cover
Contact Name
Yuniardini Wimardhani
Contact Email
yuniardini@ui.ac.id
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
jdentistry@ui.ac.id
Editorial Address
Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia Jl. Salemba Raya No. 4, Jakarta 10430
Location
Kota depok,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 16939697     EISSN : 23554800     DOI : https://doi.org/10.14693/jdi.
Core Subject : Health,
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia (JDI) is a scientific journal that is published three times annually (April, August and December). This journal aims for continuous dissemination of updates in relation to dentistry and its related fields in the form of original articles, case reports and reviews. Its first publication was in 1993, under the name of Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia, published by the Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia. All submitted manuscripts are subjected for double-blind peer reviews and editorial reviews processes before being granted acceptance. The Editors welcome manuscripts in the following key thematic areas in oral and maxillofacial sciences: Cariology Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology Conservative Dentistry Dental Biomaterial Dental Education Dental Traumatology Endodontics Esthetic Dentistry Healthcare Economics Implant Dentistry Oral Biosciences Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Microbiology Oral Pathology Oral Radiology Oral Rehabilitation Orthodontics Pediatric Dentistry Periodontology and Periodontal Medicine
Articles 116 Documents
Agenesis of the Maxillary First Permanent Molars: A Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of a Rare Case Mallineni, Sreekanth Kumar; Maohmmad, Azher Mohiuddin; Patil, Anil Kumar; Kodali, Ranvitha Priya
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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Abstract

Congenitally missing first permanent maxillary molars is a rare finding in any given population. The reported prevalence rate of maxillary first molar agenesis ranges from 0.2 to 1.5%. The exact aetiology of this dental anomaly is not clearly documented. Generally, it can occur in association with other dental disturbances. The purpose of this article is to describe the clinical and radiographic evaluation of a case with bilateral congenitally missing first permanent molars and its association with dental anomalies such as microdontia and hypodontia.
Oral Hairy Leukoplakia: Clinical Indicator of an Immunosuppressive Condition and Challenges in Patient Management Agustina, Yohana Alfa; Wardhany, Indriasti Indah; Wimardhani, Yuniardini Septorini; Krisnuhoni, Ening; Iamaroon, Anak
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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Abstract

Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is defined as an asymptomatic white patch with vertical corrugation pattern the lateral borders of the tongue, that is associated with Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection. Generally, it is related to immunosuppressive condition found in HIV-positive patients and patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy. Sometimes, its clinical appearances could mimic other white lesions. Although most OHL cases are found in HIV seropositive individuals, finding in the immunocompetent individuals has also been reported. Appropriate clinical evaluations and laboratory investigations are important for patient’s comprehensive management. Objective: To report a finding of oral hairy leukoplakia as a clinical indicator of an immunosuppressive condition in otherwise a clinically healthy-looking individual and to discuss the challenges on patient management. Case Report: A 40 yearold man presented with asymptomatic, bilateral homogenous white hyperkeratotic plaques with a hairy appearance located on the dorsal of the tongue, extended to the lateral tongue mucosa. The patient failed to remember the lesion’s first appearance, until three weeks before a visit. Working diagnosis of OHL was made with differential diagnoses including white sponge nevus, leukoplakia and oral lichen planus. Histopathological assessment was consistent with OHL. Challenges on patient management include identifying possible risk factors and assuring patient for HIV testing. Conclusion: This case reported findings of OHL as the first clinical indicator of immunosuppressive condition that might be related to HIV-infection.
Oral Health Status of the Professional Soccer Players in Thailand Chantaramanee, Ariya
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the oral health status of the professional soccer players in Thailand. Methods: Twenty-five Thailand professional soccer players’ oral conditions were examined and included in this study. DMFT, Quigley & Hein plaque index (PI), Löe & Silness gingival index, World Health Organization malocclusion index, pocket depth, TMJ examination and history of dental trauma were recorded. Results: The results demonstrated poor oral health level including dental caries (84%), DMFT score mean was 10.08, dental attrition (60%) and periodontal pocket (36%). Thirty percent of all players presented bruxism. More than 40% of athletes were bothered by their oral health with 28% reporting an impact on quality of life and 18% on training and performance. Conclusion: The oral health of Thai professional soccer players was poor that may result in negative impact on well-being, training and performance. As oral health is an important element of overall health and well-being, health promotion is required to optimize soccer player performance.
Mandibular Two Mini Implants Overdenture Using Magnetic Attachments: A Case Report Miyayasu, Anna; Kanazawa, Manabu; Asami, Mari; Thuy, Vo Lam; Thu, Khaing Myat; Shimada, Ryo; Minakuchi, Shunsuke
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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Abstract

Many patients with an edentulous mandible struggle to use complete dentures. The instability of such dentures, caused by the lack of retention, often causes discomfort, as well as functional and psychosocial problems, which can be significantly improved using implant overdentures with retentive attachments. This case report describes a successful case of a mandibular implant overdenture using two mini implants and magnetic attachments for an elderly edentulous patient. Case Report: A 62-year-old female with a thin mandibular bone ridge presented with complaints of pain caused by an unstable and unretentive complete mandibular denture. This patient received two mini implants (diameter: 2.6 mm; length: 12 mm) with magnetic attachments. After three months, magnetic assemblies with magnetic attraction of 400 gf were incorporated into the intaglio surface of her mandibular overdenture. At 11 months, magnetic attraction was changed from 400 gf to 600 gf to provide a stronger magnetic force for improving the retention of this denture. Conclusion: Based on a two-year follow-up period, the mandibular two mini implants overdenture with magnetic attachments was successful in improving the patient’s general satisfaction with her dentures.
Assessing the Radiographic Position of the Mental Forament in a Brazillian Population Pasquali, Jordan Gasparetto; Narazaki, Nathan Dyoji; Franco, Ademir; Vieira, Iran; Fernandes, Ângela; de Lima, Antonio Adilson Soares
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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The mental foramen is a clinically important landmark for several clinical dental procedures. The aim of this study is to assess the anatomic position of the mental foramen (MF) in panoramic radiographs of a Brazilian population. The sample consisted of 2,100 panoramic radiographs, obtained from 8,600 clinical files from the School of Dentistry at the Universidade Federal do Paraná. Two calibrated examiners investigated the MF according to the classification of Tebo and Telford, which locates the right and left MF into 6 different positions in relation to the apex of the adjacent teeth. Results: The MFs were similarly distributed between the apices of the mandibular premolars (class III) and below the apex of the mandibular second premolar (class IV). More specifically, on the right side 41.8% (n = 878) of the MFs were classified as class III, while 47.52% (n = 998) were classified as class IV. On the left side 42.47% (n = 892) were classified as class III, while 47.38% (n = 995) were classified as class IV. The results indicate that MFs are often located adjacent to the apex of the mandibular second premolar. However, slight variations may occur in the positioning of the MF to the mesial direction. Clinicians and surgeons must be aware of the position of the MF and its potential variations prior to anaesthetics and surgical procedures in the mandible.
Inter-examiner Variability in Grading of Oral Epithelial Dysplasia May Cause Suboptimal Management of Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders Senarath, Nimna H.; Jayasooriya, Primali R.; Siriwardena, Bogahawatt M.S.; Kumarage, Himal N.; Wadusinghearachchi, Saminda; Liyanage, Pemith; Wijetunge, Sulochana; Waduge, Roshitha; Ratnayake, Palitha; Tilakaratne, Wanninayake M.
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) grading determines the management guidelines for oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs). The subjectivity of OED grading considerably impacts its reliability. Objective: This study aimed to assess the reproducibility of and variability in diagnosing and grading OED by oral and medical pathologists, using the conventional WHO 2005 classification. Material & methods: Five oral pathologists and one medical pathologist individually examined 200 hematoxylin and eosin-stained histological slides diagnosed as OED from oral pathology archives at the University of Peradeniya. The most experienced examiner’s diagnoses represented the standard for evaluating inter-examiner variability using the unweighted Cohen’s kappa coefficient. Results: OED grading among all oral pathologists revealed moderate agreement (kappa value, 0.42–0.50), whereas the medical pathologist showed poor agreement (kappa value, 0.034). The accepted OED diagnoses were mild, 33%; moderate, 24.9%; severe, 32.4%; and no dysplasia, 9.7%. However, 86.5% of the diagnoses by the medical pathologist were mild-no dysplasia. Diagnoses of moderate and severe dysplasia had lesser reproducibility than those of no dysplasia. Conclusions: OED grading was only moderately reproducible among oral pathologists and poorly reproducible with regard to the medical pathologist. A more reliable OED grading system is required to improve reproducibility for optimal OPMD management and assessment.
A Case of Inconspicuous Recurrent Herpes Labialis Mimicking Unilateral Angular Cheilitis Mandasari, Masita; Astuti, Ambar Kusuma; Rahmayanti, Febrina
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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Recurrent herpes labialis (RHL) is a common manifestation of herpes simplex virus (HSV) reactivation in immunocompetent individuals, whereas angular cheilitis is an inflammatory lesion occurring on one or both lip commissures and is induced by local and/or systemic conditions. We describe a case of RHL eruption on the corner of the mouth, easily mistaken as angular cheilitis. Case Report: A 21-year-old male presented to our dental hospital with a 3 day history of a painful, unilateral lesion on the left corner of his mouth. The lesion featured an erythematous base with a yellowish crust that extended outward. We diagnosed the lesion as RHL. We prescribed chlorhexidine solution and topical acyclovir to be applied onto the lesion. At 2 weeks follow-up, the lesion was resolved. An RHL lesion that erupts on the corner of the mouth may initially resemble angular cheilitis. However, the typical clinical presentation, history of recurrence, and the absence of predisposing factors for other lesions suggested an infection caused by HSV. Conclusion: RHL which occurred at one side of the mouth corner can be similar with unilateral AC. But, detailed history taking and clinical observation led to correct diagnosis and management.
The Effect of Systemic Doxycycline and Mechanical Therapy on GCF β-Glucuronidase Leves in Chronic Periodontitis Patients Zia, Afaf; Gupta, Narendra; Bey, Afshan; Khan, Asad U; Khan, Saif; Andarabi, Syed Mukhtar Un Nisar; Khan, Rosina; Adil, Mohd
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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The goal of periodontal therapy includes management of bacterial pathogens to control the destruction of the periodontal tissue. A number of different nonsurgical and surgical therapies have been used in achieving this goal. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of doxycycline compared with nonsurgical therapy alone or in combination with nonsurgical therapy on gingival crevicular fluid β-Glucuronidase levels (ßG) and clinical parameters over a 20-week period in patients with chronic periodontitis. Methods: An interventional study comprising 60 patients with chronic periodontitis. They were divided into three groups of different treatment approach. The plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, and clinical attachment levels were recorded, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples were collected at 2, 6, 10, and 20 weeks, after treatment. Results: The levels of GCF βG and clinical parameters were higher when the treatment was initiated, and the levels decreased after treatment. No significant difference was found in the βG level when nonsurgical therapy and doxycycline were used alone. In comparison, when doxycyline and nonsurgical therapy were combined, the level of βG decreased significantly. Conclusion: The present study indicated the usefulness of doxycycline as an adjunct to nonsurgical periodontal therapy in lowering GFC βG levels and clinical parameters.
Role of Dentists in the Management of Behcet’s Disease: A Case Report Patoni, Nurfianti Ahmad; Sitheeque, Mohaideen AM.; Sarsito, Afi Savitri; Soegyanto, Anandina Irmagita; Wimardhani, Yuniardini Septorini
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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Behcet’s disease (BD) is a multi-system recurrent inflammatory disorder occurring in the form of vasculitis of an unknown etiology. It most frequently affects oral and genital mucosa, skin, eyes, joints, and blood vessels. The definitive diagnosis of BD is based on major symptoms such as recurrent oral and genital ulcers and recurrent skin and ocular lesions, accompanied by symptoms related to various systems. However, early BD manifestations are very similar to recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). Several years from its first appearance are often required for a definitive diagnosis. Objective: To describe a dentist’s role in BD management in a patient with a history of highly recurrent RAS. Case Report: We evaluated a 38-year-old man with a 10-year history of recurrent oral ulcers, accompanied by skin and eyes lesions. His intraoral examination revealed multi-sized ulcers with a yellowish-white base and regular edges, surrounded by an erythematous halo. Ulcers were located on the tongue, floor of the mouth, and gingival mucosa. Although BD diagnosis was not histopathologically confirmed, the patient’s lesions met the International Criteria for Behcet’s disease with a score of 5. Oral ulcers were managed with chlorhexidine mouthwash 2 times/day and supportive measures. A multidisciplinary approach was used for this patient to provide comprehensive treatment. Conclusion: Dentists can be the first clinicians to detect the possible development of BD in patients with symptoms similar to RAS, but additionally having skin and eye lesions.
Evaluation of Microhardness and Microleakage of Class II Silorane-Based Composite Restorations Post-Photoactivation Techniques Hajizadeh, Hila; Nasizadeh, Monavar; Moazzami, Saied Mostafa; Namdar, Fatemeh
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate effect of additional light curing on microhardness and microleakage at cervical third of class II silorane-based composite restorations. Methods: Class II cavities were prepared on the proximal surfaces of 20 human premolars. The specimens were randomly divided into two groups of 10. In both groups, class II cavities were restored incrementally (gingival, oblique buccal and oblique lingual) with silorane-based composite (Filtek P90) and cured (group1: occlusal curing; group 2: additional curing from buccal and lingual). The samples were immersed in 0.5% fuchsine and dye penetration was recorded at the four regions of the gingival floor. Also, Vickers hardness test was performed at a distance of 1 mm above the gingival margin. Data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA after the evaluation of normal data distribution with Kolmogorov–Smirnov test at the 0.05 level of significance. Results: The two photo activation methods significantly affected the hardness (p=0.005) and microleakage (p=0.045). Additional light curing increased Vickers hardness when compared to occlusal curing. Comparison of microleakage in different areas of the first group did not show any significant difference (p=0.240) but the differences were significant between the different areas of the second group (p=0.028). Additional light curing decreased dye penetration in the all depths. Only in the H3 and M3, curing technique showed a significant effect on the results. Conclusions: Additional light curing would cause in better hardness and less microleakage. Therefore it is suggested after initial occlusal curing.

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