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Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 25032178     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research (JBTR) is an open access, international peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on: clinical medicine, molecular medicine, tropical medicine, infectious diseases, cardiovascular medicine, molecular biology, genetics, immunology, microbiology, biochemistry, and pharmacotherapy with particular interest on the link between clinical and basic research called translational research.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 52 Documents
EFFECTIVITY OF ANNONA MURICATA AND ARTEMISININ COMBINED THERAPY ON BRAIN CXCL10 EXPRESSION (STUDY IN SWISS MICE DURING SEVERE PLASMODIUM BERGHEI ANKA INFECTION) Sulayman, Abdulhakim; Djamiatun, Kis -; Muniroh, Muflihatul
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 5, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v5i2.4802

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Malaria, caused by Plasmodium sp infection, is a major global cause of morbidity and mortality. Most experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) studies show increase number of Th1 cells and CTLs in the brain, due to increase chemokine expression, including CXCL10, a potent chemokine involved in cerebral malaria (CM). Recent studies show that CXCL10 provokes apoptosis of human brain micro-endothelial cells and in vitro neuroglia cells.Objective: To determine whether combination of Annona muricata-leaf-extracted-by-water (AME) and artemisinin-combination-therapy (ACT) reduce brain-CXCL10-expression of Swiss-mice inoculated with P. berghei ANKA (PbA). Methods: This was an experimental-study with post-test-only-control-group-design. Twenty-four Swiss-mice (PbA-inoculated) were randomly divided into 4 groups. Control group (C) was PbA inoculated only. X1, X2 and X3 groups received AME, ACT and combination of AME and ACT treatment, respectively.  CXCL10 was stained with in immunohistochemistry, which then observed by light microscope in order to determine Allred-score. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to statistically analyze the differences among groups, then followed by a Mann- Whitney U test.Result: C and X1groups had severe-PbA-infection when the study was end on day-7-PbA-infection, while X2 and X3 groups entered recovery-stage. The AME-ACT-treatment-group had significantly lower of brain-CXCL10-expression than AME-group (p=0.008) and nearly significantly lower than control-group (p=0.058). Group that received ACT alone had no different value of brain-CXCL10-expression than control-group (p=0.502) and combination AME?ACT group (p=0.335).Conclusion: The combination of AME?ACT treatment decreases brain-CXCL10-expression of Swiss-mice during PbA-infection-recovery-stage, indicating the effectivity of AME?ACT combined therapy is better prevention of cerebral malaria than AME alone.
CLASSIFICATION, NOSOLOGY AND DIAGNOSTICS OF EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME Hamel, Ben C J
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 5, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v5i2.4531

Abstract

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) comprises a group of heritable connective tissue disorders which has as cardinal features varying degrees of skin hyperextensibility, joint hypermobility, easy bruising and skin fragility. The 2017 New York nosology distinguishes 13 types of EDS, which all, except hypermobile EDS, have a known molecular basis. Hypermobile EDS is recognized as a common and often disabling disorder, incorporating benign joint hypermobility syndrome. EDS needs to be differentiated from other connective tissue disorders, in particular Marfan syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome and cutis laxa. The frequent types of EDS can be diagnosed after careful history taking and clinical examination, but for definite diagnosis molecular confirmation is needed in all types. Management for EDS patients preferably is provided by multidisciplinary teams in expertise centres. After diagnosing EDS genetic counselling is an essential part of the management of patients and their family.
EFFECT OF SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE (SOD) SUPPLEMENTATION ON PLASMA LEVELS OF MALONDIALDEHYDE (MDA), TOTAL CHOLESTEROL AND LDL CHOLESTEROL IN THE ELDERLY Ngestiningsih, Dwi; Rahayu, Rejeki Andayani; Batubara, Lusiana
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 5, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v5i2.4679

Abstract

Background: Several various physiological functions in elderly people are diminished due to cell or tissue damage. One of the probable causes are oxidative stress yielded by free radicals.Oxidative stress (ROS) induce lipid peroxidation in endothelial cell membrane, which generates atherosclerotic plaque. In a state of oxidative stress, MDA level will increased. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of SOD supplementation on MDA, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol plasma levels in the elderly.Methods: This study was open label, a randomized control trial. Subjects were elderly people aged > 60 years (median 75, 60-82 ys, male 10 (24,4%)) institutionalized at Social Rehabilitation Unit Pucang Gading Semarang, Indonesia. The treatment group consisted of 16 people, received SOD (GlisodinR) 1 capsule (250 IU) 1 hour before meals, plus exercise scheduled for 8 weeks. The control group consisted of 15 people, received placebo, and exercise. Plasma MDA levels were examined using TBARS method, while total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were examined using CHOD-PAP method.Results: This study show a reduction of plasma MDA levels in the treatment group compare to control group ( p = 0.062 ). A significant reduction of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels in the treatment group were found (before 190.00 and 131.47 g/dl, after 182.27 and 121.93 g/dl, p = 0.005 and 0.001).Conclusion: The SOD supplementation significantly reduce Total Cholesterol and LDL level, but not MDA level in the elderly.
NESTED PCR METHODS FOR DETECTION TOXOPLASMA GONDII B1 GENE IN CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OF HIV PATIENTS Halleyantoro, Ryan; Andriyani, Yunilda; Sari, Ika Puspa; Kurniawan, Agnes
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 5, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v5i2.4840

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Background: Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by infection of Toxoplasma gondii, Which may cause a life-threatening condition in immunocompromised patients, for example, Toxoplasma encephalitis (TE). It is challenging to diagnose Toxoplasma as a cause of central nervous system (CNS) infection in HIV patient, so we need an alternative method, which is a PCR detection of Toxoplasma gondii B1 gene.Objective: This research aimed to find association between PCR methods for Toxoplasma gondii B1 gene and anti-Toxoplasma IgG from cerebral spinal fluid patient HIV AIDS.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of HIV patients with neurological symptoms to determine Toxoplasma gondii infection using nested PCR methods for the B1 gene and detection of anti-Toxoplasma IgG.Results: 88 CSF samples from HIV patients tested using nested PCR showed 23 samples (26,1%) were positive. Serologic test for IgG Toxoplasma showed 34 samples were positive (28,6%). There was a significant correlation (p=0.000(<0.05) between PCR result and a serologic test for IgG Toxoplasma.Conclusion: Nested PCR methods to detect B1 gene increased the accuracy of diagnosis for toxoplasma encephalitis.
FOCAL AREAS OF A HIGH RATE OF FRAGILE X IN INDONESIA: A LONG TERM FOLLOW UP Faradz, Sultana MH; Winarni, Tri Indah
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 5, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v5i2.6895

Abstract

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability (ID) and a leading cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). FXS is caused by an expansion of CGG repeats >200 in the 5? untranslated region of the promotor region fragile X mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1), which is located on Xq27.3.  The abnormal CGG expansion leads to methylation and transcriptional silencing of the FMR1 gene, resulting in a reduction or loss of fragile X mental retardation 1 protein (FMRP) and causes long, thin, and immature dendritic spines, which lead to deficits in cognitive function, behavioral problems, and learning ability
ANTIOXIDANT HERBS SUPPLEMENTATION INHIBITS ENDOMETRIOSIS EXTENSION IN MICE Trisetiyono, Yuli; Widjiati, Widjiati; Hidayat, Syarief Thaufik; Pramono, Noor
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 5, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v5i2.4716

Abstract

Background: Increased oxidative stress causes inflammation and increases angiogenesis. It presumed to promote the proliferation of endometriosis tissue. Kebar grass (Biophytum petersianum) and other herbs such as green tea and Cucumis melo, which contain high antioxidants, are expected to decrease oxidative stress, inflammation, angiogenesis, and reduced endometriosis implants.Objective: To investigate the effects of Kebar grass, green tea, and Cucumis melo to malondialdehyde serum, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and vascular endothelial growth factor expression, and the area of the endometriotic implants.Methods: Twenty-eight mice were divided into four groups, i.e., the first group of endometriosis mice was given Kebar grass extract; the second group was assigned green tea extract, the third group was given the combination of Cucumis melo extract?gliadin, and the last containing the untreated endometriosis mice as the control. Each treatment was given for 14 days. The data of MDA serum level, the area of the endometriotic implants, TNF-?, and VEGF expression were collected and analyzed.Results: The MDA serum levels of the groups treated with Kebar grass extract, green tea extract, and Cucumis melo extract ? gliadin were significantly lower (p=0.001) than the control group. TNF-? expression of the groups provided with each treatment also lower than the control groups (p=0.002). However, only the administration of the Cucumis melo extract?gliadin resulted in lower VEGF expression compare with the control (p=0.017). Finally, the area of the endometriotic implants of the mice models administered with each treatment was smaller than the control group (p=0.003).Conclusion: Kebar grass as well as green tea and Cucumis melo?gliadin inhibits endometriotic implants extension by decreasing MDA serum and TNF-? expression.
Profile of Hypospadias Cases in Central Java, Indonesia Maritska, Ziske; Ariani, Mahayu Dewi; Juniarto, Achmad Zulfa; Faradz, Sultana MH; Santosa, Ardy
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.817 KB)

Abstract

Background: Hypospadia is believed to be a multifactorial disease.  The risk factors that may induce the formation of hypospadias are environmental factors, endocrine disruptors, and genetic factors. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of hypospadias patients who visited the Center for Biomedical Research (CEBIOR), Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia.Methods: This study is an observational study, using patients’ medical record in CEBIOR from 2010 to 2012. The hypospadias cases were classified into syndromic, isolated and severe hypospadias based on their phenotype. The history of pregnancy, birth characteristics, and family history of the patients were described.Results: There were 120 cases of hypospadias, consisted of 48.33% severe hypospadias, 41.67% mild isolated hypospadias and 10% syndromic hypospadias. There were 38.33% hypospadias cases whose mothers were being exposed to repellant usage and 39.17% cases whose fathers were smoking. Forty (33.33%) probands’ mothers were aged above 35 years old when they gave birth to their affected son.Conclusion: Majority of hypospadias cases were severe and mild isolated. Environtmental factors including maternal age more than 35 years old, use of repellant, and smoking fathers were found in this study.  
Expression Of Ttf- 1 And Ck- 7 In The Diagnosis Of Pleural Effusion Cytology Suspected Lung Adencarcinoma Prasetiyo, Patricia Diana; Pawitra, Ika; Wijaya, Indra
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (545.811 KB)

Abstract

Background : Lung cancer is the mayor disease that cause death worldwide including Indonesia especially Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) consisting of adenocarcinoma, squamus carcinoma (SqCCA) and large cell carcinoma. Incidency of lung adenocarcinoma continues to rise recently about 40% of all NSCLC.Methods : Descriptive observational study design. The study population included the patients who were hospitalized at Kariadi central hospital in Semarang and had thorax X-ray or CT scan of thorax with a diagnosis of suspected lung malignancy, at the period of January 2012 – 2013. The variables assessed are expression of TTF-1 and CK-7.Result : A total of 20 samples subjected to Pearson correlation test with result of p value = &lt; 0,001 and r = 0,867. Presentation of the highest expression TTF-1 in the all study sample is Adenocarcinoma 73,3% and highest expression CK-7 is also Adenocarcinoma 68,6%.Conclusion : Immunocytochemistry of TTF-1 and CK-7 can be used to determine Adenocarcinoma malignancy on cytological sample of suspected malignant pleural effusion
Anti-Inflammatory Potential Of Takokak (Solanum Torvum) Ethanol Extract In Rats Exposed To 7,12-Dimethylbenz[A]Anthracene (Dmba) Rahman, Nur; Marliyati, Sri Anna; Martua Damanik, Muhammad Rizal; Anwar, Faisal
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (140.787 KB)

Abstract

Background: Takokak fruit (Solanum torvum) is a type of eggplant containing solasodin, solamargin, solasonin and other phytochemicals components with anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of takokak ethanol extract on TNF-α, IL6, and SOD levels.Methods: Experimental factorial study design, with the effect of takokak extract concentration factor (0, 400 and 800 mg/kgBW), takokak extract administration time factor including preventive (weeks 1-7) and curative (weeks 6-12) administration, and necropsy factor (necropsy in weeks 12 and 16). The data obtained included rats body weight, TNF-α, IL-6 and SOD levels.Results: The result showed that the interaction between takokak concentration and handling has significant effect on the increase of TNF-α levels (p=0.003) and the decrease of IL-6 levels (p=0.000). Interaction between takokak concentration, handling and necropsy has significant effect on the increase of SOD levels (p=0.010).Conclusion: Takokak ethanol extract has significant effect on the increase of TNF-α, and SOD levels, and the decrease of IL-6 levels.
Development of The Stem of Jatropha multifida Linn as A New Antimalarial through Erythrocytes Test on Mus musculus Infected by Plasmodium berghei Sundaryono, Agus; Ruyani, Aceng; Sari, Rika Partika
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.157 KB)

Abstract

Introduction : Jatropha multifida Linne is known as Betadin plant by the Bengkulunese. The stem extract of J. multifida has antibacterial activity. This study examined the potential of stem extract of J. multifida to be developed as an anti-malarial drugs through trials in M. musculus whose erythrocytes infected by Plasmodium berghei.Methods : Phytochemical test of the stem of J. multifida to test the flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids and steroids. The stem extract of J. multifida obtained by maceration with 96% ethanol. 30 M. musculus divided 6 groups, each consist of 5 animals. P0 is the negative control groups that were not infected by P berghei. P1 is the positive control groups that were only infected by P berghei, P2 is a comparison groups that were infected with P berghei and chloroquine, groups P3, P4, and P5 were infected by P berghei and treated with stem extract of J multifida with consecutive doses 0.028 g / kgbw, 0.056 g / kgbw and 0.084 g / kgbw. After 24 hours, the number of erythrocytes was observed with hemocytometer then was counted the number of uninfected erythrocytes by P berghei using a microscope at 1000x magnification.Results :The stem extract of J. multifida at doses of 0.028 g/kgbw, 0.056 g/kgbw and a dose of 0.084 g/kgbw were able to increase the number of uninfected erythrocytes by P berghei in M. musculus, respectively an average of 9.135million cell eritrosit/mm3, 7.618 millioncell eritrosit/mm3, and 9.856 millioncell eritrosit/mm3. The ability of stem extract of J. multifida in increasing the number of erythrocytes uninfected with P berghei was much higher than the malaria drug chloroquine diposphat. On one way ANOVA analysis of Fcount ( 13,2 ) &gt; Ftable (2.76 ) , with (α = 0.05), there are noticeable differences in the provision of treatment. The increasing number of uninfected erythrocytes by P berghei was due to the content of flavanol glycosides in J multifida stem. Flavanol glycosides was expected to form Flvanolglycosides-heme complex that could inhibit the formation of P berghei parasites HemazoinConclusion:The stem extract of J. multifida could be developed as a potential anti-malarial drugs since it could increase the number of uninfected erythrocytes by P berghei in M. musculus. Its ability was much higher than the malaria drug chloroquine diposphat