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Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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KAJIAN KINERJA PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN DI KECAMATAN SINDANGKASIH, KABUPATEN CIAMIS, JAWA BARAT Charina, Anne
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

One of the efforts taken to improve agriculture human resources especially farmers, is through agricultural extension activities. The purpose of agricultural extension is to create a competent farm community that is able to create a strong business, with better farming, better business, better living and better enviroment. To realize all that would be required special education efforts through the development of national agricultural extension system that is able to help farmers and other agricultural businesses to improve their livelihoods and improve their welfare. This study aims to examine how the effectiveness of agricultural extension in general is happening in the District Sindangkasih post autonomy, as well as examine the extent of the impact of agricultural extension activities undertaken to contribute to the socio-economic conditions of farmers. This research was conducted in the District Sindangkasih. This district is one of the districts with a large number of people working in the agricultural sector.This study uses a case study to obtain in-depth pattern of the object under study, with the approach of the PRA (Participatory Rural Apprisal) and FGD (Focus Grouf Discussiaon). The informants in this study is agricultural extension, related agencies and authorities, as well as farmers, who know for certain activities in Kec.Sindangkasih counseling. The draft analysis of the data used to answer the research question in this study is to use qualitative descriptive analysis method, by adopting the Kirkpatrick model of evaluation. Based on the calculation Effectiveness of Agricultural Extension in Sub Sindangkasih obtained a score of 77.48%, which is classified in the category of a very good level of effectiveness. The positive impact is felt farmers with agricultural extension include the improvement of knowledge, skills and mindset, particularly related legowo planting system. On the economic changes that may result from an increase in production which impact on increasing farmers income   Keywords: agricultural extension, Effectiveness, Social Economic Impact.
KAJIAN PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS KOMODITAS UNGGULAN BUAH-BUAHAN DI KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA JUARSYAH, RENDRA; MUANI, ANI; SUYATNO, ADI
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.4 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v4i1.10133

Abstract

The purpose of this research are : 1). To determine the high priority of prime commodity of fruits to develop in Kubu Raya regency 2). To formulated  the alternative strategy to develop agribusiness prime commodity of fruits in Kubu Raya regency 3).To formulated the direction of estate crops commodities development in Kubu Raya regency.This research has taken for six months. Data using primary data and sekunder. The respondents determined by using purposive sampling technique The method of this research was descriptive method by means of survey. Primary data was collected through questionnaire and depth-interviews. The samples were purposively taken, consists of the expert and stakeholders in Kubu Raya regency. Data analysis carried out by Location Quotient (LQ) analysis,   using descriptive analysis and supported by Internal Factor Evaluation Matrix, External Factor Evaluation Matrix, TOWS (Threats, Opportunities, Weakness, Strength) matrix and scoring Analysis.The results showed, the internal factors, which tobe the strengths were: land resource, strategic location, local government policies, and existence of traders and seed breeders. On contrary, the weakness factors were: low technological use in post-harvest and product processing, fruits business management, institutional (farmer groups), and capital access. While, the external factors those to be opportunity were:promotion program in national and international events, increase in fruits demand, decentralization, horticulture development policies from Ministry ofAgriculture. Nonetheless, the treats factors were: fluctuated fruits’ prices,coordination among government agencies, trade liberalization and globalization, and quality standards systemThe seven strategy alternative are : 1). The increase production of fruits commodity 2). The developing area and prime commodities center 3). The empowering farmer institution 4). The developing of fruits management 5). The developing of agro industries 6). Optimizing the coordination among the involved agencies 7). Increasing the human resources competence. Keywords: Agribusiness, Prime commodities, Fruits, LQ, IFE, EFE,  SWOT
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI MOCAF DI KOTA SINGKAWANG MARTIYANTI, ANASTASIA ARI; MUANI, ANI; RADIAN, RADIAN
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (84.729 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v4i1.10128

Abstract

Mocaf industry in West Kalimantan is located in Singkawang but it is still underdeveloped. Strategic development should be formulated to advance mocaf industry in Singkawang so that  it can achieve its aims and increase the competitiveness in agro-industy. The aims of this research is to identify internal and external factors that influence the development of mocaf agro-industry; and to determine alternative strategies, the best strategy and development strategy priority. This is a descriptive research which  location and number of respondents sample were purposively selected. Data collection used is Delphi Model. Internal and external factors analysis used are IFE Matrix and EFE Matrix. Determination of alternative strategy used is SWOT Analysis. Determination of the strategy priority used is QSPM Matrix. The strength of agro-industry is the excellence of mocaf characteristics. The weakness is the poor management skills of agro-industrialist. The opportunity is the increasing of flour industry. The threat for mocaf agro-industry is the tight competition at cassava industry. The most appropriate strategies are: optimize technology implementation and improve human resource capability. The first priority of development strategy is optimizing the implementation of processing technology to assure product quality. Keywords: strategy, agro-industry, mocaf.
PERAN PENYULUH PERTANIAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI USAHATANI DI KABUPATEN PONTIANAK SUNDARI, SUNDARI; A.YUSRA, ABDUL HAMID; NURLIZA, NURLIZA
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (88.2 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v4i1.10129

Abstract

The purpose of this thesis is " To know the relationship between the role of extension with increased production of rice farming in Pontianak regency ". The method used in this study using the survey locations Pinyuh River District and the District Anjongan.Variables examined in the study are as follows : 1) The role of the Advisory Extension, 2) Extension Role as Technician, 3) Role as Liaison Extension, 4) Extension Role as Organizer, 5) Role as Agent Extension Renewal. The analysis used in this study include : 1) Test Validity, 2) Test Reliability and 3) Kendall Tau test. The results of this study 1) Role of Agricultural Extension sufficiently contribute to Increased Production of Rice Farming in Pontianak regency. 2) The role of the Council for Agriculture, Technician, Liaison and Organizer in District Sui. Pinyuh to Increased Rice Production Anjongan better than the District. While the role of the Agricultural Extension Agents in District Sui Reformer. Anjongan Pinyuh and the District have a similar role to Increased Farm Production Padi. 3) Role of Agricultural Extension Difference in District and Sub-District Sui.Pinyuh Anjongan to Increased Rice Production allegedly difference farmer education and extension capabilities in conducting counseling. Keywords : Role Extension , Production of Rice Farming
PERILAKU PETANI TERHADAP RISIKO USAHATANI KEDELAI DI KECAMATAN JAWAI SELATAN KABUPATEN SAMBAS KURNIATI, DEWI
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.077 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v4i1.10130

Abstract

This research aimed determine the effect of production factors on the soybean productivity and determine the behavior of farmers towards risk of soybean farming. The research areas is in Sambas District subdistrict of Jawai Selatan. The village sample selected is Sarang Burung Kolam Village with  31 farmers. Analysis of the behavior of farmers toward risk refers to the method Moscardi and de Janvry (1977). Production function used in this study to determine the value of risk aversion parameter or K(S) is a productivity function. The results of productivity functions using SPSS software. Seed, NPK, Urea, insecticides and labor significant effect on soybean productivity. While herbicide did not significantly effect on soybean productivity. The behavior of farmers towards risks are Risk Neutral 48.39% of farmers. Key Words: Behavior, Risk, Production Function, Soybean Farming
ANALISIS FINANSIAL BUDIDAYA IKAN DALAM KARAMBA JARING APUNG DI SUNGAI MELAWI KECAMATAN PINOH UTARA KABUPATEN MELAWI Eva Dolorosa, Mulyadi MY, Ibrahim Isytar,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

Aquaculture in Floating Net Cage (FNC) is one of the reliable aquaculture technologies that is used to optimize the utilization of waters on rivers, lakes and reservoirs. The types of fish that is usually preserved in Floating Net Cage are Gold Fish (Cyprinus carpio) and Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Survey method is applied in this research and data sample is drawn from the farmer population of floating net cages in Kecamatan Pinoh Utara. The objective of this study is to determine the financial feasibility of aquaculture with Floating Net Cage (FNC) system. This achieved by considering Net Present Value (NPV), IRR (Internal Rate of Return), Net Benefit-Cost Ratio (B/C Ratio), Analysis of PP (Payback Periods) and Sensitivity Analysis. The result indicates that aquaculture of Nile Tilapia and Gold-Fish with Floating Net Cage (FNC) system was financially significant shown by Net Presents Value (NPV) 227.246.769,84 rupiahs, Internal Rate of Return (IRR) 190,97%, Net Benefit Cost ratio (B/C Ratio) 4,34 and Payback Periods (PP) 0,53 years (6 months 10 days). The sensitivity analysis indicates that if there was an increase in operational costs, the amount should not be more than 304,19% and if there was a decrease in profits, the amount should not be more than 44,11%.   Keywords: Financial Analysis, Aquaculture, Floating Net Cage, Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Net Benefit-Cost Ratio (B/C Ratio).
PERAN SEKTOR PERTANIAN TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA (ANALISIS INPUT-OUTPUT DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA UNTUK KOMODITAS TEBU) SURYANTINI, ANY; HARTONO, SLAMET; NURHAYATI, AZIZATUN; WIDYANINGSIH, WIWIN
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (142.86 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v4i1.10126

Abstract

Local economic development is held by focusing on the leading sectors. One of measures of the success of economic development viewed from the economic growth by measuring income and GDP. A sector which gives the high contribution to others sectors, increasing income, and GDP is included  as contributive sector.The aim of the study is to analyze the contribution of agriculture sectors especially the sugarcane  in increasing economic growth of Yogyakarta. The analyze is based on input-output data from Badan Pusat Statistik Yogykarta in year 1995, 2000, and 2010.The result of the research is that the sugarcane is not the leading sector of Yogykarta. In the other side, rank of sugarcane in output multiplier, income multiplier, and GDP’s multiplier in 2010 and its contribution in economic growth are better than 1995 and 2000. It means, by the better management on agriculture, in the future, the sugarcane can increase the economic growth of  Yogyakarta. Keywords: tebu, analisis input-output, pengganda output, pengganda pendapatan, pengganda nilai
ANALISIS FINANSIAL USAHATANI GAHARU (Aquilaria malaccencis Lamk.) DI KABUPATEN SANGGAU WUYSANG, JOYCE LINDA; GAFUR, SUTARMAN; YURISINTHAE, ERLINDA
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.124 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v4i1.10134

Abstract

Agarwood (Aquilaria malaecencis lamk.) is the majority source of Non-Timber Forest Product (NTFP) in Sanggau regency. In Parindu district, Bonti  district and  Kapuas district have some of agarwood plantation farmer groups, that has members of 118 farmers that has been the subject of this researched. The main focus of this thesis is to understand the agarwood feasibility methods of the gaharu plantation farmer groups  from the financial aspects, the return of investment (ROI) and the sensivity analysis if there were the fluctuation of  regular benefit and cost of gaharu plantation.The researched found the prior cost of agarwood plantation farmer groups for seven years is Rp. 807.203.295.- and the amount of the income is Rp. 8.377.351.610.- (the income adds with the value of residual effort), from the financial analysis is found the income of NPV =  Rp. 3,518,148,025.-, Net B/C ratio = 31.19 % and the IRR=102.71%, PP is 6 year 27 days  that is under seven years , therefore it could be concluded that the agarwood plantation farmer groups  is feasible, and the amount of the income is Rp. 8,377,351,610.- (the income without the value of residual effort), from the financial analysis is found the income of NPV = Rp. 3,480,966,096 .-, Net B/C ratio = 30,87 % and the IRR = 102.40%, PP is 6 year 28 days, therefore it could be concluded that the plantation of gaharu farmer is feasible.Sensitivity analysist for Gaharu plantation for Rp. 1.000.000,-/kg until Rp. 10.000.000,-/kg, the range of volume 0,5 kg/tree until 5 kg/tree and in the range 35% until 80% its will get NPV > 0, Net B/C ratio > 0, IRR > rate interest, and PP under planning project, so its can be concluded Agarwood plantation is feasible. Keywords: Agarwood, finansial analysis, payback period, sensitivity Sanggau
ANALISIS PERAN PEREMPUAN DALAM PERTANIAN DI KECAMATAN RASAU JAYA KABUPATEN KUBURAYA Hutajulu, Josua P.
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

Work type separation by gender eroded over the development of human civilization, including in agricultural sector. This research involves 50 respondents from 237 populations of complete couple that own minimum 0,5 Ha of land. This research analyzes women’s contribution in agricultural economy beside as the housewifes. Women’s role (in agricultural economy) divided into two activities, the first activity is pre-harvesting such as land processing, seed/ fertilizer /infrastructure preparation, weeding, pest and disease prevention and watering. The second activity is harvesting and post-harvesting such as crop threshing, harvesting, cleaning, transport, sorting, and marketing. Average time of women’s involvement in agricultural activity is 5,3 hours/workday with average land area 1,26 Ha, which is 2,6 involved labours/workday /5 hours. Women’s contribution in each pre-harvesting activities are, 49,69 % in land processing, 53% in seed/feltilizer preparation, 52,22 % in planting, 52,22 % in fertilizing, 51,53% in weeding, and 54,25% in watering. Women’s contribution in each harvesting and post-harvesting activities are, 50,25% in threshing, 66,25% in harvesting, 33,13% in transporting, 55,22% in cleaning, 52,97% in sorting and 53,00% in marketing. Women have major contribution in almost every pre-harvesting, harvesting and post-harvesting activities, but they have minor contribution in decision making of determining the crop variety (28%), planting schedule (32%), seed and fertilizer procurement (38%), marketing (28%), and farmer group/ foundation suggestion (30%). Those women’s minor contribution is the effect of strong paternalist culture.   Keywords : women’s,  role, agricultural, economy, workday

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