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Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik" : 8 Documents clear
The Correlation between Knowledge Level of Women in Reproductive Age Couples Concerning Pap Smear with Pap Smear Test Services Utilization Roembiak, Blandina Adrialisa Regina; Samadi, Heru Priyanto; Primadewi, Novi
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: In Indonesia, every year more than 15,000 cases of cervical cancer detected and approximately 8000 cases of which were fatal. The high prevalence of cervical cancer deaths in Indonesia may be caused by delays in diagnosis so that when detected, the disease has reached an advanced stage. Early detection of cervical cancer by Pap Smear is suitable method applied in developing countries because in addition to easy, cheap, effective, non-invasive. But in practice, these methods are still having problems such as doubt of the importance of examinations, lack of knowledge, and the fear of pain during the examination. The objective of this research is to know  the correlation between knowledge level of women in  Reproductive Age Couples (RAC) concerning Pap Smear with Pap Smear Test services utilization. Methods: The study design was analytic observational with cross sectional approach. The sample of this research was women in  Reproductive Age Couples (RAC) in Gajahan Health Center, Surakarta. The number of samples were 90 people and were teken by simple random sampling tehnique. The people who was chosen as the sample are given the questionnaire, then they answered the question in the questionnaire. After the data collected, then the data was analyzed using Chi-Square test. (χ2). Results: Percentage of women in Reproductive Age Couples who use VIA test services is 37.8%. Statistical tests using Chi-Square test performed on the variables which  were knowledge level concerning Pap Smear with Pap Smear Test services utilization. Statistical test result value of the test statistic (χ2) was 9.137 with a significance (p) of 0.003. P-value < 0.1 means that the confidence level of 90% or 10% significance level significant correlation both variables. Conclusions: There was a correlation between knowledge level of women in  Reproductive Age Couples (RAC) concerning Pap Smear with Pap Smear Test services utilization. Women with higher knowledge concerning Pap Smear, lean to utilize Pap Smear test  services. Keywords: knowledge level concerning Pap Smear, women in reproductive age couples, Pap Smear test services utilization.
The Difference of Anxiety between Primigravide Normal Pregnancy and Severe Preeclamsia at Dr. Moewardi Hospital Sani, Azizah Amalia Novia; Anggraini, Nutria Widya Purna; Wicaksono, Bagus
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Women with first ongoing pregnancy (primigravide) came through physical and physicological adaptation which can lead into physicological problem. High-risk pregnancy like preeclamsia have some complication that  increased women worries which causing anxiety in their pregnancy. Mental burden in high-risk pregnancy causing some problem toward both mother’s and fetus’s health quality and also complication in labor. This study aimed to know difference of anxiety between primigravide normal pregnancy and severe preeclamsia. Methods: This study was an analitycal observasional study with cross sectional approach taken at Obstetri and Gynecologi Policlinic of  Dr. Moewardi Hospital, in Desember 2014 until January 2015. The sampling method was using purposive sampling. There were 40 respoden in total which devided into 20 responden of normal pregnancy and 20 responden of severe preeclamsia. Anxiety level was measured using HARS (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale) questionnaire. Data was analyzed using Chi square test to compare anxiety differences between the two group. Results: It was found 8 participant (40%) show no anxiety and 12 participant (60%) having mild anxiety in normal pregnancy. While in severe preeclamsia was found 5 participants (25%) having mild anxiety, 13 participants (65%) having moderate anxiety, and 2 participant (10%) having severe anxiety. The result of analysis by Fischer exact test showed p=0,002 (p<0,05). Conclusions: There was an anxiety difference between primigravide normal pregnancy and severe preeclamsia Keywords: anxiety, pregnancy, preeclamsia 
The Correlation between Computer Use and Visus of SMKN 2 Surakarta’s Informatic Engineering Students Lowa, Novy Wahyunengsi; ., Retno Widiati; ., Senyum Indrakila
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background : Recently, computers have became primary needs of common people, especially among teenagers. It is proven in the results of a recent study that internet users in Indonesia from among children and adolescents are predicted reach to 30 million. Most computer users spend a lot of time for staring at computer, without give their eyes to rest. As a result, there was a repeated stress on the muscles of the eyes then fatigue. It will continue to decline in the function of the eye muscles that have consequence in visual impairment/decreasing in visual acuity. Methods : This study was analytic observational using cross sectional design that held in November 2014. The subjects of this study were 65 students of class X, XI, and XII SMKN 2 Surakarta who taken by purposive sampling technique through interviews. Analysis of the data used Spearman correlation test which treated with Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) 20.0 for Windows . Results : In this study indicated that there was no significant relationship between the duration of use of computer vision to the decline in students of N 2 Surakarta , where the value of p = 0.800 ( > 0.05) (old and right visual acuity) and p = 0593 ( > 0.05) (old and left visual acuity) .Conclusions : There is no relationship between the duration of use of the computer vision student N 2 Surakarta .Key Words : Computer use duration, visus, students
The Difference in Level of Depression between Chronic and Non-Chronic Hospitalized Child Khairunisa, Syarifah Aini; Karini, Suci Murti; Fanani, Mohammad
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Health problems, either chronic or non-chronic, could possibly cause a depression. Depression in people with health problems often be seen as a normal reaction. In children, most of the time, depression is underdiagnosed or undertreated. This is possibly because children can hardly express their negative thoughts or feels, and they have unspecified somatization. Hence, this study is conducted to find information whether there is any difference in level of depression between chronic and non-chronic hospitalized child. Methods: This is an analytical descriptive study with cross sectional approach using purposive sampling. Data taken from medical records and patients-and-parents interviews using Skala Penilaian Depresi Anak as instrument for measuring the level of depression. The study conducted in 10 weeks, from November 2014 to February 2015. The subjects are 8 to 18 years old Hospitalized Child in RSUD Dr Moewardi Surakarta, as much as 102 patients, consists of 68 chronic patients and 34 non-chronic patients. The data was then analysed using Kolmogorov Smirnov test with a significance value of p < 0.05 in SPSS 20.0 for Windows. Results: The result of Kolmogorov Smirnov test shows the asymptotic significance value of 0.970 (p > 0.05), which means there is no significant difference in level of depression between chronic and non-chronic hospitalized child. Conclusions: There is no significant difference in level of depression between chronic and non-chronic hospitalized child. There should be conducted any further study about depression in hospitalized children including more influential factors that could possibly cause depression. Keywords: Chronic Disease, Non-Chronic Disease, Depression, Hospitalized Child. 
Correlation Body Mass Index (BMI) with Asthma Quality of Life Rahmatia, Anisa; ., Reviono; Suryawan, Arif
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: The development of science and technology is not accompanied by decreasing prevalence of asthma. During the time, therapy success was only measured by peak expiratory flow rate, severity of symptoms, the need for other treatments, the amount of sputum and responsiveness of airway without noticed to the patients quality of life itself. The evidences suggest that increasing BMI play an important role in asthma quality of life. Therefore, it needs study about correlation BMI with asthma quality of life. Methods: This study is an observational study with cross sectional conducted in February – March 2015 in BBKPM Surakarta. Sampling was done by purposive sampling. Subject to fill (1) bio-data form, (2) Questionnaire : Asthma Control Test (ACT) and Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). Treatment in respondent (1) Measurement height and weight. Data obtained by 103 subjects and analyzed using Spearman correlation through SPSS 20.00 for Windows. Result: This study shows the value of Spearman correlation r = -0,541; p < 0,05, which means there is a negative correlation was statistically significant between BMI and asthma quality of life among asthma controlled grup with a moderate correlation strength. Whereas among asthma uncontrolled grup shows the value of Spearman correlation r = -0,852; p < 0,05 which means there is a negative correlation was statistically significant between BMI and asthma quality of life with a very strong correlation strength. Conclusion: There is a moderate negative correlation and statistically significant between BMI and asthma quality of life among asthma controlled grup. And then there is a very strong negative correlation and statistically significant between BMI and asthma quality of life among asthma uncontrolled grup. Keywords: BMI, Asthma Quality of Life 
The Relationship between Coffee Consumption and Hypertension in the Elderly Yuliana, Erlimia Eka Noor; Susanto, Agung; Hanim, Diffah
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Coffee contains many potentially active compounds such as caffeine, chlorogenic acids, trigonellin, magnesium, etc. that affect health. Effect of coffee consumption and hypertension is still not known with certainty because of differences in the results of existing research. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the relationship between coffee consumption and hypertension. Methods: This study was conducted with a cross-sectional study of the 103 elderly in Ngudi Sehat Elderly IHC, Surakarta. Samples obtained from the total sample with inclusion and exclusion criteria (n = 90). Independent variable data that is amount and type of coffee consumption obtained from interviews. While the variable dependet taken by measuring blood pressure and categorize by JNC VII. Data were tested with the non-parametric Spearman correlation test and ordinal regression test (α <0.05). Results: The results of the Spearman correlation test showed no significant correlation between the amount of coffee consumption and hypertension (p = 0.432) as well as the type of coffee and hypertension (p = 0.668) in the elderly. Meanwhile, the results of ordinal regression test showed variable that significant influences hypertension are age and body mass index. Conclusion: There is no relationship between coffee consumption and hypertension in the elderly. Elderly with hypertension is recommended to live a healthy lifestyle such as maintaining body weight with physical activity, stop smoking and maintaining intake of nutrient. Keywords: coffee, caffeine, hypertension, elderly, blood pressure
The Correlation Between the Duration of Playing Online game and the Game Type with the Depression Level of Young Adult Visitor in Kingdom Game Centre Surakarta Reinaldo, Pieter; Syamsulhadi, Much.; Yuliadi, Istar
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Introduction: Online game is quite popular for an entertainment source in all over the world, according Indonesia. Online games has magical attraction that makes people eager to play it, such as three dimension graphic (3D), social and competitive aspect, as well as the play that runs like in real time. Several research reveal that playing online game too much can lead to a bad effect for the mental health of the player. This research has the purpose to find out whether there is a correlation between the duration of playing online game and the game type with the depression level of young adult visitor in Kingdom Game Centre Surakarta Methods: The kind of this research is analytical observational research with cross sectional approach. The population is the young adult visitor of Kingdom game centre in Surakarta. During March 2015, by using fixed exposure technique sampling, the researcher took sample of 56 repondents who fulfill the criterion. Duration of playing and type of online game is measured by using questionnaire, depression level is measured by using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The data is analysed by using double linear regression technique. Result: The duration time of playing online games has comparable significant correlation with the player’s depression level (p = 0,018). Type of game has significant correlation with the player’s depression level (p = 0,049), in which the player of MMORPG game has higher depression score compared with the player of MMORTS or MMOFPS. With the closeness of the relationship between these three variables is approximately (0,508). The accuracy of regression model 0.215 showed that 21.5% depression that occurred at the sample is due to the duration and type of game Conclusions: The longer the duration of playing online game then the depression will be heavier. MMORPG player will have heavier depression level compared with the player of other type of games. Keywords: Duration of Playing Online Game, Type of Online Game, Depression Level
The Correlation Between Head Circumference and Stature Febriawan, Rizki; Siswosaputro, Andy Yok; Nugroho, Novianto Adi
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Stature measurement is one of forensic identification examinations. One of evidence that probably found in forensic cases is head circumference. The aim of this research aimed to know the correlation between head circumference and stature. Methods: This research was descriptive analytic with cross-sectional study design. The research was held in Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sebelas Maret with 82 samples of students which consisted of 46 males and 36 females. Independent variable of this research were head circumference ehich was measured with medline. Dependent variable of this research was stature which was measured with microtoise in centimeter. Samples obtained were measured stature and head circumference The result obtained was tested with pearson correlation and simple linear regression test. Results: The statistical analysis result significant correlation between head circumference and stature (r=0,670, p<0,01).The regression equation for stature and head circumference was found to be Y= 6,037 + 2,836 X (R2=0,449). Where Y is the stature of individual and X is the head circumference. Conclusions: There was significant correlation between head circumference and stature.Therefore, the present study will help in medico-legal cases in establishing the identity of an individual. Keywords: Stature, Head circumference 

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