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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF WETLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
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Core Subject : Science, Social,
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Articles 89 Documents
Environment Friendly Agricultural Brand “Cool Vege” Through Carbon Sequestration by Biochar for Sustainable Management of Food and Water = Cool The Earth from The Dining Table with COOL Vege = Shibata, Akira; Kanagae, Hidehiko
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF WETLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Vol 1, No 1
Publisher : Research Institution, Lambung Mangkurat University

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Abstract

The reduction of of greenhouse gas to mitigate or adapt to drastic climate change are one of the most important issues for human beings. On the other hand, rural development is also important issue for sustainable rural natural resources to secure food and water. Then, we propose the new socio-economic scheme to solve these issues at the same time through biochar carbon capture and sequestration. This scheme contains 4 measure factors that 1) Carbon Capture & Storage(CCS) via biochar, 2) Biochar CCS should be carried out at agricultural lands for rural development, 3) Biochar CCS should be monitored and measured to generate carbon credits and social creditability, 4) The ECO-brand “Cool Vege” for agricultural products derived from biochar CCS. And, it consists of many stake holders and actors that local community, compost center, farmers, CCS local committee consisted by local governments and universities as scientific authority, companies, retailers and normal citizen as consumers. Therefore, when proceeding this scheme, it is needed to have holistic aspect like bird view.
Community-Based Coastal Resource Management (CB-CRM): a Case Study f Mariveles, Bataan, Philippines Mungcal, Andrew Lou L.
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF WETLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Vol 1, No 1
Publisher : Research Institution, Lambung Mangkurat University

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Abstract

This paper addressed the issue of sustainable coastal resource management through a successful Community-Based Coastal Resource Management (CB-CRM) Program in the Municipality of Mariveles, province of Bataan in the Philippines. The paper investigated how governance and institutional and legislative framework, and the concept of sustainable development complemented each other to promote good local eco-governance in the management and protection of finite local marine resources. Specifically, it analyzed how the local fisherfolk community of Mariveles utilized efficiently their finite marine resources in the context of eco-governance. It also investigated how the cooperative efforts of various stakeholders: peoples’ organizations (POs), local government unit (LGU), and a non-government organization (NGO) in Mariveles, Bataan affected their coastal resources against environmental degradation and exploitation. This paper would benefit POs, LGUs, and NGOs in their quest for sustainable management and conservation of their limited coastal resources. This paper yielded the following findings. First, POs and NGOs engage when NGOs can strengthen the POs’ capacity building through the transfer of skills and technology, when NGOs can enhance the POs’ indigenous knowledge, and when NGOs are more knowledgeable of formal venues of LGU participation. Second, LGUs, NGOs and POs engage when POs and NGOs can complement each other to strengthen their capacity building, and when NGOs can help implement environmental programs that are beneficial to the POs. Third, NGOs and POs engage when POs are threatened by elite power, and when NGOs want their environmental issues on LGU’s legislative agenda. Finally, NGOs and POs engage when they see possible LGU cooperation. Participant observation through focus group discussion (FGD) and key informants’ interview of different stakeholders was a primary source of information in formulating the aforementioned conclusions. In addition, stakeholders’ analysis and documentary analysis, i.e., books, print and non-print materials, video footage, monograph, were used as secondary sources of information. The author is solely responsible for any information found in this paper.
Combined use of Azolla and loach suppressed paddy weeds and increased organic rice yield: second season results Cheng, Weiguo; Takei, Miwa; Sato, Chizuru; Kautsar, Valensi; Sasaki, Yuka; Sato, Satoru; Tawaraya, Keitaro; Yasuda, Hironori
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 3, No 1 (2015): January-June, 2015
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v3i1.3

Abstract

Organic farming uses alternatives to agricultural chemicals such as synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. The primary challenge in organic rice farming is controlling weeds without using herbicides and improving rice yield without chemical fertilizers. In our previous paper entitled as combined use of Azolla and loach suppressed weed Monochoria vaginalis and increased rice yield without agrochemicals, we reported the first year rice growth season results from an in situ container experiment. The experiment was designed with 4 treatments—control (with neither Azolla nor loach), Azolla (Azolla alone), loach (loach alone), and Az+Lo (combined Azolla and loach)—with 3 replications each. The first year results showed that combined use of Azolla and loach was successful in weed suppression and increase in rice yield in 2012. In this paper, we report the second year results from the continuous container experiment in 2013. M.vaginalis emergences were very low in second year rice growth season on all treatments. Compared first year, the rice yields decreased in second year on all treatments due to different weather condition and with or without organic soybean oil cake application between two rice growth seasons. The second year results also showed the raising loach had a stronger effect to increase tiller and panicle numbers, and spikelet number per panicle, then improve rice yields to 2.3 times than control. The Azolla residues left from first year have weaker effect on rice growth and yield, but increase soil organic matter accumulation at second year. The two years study indicated that combined use of Azolla and loach can meet two of the greatest challenges in organic rice production: providing effective weed control and improving rice nutrition without agrochemicals.     
Life Cycle Assessment of Sago Palm, Oil Palm, and Paddy Cultivated on Peat Land Wulan, Saptarining; Kusnoputranto, Haryoto; Supriatna, Jatna; Djoefrie, H.M.H. Bintoro; Hakim, Hisyam Musthafa Al
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 3, No 1 (2015): January-June, 2015
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v3i1.4

Abstract

The continuously increasing population growth more than food agriculture growth on the existing land, has been encouraging to this research. The land use competition for agriculture and housing purposes have caused the land use change from forest to agriculture and housing. Within forested landscapes food production, commodity agriculture, biodiversity, resource extraction and other land uses are also competing for space. The forest land use change (deforestation) is one of the climate change causes. The impact of climate change among others is the uncertain climate, such as the long drought period, flood, and the extreme temperature that cause decreasing in agriculture production. Therefore, at present, many people use the marginal land, such as peat land for agriculture cultivation to increase the food agriculture production and to achieve the domestic and export demand. Indonesia has a huge peat land and the fourth biggest in the world after Rusia, Canada, and America. The focus of this study is comparing the life cycle assessment of three agriculture commodities: sago palm, oil palm, and paddy cultivated on peat land. The purpose of this research is to contribute a recommendation of the most sustainable commodity from the aspect carbon dioxide (CO2) emission among three food agriculture commodities include oil palm and paddy that currently as excellent commodities, and sago palm, the neglected indigenous plant, which are cultivated on peat land. The method applied for this research to analyze the environmental aspect using life cycle assessment (LCA) started from seedling, plantation, harvesting, transportation, and production process. The analysis result reveals that sago palm is the most environmental friendly. The lowest CO2 emission (ton/ha/year) is sago palm (214.75 ± 23.49 kg CO2 eq), then paddy (322.03 ± 7.57 kg CO2 eq) and the highest CO2 emission (ton/ha/year) is oil palm (406.88 ± 97.09 kg CO2 eq).
Synthesis of Chitosan-Coated Magnetic Microparticle Using Glutaraldehyde as Crosslinker and PEG as Spacer Arm and Its Application as Adsorbent of Peat Humic Acid Santoso, Uripto Trisno; Rodiansono, R.; Junaidi, Ahmad Budi; Umaningrum, Dewi
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 3, No 1 (2015): January-June, 2015
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v3i1.5

Abstract

A simple procedure for synthesis of chitosan-coated magnetic microparticle (CMMP) using glutaraldehydeas a cross-linker and polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a spacer arm has been developed. The functionalizedmicroparticle were prepared using an inexpensive, simple, rapid, one-pot process, based on the heating ofchitosan, PEG, and ferrous sulfate mixture at high pH. X-ray diffraction results indicated that the surfacemodifiedFe3O4 microparticle did not lead to phase change unlike the pure Fe3O4. Magnetic chitosanadsorbent has been evaluated for removal of peat humic acid from its aqueous solution.
Agarwood (Aquilaria malaccencis) Health at Nursery Naemah, Dina; Ningrum, Hat Mayani Diah
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 3, No 1 (2015): January-June, 2015
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v3i1.6

Abstract

Gaharu (Aquilaria malaccencis) is a tree species included in Thymelleaceae family, Agarwood can grow inlowland as well as mountains, up to 750 m above sea level. The average temperature required is 32 ° C andthe average humidity is 70%, with annual rainfall of about 2000 mm. This plant produces a resin powderwhich has a distinctive aroma fragrance infected due to fungal diseases (fungi) that enter through the trunkwound. The objective of this study is to identify the characteristics of attack which causes damage to theagarwood plant seedlings (Aquilaria malaccencis) and to elucidate the intensity of pests and diseases onagarwood plant seedling (Aquilaria malaccencis). By using code of Environmental Monitoring andAssessment Program (EMAP) which had been modified so that it was obtained the damage cause, damagedparts of plants, the type and the level of severity of damage suffered by the plant. Based on the results, datashowed that the biggest cause of the damage suffered by the agarwood plant was a disease characterized bysymptoms on the leaves where the damage type was in the form of leaf discoloration with the level ofseverity of 20-29%. The intensity of damage was 44. 66%, damage due to pest was 8%, and damage due toillness was 32%.
Wastes Management Can Minimize CH4 and N2O Emissions from Wetlands in Indonesia Hadi, Abdul; Udiantoro, U; Sulaiman, Abrani; Noor, Hasrul Satria; Taufiqurrahman, T; Ghafur, Abdul; Bakar, Rosenani Abu
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 3, No 1 (2015): January-June, 2015
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v3i1.7

Abstract

Paddy (Oriza sativa L.) and Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jack) are two important crops and are potential toproduce wastes which may lead to huge green house gas emissions if they are not managed properly. Openburning and conventional composting are commonly practiced by farmers and/or planters to managedagricultural wastes in Indonesia. A series of research has been carried out to elucidate (1) the reductions ofCH4 and N2O due to incertion of a catalitic converter on burning kiln, (2) green house gas emissions fromdifferent composting techniques of oil palm field wastes, and (3) the effects of oil palm field wastes compostapplication in oil palm fields and of paddy field wastes biochar in integrated oil palm-paddy fields. Theresults showed that CH4 and N2O emissions from paddy field wastes (i.e., rice straw or rice husk) was lowerthan that from oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB). Furthermore, insertion of a catalytic converter intopyrolysis installation reduced the CO2, CH4 and N2O emissions from paddy field wastes as much as 14.5,17.8 and 11.1%, respectively. Incorporation of EFB compost did not increase greenhouse gas emission fromoil palm fields. These results suggest that biochar and EFB compost can be practiced to manage agriculturalwastes in Indonesia.
Agroforesty System For Rehabilitation of Degraded Peatland in Central Kalimantan Harun, Marinus Kristiadi; Yuwati, Tri Wira
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 3, No 1 (2015): January-June, 2015
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v3i1.8

Abstract

The aim of this research was to analyze the development of jelutung in the agroforestrysystem for the rehabilitation of the degraded peatland fulfilling technically applicable andenvironmentally friendly. Primary data of this research were collected via interviews, observations,field measurements and focus group discussion (FGD) involving all parties. The research resultsshowed that the development of jelutung in agroforestry system was technically applicable, andenvironmentally friendly for the rehabilitation of degraded peatlands. There are 5 certified jelutungseed sources in Central Kalimantan Province that can produce about 126,920,000 seeds per years.The local people’s nursery can produce 1 – 3 million readily planted jelutung seedlings per years. Insallow peatland there are 3 agroforestry systems that have already been developed by the localpeople. In deep peatlands, there are 2 agroforestry systems that have already been developed by thelocal people. Jelutung growth performances on a variety of agroforestry systems showed that theannual stem height increment reached 86.55 – 127.94 cm and stem diameter increased 1.56 – 2.15cm. On the environmental aspect it is known that the diversity of peatland macro-fauna coveredwith jelutung agroforestry was greater than that covered with monoculture and abandoned land (asindicated by Shannon Wiener index values, that were 1.8; 1.,2; 1.7, respectively for PSM method).The peatland covered by jelutung agroforestry exhibited by the following characteristisc: pH=3.94;N total = 0.4%; C organic = 48.58%; C/N = 121.45.
Potency and Ecological Habitat of Tabat Barito (Ficus deltoidea Jack) in Natural Forest, South Kalimantan Arifin, Yudi Firmanul; Hatta, Gusti Muhammad
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 3, No 1 (2015): January-June, 2015
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v3i1.9

Abstract

Indonesia is rich of medicinal plants, one of which is Tabat Barito (Ficusdeltoidea Jack). The utilization oftabat barito is mainly for womens health and until now its use continues to increase, especially fortraditional medicines, but efforts for cultivation have not been much done. The first step for cultivation is tounderstand the potential and ecological habitat of this plant. This research was conducted in SouthKalimantan, with three villages as the object based on a survey conducted earlier, i.e. the Village of Hamakin Hulu Sungai Selatan District and the Village of Auh and Sungsum in Balangan District. Data wascollected using a survey method to create a transect in the areas where Tabat Barito isfound. The resultsshowed Tabat Barito potential in the two districts is quite rare, between 35 -50 clumps/ha. Tabat Barito wasfound in open areas in natural forest with elevation of 200-350 m above sea level, humidity of 36-54%, airtemperature of 38-43 °C, soil temperature of 25 oC. vegetation found to be associated with Tabat Barito inHamak Village is sasirihan (Ficussp.) and beringin (Ficusbenyamina), while in Auh and Sangsum Village ismali-mali (Leeaindica), beringin (F. benyamina), and jambun (Eugenia sp.). The genus of Ficus is thedominant vegetation and significant association with Tabat Barito. The diversity of vegetation, in the HamakVillage is 1.63 higher than Auh and Sungsum Village of 1.16. The common species found in the two districtsthat have Tabat Barito of 28.57%.
Carbon Stock Stratification of Peat Soils in South Kalimantan, Indonesia Zakiah, Siti; Noor, Muhammad; Nursyamsi, Dedi
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 2, No 2 (2014): JULY-DECEMBER, 2014
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v2i2.26

Abstract

Carbon stock in peat soils is very high, it is necessary to prudent in its management because peat soils is emitting greenhouse gases such as CO2 during land clearing due to oxidation of peat layer.  This research was conducted to study soil carbon stock stratification in relation to soil physical and chemical properties. The carbon stock stratification was based on maturity degrees of peat.  The study was conducted in Pulau Damar Village, Hulu Sungai Utara District, South Kalimantan Province on land use rubber.  The location of the study area was determined by using the purposive sampling method.  All data obtained were analyzed by Excel spreadsheets and drawn on a CorelDraw 12. The results showed that the amount of carbon stock was influenced by the maturity degrees of peats, peat sapric degres has higher carbon stock than of hemik and fibric with a ratio of  2.0: 1.5: 1.  The relationship between soil carbon stock with soil physic (Bulk Density, BD) and chemical properties (pH, Eh, Fe, and total-N) were not significantly.