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Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
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Search results for , issue "Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik" : 10 Documents clear
HUBUNGAN ANEMIA DENGAN HIPOTERMIA PADA NEONATUS DI RSUD DR. MOEWARDI Ardiningsih, .; Hidayah, Dwi; Sulaeman, Endang Sutisna
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Based on data from Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2007), one of the causes of death in the first 24 hours of life is hypothermia. Hypothermia is caused by the reduction of heat production. The production of heat in of neonates are strongly associated with the supply of oxygen. Anemia is body?s condition with haemoglobin levels below normal score according to age and gender. The oxygen supply to tissues is reduced if haemoglobin level is decreased, causing the reduction of heat production. The aim of this research is to know about the association between anemia and hypothermia on neonates. Methods: This is an observational analytic research with cross sectional design. This research was done in RSUD Dr.Moewardi. The samples were the neonates who were treated in the High Care Unit (HCU) of neonates in RSUD Dr.Moewardi on the 3rd until 15th of March 2013. Dependent variable was hypothermia, and the independent variable was anemia. The neonates? haemoglobin levels were measured then the neonates? temperature were observerd every 3 hours for 24 jam. The data were analyzed using fisher test, because the requirements of chi-square test were not met. Result: The results from fisher test were p = 0,225. Conclusion: The analysis showed there was not association between anemia and hypothermia in this research. Keyword: anemia, hypothermia, neonates
Perbedaan pH Saliva antara Remaja Wanita Pre Menarche dengan Remaja Wanita Post Menarche Syamsudduha, .; AR, Risya Cilmiati; Subiyantoro, Pradipto
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background: Riskesdas (riset kesehatan dasar) in 2007 result that women get more curative treatment of tooth healt. One factor that influence tooth healt is pH saliva. This research aims to know the difference of salivary pH between young women of pre menarche with young women of post menarche.. Methods: This research was an observational research using cross sectional approach and had been done in UNS Medical Faculty, TPA al-falah, and TPA al-ikhlas. Data was collected by using purposive random sampling method devide into 2 group (1.) pre menarche group, (2.) post menarche group. The subjek of first group is student of medical faculty of 2008, 2009, and midwifery 2011 UNS and second group is pupil of TPA al-Ikhlas and TPA al-Falah recidency of Surakarta. Two of group which a fullfil of inklusion and exclusion criteria compare of the pH. The data analysis used compare means independent-samples T-test  SPSS 20.0 for Windows. Results: this research shows (1) average salivary pH in pre menarche group is 6,867 dan post menarche group is 7,240. (2) results of compare means independent-samples T-test shows p = 0,00. Conclusions: This study found the difference of salivary pH between young women of pre menarche with young women of post menarche. Keywords: : salivary pH of pre menarche, salivary pH of post menarche, status of menstruation.
Hubungan kecanduan online game dengan kecemasan pada remaja pengunjung game centre di Kelurahan Jebres Surakarta Putri, Asri Sukawati; Suwito, Djoko; Dharmawan, Ruben
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background : Perfection graphics technologies in online gaming becomes allure for players, especially for adolescents. Some previous studies have claimed that online gaming addiction can affect the physical and psychological players, one of which may cause anxiety. This study aims to prove the relationship between addiction to online games with anxiety. Methods: This is a descriptive analysis research with a cross sectional approach. Subjects were adolescents game centre visitor in the Jebres Village . The samples are adolescents of the age 12-21 years old. Samples were taken purposively sampling. Data collection techniques using the TMAS anxiety scale, the scale of online gaming addiction questionnaires and Family Intimacy Instrument. Data scores online gaming addiction, anxiety and family intimacy were analyzed with multiple logistic regression analysis model. Result : This research obtained 35 young males. The results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed that there is a positive relationship between online game addiction and anxiety in adolescents in the Village Jebres. Adolescents with online gaming addiction have a risk 2.86 times greater for anxiety than adolescents without online gaming addiction p = 0.212. (OR: 2.86 CI 95% 0.55 s / d 14.91). The results of this analysis also showed an association between family intimacy and anxiety. Adolescents with low family intimacy had 0.51 times the risk for anxiety with p = 0.440 (OR = 0.51). However, online gaming addiction pose a greater risk of experience anxiety than the risks posed by families with low intimacy. Conclusion : There is relationship between online game addiction and anxiety. The higher the level of adolescent addiction to online games, the higher the risk for anxiety. Keywords : adolescent, online game addiction, anxiety, family intimacy
Hubungan Anemia Dengan Hipotermia Pada Neonatus Di RSUD Dr. Moewardi Ardiningsih, .; Hidayah, Dwi; Sulaeman, Endang Sutisna
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background: Based on data from Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2007), one of the causes of death in the first 24 hours of life is hypothermia. Hypothermia is caused by the reduction of heat production. The production of heat in of neonates are strongly associated with the supply of oxygen. Anemia is body’s condition with haemoglobin levels below normal score according to age and gender. The oxygen supply to tissues is reduced if haemoglobin level is decreased, causing the reduction of heat production. The aim of this research is to know about the association between anemia and hypothermia on neonates. Methods: This is an observational analytic research with cross sectional design. This research was done in RSUD Dr.Moewardi. The samples were the neonates who were treated in the High Care Unit (HCU) of neonates in RSUD Dr.Moewardi on the 3rd until 15th of March 2013. Dependent variable was hypothermia, and the independent variable was anemia. The neonates’ haemoglobin levels were measured then the neonates’ temperature were observerd every 3 hours for 24 jam. The data were analyzed using fisher test, because the requirements of chi-square test were not met. Result: The results from fisher test were p = 0,225. Conclusion: The analysis showed there was not association between anemia and hypothermia in this research. Keyword: anemia, hypothermia, neonates
Prevalensi Pneumonia Nosokomial pada Pasien Rawat Inap di ICU RSUD Dr. Moewardi Periode April-Mei 2012 Gultom, Krismawarni; Prasodjo, JB; Hudiyono, .
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background  : Infectious diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. The prevalence of nosocomial infections still high  in development countries. Nosocomial infections often occured, especially in ICU’s patients, it is around 25-33%. A minimum research of the incidence of hospital acquired pneumonia in Dr. Moewardi Hospital is the background of this research. Thorax photo were obtained when the patient first entered the hospital and after being treated in hospital for more than 48 hours. It used as one of the diagnostic tests to assist the prevalence of hospital acquired pneumonia on ICU’s patient. Methods : This is a descriptive observational research method with a cross-sectional approach to obtain the prevalence of hospital acquired pneumonia in ICU Dr. Moewardi Hospital during April-May 2012. The sample is done by using a purposive sampling. The population of this study was all patients who are hospitalized in the ICU Dr. Moewardi Hospital in Surakarta during April-May 2012. Results : Total sample are 72 patients. The result of this research shows that the prevalence of hospital acquired pneumonia in April-May 2012 on patients who are hospitalized in the ICU Dr. Moewardi Hospital is 8.3%. The middle age group (48-64 years) and old age (65-88 years) are the greater group of getting risk of hospital acquired pneumonia. Discussion : The prevalence of  hospital acquired pneumonia is 8.3%. This may be caused by the use of respiratory mechanic devices, the immunocompromised patients,  hospital environmental factors, the use of immunosuppressive drugs and the time of patients hospitalized. It is recommended that all of medical team of this hospital need to develop an effective program to control and prevent nosocomial pneumonia infection. Key words : prevalence, hospital acquired pneumonia, thorax photo  
Hubungan Obesitas Dengan Kejadian Infark Serebral Pada Pasien Rawat Inap Bangsal Saraf RSUD Dr. Moewardi C N, Stefanny; Prasodjo, JB; Hudiyono, .
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background  :Obesity is closely associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis disease. Atherosclerosis occurs when a portion of the surface of the large arteries forming plaque. As a result, the plaque will cause blood vessel disorders, even cerebrovascular disease. Cerebral infarction is a cerebrovascular disease that can cause a drop in the supply of oxygen and glucose to a particular part of the brain that eventually lead to the onset of a stroke. The cerebral infarction’s high occurrence rate were the reason that made the researcher wanted to find out if there is a relationship between obesity and cerebral infarction in patients hospitalized in the neurological ward RSUD Dr.Moewardi. Methods :This was an observational analytic research with cross sectional design. This research was done in RSUD Dr.Moewardi. The sampling was done in consecutive sampling. This research’s populations were patients hospitalized in the neurological ward RSUD Dr.Moewardi during November-December 2012. Results :Total sample are 42 patients. The result of this research shows there were 21 samples of cerebral infarction case, which consisted of 17 obesity patients and 4 non-obesity patients. The other 21 samples were the non-cerebral infarction patients which consisted of 3 obesity patients and 18 non-obesity patients. The obtained data were analyzed using Chi-Square test and resulted in a significant relationship ( p< 0,01). Conclusions :There was a relationship between obesity and cerebral infarction in patients hospitalized in the neurological ward RSUD Dr.Moewardi. Key words :relationship, obesity, cerebral infarction.
Hubungan Obesitas Dengan Kejadian Infark Serebral Pada Pasien Rawat Inap Bangsal Saraf RSUD Dr. Moewardi C N, Stefanny; Prasodjo, JB; Hudiyono, .
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background  :Obesity is closely associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis disease. Atherosclerosis occurs when a portion of the surface of the large arteries forming plaque. As a result, the plaque will cause blood vessel disorders, even cerebrovascular disease. Cerebral infarction is a cerebrovascular disease that can cause a drop in the supply of oxygen and glucose to a particular part of the brain that eventually lead to the onset of a stroke. The cerebral infarction?s high occurrence rate were the reason that made the researcher wanted to find out if there is a relationship between obesity and cerebral infarction in patients hospitalized in the neurological ward RSUD Dr.Moewardi. Methods :This was an observational analytic research with cross sectional design. This research was done in RSUD Dr.Moewardi. The sampling was done in consecutive sampling. This research?s populations were patients hospitalized in the neurological ward RSUD Dr.Moewardi during November-December 2012. Results :Total sample are 42 patients. The result of this research shows there were 21 samples of cerebral infarction case, which consisted of 17 obesity patients and 4 non-obesity patients. The other 21 samples were the non-cerebral infarction patients which consisted of 3 obesity patients and 18 non-obesity patients. The obtained data were analyzed using Chi-Square test and resulted in a significant relationship ( p< 0,01). Conclusions :There was a relationship between obesity and cerebral infarction in patients hospitalized in the neurological ward RSUD Dr.Moewardi. Key words :relationship, obesity, cerebral infarction.
Hubungan kecanduan online game dengan kecemasan pada remaja pengunjung game centre di Kelurahan Jebres Surakarta Putri, Asri Sukawati; Suwito, Djoko; Dharmawan, Ruben
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background : Perfection graphics technologies in online gaming becomes allure for players, especially for adolescents. Some previous studies have claimed that online gaming addiction can affect the physical and psychological players, one of which may cause anxiety. This study aims to prove the relationship between addiction to online games with anxiety. Methods: This is a descriptive analysis research with a cross sectional approach. Subjects were adolescents game centre visitor in the Jebres Village . The samples are adolescents of the age 12-21 years old. Samples were taken purposively sampling. Data collection techniques using the TMAS anxiety scale, the scale of online gaming addiction questionnaires and Family Intimacy Instrument. Data scores online gaming addiction, anxiety and family intimacy were analyzed with multiple logistic regression analysis model. Result : This research obtained 35 young males. The results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed that there is a positive relationship between online game addiction and anxiety in adolescents in the Village Jebres. Adolescents with online gaming addiction have a risk 2.86 times greater for anxiety than adolescents without online gaming addiction p = 0.212. (OR: 2.86 CI 95% 0.55 s / d 14.91). The results of this analysis also showed an association between family intimacy and anxiety. Adolescents with low family intimacy had 0.51 times the risk for anxiety with p = 0.440 (OR = 0.51). However, online gaming addiction pose a greater risk of experience anxiety than the risks posed by families with low intimacy. Conclusion : There is relationship between online game addiction and anxiety. The higher the level of adolescent addiction to online games, the higher the risk for anxiety. Keywords : adolescent, online game addiction, anxiety, family intimacy
Perbedaan pH Saliva antara Remaja Wanita Pre Menarche dengan Remaja Wanita Post Menarche Syamsudduha, .; AR, Risya Cilmiati; Subiyantoro, Pradipto
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background: Riskesdas (riset kesehatan dasar) in 2007 result that women get more curative treatment of tooth healt. One factor that influence tooth healt is pH saliva. This research aims to know the difference of salivary pH between young women of pre menarche with young women of post menarche.. Methods: This research was an observational research using cross sectional approach and had been done in UNS Medical Faculty, TPA al-falah, and TPA al-ikhlas. Data was collected by using purposive random sampling method devide into 2 group (1.) pre menarche group, (2.) post menarche group. The subjek of first group is student of medical faculty of 2008, 2009, and midwifery 2011 UNS and second group is pupil of TPA al-Ikhlas and TPA al-Falah recidency of Surakarta. Two of group which a fullfil of inklusion and exclusion criteria compare of the pH. The data analysis used compare means independent-samples T-test  SPSS 20.0 for Windows. Results: this research shows (1) average salivary pH in pre menarche group is 6,867 dan post menarche group is 7,240. (2) results of compare means independent-samples T-test shows p = 0,00. Conclusions: This study found the difference of salivary pH between young women of pre menarche with young women of post menarche. Keywords: : salivary pH of pre menarche, salivary pH of post menarche, status of menstruation.
Prevalensi Pneumonia Nosokomial pada Pasien Rawat Inap di ICU RSUD Dr. Moewardi Periode April-Mei 2012 Gultom, Krismawarni; Prasodjo, JB; Hudiyono, .
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (14.046 KB)

Abstract

Background  : Infectious diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. The prevalence of nosocomial infections still high  in development countries. Nosocomial infections often occured, especially in ICU?s patients, it is around 25-33%. A minimum research of the incidence of hospital acquired pneumonia in Dr. Moewardi Hospital is the background of this research. Thorax photo were obtained when the patient first entered the hospital and after being treated in hospital for more than 48 hours. It used as one of the diagnostic tests to assist the prevalence of hospital acquired pneumonia on ICU?s patient. Methods : This is a descriptive observational research method with a cross-sectional approach to obtain the prevalence of hospital acquired pneumonia in ICU Dr. Moewardi Hospital during April-May 2012. The sample is done by using a purposive sampling. The population of this study was all patients who are hospitalized in the ICU Dr. Moewardi Hospital in Surakarta during April-May 2012. Results : Total sample are 72 patients. The result of this research shows that the prevalence of hospital acquired pneumonia in April-May 2012 on patients who are hospitalized in the ICU Dr. Moewardi Hospital is 8.3%. The middle age group (48-64 years) and old age (65-88 years) are the greater group of getting risk of hospital acquired pneumonia. Discussion : The prevalence of  hospital acquired pneumonia is 8.3%. This may be caused by the use of respiratory mechanic devices, the immunocompromised patients,  hospital environmental factors, the use of immunosuppressive drugs and the time of patients hospitalized. It is recommended that all of medical team of this hospital need to develop an effective program to control and prevent nosocomial pneumonia infection. Key words : prevalence, hospital acquired pneumonia, thorax photo  

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