation of production growth in the plantation crop are Bengkayang Coffee, Cocoa, Clove, Pecan and Pinang. Cocoa has the highest allocation advantages in increasing farm production in Bengkayang. Cocoa is also a commodity that has a competitive advantage and excellence allocation with the highest positive value. Keywords:  Plantation commodities, Leading Commodities, Location Quotient, Shift Share
ANALISIS NILAI TAMBAH DAN EFISIENSI USAHA PENGOLAHAN JERUK SIAM PONTIANAK (Citrus nobilis var. microcarpa) GABUNGAN KELOMPOK TANI SUMBER ANUGERAH DESA SEGEDONG KECAMATAN TEBAS KABUPATEN SAMBAS Wilujeng, Wilis Widi; Yurisinthae, Erlinda; Sasli, Iwan
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Abstract

Objectives of this research was to analyzed the  added value and business efficiency of processing of Siam Pontianak citrus in farmer group Sumber Anugerah. This research was conducted in Tebas sub-distric because this area was the center of citrus producer. Farmer group of Sumber Anugerah was choosen because the first place of citrus processing in to juice was occur here. Parameters used consist : costs of main ingredient, costs of supporting material, depreciaton costs and labors costs. There was two analytical techniques used : added value analysis and efficiency with Cobb-Douglas test. Results of the research was : 1) Bussines of citrus Processing that used main and supporting ingredients, depreciation cost and labors have no added value as much as –Rp 675.  2) The use of main and supporting ingredients, costs of labours in this bussines was not efficient yet, with coefficient of efficiency was -50,09. Further more, to get added values needs to increase selling price of the juice. Efficiency will fulfill if the capacity of each process  increase and the continuity of  process maintain. Keywords : added value, citrus, efficiency, juice, processing
ANALISIS RISIKO USAHATANI PADI PADA LAHAN PASANG SURUT DI KABUPATEN PONTIANAK Zakirin, Muhammad; Yurisinthae, Erlinda; Kusrini, Novira
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Abstract

Risiko usahatani dapat disebabkan oleh faktor lingkungan agroekologi, faktor input, dan manajemen. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk (a) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi dalam usahatani padi di lahan pasang surut, (b) menganalisis beda resiko produksi padi di lahan pasang surut pada tipe luapan yang berbeda, dan (c) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi risiko produksi padi di lahan pasang surut. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 75 rumah tangga yang dipilih dengan metode simple random sampling. Analisis data menggunakan  regresi liner berganda dengan model fungsi produksi cobb-douglas dan fungsi produksi just and pope. Selain itu juga digunakan analisis one way anova. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (a) Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi padi adalah lahan, benih, Urea, herbisida, tenaga kerja, umur petani, dan dummy tipe luapan B. Setiap penambahan luas lahan 1 persen akan menambah produksi padi 0.0342 persen. Setiap penambahan benih 1 persen akan diikuti kenaikan produksi padi 0,1054 persen. Setiap kenaikan Urea 1 persen akan menaikkan produksi padi 0.0576 persen. Setiap bertambahnya herbisida 1 persen akan diikuti peningkatan produksi padi 0.0825 persen. Setiap peningkatan tenaga kerja 1 persen akan menaikkan produksi 0.0165 persen. Semakin bertambah umur petani sampai batas tertentu (periode usia produktif) produksi padi semakin meningkat.  Produksi padi di lahan tipe B berbeda nyata (lebih tinggi) dengan tipe luapan yang lain (A dan C); (b) Berdasarkan uji LSD, risiko produksi pada tipe B lebih rendah dibanding tipe A. Sedangkan risiko produksi tipe C tidak berbeda dengan tipe A dan tipe B. Berdasarkan nilai standar deviasi, risiko produksi paling tinggi pada tipe A diikuti tipe C, dan tipe B, atau dengan kata lain tipe B mempunyai rIsiko produksi paling rendah; (c) Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi risiko produksi padi adalah lahan dan benih dengan pengaruh negatif. Setiap penambahan luas lahan sebesar 1 persen akan menurunkan risiko produksi padi sebesar 1.1126 persen. Setiap penambahan benih sebesar 1 persen akan diikuti penurunan risiko produksi padi sebesar 1.7244 persen. Kata Kunci: produksi, usahatani, resiko, padi, tipe luapan, pasang surut

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