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Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan
ISSN : 23030623     EISSN : 24072370     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
This journal presents articles and information on research, development and applications in biomass conversion processes (thermo-chemical conversion; physico-chemical conversion and bio-chemical conversion) and equipment to produce fuels, power, heat, and value-added chemicals from biomass. A biorefinery takes advantage of the various components in biomass and their intermediates therefore maximizing the value derived from the biomass feedstock. A biorefinery could, for example, produce one or several low-volume, but high-value, chemical or nutraceutical products and a low-value, but high-volume liquid transportation fuel such as biodiesel or bioethanol (see also alcohol fuel). The high-value products increase profitability, the high-volume fuel helps meet energy needs, and the power production helps to lower energy costs and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from traditional power plant facilities. Future biorefineries may play a major role in producing chemicals and materials that are traditionally produced from petroleum.
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Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 1 (2016): June 2016 [Nationally Accredited]" : 5 Documents clear
EKSTRAKSI DAN KARAKTERISASI PEKTIN DARI BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi,L) Roikah, Sri; Rengga, Wara Dyah Pita; Latifah, Latifah; Kusumastuti, Ella
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 5, No 1 (2016): June 2016 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v5i1.5432

Abstract

Telah dilakukan ekstraksi pektin dari belimbing wuluhdengan variasi  suhu ekstraksi  60 dan 100°C, serta variasi waktu ekstraksi 30, 60, 90 dan 120 menit.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui suhu dan waktu ekstraksi terbaik. Proses ekstraksi dengan metode refluks menggunakan air destilatyang telah ditambahkan dengan asam klorida. Proses selanjutnya adalah pengendapkan,pencucian dan pengeringan. Pektin yang dihasilkan dianalisis kemudian pektin terbaik dipilih menggunakan perhitungan metode Bayes. Kondisi ekstraksi pektin terbaik adalah pada suhu 100°C dengan waktu ekstraksi 30 menit  dengan karakteristik sebagai beerikut: rendemen 0,38%, kadar abu 2,92%, kadar air 25,40%, berat ekivalen 650,77%, kadar metoksil 5,01%, kadar galakturonat 55,51%, derajat esterifikasi 51,25% dan viskositas 22cP. Pektin  hasil ekstraksi terbaik telah memenuhi standarInternational  Pectin Producers Assosiation (IPPA). Pektin terbaik memiliki warna coklat yang lebih gelap dibandingkan dengan pektin komersial. Hasil analisis FT-IR menunjukkan pektin terbaik dan pektin komersial  keduanya mengandung gugus fungsi O-H, C-H alifatik, C=O, CH3, dan C-O.
DRYING KINETICS OF OIL PALM FROND WASTE USING SIMPLE BATCH OVEN DRYER Halim, Abdul; Triwibowo, Bayu
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 5, No 1 (2016): June 2016 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v5i1.4151

Abstract

Drying phenomena of oil palm frond waste as agriculture waste was observed using simple batch oven dryer. The operation temperatures were 50, 80 and 120 °C. The sample of oil palm frond was weighed periodically every 30 minutes. Moisture content, shrinkage phenomena and drying kinetic model were investigated to the difference operation temperature. Experimental result exhibited that temperature influent significantly to the drying rate. The water transport controlled by diffuse mechanism. Shrinkage occurred in radial direction and decreased the size to almost 65% from initial size. In longitudinal direction almost is not change of size.  
BIOKONVERSI SERAT KELAPA SAWIT MENJADI GLUKOSA DENGAN DILUTED-ACID HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT Nata, Iryanti Fatyasari; Norlina, Norlina; Pangesti, Mira
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 5, No 1 (2016): June 2016 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v5i1.5264

Abstract

Fiber cake (FC) is a one of effluent of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) industry. This effluent can be decreased by using FC for bioethanol production. FC is actually Palm Kernel Press Cake (PKC) a residue of palm oil extraction, which containing 57.9% cellulose and 18% klason lignin, and containing 14.94% hemicellulose. This study aimed to determined the effect of fiber concentrations and reaction time for  glucose production to investigate the structure of morphology and crystalinity of the fiber cake before and after hydrothermal treatment. Fiber cake was treated by hydrothermal reactor using catalysts 2% H2SO4 (v/v) and 150 oC for 2 hour. Variations concentration of fiber cake which is 2.5%; 5%; 7.5%; and 10% w/v and time variations for 1, 2, 3, 4 hours. The highest glucose concentration was found at  2.5% FC for 3 hour about 2.336 ± 0.015 mg/mL. Scanning electron microscope (SEM analysis results and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) is known the smooth surface structure to be broken an rough after the hydrolysis process and also improvement of the crystal structure of fiber cake from 27.57% to 31.15%.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN ASAM SITRAT TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK FILM PLASTIK BIODEGRADABLE DARI PATI KULIT PISANG KEPOK (Musa acuminata balbisiana Colla) Hardjono, Hardjono; suharti, profiyanti hermien; Permatasari, Dita Ayu; Sari, Vivi Alvionita
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 5, No 1 (2016): June 2016 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v5i1.5965

Abstract

Banana peels can be used as raw material for biodegradable plastic film because the banana peels was consists of starch. Starch was derived from banana peels would be rapidly changing color or browning. Browning was prevented by the addition of citric acid during the process of starch extraction from banana peels. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of citric acid on mechanical properties and capabilities degradation of starch biodegradable film made from this starch (film plastik pati kulit pisang – FPKP). FPKP was made with banana peel starch (pati kulit pisang – PKP) as raw materials, with the addition of glycerol as a plasticizer, and both CaCO3 and CMC as filler, whereas the PKP was obtained by simple extraction methods with or without the addition of citric acid. Glycerol concentration was varied from 20% w/w to 60% w/w, while CaCO3 and CMC were added in a fixed amount. The results was showed that the addition of citric acid affects the color of a PKP produced. The addition of citric acid can enhance the tensile strength of FPKP, up to 4,202 MPa for FPKP with CaCO3 filler and 4.032 MPa for FPKP with CMC filler. For biodegrability of FPKP, the affect of citric acid apply vice versa.
EKSTRAKSI PEKTIN DARI KULIT PISANG KEPOK (Musa paradisiaca) MENGGUNAKAN PELARUT HCl SEBAGAI EDIBLE FILM Megawati, Megawati; Machsunah, Elfi Lutfiyatul
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 5, No 1 (2016): June 2016 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v5i1.4177

Abstract

Pisang merupakan buah yang sering dikonsumsi oleh manusia, baik secara langsung setelahbuahnya matang ataupun diolah menjadi makanan lain. Kulit pisang biasanya hanya dibuang menjadi limbah, padahal didalam pisang terdapat kandungan pektin sebanyak 22,4%. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan ekstraksi pektin dengan bahan dasar kulit pisang yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis pisang yang banyak mengandung pektin, pengaruh variasi bahan serta jenis pelarut yang menghasilkan pektin maksimum. Percobaan dilakukan memakai  pisang kepok yang dikeringkan dan diekstraksi menggunakan pelarut dengan suhu ekstraksi 600 W, variasi berat bahan 10 dan 15 gram dengan waktu ekstraksi 20 menit. Dengan pelarut HCl. Hasil ekstraksi ditambahkan dengan etanol hingga terbentuk endapan, kemudian disaring dan di oven pada suhu 65 0C sampai berat konstan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa menggunakan metode MAE kadar yield nya yaitu 16,53% lebih besar daripada menggunakan metode konvensional kadar yield nya yaitu 12,8%.

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