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INDONESIA
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business
ISSN : 20858272     EISSN : 23385847     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business (JIEB) is open access, peer-reviewed journal whose objectives is to publish original research papers related to the Indonesian economy and business issues. This journal is also dedicated to disseminating the published articles freely for international academicians, researchers, practitioners, regulators, and public societies. The journal welcomes author from any institutional backgrounds and accepts rigorous empirical or theoretical research paper with any methods or approach that is relevant to the Indonesian economy and business content, as long as the research fits one of three salient disciplines: economics, business, or accounting.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May" : 8 Documents clear
THE APPLICATION OF E-TOURISM IN SMALL AND MEDIUM-SCALE TOURISM IN INDONESIA: A STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT VIEW Hussein, Ananda Sabil; Widagdo, Untoro; Asriwulan, Yeni
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Tourism sector is one of state’s income that cannot be separated from the roles of small and medium scale business unit. In accordance with the development of science and technology, tourism sector cannot be separated with the application of information technology commonly called as E-Tourism. In general, E-Tourism is an application of information technology in the field of tourism in order to achieve effectiveness and efficiency in promoting the tourism sectors in Indonesia. Its application in tourism sector can be used as a medium to promote virtual promotion in order to get wider markets. It is also known that most of the tourists who come to Indonesia are from developed countries and they are familiar with the application of ICT. By applying E-Tourism tourists andprospective ones are able to access tourism information fast and accurately. It is beneficial for small and medium-scale businessmen. The article attempts to give a description about the effects of E-Tourism on small and medium-scale business unit in Indonesia. It is expected that those involved in tourism business are able to formulate a strategicmarketing that can provide competitive advantages, while for researchers it is hoped that the article will be beneficial for future research related to E-Tourism .Keywords: Tourism, small and medium scale business unit, E-Tourism, ICT, Strategicmarketing
TRADE SPECIALIZATION INDICES: TWO COMPETING MODELS Saleh, Samsubar; Widodo, Tri
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) index by Balassa (1965) is intensively applied in empirical studies on countries’ comparative advantage or trade specialization.Asymmetric problem in the criteria of RCA index encourages Dalum et al. (1998) and Laursen (1998) to make Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA) index. Thesetwo indexes are commonly employed in econometric models for analyzing countries’ trade specialization. This paper aims to compare theoretically and empirically the twocompeting econometric models, one using RCA and the other using RSCA. The ASEAN countries’ comparative advantages are presented for the empirical case studies. Thispaper concludes that RSCA can, to some extent, reduce the “outlier problem” of RCA in the econometric model; therefore, the model using RSCA can be more statistically reliablethan the model using RCA. The two econometric models might not be suitable for forecasting purposes since the estimated values could theoretically violate their criteria ofcomparative advantage and disadvantage. In the cases of ASEAN countries, we find empirically that the model using RSCA is statistically more reliable than the one usingRCA. The ASEAN countries have exhibited de-specialization.JEL classification: F10, F14, F17Keywords: Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA).
FINANCIAL AND NON-FINANCIAL FACTORS INFLUENCING INTERNET FINANCIAL AND SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING (IFSR) IN INDONESIA STOCK EXCHANGE Almilia, Luciana Spica
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Internet Financial and Sustainability Reporting (IFSR) is voluntary in nature. With no specific regulations on IFSR, there is a disparity of IFSR practices among companies.Some companies disclose only partial financial statement using a low level of technology, while others disclose full sets of financial reports using sophistications of the web such as multimedia and analytical tools. Sustainability (1999) addressed the benefits (global reach, immediacy, ease of updating, transparency, link ability, and interactivity) ofreporting social and environmental information on the website and thus the factors that affect decision of whether or not to use this communication medium. By placinginformation on the firm’s website, users can search, filter, retrieve, download, and even reconfigure such information at low cost in a timely fashion.The purpose of this study was to examine financial variables that affect Internet Financial and Sustainability Reporting (IFSR) of listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange companies. The ordinal logistic regression used to examine variables that affect Internet Financial and Sustainability Reporting (IFSR). The sample of this research is companies that listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The 203 observations were divided into three categories: 87 companies not providing financial and sustainability report in the internet (No website), 62 companies providing financial and sustainability report in the internet with low index (Low Index) and 54 companies providing financial and sustainability reportin the internet with high index (High Index). The result shows that firm size, majority shareholders, auditor size and industry type as a determinant factor of internet financialand sustainability-reporting index in Indonesia, whereas leverage and profitability not statistically significant as determinant factors of internet financial and sustainabilityreporting index in Indonesia.Keywords: internet financial reporting, website, traditional financial reporting, internet, financial statement, voluntary disclosure.
INDUSTRIALIZATION AND DE-INDUSTRIALIZATION IN INDONESIA 1983-2008: A KALDORIAN APPROACH Priyarsono, D.S.; Lestari, Titi Kanti; Dewi, Diah Ananta
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Economists have for a long time discussed the causes of economic growth and the mechanisms behind it. Kaldor viewed advanced economies as having a dual nature verysimilar to that of developing countries, with an agricultural sector with low productivity and surplus labour, and a capital intensive industrial sector characterized by rapid technical change and increasing returns. The transfer of labour resources from the agricultural sector to the industrial sector depends on the growth of the latter’s derived demand for labour. With this background this study attempts to show the periods when the Indonesian economy indicated the processes of industrialization and deindustrialization. Italso attempts to identify whether the economy experienced positive deindustrialization (i.e., showed signs of economic maturity where service sector substituted the role of industrial sector as the engine of growth) or negative deindustrialization (i.e., showed signs of economic stagnancy where industrial sector could not grow rapidly enough to absorb surplus labour from agricultural sector). Lastly, this study attemps to analyze several factors that might be responsible for the process of the deindustrialization.Keywords: industrialization, deindustrialization, economic growth
REFORMULATING POLICY ON FREQUENCY USAGE FEES AS NON-TAX STATE REVENUE: URGENCY AND ITS IMPLICATIONS Rosdiana, Haula
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Spectrum/frequency is a backbone of telecommunication industry and an input to produce various goods and services. Because of its being a limited resource, by tradition it has come to be owned by the state. Many governments levy usage fees/charges to establish a managed spectrum environment or to generate national fiscal income. This varies in different countries. Government of Indonesia levies several taxes and fees/charges totelecommunication operators. As a result, there are double or multi-tax costs of taxation, which can distort productivity. This phenomenon shows that government should considerreformulating frequency usage fees policy in order to minimize the cost of taxation, promote teledencity, affordability, and growth of telecommunication industry. Moreover, many researches have showed that telecommunication industry could accelerate GrossNational Product (GNP).This study describes all taxes and fees/charges applied to telecommunication industry in Indonesia, comparing them to those of some other countries, and analyze frequencyusage fees based on the theory of earmarking tax. An alternative way to reformulate levy policy on frequency usage fee is analyzed by simulating its impacts using system dynamic.The result shows that taxes and fees/charges applied to telecommunication industry increased cost of taxation, and government should simplify in order to give them moreopportunity to increase their productivity resulting in products of good quality and affordable price. Furthermore, it is better for government to levy frequency usage feesbased on earmarking concept, so the frequency regulator can optimize its role to manage spectrum effectively and efficiently. Moreover, the government can provide public anduniversal services, especially in rural areas.Keywords: Frequency Fees, Earmarked Tax, Cost of Taxation, Supply side tax policy
GLOBAL DETERMINANTS OF ENTRY MODE CHOICE Tulung, Joy Elly
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Since several decades, a lot of academic attention has been given to entry mode decisions of firms, and which factors, in which contexts, are important determinants to take into consideration. Especially interesting for researchers is what influences the choice for a certain entry mode. A general limitation of this research stream seems to be that theempirical testing is limited to firms of a particular part of the world. This paper has developed six propositions. These propositions all concern a certain variable whichinfluences the entry mode choice. The variables have been justified in the transaction cost theory, the resource based. Following the theories, the relationship between assetspecificity, R&D intensity, firm size and international experience is said to be positive with the entry mode choice, and cultural distance and country risk are negatively related. Most propositions have been confirmed. view and institutional theory. These variables are asset specificity, R&D intensity, firm size, cultural distance, country risk and internationalexperience.Keywords: Entry mode theory, transaction cost theory, resource based view, institutional theory
FACTORS AFFECTING FOOD SECURITY IN RURAL AREAS IN YOGYAKARTA PROVINCE Susilo, Y. Sri
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to identify and analyze the factors influencing the food security of rural society in the Province of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). Thelocation included several sub districts in the Regency of Sleman, Bantul, Kulon Progo, and Gunungkidul. Data utilized in this research were primary and secondary data. Primarydata were compiled by survey and interviews. Secondary data were compiled from various publication sources. Data analyzed with multinomial logit regression model.Factors influencing the food security of rural society in the Province of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta are based on three basic groups that are economy (income), socioculture(gender, kind of food, way of fertilization, technique of cultivation and knowledge of ecology) and ecology (land capability, land suitability, irrigation) ceteris paribus. Thethree factors cannot be separated in the equilibrium of eco-economy, eco-culture and ecology models.Keywords: food security, rural society, multinomial logit, DIY.
BUSINESS STRATEGIES THROUGH FIT MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL AS COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE Sihombing, Haeryip; Saptari, Adi; bin Yaakob, Mohd Yuhazri
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 25, No 2 (2010): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Many organizations fail to interpret what the competitive advantages of their business. Based on lean philosophy about waste, one of the reasons is to unlock (by understandingand take advantages) of their employee’s potential. This paper proposes a conceptual framework of the so-called ‘Fitted Management’. The concept discusses two issues i.e. 1)‘Fitted Management’, an integrated concept of performance challenges, performance measurement and performance management combined with the vision and missions intocompetitive management; 2) ‘Human Transformation’, a conceptual model to support the first concept. It discusses the processing of exploring human capabilities (in organization)and how to manage this (to fit with the organization) as well as business competition in dynamic market and business climates.Keywords: human capital, competitive advantage, lean, performances, fitted management.

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