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Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture" : 11 Documents clear
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI PADI DAN DAYA DUKUNG LAHAN PERTANIAN DI KAWASAN PERBATASAN KABUPATEN SAMBAS LESTARI RAHAYU WALUYATI, ABDUL HAMID A YUSRA, IRHAM, SLAMET HARTONO,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (154.771 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32594

Abstract

Penelitian  ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui  faktor-faktor yang mepengaruhi  produksi padi dan daya dukung lahan pertanian  rumah tangga petani di kawasan perbatasan. Lokasi penelitian dipilih secara sengaja (Purposive sampling) di dua  kecamatan yaitu wilayah pesisir dan wilayah pedalaman.  Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey dengan  265 responden yang diambil secara acak  dari populasi 1121 anggota kelompok tani.  Data dianalisis menggunakan model analisis jalur dengan metode SEM-PLS 3. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di wilayah pesisir factor produksi luas lahan, herbisida dan pupuk berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap produksi padi yang berperan sebesar 97,1% dan dan sisanya 2,9 dipengaruhi oleh factor lain di luar model, sementara di wilayah pedalaman berperan 98,5% dan sisanya 1,5 % di dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain di luar model ini.  Selanjutnya dilihat dari daya dukung lahan, luas panen dan tingkat produkativitas padi berpengaruh signifikan terhadap daya dukung lahan  sementara jumlah anggota keluarga berpengaruh negatif. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan herbisida dan pupuk mutlak sangat diperlukan dalam menunjang  keberhasilan usahatani padi dan Daya dukung lahan pertanian semakin  menurun dengan banyaknya jumlah anggota keluarga.Kata Kunci : faktor produksi padi,  daya dukung lahan , kawasan perbatasan
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN INVESTASI PERUSAHAAN PERKEBUNAN PT. LADANG SAWIT KENDAWANGAN DI KABUPATEN KETAPANG KOMARIYATI, RIDHWAN, ANI MUANI,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (141.531 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32599

Abstract

Investments in oil palm plantations should be carefully and thoroughly, because the large funding needs and continuous fund spending. The research goal is to determine the feasibility investment Ladang Sawit Kendawangan Plantation on condition decline of CPO and Kernel selling prices. This reseach used a combination of secondary data from relevant agencies and primary data by collecting some opinions from the plantation Manager and  Ladang Sawit Kendawangan Plantation employee subdistrict Kendawangan in Ketapang.The analysis method used is the investment criteria analysis which consists Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Net B / C Ratio, Payback Periods and Sensitivity Analysis. The results from analysis feasibility of PT. Ladang Sawit Kendawangan Plantation an area of 2,485 Ha are still feasible, the feasibility level is indicated by the value of NPV  Rp 56,553,315,900 for 25 years earning period, IRR 22.05%, Net B / C ratio 1.24 and a payback period 4.6 years, The results of the sensitivity analysis with three scenarios: 1) a decrease in the price of CPO and Kernel 10%. 2) 10% increase in input costs. and 3) a decrease and cost increase of respectively 10%, showed the plantation is still feasible.Keywords : Investment Feasibility, Sensitivity analysis, Ladang Sawit Kendawangan Plantation
INTERPENETRASI ANTAR SUB-SISTEM DI DALAM SISTEM SOSIALMERESPON PERSOALAN BENCANA ASAP DI INDONESIA F TRISAKTI HARYADI, ARIFUDIN, HERMIN INDAH WAHYUNI,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.846 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32588

Abstract

The haze disasters caused by peatland fires have caused reactions from each sub-system in the social system in Indonesia, which has led to an interpenetration within the social system. Interpenetration is a process that occurs within a social system where one event that occurs on one sub-system will impact to another sub-system, however it acts self-reference for reproduction within its own sub-system. Therefore, this research aims to analyze interpenetration among each sub-system within social system toward haze disaster in Indonesia. Qualitative research has been conducted in Riau and West Kalimantan provinces by analyzing discourse, both directly in the community and mass media. Discourses data in the community was collected through in-depth interviews, observations and Focus Group Discussion (FGD), while media discourse was taken from the discourse of the local media of Riau Pos and Pontianak Pos. From the analysis of the events of communication, it shows that interpenetration occurs in the entire social system. The economy, politics, law, science, education, religion, art, public health, and voluntary systems penetrate each other. Furthermore, interpenetration leads to new stability as a result of adjustments to ethical changes that exist within the social system.Keywords : haze disaster, interpenetration, peatland fires, social system
PROSES BRAIN GAIN PELAKU MUDA AGRIBISNIS DI DATARAN TINGGI JAWA BARAT MAHRA ARARI HERYANTO, IWAN SETIAWAN, ADI NUGRAHA,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (222.045 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32595

Abstract

This study aimed to describe: (1) the background of the brain gain actors; (2) the shoreline of brain gain actors; (3) basic decisions of actors to do a brain gain; (4) motivation of actors to do a brain gain; (5) the brain gain actors adaptation process; and (6) the design model of the brain gain process in the highlands of West Java. The results showed that: (1) the average of brain gain actorshave undergraduate education, non-formal education, work experience in non-agriculture and business experiencein agriculture.They are categorized into primary actors, secondary actors and tertiary actors; (2) the shoreline actors spread of major cities in West Javato overseas; (3) the decision of brain gain is based on the consideration mental-rational, personal-emotional, awareness-collectivity, productive-adaptive, exploitative-reproductive, informal-integration, innovation-regeneration and participation-nonformal; (4) the brain gain motivation of primary actorsis guarantee income of vegetables on-farm, secondary actors is guarantee incomeof vegetable off-farm and tertiary actors isenvrinment advocating and creation of alternativebusiness; (5) the adaptation process of actors ranging from 1-3 years, through four stages of evolution and adaptation types are varied; and (6) the process of brain gain a precondition in independence developmentof young actors. The adaptation process of brain gain acors is slow, hence the need to strengthen the agribusness practical experience to potential brain gain actorswill return to the rural area.Keywords : agribusiness young actor, shoreline, decision, motivation, adaptation, brain gain
RANTAI PASOK BAWANG MERAH VARIETAS SUMENEP DAN MITIGASI RISIKONYA E SUPRIYADI, TUTI KARYANI, FUJI NUR AZIZAH, ENDAH DJUWENDAH,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.328 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32603

Abstract

Sidamulya Village is a center for producing shallots in Jalaksana District, Kuningan Regency. In the village there is a Mekarjaya 1 farmer group that has marketed its products, namely sumenep fried onions to the fried onion industry. The demand for sumenep shallots is continuous every day, so the supply of shallots must be continuous as well. There were several actors involved in the shallot supply chain that have a business process and bear certain risks. Therefore this study was conducted to analyze the risks that arise from each supply chain actor, as well as mitigation to minimize losses caused by using the House of Risk (HOR) method. The results showed that there were 17 priority risks consisting of 4 risks to farmers, 4 risks to dealers, 4 risks to PO Mekar Wangi and 5 risks to POSedap Wangi. The risk mitigation that can be done by the Mekarjaya Farmers Group 1 is the use of pesticides, the risk mitigation that can be carried out by the dealer is to inform farmers about setting cropping patterns, risk mitigation that can be done by PO Mekar Wangi is to increase product variation, and mitigate risks that can done by PO Sedap Wangi is expanding marketing.Keywords :  Shalot Supply Chain, House of Risk (HOR), Mitigation Action
KEBERLANJUTAN SISTEM AGRIBISNIS PADI SAWAH (STUDI KASUS DI KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA) NURLIZA, AKHMAD HARIS SANTOSO, ERLINDA YURISINTHAE,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (352.89 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32589

Abstract

Kubu Raya Regency is one of the main rice production centers in West Kalimantan, but rice production and productivity in the last several years were stagnant because of various complex and multi-dimension factors.  The objective of this research was not only to analyze sustainability status and index but also factors affected sustainability of rice agribusiness system.  Method used in this research was survey method and in-depth interview using Rap-Paddy/multi dimensional scaling (MDS) tool analysis.   Analysis result of Rap-Paddy ordination using MDS method show that multi-dimensionally of sustainability index of rice agribusiness system was 47.05.  It categorized as less sustainable.  Index of sustainability status for each dimension were as follows:  ecology was 48.77 % (less sustainable), economy was 49.33 %  (less sustainable), socio-culture was 50.02 % (sustainable enough), institutions was 43,24 % (less sustainable), and technology was 46,70 % (less sustainable).  Based on the leverage analysis result using 95 % of confident interval, it found that among 48 attributes there were 17 attributes that need to be handled because it was sensitive and affected its sustainability status and index of rice agribusiness system in Kubu Raya Regency.Keyword : sustainability, agribusiness, rice, MDS, Rap-Paddy
ANALISIS KEUNGGULAN KOMPARATIF KOMODITAS KELAPA SAWIT RAKYAT DI KECAMATAN SEKADAU HILIR SUTARMAN GAFUR, HASWEN SARAGIH, ANI MUANI,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (47.035 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32596

Abstract

Comparative Advantage Analysis Commodities Palm Oil In Sekadau (A Case Study of Rural Ensalang Sekadau Hilir Subdistrict)  (Haswen Saragih, under the guidance of Ir. Ani Muani, MS, and DR. Ir. H. Sutarman Gafur, M.Sc)  Regional economic growth is basically influenced by an area of comparative advantage, specialization area,  as well as the economic potential possessed by the area. Therefore, the utilization and development of all the economic potential is a top priority that must be explored and developed in  implementing sustainable local economic development.This study aims to: Analyze the competitiveness of farming folk palm oil (competitive and comparative advantage) and Domestic Resource Cost (BSD) and the Foreign Cost Components. Analyzing the impact of government policies on output and input in oil palm farming. Analyze the competitiveness of the sensitivity to changes in the oil palm farming output and input with the approach in terms of production (GDP per capita). This study used a simple random sampling method the farmer of 50 respondents with purposive.From the analysis of comparative advantage show the coefficient of BSD (Cost Resources Domestic) ? 1, which means that the business activity of commodity production of oil palm in the study area has been economically efficient in the utilization of domestic resources, thereby fulfilling the domestic demand is more favorable with increased domestic production. With a coefficient of 0.4 with 95% Confident Interval and standard deviation of 5%, using t  two-tail test directions.Analysis sensitivity palm oil commodity standards conversions factor = 0.73; which means the factors of production BSD ? 1; Oil palm business activity economically efficient in the utilization of BSD, so that the activities of oil palm economic activities beneficial to the export activity. The results are expected to sectoral policy makers in agriculture subsectors palm plantations to optimize domestic production factors (BSD) in order to increase the GDP per capita.
ANALYSIS THE FACTORS OF PRODUCTION FRESH FRUIT BUNCH (FFB) PALM OIL OF PIR TRANS IN PT MISP SUB-DISTRICT SUBAH THE DISTRICT OF SAMBAS KOMARIYATI, HERI SANTOSO, NOVIRA KUSRINI,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.81 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32590

Abstract

     PIR TRANS model is The model of community plantation development with partnership system is combine production activities, processing and marketing from one integrated or vertical environmental cooperation system, where large plantations as core with some farmers in plantations as plasma. The problem is farmers From PIR TRANS model to become An independent that can be produced by the production of fresh fruit bunches of oil palm.  The purpose of this study to find out the factors of production fresh fruit bunches palm oil of PIR TRANS in PT MISP sub-district Subah the district of Sambas.     The method used in this research is description method in PT MISP Sub-district Subah the district of Sambas. The data were gained primary data (direct method)  and secondary data (indirect method). This sampling method by using simple random sampling. The amount of sample is taken based on the calculation by using Slovin formula and The number of samples was 53 respondents. The analysis in this research with Cobb-Duoglas regression.     The result of the research shows that the production of fresh fruit bunches oil palm together (simultaneously) by the factors of oil palm production (land area, number of oil palm plantation, labor supply, amount of pesticide, and amount of fertilizer). The factors that affect fresh fruit bunches palm oil in sub-district Subah at 15 year old plant ini partial is land area (m2), and amount of fertilizer (kg). 1% increase of land area will increase fresh fruit bunch production by 0.239% and 1% increase Fertilizer will increase production of fresh fruit bunches of 0,515%.Keywords: Palm Oil, Factors of Production, Fresh Fruit Bunches.
PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN EKONOMI KREATIF PERDESAAN BERBASIS POTENSI LOKAL DI KABUPATEN SUMEDANG ELIANA WULANDARI, ENDAH DJUENDAH, LUCYANA TRIMO, TUHPAWANA. PS SENDJAJA, ETI SUMINARTIKA, YOSINI DEL
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (87.726 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32597

Abstract

Creative economy is expected to create a more sustainable economic growth compared with the industrial economy that is dependent on the resource. If the creative economy can be explored and developed based on local potentials in each region, rural development can be improved and can be a support for the people's lives, which ultimately can alleviate poverty. The research technique was conducted through descriptive survey approach, and the research place was chosen Sub-district Surian Sumedang Regency.Respondents were drawn randomly, 50 farmers. Secondary data is collected from: documents in related institutions and journals. The data and information obtained were analyzed descriptively and cross tabulation.The result of the research shows that the development of creative economy in Surian Sub-district of Sumedang Regency is faced with problems, namely: 1) the community has not been able to manage the resources possessed by the lack of knowledge and skills, 2) the lack of supporting infrastructure, and 3) the inconsistency of community development From the government, so the potential of existing resources has not been well managed. The development of creative economy based on local potential becomes very urgent to do. Development of creative economy can be done from the economic side, ie from upstream (cultivation of plants) to downstream (processing of agricultural products); Also from the cultural side (arts and ceremonies adat) and the potential of nature owned, can be used as a tourist attraction area. The local potential can be developed towards the tourism sector, by developing creative economy from upstream to downstream, cultural and nature owned, into several tour packages, such as: nature tourism, scientific tourism, cultural tourism, and culinary tourism.Keywords : creative economy,  local potential, resources, rural areas, value added
INTERVENSIPEMERINTAH KOTA PONTIANAK DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN SOSIALEKONOMI KELOMPOKTANIALOE VERA DI KOTA PONTIANAK NUR, FATMAWATY
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Social Economic Of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Tanjungpura University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (95.068 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v7i2.32593

Abstract

Aloe Vera centre in the Siantan Hulu sub-district is one of the agribusiness areas that will be used as an agrotourism and agricultural icon in West Kalimantan. To keep this center as an icon of agriculture in West Kalimantan, synergy between all elements, especially farmer groups, the private sector and the Pontianak city government, is needed. This research is to examine the extent of the role and intervention of the Pontianak City Government in increasing the socio-economic empowerment of Aloe vera farmers groups to improve their welfare. The data analysis used is qualitative analysis with a descriptive approach. The results of the study show that the role of the Pontianak city government in empowering the socio-economic life of the Aloe Vera farmer group is still not optimally. This is indicated by the intervention process at the evaluation stage does not optimally because there are psychological factors of farmers who are starting to be reluctant to cultivate aloe vera so that Aloe Vera productivity was decreases. The empowerment program and coaching carried out by the Pontianak city government have been going well but still cannot overcome the marketing problem even though terminal agribusiness institutions have been formed whose reality does not function optimally, because farmers do not understand the intent and purpose of developing agribusiness terminals. Socio-economic life of farmer groups, judging from the level of their welfare, still needs attention from the Pontianak city government because most farmers still cannot make the farming of aloe vera as their main source of income.Keywords : Intervention, Pontianak City Government, Aloe Vera Farmers

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