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Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : 08523681     EISSN : 24430765     DOI : 10.21776/ub.jiip
Core Subject : Education,
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (JIIP) is a journal published and managed by the Faculty of Animal Husbandry Universitas Brawijaya. JIIP is a peer-reviewed journal published three times a year. JIIP now actively using Open Journal System (OJS). JIIP mediates the dissemination of researchers various disciplines of animal science, such as animal feed and nutrition; animal reproduction, genetics, and production; social and economic; and animal products science and technology.
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Articles 256 Documents
Pengaruh perbedaan lama waktu pemberian Spirulina platensis dalam ransum terhadap profil darah merah ayam Broiler Fahmi, Fuadhy Wahyu; Widiastuti, Endang; Sugiharto, Sugiharto
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 27, No 3 (2017): Desember
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.292 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2017.027.03.07

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of duration feeding of Spirulina platensis as a prebiotic in ration on the red blood cells of broiler chickens. The material used in this study was 240 day old chick (DOC) with average of initial weight 42.015 ± 0.219 g. The experiment was designed based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The treated treatments were T0 (Feed Basal + 0.04% Zinc Bacitracin), T1 (Basal diet + 1% Spirulina platensis for 7 days administration), T2 (Basal diet + 1% Spirulina platensis for 21 days of administration) and T3 (Feed Basal + 1% Spirulina platensis for 35 days of administration). Measured variables include total erythrocytes, hemoglobin, percentage of hematocrit, and erythrocyte index values (MCV, MCH, MCHC). Data were analyzed by variance test (F test) and if there was a significant difference then continued with Duncan’s multiple range test. The results showed that there was significant differences (P <0.05) between treatments on total erythrocytes, and no significant differences (P> 0.05) between treatments on hemoglobin levels, hematocrit percentage, and erythrocyte index values (MCV, MCH, MCHC). It concluded that the feeding of Spirulina platensis for 35 days in ration can reduce total broiler erythrocytes and feeding S. platensis as a prebiotic given for 7 or 21 days of administration gives the same result as giving AGPs (Antibiotics Growth Promoters) seen from the broiler's red blood profile.
Kajian evaluasi manfaat dan kontribusi dana APBN dalam pembangunan peternakan di Jawa Timur Nugroho, Eko; Siswijono, Suprih Bambang; Nugroho, Bambang Ali; Hermanto, Hermanto; Winarto, Priyo Sugeng; Prafitri, Rizki; Subagiyo, Ifar; Susilo, Susilo
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 20, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The study aimed at analyzing the benefit of the national income and purchasing budget (APBN) in achieving livestock development program in East Java province and analyzing the contribution of APBN in the livestock development program in East Java. The results showed that the contribution of livestock sub-sector to the Product Domestic Regional Bruto (PDRB) of the agricultural sector in East Java province was relatively low (9.20-9.26%) as compared to other sub-sectors. In addition, the contribution of agricultural sector to the total of PDRB in East Java province was 17.44-17.22%. Although its contribution was relatively low, the APBN budget remained important to develop livestock sector in East Java province. Keywords: livestock development, East Java
Pengaruh suhu dan lama pemeraman pada inkubator terhadap kualitas fisik kefir Evanuarini, Herly
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 20, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The objective of the research was to find out the optimum temperature and ripening duration in incubator to produce kefir which had physical quality that met the standard of fermented milk quality. The method of experiment was factorial randomized block design. The first factor was temperature that consisted of 25oC, 30oC and 35oC. The second factor was ripening duration that consisted of 12 hours, 18 hours and 24 hours. The result showed that the temperature and duration of ripening gave a highly significant effect (P<0.01) on pH and viscosity. The combination of temperature (30oC) and ripening duration (24 hours) produced kefir which met the standard of Indonesian industry fermented milk such as pH (3.86) and viscosity 157.6 cps. Keywords: Temperature, ripening duration, kefir
Profil perlemakan darah ayam broiler yang diberi pakan tepung daun kayambang (Salvinia molesta) Meliandasari, Destriana; Dwiloka, Bambang; Suprijatna, Edjeng
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan Vol 24, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of alternative local feed ingredients kayambang leaf meal (Salvinia molesta) as a fibrous protein source in broiler diet composition on the production performance and blood lipid. The study used one hundred broiler chickens at 15 days old unsex with average weight 500 ± 6,99 g. The study used experimental completely randomized design with four treatments and five replications. Ration treatment was arranged for starter and finisher periods including T0 (ration without Salvinia molesta leaf meal); T1 (ration with 6% of Salvinia molesta leaf meal); T2 (ration with 12% of Salvinia molesta leaf meal); and T3 (ration with 18% Salvinia molesta leaf meal). The results showed that Salvinia molesta leaf meal treatment in broiler diet significantly (P <0.05) influenced  body weight gain, feed conversion, and blood lipid. However, the treatment had no significant effect (P>0.05) on feed consumption and carcass percentage. The conclusion of the study was the use of Salvinia molesta leaf meal decreased the production performance of broiler chickens. In addition, the use of Salvinia molesta leaf meal in broiler rations increased blood lipid profiles although they were still within the normal limits.   Keywords: Salvinia molesta, ration, performance, lipid, broiler
Peningkatan potensi pangan fungsional naget daging kelinci dengan substitusi wheat bran, pollard dan rumput laut Arnyke, Errythrina Vinifera; Rosyidi, Djalal; Radiati, Lilik Eka
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 24, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to find out the optimum additional level of composite filler (wheat bran and pollard) and seaweed in making of rabbit nugget on moisture level, fat, protein, ash, iodine, antioxidants and dietary fiber contents. The method of the study was experimental research using completely randomized design with 3 replications and then it would be continued by Duncan’s multiple range tests if it was found significant differences among the treatments. The study showed that the addition of wheat bran and pollard had unsignificant effect (P>0.05) on moisture, fat, protein and iodine of rabbit nugget. Meanwhile the addition of seaweed had a very significant effect (P<0.01) on moisture level and had a significant effect (P<0.05) on fat and ash content of rabbit nugget. The average percentage of moisture, fat, protein, ash and iodine content of rabbit nuggets with wheat bran, pollard and seaweed substitution was 75.45; 14.22; 13.89; 1.91% and 35.22 µg/kg respectively. The best combination was found on treatment F3T1 (30% of wheat bran and pollard substitution without seaweed) because it was able to increase the nutritional value of rabbit nuggets as a functional food which had 5.00 mg/g antioxidant and 0.08% dietary fiber content. Keywords: Functional food, rabbit nugget, wheat bran, pollard, seaweed
PENAMPILAN PRODUKSI SAPI PERAH FRIESIAN HOLSTEIN (FH) PADA BERBAGAI PARITAS DAN BULAN LAKTASI DI KETINGGIAN TEMPAT YANG BERBEDA K., Aju Tjatur Nugroho; Surjowardojo, Puguh; Ihsan, M. Nur
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 20, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The aim of the research was to know  the performance of milk yield Holstein Friesian (FH) of dairy cows at various parities and month of lactation in different altitude. The research was conducted from January to March 2010 at Setia Kawan dairy cooperative in Nongkojajar (highlands) and Suka Makmur dairy cooperative in Grati (lowlands). Both cooperatives were located in Pasuruan regency. The research materials used totally 90 heads of FH dairy cows (45 heads in Nongkojajar and 45 heads in Grati) which consisted of parity 2 (15 heads), parity 3 (15 heads) and parity 4 (15 heads). Each parity consisted of 2nd lactation (5 heads), 3rd lactation (5 heads) and 4th lactation (5 heads). The variables were daily milk yield, and environmental factors related to milk yield and reproductive performance of dairy cows that is temperature and air humidity, temperature humidity index (THI) and feed consumption. The method of the research was case study. The data had been analyzed by ANOVA and if there were significant influences it would be further tested using Duncan multiple range test. The results showed that the altitude significantly affected milk yield (P<0.05). Average milk yield at lowlands and highlands were 10.17±2.57 liters and 13.10±3.20 liters, but the 2nd, 3rd and 4th parities did not significantly affect milk yield. Another finding showed that the month of lactation significantly affected milk yield (P<0.05). Average milk yield in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th lactations were 12.98±3.61, 11.28±2.76 and 10.63±2.92 litters respectively. Based on the results it was concluded that the altitude and the month of lactation affected milk yield performances of FH dairy cows. It was suggested to improve environmental conditions at lowlands through controlling the temperature and humidity (THI) for not more than 72 so that appropriate for dairy cows and to improve management of productivity, reproductive and feeding practices.   Keywords: milk yield, dairy cow, parity, month of lactation, altitude
Kandungan nutrien dan kecernaan bahan kering in-vitro limbah udang hasil fermentasi dengan Aspergillus oryzae Djunaidi, Irfan H.; Hardini, Dini
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 20, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The research aimed at evaluating the nutrient content and dry matter digestibility of aspergillus oryzae fermented shrimp waste meal. The material used are vannamei shrimp waste meal, A.oryzae isolate and chemical standard microbe growth. The research was arranged in completely randomized design with 4 treatments of time incubation (W0 = no fermentation; W1 = 24; W2 = 48 and W3 = 72 hours) with 3 replications. The variables measured were dry matter, organic matter, crude fat, crude fibre, crude protein and dry matter digestibility. The research showed that the nutrient of shrimp waste was changed after 72 hours incubation. The dry matter and organic matter were increased, but  crude fibre, fat and crude protein were decreased with 1,67–2,02%, 6,13–6,87%, 0,20–2,065% and 3,48–5,84% respectively, and dry matter digestibility increased 9%.   Keywords: Shrimp waste, digestibility value
SUBSTITUSI KONSENTRAT DENGAN SILASE CAMPURAN HIJAUAN KETELA POHON (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) DAN GLIRISIDIA (Gliricidia sepium, Jacq.) DALAM PAKAN TERHADAP PENAMPILAN DOMBA EKOR GEMUK Hartutik, Hartutik; Soebarinoto, Soebarinoto; Y., Matrif R.
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 20, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the effects of concentrates subtitution with cassava leaf (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) and gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium,Jacq) mixtures silage on feed consumption, digestibility, N retention and average daily gain of fat tailed sheep. Twenty  male fat tailed sheep of approximately 18 months, with body weights of 23,85±4.75 kg were alloted randomly into a Randomized Block Designs with five treatments and four blocks. They were kept in the wooden metabolizable cages. The  diets were consisted of  corn leaf (CL), concentrates (C) containing 22,85% crude protein (CP) and cassava leaf-gliricidia mixtures silage (S). The ratio of S : C was 60  : 40% on dry matter (DM) basis. Five dietary treatments were : R0 = CL 60% and C 40% (C 100%  and S 0%); R25 = CL 60% and C 40% (C75% and S 25%); R50 = CL 60% and C 40% (C 50% and S 50%); R75 =Cl 60% and C 40% (C 25% and S 75%); R100 = CL 60% and C 40% (C 0% and S 100%).  The diet was offered at 3% of body weight on the DM basis. The variables measured were DM intake, organic matter (OM)  intake (OM intake), CP intake, DM digestibility, OM digestibility, CP digestibility, DM digestibility intake, OM digestibility intake, CP digestibility intake, N retention and average daily gain (ADG). The results showed that the treatments had no significant differences (P>0.05) on CP intake, but had significant differences (P<0.05) on DM intake, OM intake, N retention  and had highly significant differences (P<0.01) on DM digestibility, OM digestibility, CP digestibility, DM digestibility intake, OM digestibility intake, CP digestibility intake, and ADG. The effects of concentrates substition with silage mixtures till 100% could decrease feed intake, digestibility, N retention and ADG. However, concentrate subtitution with 25% of cassava leaf–gliricidia silage mixtures in the diet showed the same ADG (165.24 g/head/day) with 100% concentrates (168.9 g/head/day). (JIIPB 2010 Vol 20 No 1: 22-30).   Keywords : cassava leaf-gliricidia mixtures silage, concentrates, substitution, fat tailed sheep performance.
KAJIAN PENGGUNAAN WHEY BUBUK SEBAGAI PENGGANTI SUSU SKIM BUBUK DALAM PENGOLAHAN SOFT FROZEN ES KRIM Sawitri, M. E.; Manab, A.; Huda, M.
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 20, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to determine effect of substitution level of skim milk powder with whey powder on the quality of soft frozen ice cream and as an information for practician and industry related the research product. The materials of the research were soft frozen ice cream, the treatment were substitution levels of skim milk powder with whey powder (w/w) :W0 (0%), W1 (25%), W2 (50%), W3 (75%) and W4 (100%) from solid non fat. The research method was an experiment using Randomized Block Design, with three replication. The variables measured were the overrun, melting rate, and organoleptic quality of soft frozen ice cream. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and followed by Duncan’s Multiple Ranger Test. The result of the research showed that substitution level of skim milk powder with whey powder gave a highly significant effect (P<0,01) on overrun, melting rate and organoleptic quality of soft frozen ice cream. The substitution of skim milk powder with whey powder 75% (w/w) gave the best quality of soft frozen ice cream according to the SNI which had 10% fat, 13% of sugar and 36% of solid. (JIIPB 2010 Vol 20 No 1: 31-37).   Keywords : whey powder, skim milk powder, soft frozen ice cream
Pengaruh konsentrasi larutan kapur sebagai curing terhadap kualitas fisiko-kimia dan organoleptik gelatin kulit kambing Peranakan Ettawah (PE) Amertaningtyas, Dedes; Thohari, Imam; Purwadi, Purwadi; Radiati, Lilik Eka; Rosyidi, Djalal; Jaya, Firman
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan Vol 24, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine effect of lime concentration in the gelatin manufacture from goat skins in terms of physico-chemical and to determine the best lime concentration that can be used for gelatin manufacture from goat skin. The materials used were 5 sheets of Ettawah crossbred goat skin aged 1.5-5 years and lime (Ca(OH)2). The results showed that different lime concentration in the curing process during the manufacture of goat skin gelatin had no effect (P>0.05) on the yield, viscosity, pH, water content, protein content and fat content. The best treatment was the use of 5% of lime concentration which resulted 12.82% of yield, 3.67 cP of viscosity, 2.7 of pH, 9.29% of water content, 73.58% of protein content and 1.77% of fat content.   Keywords: Gelatin, goat skin

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