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Agriekonomika
ISSN : 23019945     EISSN : 24076260     DOI : -
AGRIEKONOMIKA, terbit dua kali dalam setahun yaitu pada April dan Oktober yang memuat naskah hasil pemikiran dan hasil penelitian bidang sosial, ekonomi dan kebijakan pertanian dalam arti umum.
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Articles 241 Documents
DAMPAK KEBERADAAN JEMBATAN SURAMADU TERHADAP NILAI TANAH DI WILAYAH KAKI JEMBATAN SISI MADURA Ihsannudin, Amanatuz Zuhriyah
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The construction of Suramadu Bridge give an impact on land values in foot bridge areas. This study aims to analyze the impact of the bridge on land values, before and after presence of the bridge. The results of this research  shows land values at Labang is more than  before. While, land values at Arosbaya, as control areas, has not changed significantly before and after the construction. The comparison between subject areas and control areas before the construction, were not significantly different. While, after the construction, there are significant differences between two samples tested, indicating that the existing  Suramadu bridge has impact to the land value at Labang compared to land values at Arosbaya, as control areas.Key words: Suramadu Bridge, land values.
PEMODELAN PERUBAHAN IKLIM DAERAH KABUPATEN TUBAN MENGGUNAKAN MAGICC/SCENGEN Joesidawati, Marita Ika
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Pemodelan perubahan iklim memerlukan komputasi yang berat dan rumit sehingga awal perkembangannya hanya terbatas pada beberapa institusi saja. Salah satu perangkat generator skenario iklim yang banyak digunakan adalah MAGICC/SCENGEN (Hulme et al., 2000). Perangkat lunak dan algoritma dalam MAGICC (Model for the Assessment of Green -house gas-Induced Climate Change) sama dengan yang digunakan dalam proyeksi suhu dan paras air laut di dalam Laporan Kajian Ketiga dari Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2001). Sedangkan SCENGEN ( Spatial Climate-Change Scenario Generator ) merupakan algorithma untuk menghasilkan skenario perubahan iklim regional dengan resolusi 2.5°×2.5° lintang dan bujur.Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui tingkat perubahan iklim (temperatur udara dan curah hujan) Indonesia dengan simulasi model MAGICC-SCENGEN (Model sirkulasi global CCSR/NIES Jepang, dan CSIRO Australia) dengan skenario A2-AIM dan B2-AIM.Perubahan suhu rata - rata global berdasarkan skenario A2-AIM dan B2 AIM meningkat secara linier. Kedua skenario dengan tingkat focus yang berbeda meskipun untuk wilayah yang sama menunjukkan laju yang berbeda. Hal ini menegaskan terjadinya kenaikan suhu rata-rata untuk masa yang akan datangKabupaten Tuban menghasilkan pola yang berbeda dan tidak teratur. Secara umum model memproyeksikan kenaikan presipitasi yang cukup tinggi pada bulan -bulan basah (Desember – Februari) dan pada bulan-bulan peralihan antar musim (Maret – Mei dan September –November), namun perubahan presipitasi relatif sedikit meningkat atau menurun pada bulan-bulan kering.Terjadinya kecenderungan kenaikan presipitasi pada bulan basah seperti yang diperlihatkan oleh oleh hasil pemodelan
KORELASI DIVERSIFIKASI PENDAPATAN DENGAN COPING STRATEGY PADA RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PENYEWA LAHAN SURUTAN DI WONOGIRI Emi Widiyanti, Bekti Wahyu Utami Marcelinus Molo, dan
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Penduduk di sekitar mega proyek Bendungan Serbaguna Wonogiri pada umumnya memiliki lahan sempit atau tidak memiliki lahan sama sekali. Sebagai konsekuensinya, lahan surutan bendungan itu telah menjadi lahan usahatani. Para petani kerapkali tidak dapat panen dari lahan surutan pada saat curah hujan berlebih, padahal sekitar 1/3 petani hanya memiliki lahan pertanian surutan. Maka dari itu usaha diversifkasi di luar lahan surutan menjadi suatu prioritas tinggi dalam rangka mewujudkan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga, di samping institusionalisasi strategi coping untuk menghadapi masa krisis. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) mengkaji diversifikasi pendapatan, (2) mengkaji status ketahanan pangan  rumah tangga, dan (3) mengkaji strategy rumah tangga. Studi terhadap diversifikasi pendapatan rumah tangga petani penyewa lahan surutan menunjukkan bahwa bahwa (1) rumah tangga responden pada umumnya lebih besar ketergantungannya pada usahatani ternak dan lahan surutan; (2) Semakin tinggi indeks diversifikasi semakin tinggi pendapatan rumah tangga.Kata Kunci : Diversifikasi Pendapatan, Coping Strategy, Korelasi, Petani Lahan SurutanABSTRACTPeople who are currently living around the mega project of Multipurpose Dam in Wonogiri, in general,  very small size of land or landless. As a consequence, the open drawdown area which is available for cultivation.Thus, many farmers cultivate the drawdown area of the dam. Sometimes the farmers fail to harvest, due to high inundation. The failure of harvest means disaster to the farm households, but about 1/3 of farmers only have drawdown area. Thus the business diversify beyond drawdown area becomes a high priority in order to achieve household food security, in addition to the institutionalization  of coping strategies to deal with the crisis. This study aimed to assess (1) the household income diversification, (2) coping strategy and 3) corelation between household income diversification and coping strategy. Studies of household income diversification farming in the drawdown area show that (1) responden thouse holds generally greater reliance on livestock farming and drawdawn farm; (2) index of  diversification higher will follow the higher of household income diversification.Keywords: income diversification, coping strategy, correlation, farmer hiring the drawdown area
POTENSI DAYA DUKUNG PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN MINAPOLITAN DI KABUPATEN GIANYAR, BALI Arnawa, I Ketut
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ABSTRAKTujuan pokok penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi pengembangan kapasitas Minapolitan di Gianyar Bali. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kapasitas pengembangan kapasitas Minapolitan relative baik, dimana terdiri atas 14,790 ha lahan sawah dan 97.82% adalah irigasi semi teknis, rat-rata curah hujan adalah 75-909 mm, didominasi iklim tipe C dan didukung oleh beberapa mata air. Wilayah ini juga dilengkapi  infrastruktur dan fasilitas irigasi yang memadai. Tata kelola air dilaksanakan dengan Subak. Sumberdaya manusia seperti tenaga kerja mendekati 79.38%, atau 30.87% mayoritas bekerja di sektor pertanian.Kata Kunci: minapolitan, perikanan, pengembangan dan kapasitas. THE POTENTIAL CARRYING CAPACITY MINAPOLITAN DEVELOPMENT IN GIANYAR BALI ABSTRACTThe main purpose of this study is to identify potential carrying capacity Minapolitan development in Gianyar Bali. This study uses descriptive analysis. The results found carrying capacity development Minapolitan relatively good, which consists of; 14,790 ha rice area and 97.82% semi technical irrigation, the average rainfall is 75-909 mm, predominantly belonging to the C-type climate and supported by many distribution springs. Infrastructure and adequate irrigation facilities. Raw water for irrigation management implemented by the subak. Human resources, ie labor force reached 79.38%, or 30.87% majority of work in the agricultural sector. Keywords: minapolitan, fisheries carrying dan capacity
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI KERUPUK TERASI (Studi Kasus Di Desa Plosobuden, Deket, Lamongan) Khoiriyah, Nur R.; Ariyani, Aminah H.M.; Fauziyah, Elys
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This study aims to identify the internal and external environment of agro-shrimp crackers and formulate strategies to develop these agro-industry in  Plosobuden Village, Deket District, Lamongan Regency.The basic method used in this research is descriptive qualitative method and carried out with a case study. The analysis used was the marketing environment analysis, the SWOT analysis to identify internal and external factors for the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, the IFE and EFE Matrix and the SWOT matrix to formulate an alternative strategy in business development. Based on research result shows that the main internal strengths which is owned by agro-shrimp crackers entrepreneur is selling at an affordable price. While its main weaknesses is the lack of promotion. The main opportunities in the agro-shrimp cracker development is still has an extensive market share. While the main threats is unfavorable weather in the shrimp cracker business. Alternative strategies can be applied in developing agro-industry is raising the shrimp crackers production to take the opportunities of technological advancement for food security standards, promoting to attract potential customers in anticipating the new competitors to improve the image of the product, making business licenses and increasing the products diversification through products and services policy dealing with new competitors.
OPTIMALISASI KEPEMIMPINAN NASIONAL DALAM MELAKSANAKAN KEBIJAKAN DISTRIBUSI PANGAN DAPAT MEWUJUDKAN KETAHANAN PANGAN NASIONAL Wicaksono, Arditya
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Konversi tanah pertanian hendaknya dicegah pemerintah dan para  pemimpin nasional. Peraturan  tentang pelarangan alih fungsi tanah pertanian harus konsisten di kuatkan dengan komitmen disertai bukti. Program Rehabilitasi dan Optimalisasi Pemanfaatan Tanah Pertanian dapat dilaksanakan melalui berbagai macam  program strategis disertai dengan optimalisasi teknologi yang berkembang seiring jaman. Koordinasi antar lembaga terkait mutlak dibutuhkan untuk tercapainya sinergitas, sinkronitas dalam ketahanan pangan nasional.
PRODUKSI DAN KEUNTUNGAN USAHATANI EMPAT VARIETAS BAWANG MERAH DI LUAR MUSIM (OFF-SEASON) DIKABUPATEN SERANG, BANTEN Purba, Resmayeti
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Bawang merah di lahan sawah umumnya ditanam pada musim kemarau, karena pada musim hujan biasanya lahan sawah dipergunakan untuk pertanaman padi. Penanaman bawang merah di musim penghujan (off season) sering mengalami kerugian karena hasil dan keuntungan yang diperolehpetani  rendah. Untuk itu, perlu pemilihan  varietas yang dapat tumbuh pada musim penghujan. Pengkajian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui produksi dan keuntungan usahatani bawang merah di luar musim (offseason) menggunakanempat varietas, yaitu Katumi, Bima, Manjoung dan Bima Curut (lokal).Budidaya bawang merah dilaksanakan di lahan petani, di  Kabupaten, Serang, Banten pada musim hujan (Februari-April 2013). Empat varietas diuji  dalam suatu percobaan yang ditata sesuai dengan rancangan acak lengkap dengan 5 ulangan.Parameter yang diamati adalah tinggi tanaman jumlah daun, jumlah  umbi, produksi umbi dan keuntungan  usahatani bawang merah. Untuk mengetahui keuntungan usahatani bawang merah di luar musim digunakan rasio B/C. Hasil pengkajian menunjukkan bahwatinggi tanaman dan jumlah daun bawang merah di luar musim pada umur 42 HST secara berturut-turut  ialah varietas Katumi 36,82 cm dan 26,22 helai; varietas Bima  34,53 cm dan 20,04 helai; varietas Manjoung 32,61 cm dan 19,66helai, varietas Bima Curut (lokal) 29,51 cm dan 17,74 helai.Produksi  bawang merah secara berturut-turut ialah varietas Katumi, 7,27 ton/ha, varietas Bima 6,15 t/ha varietas  Manjoung5,85t/ha, dan Bima Curut (lokal) 5,40ton/ha. Keuntungan usahatani  bawang merah di luar musim secara berturut-turut diperoleh  varietas Katumi Rp. 64.480.000/ha dengan nilai B/C 1,24; varietas Bima sebesar Rp 47.480.000/ha   dengan nilai B/C 0,93,  varietas Manjoung Rp.42.680.000,-/ha dengan nilai B/C 0,78 dan varietas Bima Curut  (lokal) Rp. 36,480.000/hadengan rasio B/C 0,73.Data tinggi  tanaman, jumlah daun, produksi  dan keuntungan  usahatani bawang merah menunjukkan bahwa  varietas Katumi dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif  pada usahatani bawang merah di luar musim (off season),  Kabupaten Serang, BantenKata Kunci : Bawang merah, varietas, produksi, keuntungan, di luar musim ABSTRACTShallot cultivation in paddy fields is generally planted the dry season, because the rainy season is usually used for wetland cultivation. Shallot cultivation in the rainy season often suffered looses as result of farmers and low profits. As the results, it needs the selection of varieties that can be grown in the rainy season. This study aims to determine the  product and benefits of shallot farming in the off-season using four varieties. Shallot cultivation carried out infarmers’fields, in Serang District Banten Province in the rainy season (February-April 2013). Four varieties were tested in a trial that lay out according to a completely randomized design with 5 replications. The parameters  measured were plant height and number of  leaves, number of tubers as well as the production and benefits of shallot farming. To know the benefits of shallot farming in the off-season use ratio B/C. The study showed that the plant height and number of leaves of shallot in the off-season at the age 42 in a row HST varieties was 36.82 cm and 26.22 strands Katumi, varieties Bima  34.53 cm and 20.04 strands, varieties Manjoung was 32.61 cm and 19.66 strands, varieties Bima Curut 29.51 cm and 17.74 strands. Production of  shallots in a row is Katumi varieties 7.27 t/ha,  Bima  varieties 6.15 t/ha, varieties Manjoung 5.85 t/ha and Bima Curut 5,40 ton/ha. Advantages of shallots farming in the the off-season in a varieties obtained Katumi Rp.  64.480.000/ha with the B/C ratio of 1.24; varieties Bima of  47.480.000 /ha with the ratio B/C of 0.93, varieties Manjoung Rp. 42.680.000/ha and the value of B/C 0.78 and varieties Bima Curut  of Rp.36.480.000/ha with a ratio B/C of 0.73.  Data of plant height, number of leaves, the production  and benefits of shallot farming Katumi showed that varieties can be used as an alternative to shallot farming in the off-season, Serang, BantenKeywords: Shallot, varieties, production,   benefits, off season 
ANALISIS PREFERENSI KONSUMEN DALAM MEMBELI RENGGINANG LORJUK DI KECAMATAN KAMAL BANGKALAN Kalsum, Ummi
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ABSTRAKAtribut sebuah produk dapat menjadi pertimbangan konsumen dalam membeli sebuah produk. Preferensi konsumen dalam membeli rengginang lorjuk dipengaruhi oleh beberapa atribut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan karakteristik konsumen dan menganalisis atribut-atribut yang menjadi pertimbangan konsumen dalam membeli rengginang lorjuk. Penelitian ini dilakukan di  daerah Kamal. Sampel diambil dengan menggunakan metode accidental sampling sedangkan metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah metode  deskripitif kualitatif dan  konjoin. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa atribut yang paling dipertimbangkan konsumen dalam membeli rengginang lorjuk adalah bentuk, harga, berat isi kemasan, jenis dan kemasan. Kata Kunci : Rengginang Lorjuk, Atribut, Konjoin.ANALYSIS OF CONSUMER PREFERENCE IN BUYING RENGGINANG LORJUK AT KECAMATAN KAMAL BANGKALAN ABSTRACT Attribute of product can be used as consideration of consumer in buying product. Consumer preference in buying rengginang lorjuk is affected by several attributes. Objective of this research is to describe characteristic of consumer and to analyze attributes being considered by consumer in buying rengginang lorjuk. This research was conducted in Kamal. Sample was taken by using method of accidental sampling meanwhile method of data analysis used descriptive qualitative and conjoint. Result of research showed that attributes that most considered by consumer in buying rengginang lorjuk is weight, price, volume, type and packaging.     Keyword : Rengginang Lorjuk, Attributes, Conjoint.
PEMAHAMAN DASAR ANALISIS MODEL COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM (CGE) Hayati, Mardiyah
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Simple paper about basic understanding of computable general equilibrium aimed to give basic understanding about CGE. It consist of history of CGE, assumption of CGE model, excess and lack of CGE model, and creation of simple CGE model for closed economy. CGE model is suitable to be used for seeing impact of new policy implementation. It is because CGE model use general equilibrium in which this theory of general equilibrium explaining about inter-relation among markets in the economy system. CGE model was introduced in 1960s known as Johansen model. Next, it is expanded into various models such as: ORANI Model, General Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Model, and Applied General Equilibrium (AGE) Model. In Indonesia, there are CGE ORANI Model, Wayang, Indonesia-E3 and IRCGE. CGE Model is created by assumption of perfect competition. Consumer maximizes utility, producer maximizes profit, and company maximizes zero profit condition.Keyword: CGE, General equilibrium, Consumer and Producer
AKSESIBILITAS PETANI DALAM AGRIBISNIS BAWANG MERAH DI LAHAN PASIR PANTAI KECAMATAN SANDEN KABUPATEN BANTUL Witjaksono, Roso; Mudiyono, -; Hariadi, Sunarru Samsi
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The coastal land is the marginal land that  was managed as productive agricultural land. Since 1990 farmers have been using coastal land to cultivate the red onion. Agribusiness development of red onion in coastal land  need to be  supported by capital,  production and processing facilities and market. This  research aimed (1) to know the farmers accessibility toward capital, production and processing facilities and market, (2) the influence of the level of farmers accessibility toward level of adoption on agribusiness of red onion in coastal land.  Location of the research was in Sanden District of Bantul Regency. Srigading village was chosen purposively as sample because there were majority of farmers doing agribusiness of red onion, and then from this sample village was chosen purposively one sample of farmers group  which majority of members as agribusinessman of red onion, namely Manunggal farmers group.  From this farmers group sample were taken 60 respondents by census method. Data were analysed by using multiple linear regression and descriptive statistics. The research results showed that the level of  farmers accessibility was considerably high;  and the level of farmers accessibility was  significantly and positively influenced by the level of adoption on agribusiness innovation. Farmers attitude,  farmers motivation,  the role of farmers group, and the role of extension worker were not significantly influenced  by the level of adoption on agribusiness innovation

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