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Search results for , issue "Vol 14, No 6 (1996): Buletin Penelitian Hasil Hutan" : 3 Documents clear
ANALISIS PENGARUH KELEMBAGAAN TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN HTI-TRANSMIGRASI : Studi kasus di daerah Riau Irawanti, Setiasih; Nasendi, B D; Maryani, Retno; Basuki, Suwidji
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 14, No 6 (1996): Buletin Penelitian Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (8389.506 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jphh.1996.14.6.239-252

Abstract

Transmigration-based Timber Estate (TTE) is an effort to combine transmigration programme and Timber Estate development, and it involves many institutions which sometimes have conflicting interests. The objective of this study is to identify existing institution, efficiency and effectiveness of TTE programme and to study the socio-economic condition of transmigrant.The result of analysis shows that community around forest adhered to traditional institution. And their understanding on the prevailing external institution of government and timber estate concession were relatively low. The aspiration of local community for having plantation usually ended up in chopping activity. Average chopped area was 13 Ha per household. This practice supported by village officials and made this institutional problem more complicated. Their claim of forest area as a customary right was triggered by their insecurity of a continous access to forest as a source of their livelihood.Only about 21,5% local community were willing to be relocated as a local transmigrant and only about 25-30% of those were worked effectively for timber estate, so TTE programme is yet considered effective in relocating, modifying way of life and improving participation of local community. The proprietary right on agricultural land in TTE programme was only 0,25Ha, so giving proprietary right on agricultural land in adequate extent is highly recommended.There were three kind of activities in timber estate development, namely land preparation,nursery, planting and weeding. Wage payment system on land preparation activity was contractual wages at about Rp 85.000-115.000 per Ha. The wage of nursery, planting and weeding activities were about Rp 4. 250- 4. 750 per day. Compared to the Regional Minimum Wages (UMR) for this region in 1993 which was Rp 4.150, labor wage of timber estate development met its social function. Average income labor family per month in land preparation was Rp 253. 600, whereas for planting and weeding was Rp 173. 100 and which nursery activity was Rp 163. 100. Compared to the Minimum Physical Needs (KFM) for this region which was Rp 266.197 in 1993, the earning of labor family from TTE was lower. It means their living condition had not improved yet. 
SIFAT PEMESINAN 13 JENIS KAYU DARI ACEH Ginoga, Bakir
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 14, No 6 (1996): Buletin Penelitian Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3994.201 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jphh.1996.14.6.231-238

Abstract

The qualities of machining properties of 13 wood species from natural forest in Aceh were investigated in air dried condition. Wood species are bayur (Pterospermum elongatum Korth.),keranji (Dialium indum L. var. Indum), sebusuk (Amoora rubiginosa (Hiern.) Pance), runding (Parkia javanica (Lamk.) Merr.), kilulun (Artocarpus gomezianus Wall. ex Tree), anglau (Garcinia nervosa Miq.), alifambang (Endospermum diadenum Miq. Airy Shaw), bentol (Kokoona reflexa), batu-batu (Xanthophyllum excelsum Miq.), bayut (Mezzettia parviflora Becc.), nurai (Cananga odorata Hk. f Th.), alatat (Sonneratia caseoflaris Engl.) and pinang baek (Gonystylus macrophyllus Airy Shaw.).The results revealed that the qualities of machining properties of wood tested mostly belong to good (class ll) until very good quality (class I).Key words : machining property, wood species, Aceh, air dried
PENCARIAN PENGGANTI KAYU JELUTUNG (Dyera spp.) UNTUK BAHAN BAKU BATANG PENSIL Mandang, Y I
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 14, No 6 (1996): Buletin Penelitian Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jphh.1996.14.6.211-230

Abstract

The importance of suitable wood for pencil slat is primarily for school children under eight years old who still not have sufficient skill in taking care themselves from the danger of using sharp tools. Jelutung wood has been the main source of pencil slat in Indonesia for about 20 years. It can easily be peeled with pencil sharpener specially designed for children usage. However, the supply of jelutung wood is no longer sufficent to meet the rising demand of pencil slat. It is therefore necessary to search for alternative.Experiment with pulai (Alstonia spp) which has nearly the same physical properties with jelutung showed lower pencil quality. Pencils made of pulai are generally more difficult to peel with pencil sharpener. The main cause lies in the anatomical structure of wood. Parenchyma distribution patterm in pulai are tangentially banded, with frequency ranges from 1 - 4 bands per mm radially. Parenchyma distribution pattern in jelutung are scalariform or diffuse in agregate, forming short tangential lines between the rays, with frequency ranges from 6 - 9 lines per mm radially.Bayur (Pterospermum spp) is known to has parenchyma distribution pattern similar to jelutung 's. Experiment with P.celebicum, P.elongatum, P.javanicum and P.diversifolium with sample specific gravity up to 0.50 showed easy peelability. Morever the colour of wood is pink to red brown so it does not need staining with colour substance as usually being done for jelutung and pulai. It is therefore recommeded to use bayur as jelutung substitute in pencil manufacturing. However, to guarantee the continuity of supply, bayur is need to be planted from now on. For bayur is suitable, not only for pencil slat but also for many other purposes.Key words : Pterospermum. wood anatomy, pencil slat

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